Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Derick Carver

(1515? - 1555)

Brewer. Martyr.

Derick Carver was born in Dilson by Stockhome in the land of Luke. He lived in Brighthampsted, Sussex. 1563, pp. 1239, 1240, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He was apprehended with John Launder, Thomas Everson (or Iveson - in 1570) and William Veisy at the end of October 1554 by Edward Gage, whilst at prayer in Carver's house. 1563, pp. 1239-40 1570, pp. 1860-61, 1576, pp. 1592-93, 1583, p. 1680.

He was sent to prison after a letter was sent to Bonner from the marquess of Winchester, now Lord Treasurer, on 8 June 1555. 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He appeared in the consistory court of 10 June 1555. 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

Foxe records the articles against him and his answers. 1563, p. 1240, 1570, pp. 1861-62, 1576, pp. 1593-94, 1583, pp. 1681-82.

William Paulet was ordered by the Privy Council to send a writ for Carver's execution to the sheriff of Sussex on 12 June 1555 1583, p. 1581.

He made a confession before Bonner. 1563, p. 1240, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

Carver was burned with John Launder at Lewes in Sussex on 22 July 1555. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

Robert Smith told his wife in a letter that Carver had sent her money and in another letter that he was condemned. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

 
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John Launder

(1530? - 1555)

Husbandman and martyr. Born and lived in Godstone, Surrey.

John Launder was apprehended with Derick Carver at the end of October 1554 by Edward Gage, while at prayer in Carver's house. 1563, pp. 1239-40, 1570, pp. 1860-61, 1576, pp. 1592-93, 1583, p. 1680.

He appeared to hold prayer meetings at his own house. 1563, p. 1242, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1593, 1583, p. 1680.

He was sent to Newgate. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1593, 1583, p. 1680.

On 8 June 1555 Launder was sent to prison after a letter was sent to Bonner from the marquess of Winchester, now lord treasurer [?], on 8 June 1555. He appeared in the consistory court of 10 June 1555. 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He made a confession before Bonner. 1563, p. 1240, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

Robert Smith told his wife in a letter that Launder was condemned. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

Launder sent a piece of Spanish money to Anne Smith. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

Foxe records the articles against him and answers. 1563, p. 1240, 1570, pp. 1861-62, 1576, pp. 1593-94, 1583, pp. 1681-82.

William Paulet was ordered by the privy council on 12 June 1555 to send a writ for John Launder's execution to the sheriff of Sussex. 1583, p. 1581.

He was burned with Derick Carver at Lewes on 22 July 1555. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

 
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Thomas Iveson

(d. 1555)

Born in Chichester. Carpenter. Of Godstone, Surrey. Martyr.

William Paulet was ordered by the Privy Council to send a writ for Thomas Iveson's execution to the sheriff of Sussex on 12 June 1555. 1583, p. 1581.

Thomas Iveson was apprehended with Derick Carver at the end of October 1554 by Edward Gage, while at prayer in Carver's house. 1563, pp. 1239-40 1570, pp. 1860-61, 1576, pp. 1592-93, 1583, p. 1680.

Iveson was burned in the same month as Carver and Launder. 1563, p. 1243, 1570, p. 1863, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1682.

He gave answers to Bonner in July 1555. 1563, pp. 1243-44, 1570, p. 1863, 1576, pp. 1594-95, 1583, pp. 1682-83.

Robert Smith told his wife in a letter that Iveson had sent her money and in another letter that Iveson was condemned. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

Iveson sent money to Anne, Katherine Smith and Anne's mother. 1563, pp. 1266-67, 1570, p. 1876, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1701.

[Foxe also refers to him as Thomas 'Everson' and 'Juison'.]

 
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Godstone
NGR: TQ 354 515

A parish in the first division of the hundred of Tandridge, county of Surrey. 19 miles south by east from London. The living is a rectory, with the vicarage of Walkemstead annexed, in the Archdeaconry of Surrey and Diocese of Winchester.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1706 [1682]

Queene Mary. The Martyrdome of Dirricke Caruer. The beliefe and confession of Tho. Iueson.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iuly.the places aboue named, & there moste ioyfully gaue their bodies to bee burned in the fire, and their soules into the handes of Almighty God, by Iesus Christ, who hath assured them to a better hope of life. MarginaliaDiricke Caruer and Iohn Launder, sent downe into the countrey to be burned.

MarginaliaThe cruell spoyle of Dirickes goodes.This Diricke was a man, whome the Lorde had blessed as well with temporall riches, as with hys spirituall treasures: which riches yet were no clogge or let vnto hys true professing of Christe, (the Lord by his grace so woorking in him:) of the which, there was such hauocke made, by the greedye raueners of that time, that hys poore wyfe and children had little or none thereof. 

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This account of the ordeals Carver's family faced, his learning to read and his execution are certainly derived from personal testimony or testimonies.

During his imprisonment, although he was well stricken in yeares (and as it were, past the time of learning) yet he so spente his time, that being at hys firste apprehension vtterly ignoraunt of any letter of the booke, he coulde before his death read perfectly any Printed English.  
Commentary  *  Close

Note Foxe's wording - he states that Carver did not know how to read English. Remember that he was Flemish, and he may well have been literate in that language.

MarginaliaDiricke learned to reade in the prison.Whose diligence and zeale is worthy no small commendation, and therefore I thought it good not to lette it passe ouer in silence, for the good encouragement and example of others.

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MarginaliaDiricke burned at Lewes.Moreouer, at his comming into the towne of Lewes to be burned, the people called vpon him, beseeching God to strengthen him in the faith of Iesus Christe. Hee thanked them, and prayed vnto God, that of hys mercye hee woulde strengthen them in the lyke Faith. And when hee came to the signe of the Starre, the people drew neare vnto hym, where the Sheriffe sayde that he had founde him a faithfull man in all hys aunsweres. And as he came to the stake, hee kneeled downe and made hys prayers, and the Sheriffe made haste.

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Then hys Booke was throwne into the barrell, and when he had stript him selfe (as a ioyfull member of God) he went into the barrell him selfe. And as soone as euer hee came in, he tooke vp the booke and threw it among the people, MarginaliaDirickes booke commaunded in the Quenes name to be throwen againe into the fier.and then the Sheriffe commaunded in the Kynge and Queenes name, in paine of death, to throw in the booke againe. And immediately, that faithful member spake with a ioyfull voyce, saying:

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MarginaliaThe Testimony of Diricke at the stake.Deare brethren and sisterne, witnes to you all, that I am come to seale with my bloude Christes Gospell, for because I know that it is true: it is not vnknowen vnto all you, but that it hath bene truely preached heere in Lewes, and in all places of Englande, and nowe it is not. And for because that I wil not deny heere Gods Gospel, and be obedient to mans lawes, I am condemned to die. MarginaliaThe exhortation of Diricke to the people.Dear brethren and sisterne, as many of you as doe beleeue vpon the Father, the Sonne, and the holy Ghoste, vnto euerlasting life, see you do the woorkes appertaining to the same. And as many of you as doe beleeue vppon the Pope of Rome, or any of his lawes, which he sets foorth in these daies, you do beleeue to your vtter condēnation, and except the great mercy of God, you shall burne in hell perpetually.

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Immediately the Sheriffe spake vnto hym, and sayde, if thou doest not beleue on the Pope thou art damned body and soule. MarginaliaWhere finde you that in the Creede, to beleeue on the Pope.And further the Sheriffe sayd vnto hym: speake to thy God, that he maye deliuer thee nowe, or else

The Martyrdome of Diricke Caruer. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Diricke Caruer, at Lewes. An. 1555. Iuly. 22.

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The image previously used for Farrar's burning.

to strike me downe to the example of thys people: MarginaliaHorrible prouoking of Gods iudgement.but this faythfull member sayde, the Lorde forgeue you youre sayinges.

And then spake hee againe to all the people there present, with a loude voyce, saying: deare brethren, and all you whom I haue offended in woordes or in deede, I aske you for the Lordes sake to forgeue mee, and I heartely forgeue all you, which haue offended me in thought, word, or dede. And he sayd further in his praier, MarginaliaDirickes prayer at his death.Oh Lord my God, thou hast wrytten: Hee that wil not forsake wife, children, house, and all that euer he hath, and take vp thy crosse and folow thee, is not woorthy of thee. But thou Lorde knowest that I haue forsaken all, to come vnto thee: Lord haue mercy vppon me, for vnto thee I commend my spirit: and my soule doth reioyce in thee. These were the last wordes of that Faythfull member of Christe, before the fire was put to hym. And afterward that the fire came to him, he cried: Oh Lorde haue mercy vpon me, and spronge vp in the fire, calling vppon the name of Iesus, and so ended.

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Thomas Iueson, Martyr. 
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The Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson

The only thing that the Rerum related about Iveson was a note stating that 'Thomas Everson' was burned in July 1555 (p. 510). Foxe's entire account of Iveson, based entirely on official records which are now lost, was first printed in the 1563 edition. It was reprinted without change in subsequent editions.

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MarginaliaTho. Iueson or Euerson, apprehended with Diricke and other, & suffered at Chichester.AT Chichester, about the same moneth was burned one Thomas Iueson of Godstone in the Countie of Surrey, Carpenter, whose apprehension, examination, and condemnation, (for as much as it was at one time, and in one forme with Diricke Caruer, and Iohn Launder) I doe here omit, referring the reader to their hystorie & processe before mentioned, sauing onely this his seuerall confession, and priuate answers made before B. Boner at hys last examination in the Consistorie, I thought not to pretermit: who being examined vppon the foresayd Articles, answered as followeth.

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The aunsweres of Thomas Iueson, to the obiections of Boner bishop of London, in a chamber at his house, in the moneth of Iuly.

MarginaliaAunsweres of Thomas Iueson.1. FIrst, that he beleued, that there is but one Catholike, vniuersall and whole Church of Christ thorough the whole worlde, which hathe and holdeth the true faith, and all the necessarye Articles of Christen beliefe, & all the Sacraments of Christe, with the true vse and administration of the same.

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2. Item, that he is necessarily bounden to beleeue & geue credite, in all the sayd faith, Articles of the beliefe, religion, and the Sacraments of Christe, and the administration of the same.

3. Item; that that faithe, religion, and administration of Sacraments, which now is beleeued, vsed, taught, and set forth in this our church of England, is not agreeing wyth the truth and faith of Christ, nor with the faith of the sayde Catholicke and vniuersall Church of Christ.

4. Item, concerning the Sacrament of the aultar, he beleueth, that it is a very Idol, and detestable before God, as it is now ministred.

5. Item, that the Masse is nought, and not of the institution of Christ, but þt it is of mans inuention: and demaunded whether any thing vsed in the Masse be good, he sayde that he would answere no further.

6. Item, that hee had not receiued the Sacrament of the aultar, since it hath ben ministred as now it is in England neither was confessed at any time within this seuen yeres, nor he hath not heard Masse by the same space.

7. Item, that auricular confession is not necessarye to be made to a priest, for that he cānot forgeue, nor absolue him from sinnes.

8. Item, concernnig the Sacrament of Baptisme, that it is a signe and token of Christe, as circumcision was, and none otherwise, and he beleeueth that his sinnes are * Marginalia* He meaneth not by the mere vertue of the element.not washed away thereby, but his body onely washed: for his sinnes be washed away onely by Christes bloud. 

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Note that Foxe printed a statement regarding baptism by Iveson but seems to have deleted unorthodox statements on the subject by Carver and Launder.

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MarginaliaTwo Sacramentes.9. Item, that there be in the Catholike Church of Christ, onely two Sacraments, that is to saye, the Sacrament of Baptisme, and the Sacrament of the Supper of the Lord, and no more, whiche are not rightlye vsed at this presente time in Englande, and therefore be vnprofitable.

MarginaliaAgaynst ceremonyes.10. Item, he beleueth, that all the ceremonies, nowe vsed in this Church of England, are vaine, superfluous, superstitious, and nought.

MarginaliaThomas Iueson condemned.Furthermore the saide Iueson being earnestly trauailed wythall to recant, sayde in this wise: I woulde not recant and forsake my opinion and belief, for all the goods in London. I do appeale to Gods mercy, and wilbe none of your Churche, nor submit my selfe to the same: and that I haue sayde, I will say againe. And if there came an Aungell from heauen, to teache mee anye other Doctrine then

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that
LLLL.iij.
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