Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Edward Brocket

(1490/91 - 1558/69)

JP, MP and Sheriff of Essex and Herts. (1547 - 1548 and 1554 - 1555) [Bindoff, Commons]

Brocket escorted Rowland Taylor across Essex on Taylor's journey to Hadleigh for execution. He threatened Arthur Faysie with imprisonment when Faysie attempted to speak with Taylor and called Taylor 'a true man'. Brocket forced Taylor to wear a hood after this encounter. At a dinner on the journey, Brocket tried to persuade Taylor to recant but Taylor put him off with a jest. 1563, p. 1077; 1570, p. 1701; 1576, p. 1452; 1583, pp. 1525-26.

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He supervised the burning of William Hunter. 1570, p. 1715; 1576, p. 1464; 1583, p. 1538.

He conveyed Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed to their executions. 1563, p. 1108; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1542.

 
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Pulter

Under-sheriff of Hertfordshire. Of Hitchin.

Pulter and the sheriff of Hertfordshire, Edward Brocket, brought George Tankerfield to St Albans. 1583, p. 1690.

[This is possibly Peter Pulter, listed in April 1556 as a servant of Sir William Cecil (PRO, SP11/8, no. 1).]

 
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Simon Ponder

Peuterer. Constable of St Dunston's in the West.

Simon Ponder transported George Tankerfield to Newgate. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

 
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Sir Roger Cholmley

(d. 1565)

Lord chief justice of King's and Queen's Bench (1552 - 1553), privy councillor (under Mary) and MP [Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]. Judge, lieutenant of the Tower. Son of Sir Richard Cholmley [DNB]

Sir Roger Cholmley persuaded the royal guard to support Northumberland against Mary (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, p. 1407).

He was sent to the Tower, with Sir Edward Montagu, on 27 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was released from the Tower together with Sir Edward Montagu on 7 September 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Sir Roger Cholmley was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Cholmley participated in a debate/dinner conversation between Nicholas Ridley and John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, on the nature of the eucharist, held while Ridley was a prisoner in the Tower (1563, p. 931; 1570, p. 1591; 1576, pp. 1357-58; and 1583, p. 1428).

Cholmley came to William Flower at the stake and urged Flower, on pain of damnation, to recant his heretical beliefs. 1563, p. 1733; 1570, p. 1749; 1576, p. 1493; 1583, p. 1577.

George Tankerfield was sent into Newgate by Roger Cholmey and Dr Martin. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Cholmley was one of the commissioners who sent John Went, John Tudson, Thomas Brown and Joan Warren to be examined and imprisoned. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1845.

A complaint about John Tudson was made to Cholmley. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857. [Foxe erroneously calls him 'Sir Richard Cholmley'.]

Cuthbert Symson was brought before Cholmley, examined and racked. 1563, p. 1651, 1570, p. 2229, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2032.

Cholmley sent to Newgate 27 prisoners who were members of an illegal conventicle in Islington. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Thomas Hinshaw was taken by the constables of Islington to appear before Master Cholmley, who sent him to Newgate. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Robert Farrer, haberdasher of London, had two daughters, one of whom was delivered to Sir Roger Cholmley for a sum of money, to be at his commandment, the other sold to Sir William Godolphin, who took her to Boulogne as his lackey, dressed in men's clothing. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2294.

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The lord mayor of London and Chomley examined Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax. 1563, p. 1683, 1570, p. 2060, 1576, p. 1952, 1583, p. 2058.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Tingle was a prisoner in Newgate. His keeper realised that Edward Benet had a New Testament and sent him to Cholmley, who imprisoned him in the Compter for 25 weeks. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Benet was apprehended again in Islington and sent before Cholmley but was cut off from the rest. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

John Story had accused Angel's wife of murdering a woman and her child who resided with her in her house. He sent her to Newgate. Sir Roger Cholmley dismissed the charges against her. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2010.

[Also referred to as 'Lorde Chiefe Baron' or 'Chomley']

 
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Sir Thomas Pope

(1507? - 1559)

Founder of Trinity College, Oxford. Privy Councillor (before 1544 -1548 and 1553-59). Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire (1552 and 1557). (DNB; Bindoff)

Thomas Pope was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

The day before George Tankerfield went to St Albans, a schoolmaster retained by Sir Thomas Pope attempted to persuade Tankerfield on a number of doctrinal points. 1583, p. 1690.

Pope was appointed to go with Elizabeth after her release. 1570, p. 2295, 1576, p. 1987, 1583, p. 2294.

 
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Sir William Paget

(by 1506 - 1563 )

Lord Paget of Beaudesert (1549). Lord Privy Seal (1556 - 1558). MP (unknown constituency - 1529), Middlesex (1545), Staffordshire (1547). Secretary to Jane Seymour and Anne of Cleves (1537 and 1540). High Steward of Cambridge University (1547 - 1553). [Bindoff; DNB]

William Paget accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

He signed a royal dispensation of 5 August 1550 which permitted Hooper to be consecrated without having to wear vestments (1563, p. 1050; 1570, p. 1676; 1576, p. 1403 [recte 1430]; 1583, p. 1504).

On 7 November 1554, he was sent as an ambassador 'I know not whither, but it was thought to be to escort Pole to England', (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, pp. 1473-74).

He was one of John Roger's examiners on 22 January 1555 (1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59;1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86).

Lord Paget delivered Stephen Gardiner to Bonner. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Cheke had safe passage from King Philip, with Lord Paget and Sir John Mas securing their safety. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

Having seen Paget safely off to England, Carew and Cheke were taken en route between Brussels and Antwerp. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

John Mason warned Richard Bertie and his wife Katherine that Lord Paget was on his way under a false pretence and that the duke of Brunswick was nearby in the service of the house of Austria against the French king. 1570, p. 2285, 1576, p. 1972, 1583, p. 2078.

 
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Hitcham
NGR: TL 985 514

A parish in the hundred of Cosford, county of Suffolk. 1.75 miles north north-west from Bildeston. The living is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury, Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1714 [1690]

Queene Mary. The martyrdome of George Tankerfield Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. Iuly.quet at the Lord Pagets. The wife because of his apparell (which was very braue) tooke him to be some honeste Gentleman, and with all speede prepared her selfe to fetch her husband, hauing a good hope he should now erne some mony: MarginaliaA false Iudas part of Beard.and least this gentleman should not be noyed with tarying, she fet him a cushin to set him soft, and laid a fayre napkin before him, and set breade thereon, and came to her husband: who whē he heard it, sayd: a banket woman? In deed it is such a banquet as wil not be very pleasant to the flesh: but Gods will be done. And when he came home hee saw who it was, and called him by his name, which when his wife perceiued, & wherfore he came, like a tall woman, would play Peters part, and in sted of a sword took a spit, and had runne him thorow, had not the Constable which Bearde had sent for by his man, come in withall, who rescued him: yet she sent a brickebatte after him and hit hym on the backe. And so Tankerfield was deliuered to þe Constable, and brought to Newgate about the last day of February an. 1555. by the sayd MarginaliaBeard and Simon Pōder troublers of Gods Saintes. Syr Roger Chomley, D. Martin.Bearde Yeoman of the Gard, 

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The lack of punctuation in this passage obscures its meaning; it reads Beard, a yeoman of the guard and Simon Ponder.

and Simon Ponder Pewterer, Constable of S. Dūstons in the West, sent in by Syr Roger Chomley knight and by Doctor Martin.

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Tankerfield thus being brought to prison by hys aduersaryes, at lēgth wt the other aboue named was brought to his examination before Boner. MarginaliaArticles ordinary.Who after his accustomed maner, ordered his articles and positions vnto him: the copy and tenor of which his ordinary Articles ye may read aboue expressed. pag. 1585.

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To these Articles as aboue rehearsed, he aunswered agayne, constantly declaring his mind both touching auriculer confession, MarginaliaAuricular confession.and also the sacrament of the popish alter, and likewise of the Masse. &c. First that he was not confessed to any priest 5. yeares past, nor to any other but only to God, and further denying that he would hereafter be confessed to anye Prieste, for hee founde it not in Christes booke, and tooke it onely to be a counsell.

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MarginaliaSacrament of the altar.And concerning the sacrament, commonly called here in England of the aultar, he confessed that hee neither had nor did beleue, that in the sayd sacrament, there is the reall body and bloud of Christ, because that the bodye is ascended into heauen, and there doth sit at the right hand of god the father.

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MarginaliaThe Masse abhominable.And moreouer he sayd, that the Masse now vsed in the Church of England was nought, and ful of Idolatry and abomination, and agaynst the word of God, affirming also, MarginaliaTwo Sacramentes.that there are but two Sacramentes in the Church of Christ, Baptisme, and the Supper of the Lord. &c. And to these assertions, he sayd, he would stand: and so he did to the end.

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And when at last the Byshop began to read þe sentence exhorting him before with manye woordes to reuoke hys professed opinion (which they called damnable & heretical) he notwithstanding, resisted all contrary perswasions, answering the bishop agayne in this forme of words: MarginaliaThe wordes of Tankerfield to Boner.I will not (sayd he) forsake mine opinions, except you (my Lord) can repell thē by scriptures, and I care not for your Diuinity: for you condemne al men: and proue nothing against them. And after many fayre wordes of exhortation, which Boner then vsed (after his ordinary maner) to conuerte or rather peruert him, he aunswered boldlye agayne, saying moreouer: MarginaliaThe wordes of Tankerfield at his condemnation.that the church wherof þe pope is supreme head, is no part of Christes Catholicke Church: & adding thervnto, and poynting to the Bishop, spake to the people, saying: MarginaliaTankerfield geueth the people warning of Boner.Good people beware of him, and such as he is: for these be the people that deceiueth you. &c.

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These with other wordes moe, he spake: MarginaliaTankerfield condemned.whereupon the Bishop reading the sentence of his popish condēnatiō gaue him to the secular power.

MarginaliaThe Martirdome of George Tankerfield, at S. Albons. Anno. 1555. August. 26.Aud so this blessed seruaunt of God was had to saynct Albons, 

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This is another example of a martyr being sent out of London to a nearby town or village to be executed. This is due to the unease the authorities were beginning to feel about the reaction of Londoners to the executions.

and there with much pacience and constācy ended his life, the xxvi. day of August, for the defence of the truth, which at length will haue the victory.

Certayne notes concerning George Tankerfielde, after he came to suffer martyrdome at Saynt Albons. 
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This vivid description of Tankerfield, probably coming from someone with him in his final hours, was added in the 1583 edition.

IN primis, he was brought vnto S. Albons, by the high Shiriffe of Hereford Shyre, M Edw. Brocket Esquire and one Pulter of Hitchen which was vnder Shiriffe.

Item theyr Inne was the crosse keyes whereas there was great cōcourse of people to see and heare the prisoner, among the which multitude some were sory to see so godly a man brought to be burned, others praised God for his constancy and perseuerance in the trueth. Contrarywyse some there were which said it was pity he did stand in such opinions, and others both old womē & men cried against him one called him hereticke, & sayd it was pity that he ly-

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ued. But George Tankerfield did speake vnto them so effectually out of the word of God, in lamenting of theyr ignorance, & protesting vnto them his vnspotted conscience, & that God did mollify theyr hardened hartes insomuch þt some of them departed out of the chamber wt weping eies.

Item there came vnto him a certayne Scholemayster (which reteined vnto sir Tho. Pope knight) this man had certayne cōmunication wt G. Tankerfielde the day before he was cōming toward S. Albons, as touching theyr sacrament of þe aultar & other poyntes of papisticall religiō, but as he vrged Tankerfield wt the authority of þe doctors, wrasting thē after his own will: so on þe other side Tākerfield aunswered him mightily by þe scriptures not wrested after þe mind of any man but being interpreted after þe will of the Lord Iesus. &c. So that as he would not allow such allegatiōs as Tankerfield brought out of the scriptures wt out the opiniōs of þe doctors: so agayn Tankerfield would not credit his doctrine to be true except he could cōfirme it by the scriptures. In þe end Tankerfield prayd him that he would not trouble him in such matters, for his conscience was established. &c. and so he departed from him wishing him well & protesting that he meant him no more hurt thē his owne soule.

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Item when the houre drew on apace þt he should suffer he desired the wine drawer that he might haue a pinte of malmesy 

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A sweet and expensive wine.

& a loafe that he might eat & drinke that in remēbrance of Christes death and passion, because he could not haue ministred vnto him by others in such maner as christ cōmaunded, & thē he kneeled downe making his cōfession vnto the Lord wt all those which were in the chāber wyth him, & after þt he had prayd earnestly vnto the Lord, & had read the institution of the holy supper by the Lord Iesus, out of þe euangelistes & out of S. Paule: he sayd O Lord þu knowest it I do not this to derogate authority frō any mā, or in contēpte of those which are thy ministers, but only because I cannot haue it ministred according to thy word &c. & when he had spoken these & such like wordes he receiued it with geuing of Thankes.

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Item when some of his frends willed him to eat some meat, he sayd he would not eat that which should do other good that had more need, & þt had lōgertime to liue thē he.

Item he prayd his host to let him haue a good fire in þe chāber, he had so, & thē he sitting on a forme before the fire put of his shoes & hose & stretched out his leg to þe flame, & whē it had touched his foot, he quickely withdrew his leg shewing how þe flesh did perswade him one way & the spirit another way. The flesh sayd O thou foole wilt þu burne & needest not. The spirit sayd be not afrayd, for thys is nothing in respect of fire eternall. The flesh sayd do not leaue the cōpany of thy frēdes & acquaintance which loue & will let thee lack nothing. The spirit sayd the cōpany of Iesus Christ & his glorious presence doth exceed al fleshly frēds. The flesh sayd do not shortē thy time now for þu mayst liue if thou wilt much lōger. The spirit said this life is nothing vnto þe life in heauen which lasteth for euer. &c. And all this time the shiriffes were at a certayn gētlemans house at diner not far frō the towne whither also resorted knightes & many gētlemē out of þt coūtry, because his sonne was maried that day, & vntill they returned from diner the prisoner was lefte wt his host to be kept & looked vnto. And G. Tankerfield all þe time was kindly & louingly entreated of his host, and considering that his time was short his saying was, that although the day were neuer so long, yet at the last it ringeth to Euensong. &c.

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Item about two of þe clocke whē the shiriffes were returned frō diner they brought G. Tankerfielde out of his Inne vnto þe place where he shoulde suffer which is called Romeland, being a greene place nigh vnto þe west end of þe Abbey church, vnto the which whē he was come he kneled downe by the þe stake that was set vp for him & after he had ended his prayers, he arose & with a ioyfull fayth he sayd þt although he had a sharpe diner, yet he hoped to haue a ioyfull supper in heauen.

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Item while the fagots were set about him there came a priest vnto him, & perswaded him to beleue on þe sacrament of þe aulter & he should be saued. But G. Tankerfield cried out vehemētly & sayd, I defye the whore of Babilon, I defie the whore of Babilon, fie of þe abhominable Idoll, good people do not beleue him, good people doe not beleue him. And thē þe Maior of the towne cōmaunded to set fire to the heretique, and sayd if he had but one loade of fagots in the whole world, he would geue thē to burn him. There was a certayne knight by & went vnto Tankerfield & took him by the hand & sayd good brother be strōg in Christ, this he spake softly, and Tankerfield sayd, O syr, I thanke you I am so I thanke God. Then fire was set vnto him, & he desired the shiriffe & all the people that they woulde pray for him, the most part did so. And so embraciug the fire he ba-

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thed
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