Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Anne Warcup

or Warcoppe (d. 1571)

Born Anne Symonds; married Cuthbert Warcop of English, Oxon [Hasler, Commons, sub 'Warcoppe, Ralph'].

She was a supporter of heretics in prison during Mary's reign. [Fines]

She aided John Jewel in his flight into exile [Hasler, Commons, sub 'Warcoppe, Ralph'].

She fled with her husband to Frankfurt in the autumn of 1556 [Garrett, Marian Exiles, sub 'Warcope, Cuthbert'].

Anne Warcup received a letter from John Hooper, congratulating her on her constancy for the gospel. 1570, pp. 1641-42; 1576, p. 1444; 1583, p. 1517.

She received a letter from John Bradford. 1563, p. 1194, 1570, pp. 1814-15, 1576, 1584, p. 1633.

She received another letter from John Bradford. (7 February 1555). 1570, p. 1834, 1576, p. 1569, 1583, p. 1651.

Warcup was a great comfort to Ridley. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1897, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1725.

[NB: Anne Warcop was often associated with Joan Wilkinson, her husband's cousin. Joan Wilkinson stayed with the Warcops at English in 1554 and 1555 and later resided in their household at Frankfurt (Garrett, Marian Exiles.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Joan Wilkinson

(d. 1556)

Wife of William Wilkinson, mercer and London alderman; sister of Lord North of Kirtling (DNB)

Anne Boleyn's silkwoman; she smuggled heretical books into England for the queen (DNB).

John Hooper wrote to Joan Wilkinson describing his dispute with a friar in prison. 1570, p. 1685; 1576, p. 1438; 1583, p. 1511.

Hooper wrote to Joan Wilkinson, congratulating her on avoiding idolatry and asking her to pray for him. 1570, p. 1691; 1576, pp. 1443-44; 1583, p. 1517.

Joan Wilkinson was a great comfort to Ridley. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1897, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1725.

Mistress Wilkinson received a letter from Nicholas Ridley when he was imprisoned in the Bocardo in Oxford. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1921, 1576, p. 1648, 1583, p. 1756.

Mistress Wilkinson received a letter from Hugh Latimer. 1563, p. 1356, 1570, p. 1921, 1576, p. 1647 , 1583, p. 1756.

Mistress Wilkinson and M Warcup and his wife received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, pp. 1817-18, 1576, pp. 1552-54, 1583, p. 1635.

She received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, p. 1825, 1576, p. 1561, 1583, p. 1643.

Thomas Cranmer sent a letter to Mistress Wilkinson. 1570, p. 2071, 1576, p. 1786, 1583, p. 1892.

[NB: Joan Wilkinson was often associated with Ann Warcop, the wife of a cousin Cuthbert Warcop. Wilkinson stayed with the Warcops at their manor in English, Oxfordshire, during 1554 and 1555.She fled overseas with the Warcops and lived in their household in Frankfurt [Garrett, Marian Exiles, sub 'Warcop, Cuthbert']. In her will of 1556, Wilkinson stated that she had loaned her books to John Hooper for use during his lifetime and she bequeathed £20 for the education of Hooper's son Daniel (PRO, PCC Prob 11/42B, fol. 233v)].

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Rafe Whitfield

Cousin of Nicholas Ridley.

Whitfield was sent greetings in Ridley's 'friendly farewell'. 1570, pp. 1939-43, 1576, pp. 1622-28, 1583, pp. 1770-76.

He was the possible recipient of a letter from Ridley. See his letter to 'a cousin'. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1897, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1725.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Punt

Freewiller.

Ridley wrote a letter to Bradford and his fellow prisoners, in which Ridley speaks of his love for Taylor. The bearer of the letter to Bradford was Punt, who also carried Hooper's letters. 1563, p. 1296, 1570, pp. 1897-98, 1576, pp. 1625-26, 1583, p. 1725.

Stephen Morris's confession listed Robert Coles and his wife, John Ledley and his wife, and William Punt as being protestants in London, all of whom resided at the Bell in Gracechurch Street, and all of whom visited prisoners in the King's Bench. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

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Stephen Morris described William Punt in his confession as a writer of devilish and erroneous books. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

Stephen Morris stated in his confession that Punt had arrived at church on Palm Sunday (1557) with a book against the anabaptist that he read when he was arriving on the Thames near Grays, where he had a barrelful of books shipped. Morris stated that Robert Coles and John Ledlye shipped these books and so could testify against Punt. Morris stated that they had turned against the doctrine Punt had taught them. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

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1749 [1725]

Queene Mary. Godly letters of M. Ridley Martyr.

* Marginalia* Bocardo a Colledge of Quondams. Quondams.  

Commentary  *  Close

A quondam is the former holder of an office. Ridley is calling the Bocardo a college of 'quondams' because he, Latimer and Cranmer who were imprisoned there were all former bishops.

For as ye know, wee be no fewer then three and I dare say, euery one wel contented with his portion which I do reckē to be our heauenly fathers fatherly good MarginaliaAnno. 1555. October.and gracious gift. Thus fare you well. We shal by Gods grace one day meete together, and be merry. The day assuredly approcheth apace: The Lorde graunt that it maye shortly come. For before that daye come, I feare me the world will waxe worse and worse. But then all our enemies shalbe ouerthrowne and troden vnder foote: righteousnes and truth then shall haue the victory, and beare the bell away, whereof the Lorde graunt vs to be partakers and al that loueth truely the truth.

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We al pray you, as ye can, to cause all our commendations to be made to all such as ye know did visite vs and you, when we were in the Tower, with their frendly remembraunces and benefites. Maistresse Wilkenson and maistresse Warcup haue not forgottē vs, but euer since we came to Bocardo, with their charitable and frendly beneuolence haue comforted vs: MarginaliaThe goodnes of Mistres Wilkinson, and Anne Warcup to helpe the Bishops in Bocardo.not that els we did lacke (for God be blessed, he euer hitherto hath prouided sufficiently for vs (but that is a great comfort, and an occasion for vs to blesse God, when we see that he maketh them so frendly to tender vs, whom some of vs were neuer familiarly acquaynted withall.

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Yours in Christ Nich Ridley.

¶ Letter of mayster Ridley, sent to a Cosin of his. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter was first printed in 1563 and then in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 79-80. It was then reprinted in every edition of the Acts and Monuments.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Bishop Ridley to his Cosin.GOds holy spirite be with you now and euer. Amen.

When I call to remembraunce (beloued Cosin) the state of those that for feare of trouble, eyther for losse of goods, wil do in the sight of the world those thinges that they know and are assured are contrary to the will of God, I can do no lesse but lamēt theyr case, MarginaliaM. Ridley lamēteth the state of them which for feare of trouble doe wynde with the world and goe contrary to their conscience.being assured the end thereof will be so pittifull (without speedy repentaunce) that I tremble and feare to haue it in remembraunce. I would to God it lay vpon some earthly burden so that freedeome of conscience might be geuen vnto them. I wrote (as God knoweth) not of presumption, but onely lamenting the state of those, whome I thought now in this dangerous time should haue geuen both you and me comfortable instructions. But (alas) in steade thereof we haue instructions to folow (I lament me to rehearse it) superstitious Idolatrye. Yea, and that woorst of all is, they wil seeke to proue it by the Scriptures. The Lord for his mercy turne their hartes. Amen. Commend me. &c.

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Yours, Nicholas Ridley.

¶ To Mayster Bradford. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter was first printed in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 62-63 and then in the 1570 edition, and all subsequent editions, of the Acts and Monuments. BL, Harley 416, fo. 32v and ECL 260, fo. 116r are copies of this letter in Foxe's papers.

MarginaliaAn other worthy letter of B. Ridley to M. Bradford.BRother Bradford, I wishe you and your company in Christ, yea and al the holy brotherhood that now with you in diuers prisons suffereth and beareth paciētly christes crosse for the mayntenance of his Gospell, grace, mercy and peace from God the father, and from our Lord Iesus Christ.

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MarginaliaTwo mayne pillers holding vp the Sinagogue of Sathā. 1. False doctrine of the Sacrament 2. The Popes primacye.Sir, considering the state of this chiualrie and warfare wherin I doubt not but we be set to fight vnder Christes banner, and his crosse agaynst our ghostly enemy þe deuill and the old serpent Satan, me thinke I perceiue 2. things to be hys most perilous and moste daungerous engynes whiche he hath to impugne Christes veritie, hys gospell, and hys fayth: and the same two also to be the most massy postes, and most mightye pillers, whereby hee mayntayneth and vpholdeth his Satanical sinagogue. 

Commentary  *  Close

I.e., the Roman catholic church.

These two, sir are they, in my iudgement: the one, his false doctrine & idolatrical vse of the Lordes supper, and the other, þe wicked and abhominable vsurpation of the premacy of þe See of Rome. By these two Satan seemeth to me principally to mayntayne and vphold hys kingdome: by these two he driueth downe mightily (alas) I feare me, the third parte of the stars in heauen. MarginaliaApoc. 8. Sathans poyson paynted ouer with fayre pretences of Religion.These two poysonfull rotten posts he hath so paynted ouer with such a pretense and colour of Religion, of vnitie in Christes Churche, of the Catholicke fayth, and such like, that the wily serpent is able to deceiue (if it were possible) euen the elect of God. Wherfore Iohn sayd not without great cause: If any know not Satans subtleties and the profundities thereof,  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 425, line 7 from the bottom

The "Letters of the Martyrs" (edit. 1564, p. 63) reads erroneously "and the doungeons thereof."

I will wishe him no other burden to be laden withall.
MarginaliaApoc. 2.

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Syr, because these be hys principall and mayne postes whereupon standeth all his falsehoode, crafte, and trechery, therfore according to þe poore power that God hath geuen me, I haue bended 

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Aimed.

mine artillary to shoote at þe same. I knowe it to be but little (God knoweth) that I can doe and of my shotte I knowe they passe not. Yet I will not (God willing) cease to doe the best that I can, to shake those cankered and rotten postes. The Lorde graunt me good successe, to the glory of hys name, and þe furtherance of Christes Gospell. I haue now already (I thanke God)

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for this present tyme spent a good parte of my pouder in these scriblinges, wherof this bearer shal geue you knowledge. Good brother Bradford, let the wicked surmise and say what they list, know you for a certaintie, by GODS grace, without all doubt, that in Christes Gospelles cause agaynst and vpon the foresayd Gods enemies, I am fully determined to liue and dye. MarginaliaB. Ridleys purpose to liue and dye vpon the enemyes of Christ and of the Gospell.Fare well deare brother, and I beseeche you and al the rest of our brethren, to haue good remembraunce of the condemned heretiques (as they call them) of Oxford, in your prayers. The bearer shall certifie you of our state. Farewell in the Lorde. From Bocardo.

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Yours in Christ Nicholas Ridley.

An other letter of Mayster Ridley, vnto Mayster Bradforde and other his prison fellowes. An. 1555. 
Commentary  *  Close

The date given to this letter by Foxe is almost certainly incorrect, as this letter was written partially in response to Rowland Taylor's letter of 8 May 1554, signed by other leading protestants, protesting a planned disputation to be held in Cambridge. The letter is probably from May or early June 1554. It first appeared in the 1563 edition and was reprinted in Letters of the Martyrs (pp. 60-62) and subsequently in every edition of the Acts and Monuments.

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MarginaliaAn other letter of B. Ridley answering to M. Bradford.DEarely beloued, I wish you grace, mercy, and peace.

According to your minde. I haue runne ouer all your papers, 

Commentary  *  Close

According to Foxe's marginal notes these papers were Bradford's treatise on the Lord's Supper which he sent to Ridley for the bishop's comments.

and what I haue done (which is but small) therein may appeare. In two places I haue put in two loose leaues.  
Commentary  *  Close

Ridley apparently added some passages to the treatise Bradford had sent him.

I had muche adoe to read that was written in your great leaues, Marginalia* This was a treatise of The Lordes Supper, with other thinges. which M. Bradford sent to him to peruse & to iudge thereof.and I weene some where I haue altered some words, because I could not read perfectly that which was written. Sir, what shall best be done wt these thinges, now ye must consider: for if they come in sight at this time, vndoubtedly they must to the fire with theyr father: and as for any safegard that your custody can be vnto them, I am sure you looke not for it. For as you haue bene partner of the worke, so I am sure you looke for none other, but to haue and receiue like wages, and to drynke of the same cup. Blessed be God that hath geuen you liberty in the meane season, that you may vse your penne to hys glory, and the comforte (as I heare say) of many. I blesse God dayly in you, and all your whole company, to whom I beseeche you commend me hartily. Nowe I loue my country man 
Commentary  *  Close

Rowland Taylor and Nicholas Ridley were both from Northumbria.

in deed & in trueth, I meane Doctor Taylor MarginaliaCommendation of D. Taylor.not for my earthly countryes sake, but for oure heauenlye fathers sake, and for Christes sake, whome I heard say, he did so stoutly in tyme of perill confesse, 
Commentary  *  Close

Since Ridley refers below to Bradford consulting him about the proposed Cambridge disputation, Taylor's 'confession' was almost certainly the letter of 8 May 1554, signed by Taylor and other protestants, protesting against the disputation.

and yet also for our countryes sake and for all our mothers sake,: but I mean of the kingdome of heauen, and of heauenly Hierusalem, and because of the spirite, whiche bringeth in hym, in you, and in your company such blessed fruites of boldnes in the Lords cause, of pacience, and constancie. The Lord which hath begun this work in you all, performe and perfite this his owne deede, vntill his owne day come. Amen.

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As yet I perceaue yee haue bene not bayted, 

Commentary  *  Close

To bait someone was to taunt or provoke them; what Ridley means is that Bradford has not been examined yet. Since Bradford was examined repeatedly from the end of January 1555 onwards, this is yet another reason to doubt Foxe's dating of this letter to 1555.

and the cause therof God knoweth, which wil let thē doe no more to his, then is his pleased will and pleasure to suffer them to doe for his owne glory, and to the profite of them which be truely his. For the father whiche doth guide them that be Christes to Christ, is more mighty then all they, and no man is able to pul thē out of the fathers handes: except I saye, it please our mayster Christe to suffer them, they shall not stirre one heare of your heades.

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My brother P. the bearer hereof, and mayster Hoopers letters woulde that we shoulde saye what we thinke good concerning your * MarginaliaThis matter was concerning the deliberation of the prisoners in Lōdon, what to doe if they were called to open disputation.minde, 

Commentary  *  Close

'We' means Cranmer and Latimer as well as Ridley. Foxe's marginal gloss states that Bradford wished to consult the Oxford bishops about the proposed disputation in Cambridge.

that is, not for to answere except ye might haue somewhat indifferent  
Commentary  *  Close

'Indifferent' means impartial, not apathetic. Ridley is saying that Bradford and the others should not participate in the proposed disputation unless they were sure that the authorities presiding over the disputation were reasonably impartial.

Iudges. We are (as yee knowe) separated, and one of vs cannot in any thing consult with an other, and much strayte watching of the Baliffes is about vs, that there be no priuye conference amongest vs. And yet as wee heare, the scholers beareth vs more heauily then the townesmen.  
Commentary  *  Close

The scholars of Oxford were paying a greater share of the cost in maintaining Ridley, Latimer and Cranmer than the townspeople were.

A wonderfull thing, among so many, neuer yet scholler offered to any of vs (so farre as I know) any maner of fauor, eyther for or in Christes cause.

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Nowe as concerning your demaund of our counsell, for my part I do not mislike that which I perceiue ye are minded to do. For I looke for none other, but if ye aunswere afore the same Commissioners that we did, ye shall be serued and handled as we were, though ye were as wel learned as euer was either Peter or Paule. And yet further I thinke, that occasion afterward may be geuen you, and the consideration of the profite of your auditory may perchaunce moue you to do otherwise. 

Commentary  *  Close

Ridley is advising Bradford that the commisioners who conducted the Oxford diaputations were biased and unfair, but that if a disputation was held in Cambridge that they might make a favourable impression on the spectators regardless of the ways in which the disputation might be rigged.

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Finally, determinetely to say what shalbe best, I am not able, but I trust he, whose cause ye haue in hand, shall put you in minde to do that which shalbe most for his glory, the profite of his flock, and your owne saluation. This letter must be common to you and Maister Hooper, in whome and in his prison fellowe good father C. I blesse God, euen from the bottome of my hart: for I doubt not but they both doe to our maister Christ, true, acceptable, and honourable seruice, and profitable to his flocke: the one with his penne, and the other wt his fatherly example

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