Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Humphrey Gawdye
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Humphrey Gawdye

Tallow Chaundler. Of the parish of Christes church in London.

John Leaf, the martyr, was Gawdye's apprentice. 1563, p. 1214. 1570, p. 1803, 1576, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1623.

1647 [1623]

Queene Mary. The constant martyrdome of M. Bradford, and Iohn Leafe.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iuly.son, and afterward she suffred most cruel death: and being brought to the place of execution, she exhorted all womē to be strong and constant. For (sayth she) ye were redeemed with as deare a price as men. For although ye were made of the rib of the man, yet be you also of his flesh: so that also in the case & triall of your fayth towards God, ye ought to be as strong. MarginaliaExample of Iuleddo Martyr.And thus dyed she constantly, not fearyng death. I pray you tell your Maistresse of this history.

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Seru. That shall I sir by Gods grace: for she told me that shee was with you and M. Saunders, and receiued your gentle counsell. 

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The gentlewoman had apparently visited both Bradford and Laurence Saunders; this was probably some time before her servant visited Bradford, for she probably saw him and Saunders when Bradford was confined in the King's Bench and Saunders in the adjoining Marshalsea.

Brad. We neuer gaue her other counsell but the trueth, & in witnes therof we haue & wil seale it with our blouds. For I thought this night that I had bene sent for, because at a 11. of the clocke there was such rapping at the dore.

Then answered a mayd, and sayd: why thē I perceiue you were afrayd.

MarginaliaM. Bradford nothing afrayd of death.Brad. Ye shall heare how fearfull I was. For I considered that I had not slept, and I thought to take a nap before I went: and after I was a sleepe, these men came into the next chamber, and sang, as it was tolde me, and yet for all my fearefulnes I heard thē not: therfore belike I was not afrayd, that slept so fast.

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Seru. Do you lacke any thing toward your necessity? 

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The servant is asking if Bradford needs money to purchase food, bedding, clothing and other 'luxuries'.

Brad. Nothing but your prayers, & I trust I haue them, and you mine.

Seru. I saw a priest come to you to day in the morning.

Brad. Yea, he brought me a letter from a Fryer, and I am writing an answere.

Seru. Then we let you, therefore the liuing God be wyth you.

Brad. And with you also, and blesse you.

Seru. Amen, sayd we, and gaue him thankes, & departed.

MarginaliaM. Bradford had from the Counter to Newgate by night.THus still in prison continued Bradford, vntill the moneth of Iuly, in such labors & suffrings as he before alwayes had susteyned in prison. But when the time of hys determined death was come, he was sodēly conueyed out of the Counter where he was prisoner, in the night season to Newgate, as afore is declared, & frō thence he was caried the next morning to Smithfield, where he constantly abiding in the same truth of God, which before he had confessed, earnestly exhorting the people to repent & to return to Christ, & sweetly comforting the godly yong springall 

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A stripling or youth [OED].

of 19. or 20. yeares old,  
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Note that Foxe gave Leaf's age as 18 in the 1563 edition; someone must have corrected Foxe on this point between 1563 and 1570.

which was burned with him, chearefully he ended his paynefull life, to liue with Christ.

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¶ Iohn Leafe burnt with M. Bradford.

WIth whō also was burnt one MarginaliaIohn Leafe fellow Martyr with M. Bradford.Iohn Leafe an apprētice to Humfrey Gawdy Tallow Chaundlor, of the parish of Christs church in London, of the age of 19. yeres and aboue, borne at Kirkeby Moreside, in the Countye of York: who vpō the friday next before Palme sonday MarginaliaIohn Leafe of the parish of Christchurch, by the Alderman of that warde committed to prison.was cōmitted to the Counter in Breadstreete, by an Alderman of London, who had rule & charge of that warde or part of the City, where the sayd Leafe did dwell. MarginaliaIohn Leafe examined before B. Boner.After he cōmyng to examination before Boner, gaue a firme & Christian testimony of his doctrine & profession, answering to such articles as were obiected to him by the sayd Bishop.

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MarginaliaThe aunsweres of Iohn Leafe concerning his fayth in the Sacrament.First, 

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The brevity and formality of Leaf's examination suggest that Foxe copied it, together with his condemnation and sentence, from a now lost official record.

as touching his beliefe & fayth in the sayd sacrament of the aultar, he answered, that after þe words of consecration spoken by the priest ouer the bread & wine, there was not the very true & naturall body & bloud of Christ in substance: and further did hold and beleue, that the sayd sacramēt of the aultar, as it is now called, vsed, & beleued in this realme of Englād, is idolatrous & abhominable: & also sayd further, that he beleued, that after the words of cōsecration spoken by the Priest ouer the material bread and wine, there is not the selfe same substance of Christes body & bloud there cōteined, but bread & wine, as it was before: and further sayd, that he beleued, that when the priest deliuereth the said material bread & wine to the cōmunicants, he deliuereth but onely Marginalia* Onely as touching the substance but not as concerning the effect thereof. * material bread and wyne,  
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Foxe added a marginal note to 'explain' that when Leaf stated that the priest only delivered bread and wine to the celebrants, he was declaring that transubstantiation did not take place, but he was not denying that the ceremony was a sacrament and had spiritual effects on the partakers of it. In addition to Foxe's concern to avoid sacramentarianism, this note suggests that Foxe was reporting Leaf's words accurately, otherwise he would not have had to explain them away.

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and the communicants do receiue the same in remēbrance of Christes death and passion, and spiritually in fayth they receiue Christs body and bloud, but not vnder the formes of bread and wine: MarginaliaAuricular confession.and also affirmed that he beleued auricular confession not to be necessary to be made vnto a priest, for it is no poynt of soule health, neither that the Priest hath anye authority geuen him by the Scripture, to absolue and remit any sinne. MarginaliaHe meaneth after the Popish maner of remitting. &c.

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Vpon these his answeres and testimony of his fayth, he at that time being dismissed, was bid the Monday next, being the x. of Iune, to appere again in the said place, there and then to heare the sentence of his condemnatiō: who so did. At what time the foresayd Bishop propounding the sayd articles again to him, as before, assaying by al maner

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of wayes, to reuoke him to his owne trade, that is, from truth to error, notwithstanding all his perswasiōs, threates and promises, found him the same man still, so planted vpon the sure rocke of truth, that no wordes nor deedes of men could remoue him.

Then the bishop after many wordes to and fro, at last asked him, if he had bene M. Rogers scholler? 

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I.e., he is asking if John Rogers had taught him his theological beliefs.

MarginaliaIohn Leafe M. Rogers scholler.To whō the foresayd Iohn Leafe answered agayne, graunting him so to be: and that he the same Iohn did beleue in the doctrine of the sayd Rogers, and in the doctrine of Bishop Hooper, Cardmaker, and other of their opinion, which of late were burned for the testimony of Christ, and that he would dye in that doctrine that they dyed for: And after other replications agayne of the Bishop, mouing him to returne to the vnity of the Church, he with a great courage of spirite answered agayne in these words: My Lord quoth he, you cal mine opiniō heresy: it is the true light of the word of God: and agayne repeating the same, he professed that he would neuer forsake his stayed & well grounded opinion, while þe breath should be in his body. Wherupon the Bishop being too weake, eyther to refute his sentence, or to remoue hys constancy, MarginaliaSentence read agaynst Iohn Leafe.proceeded consequently to read the Popish sentence of cruell condemndatiō, wherby this godly & constant young man being cōmitted to the secular power of the shiriffes there present, was thē adiudged, & not long after suffered the same day with M. Bradford, confirming wt hys death that which he had spoken and professed in his life.

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It is reported 

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This anecdote was not printed by Foxe until 1570, so he received it from a different source from the source (or sources) which supplied him with the account of Leaf and Bradford at the stake.

of the said Iohn Leafe, by one that was in the Counter the same time, and saw the thing, that after his examinations before the Bishop, when two bils were sent vnto him in the Coūter in Bredstreet, the one conteyning a recantation, the other his confessions, to knowe to which of them he would put to his hand, first hearyng the Byll of recantation read vnto him (because he coulde not read nor write hymselfe) that he refused. MarginaliaIohn Leafe sealed the bill of his confessions with his bloud.And when the other was read vnto him, which he well liked of, in stead of a pen he tooke a pinne, and so pricking his hand, sprinckled the bloud vpon the sayd bill, willing the reader thereof, to shew the Bishop, that he had sealed the same Bill with his bloud already.

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The behauyour of M. Iohn Bradford Preacher, and the young man that suffered with him in Smithfield, named Iohn Leafe, a Prentise, which both suffered for the testimony of Christ.

MarginaliaBradford & Iohn Leafe at the stake how they behaued themselues.FIrst, when they came to the stake in Smithfielde to bee burned, M. Bradford lying prostrate on the one side of the stake, and the yoūg man Iohn Leafe on the other side, they lay flat on theyr faces, praying to thēselues the space of a minute of an houre. Then one of the Sheriffes sayde to M. Bradford: Arise and make an end: for the prease of the people is great. 

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This is another indication of the size of the crowd at Bradford's execution.

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At that word they both stoode vp vpon their feete: and then M. Bradford tooke a fagot in his hand, aud kissed it, and so likewise the stake. And when he had so done, he desired of the Sheriffes that his seruant might haue his rayment. For (sayde he) I haue nothing els to geue him: and besides that, he is a poore man. And the Shiriffe sayde, hee should haue it. And so forthwith M. Bradford did put off his rayment, and went to the stake: and holding vp hys handes and casting his countenaunce to heauen, he sayde thus: MarginaliaThe wordes of M. Bradford to England.O England, England, repent thee of thy sinnes, repēt thee of thy sinnes. Beware of Idolatrye, beware of false Antichristes take heede they do not deceiue you. And as he was speaking these wordes, the Sheriffe bade tye his hands, if he would not be quiet. O M. Sheriffe (sayd M. Bradford) I am quiet: God forgeue you this, Mayster Sheriffe. And one of the officers wich made the fire, hearing Mayster Bradford so speaking to the Shiriffe, sayde: If you haue no better learninge then that, you are but a foole, and were best to hold your peace. To the which wordes M. Bradford gaue no answere: but asked all the world forgeuenesse, and forgaue all the world, and prayed the people to pray for him, and turned hys head vnto the young man that suffered with him, and sayd: Bee of good comfort Brother, for we shall haue a mery supper with the Lorde thys night: and so spake no more wordes that any man did heare, but imbracing the Reedes, sayd thus: MarginaliaThe saying of M. Bradford at his death.Strayt is the way, and narrow is the Gate that leadeth to eternall saluation, and fewe there bee that finde it.

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And thus they both ended theyr mortall liues, moste likest two Lambes, without any alteration of their countenaunce, beyng voyde of all feare, hoping to obteine the price of the game that they had long runne at: to the which I beseeche Almightye God happily to conducte vs, thorow the merites of Iesus Christe our Lorde and Sauior. Amen.

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