Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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1705 [1681]

Queene Mary. Articles obiected against Dirike, Caruer, Launder, Martyrs. Their answers.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iuly.soeuer doth teach or vse any more Sacraments, or yet any ceremonies, he doth not beleeue that they be of the Catholicke Churche, but doth abhorre them from the bottome of his heart: MarginaliaCeremonyes abhorred.And doth further say and beleue, that all the seruice, sacrifices and ceremonies, now vsed in thys Realme of England (yea, & in all other partes of the world, whych ben vsed after the same maner) be erroneous and naught, & contrary to Christes institution, and the determination of Christes Catholicke church, whereof he beleeueth, that he him selfe is a member.

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MarginaliaThe reall presence of Christs body vnder the formes of bread and wine denyed.Also hee doeth confesse and beleeue, that in the Sacrament, nowe called the sacrament of the aultar, there is not really, and truly, contained vnder the formes of bread and wine, the very naturall body and bloude of Christe in substaunce: but his beliefe and faith therein is as followeth, Videlicet, that when he doth receiue the material bread and wine, he doeth receiue the same in a remembrance of Christes death and passion, and so receiuing it, he doth eate and drinke Christes body and bloude by faith, and none other wayes, as he beleeueth.

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MarginaliaThe Masse abhominable.And moreouer he doth confesse, say, and beleue, that the Masse now vsed in the Realme of Englande, or els where in all Christendome, is nought and abhominable, and directly against Gods worde, and his Catholicke Churche: and that there is nothing sayd or vsed in it good or profitable. For he saith, that albeit the gloria in excelsis, the Creede, Sanctus, Pater noster, Agnus, and other partes of the Masse, bene of themselues good and profitable, yet the same being vsed amongest other things that be naught and superfluous in the Masse, the same good things do become nought also, as he beleeueth.

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MarginaliaAuricular confession not necessary.Also he doth beleeue and confesse that Auriculare confession is not necessary to be made to any Priest, or to anye other creature, but euery persone oughte to acknowledge & confesse hys sinnes onely to God: and also that no person hath any authority to absolue any man frō his sinnes: and also that no person hath any authority to absolue any man frō his sinnes: and also beleeueth that the right and true way (according to the Scripture) after a man hathe fallen from grace to sinne, to arise to Christe againe, is to be sorie for his offences, & to doe the same, or the like no more: and not to make any auricular confession of them to the priest, either to take absolution for them at the Priests handes. All whyche hys sayde opinions, hee hathe beleeued by the space of these seuen or eight yeares past, and in that time, hath diuers and many times openly argued and defendeth the same, as hee sayeth. &c.

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Articles obiected by Boner Bishop of London, against Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe copied this document from an official record now lost.

MarginaliaArticles layd to Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder.1. FIrste, I doe obiect against you, and euery of you, that yee and euery of you, beinge within the sayde prisone of Newgate, and within this sayde Citie of London, are of my iurisdiction (being Bishoppe of London) and subiecte vnto the same, offending and trespassing wythin the sayd prison and Citie, in matters of Religion, and concerning the Catholicke faith and beliefe of the Churche in any wise.

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MarginaliaSacramentes of pennance and of the aultar.2. Item, I doe obiect against you and euery of you, that yee and euery of you, since your first comming and entring into the sayde prisone, and during your abode there, bothe there, and in sundry places wythin this Citie and Dioces of London, haue holden, maintained, and defended sundry opinions against the Sacraments of the Church, especially against the Sacrament of penance, and also against the Sacrament of the aultar.

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MarginaliaReall presence.3. Item, I do likewise obiect that yee, and euery of you, in all or in some of the said places, haue (as concerning the sacrament of the aultar) holden, mainteined, and defended, to the best of your power, that in the sayde sacrament of the aultar there is not the very substaunce of the body & bloud of our Sauiour Christ, but that in the Sacrament there is onely the substaunce of naturall breade and wine, and no other substaunce.

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MarginaliaThe Latin Masse.4. Item, I do likewise obiect that you and euery of you, in all or some of the said places: haue concerning the masse in Latine nowe vsed in the Church, and the sacrifice of the same, holden, maintained and likewise defended, that the sayde Masse is not good or profitable, and that there is no sacrifice in the same.

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MarginaliaCeremonyes.5. Item, I do likewise obiect, that you and euery of you, in all, or some of the places, haue concerning þe ceremonies of the Church, holden, mainteined, and likewise defended, that the saide ceremonies are not profitable to a Christian man, but hurtfull and euill.

MarginaliaAuricular confession.6. Item, I do likewise obiect, that you and euery of you, in all, or some of the sayd places, haue concerning the Sa-

crament of penaunce, holden, mainteined, and likewise defended, that auricular confession (being a part thereof) albeit it may be made vnto a good Priest for counsaile, yet the absolution of the Priest, laying hys hand vpon any mans heade, and doing as is nowe vsually done in the Churche, is nothing profitable to any mans saluation, & that therefore yee neither haue bene confessed to the Priest, after the vsuall maner of the Churche, nor yet receiued the sayd Sacrament of the aultar since the coronation of the Queenes Maiestie, whyche is more then the space of one yeare and a halfe.

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MarginaliaThe fayth & doctrine of the Church of England.7. Item, I do likewise obiect, that ye and euery of you in all or some of the sayd places concerning the faith and religion now taught, set foorth, vsed and beleued in the church of this Realme of Englande, and the doctrine of the same, haue holden, beleeued and sayde, that it is not agreeable to Gods woord, but cleane contrary to the same.

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MarginaliaDefending of Hooper, Cardmaker, Rogers. &c.8. Item, I do likewise obiect, that ye and euery of you, in all, or some of the sayd places, haue beleued, spoken, & sayd, and to your power, vpholden, mainteined & sayd that byshop Hooper, Cardmaker, Rogers, and others of theyr opinion, which of late wythin this realme were burnte for heresie, were good Christian men, in speaking and holding against the said Sacrament of the aultar, and that they did preache nothing, but the true doctrine of Christe, shedding their bloud for the maintenance of the sayd doctrine.

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MarginaliaEnglish seruice.9. Item, I do likewise obiect, that yee and euerye of you, haue earnestly laboured and traueiled to the best and vttermost of your power, to haue vp againe the English seruice, and the Communion in all poyntes, as was vsed in the latter daies of king Edward the sixt, here in this realm of Englande.

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MarginaliaDefending the religion vsed in K. Edwardes tyme.10. Item, I do likewise obiecte, that ye, and euery of you haue thought and doe thinke, firmely and stedfastly, and so haue and do beleeue, that the faith, religion, & doctrine, set foorth in the said time of the foresaid king Edward, was in all poyntes good and godly, containing in it the true Faith and Religion of Christ, in euery part.

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MarginaliaAbsence from Popish seruices11. Item, I doe likewise obiect and say, that ye, and euery of you, (for your misbelief, offence, transgression, and misbehauiour in the premisses, and for that also that you wold not come to your seuerall parish churches, and heare your diuine seruice there, as other Christian people did, and do: but absent your selfe from the same, and haue your priuate seruice in your houses, especiallye in the house of Diricke Caruer) were sent vp vnto the King and Queenes Maiesties priuie counsaile, and by them or some of them, sente afterward vnto the prison of Newgate aforesayd, hauing thereby their authoritie, remained as prisoners, during all the time ye haue bene there.

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12. Item, I do likewise obiect and say, that I the sayd byshop of London, was commaunded by the authority of the sayd Counsaile, to make processe against you, and euery of you, so that it was not my procuring or searching, that yee should be commaunded or called before me in this matter of heresie, but partly your owne demerites, and partly the sayde commandement enforced me to cal and send for you, to make aunsweare heerein, and heereof to shewe you the sayde letters. MarginaliaIf their putting to death were not lawfull by God, why do you excuse it? If it were lawfull, why doe ye so at mans commaundement?

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Their answeres to the Articles.

MarginaliaTheir aunsweres.VPon Monday, being the sayd tenth day of Iune, 

Commentary  *  Close

The account of Carver's final examination is probably derived from personal testimony and not official records.

these two persons (with others) were brought by the keper vnto the bishops Consistorie (as it was before commaunded) at one of the clocke in the after noone, where the Byshop first beginning with the sayde Diricke Caruer, caused his confession with the Articles and Aunsweres, to be openly read vnto him (which order he kept at the condemnation of euery prisonner) asking hym whether he would stand to the same. To whom the sayd Diricke answeared, that he would: for your doctrine (quoth hee) is poyson and Sorcerie. If Christe were heere, you would put him to a woorse death, then he was put to before.

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MarginaliaThe wordes of Diricke Caruer to Boner.You say, that you can make a God: ye can make a pudding as well. Your Ceremonies in the Churche be beggery and poyson. And farther I say, that auricular confession is contrary to Gods word, and very poyson: wyth diuers other such woordes.

The Bishop seeing this constancie, & that neyther hys accustomed flatteries, nor yet his cruell threatnings could once moue this good man to encline to their idolatry, pronounced his vsuall and general blessing, as well towards this Diricke, as also vppon the sayde Iohn Launder (although seuerally). Who (after the like manner of processe vsd with him) remained in the same constancie, as dyd the other, and therfore were both deliuered vnto the sheriffes, who were there present, but afterwards were conueyed to

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