Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Edward Powell

(d. 1540)

D. D. (1506) [Foster]

Latimer refuted Dr Powell's articles. 1563, pp. 1309-11, 1570, p. 1906, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1738.

Enemies of Latimer were Powell of Salisbury, Wilson of Cambridge, Hubberdin and Sherwood. 1563, p. 1311, 1570, p. 1906, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1738.

Articles imputed to Latimer by Powell of Salisbury. 1563, p. 1654, 1570, p. 1906, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1739.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Frith

(1503 - 1533)

Theologian and early martyr [DNB; H. Hillerbrand (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, 1996]

Foxe refers to Frith's early career and doctrine. 1583, p. 2126.

Frith's confutation of the writings of Sir Thomas More caused many to seek his destruction. 1583, p. 2126.

Henry VIII directed Cranmer and Cromwell (and others, including Stokesly) to examine Frith. 1583, pp. 2126-27.

Hubberdin railed against Latimer, and also railed against Luther, Melancthon, Zwingli, Frith, and Tyndale. Hubberdin danced in the pulpit. 1570, p. 1912, 1576, p. 1639, 1583, p. 1748.

 
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Nicholas Wilson

Henry VIII's confessor.

Wilson was one of the witnesses of Henry VIII's bill banning heretical books. 1563, pp. 1342-43.

Enemies of Latimer were Powell of Salisbury, Wilson of Cambridge, Hubberdin and Sherwood. 1570, p. 1906, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1738.

A friend of Latimer's told him that Wilson had gone to Beverley in Holdernesse and then on progress. 1563, p. 1317, 1570, p. 1912, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1742.

 
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William Hubberdine

(fl. 1539) [Emden, Oxford]

William Hubberdine was a preacher of no great learning or stable wit who only preached what the bishops told him. 1563, p. 1317.

Enemies of Latimer were Powell of Salisbury, Wilson of Cambridge, Hubberdin and Sherwood. 1570, p. 1906, 1576, p. 1633, 1583, p. 1738.

Hubberdine railed against Latimer and also railed against Luther, Melancthon, Zwingli, Frith, and Tyndale. Hubberdine danced in the pulpit, fell and broke his leg. Wardens told him the pulpit was for preaching not dancing. 1570, p. 1912, 1576, p. 1639, 1583, p. 1748.

 
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William Tyndale

(1494? - 1536)

Biblical translator. Martyr. [DNB; David Daniell, William Tyndale: A Biography (1994)]

William Tyndale was associated with John Rogers and Miles Coverdale in translating the Bible. 1563, p. 1022, 1570, p. 1656, 1576, p. 1413, 1583, p. 1484.

Hubberdin railed against Latimer, and also railed against Luther, Melancthon, Zwingli, Frith, and Tyndale. Hubberdin danced in the pulpit. 1570, p. 1912, 1576, p. 1639, 1583, p. 1748.

Tyndale's translation of scripture inspired the conversion of John Maundrel. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

 
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Beverley in Holderness
NGR: TA 032 400

A borough, market town and head of a liberty, having separate jurisdiction in the East Riding of the County of York. 9 miles north-east from Kingston upon Hull, Beverley comprises the parishes of St John, St Martin, St Mary and St Nicholas, all within the Archdeaconry of the East Riding and diocese of York. The living of St John is a perpetual curacy with that of St Martin united. The living of St Mary is a vicarage, with that of St Nicholas united.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1766 [1742]

Queene Mary. Godly letters of M. Latimer, Bishop and Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. October.Item, in this my Lord and his Chapleines might manacle me by night: In that they could not.

MarginaliaAs they did with Hūne.Item, in this they might strangle me, and say that I had hanged my selfe: In that they could not.

Item, in this they might haue me to the Consistory and iudge me after theyr fashion: From thence they could not.

Ergo I had leuer to be there then here. For though the fire be called neuer so hoat, yet and if the bishops two fingers can shake away a piece, a friers cowle an other part, and scala cœli altogether, I wil neuer found Abbay, Colledge nor Chauntrey for that purpose.

For seing there is no payne that can break my charity, break my pacience, cause me to dishonour God, to displease God, to be displeased with God, cause me not to ioy in God, nor that canne bring me to daunger of death, or to daunger of desperation, or from surety of saluation, that canne separate me from Christ, or Christ from me, I care the lesse for it. Iohn Chrisostom sayth, MarginaliaChrisost. What is the greatest payne to damned soules.that the greatest payne that damned soules haue, is to be separate and cut of from Christ for euer: which payne he sayth is greater then many helles: which paynes the soules in Purgatory neither haue nor can haue.

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MarginaliaProuision of Purgatory bringeth many to hell.Consider M. Morice, whether prouision for Purgatorye hath not brought thousandes to hell. Debts haue not bene payd: restitution of euill gotten landes & goods hath not bene made: christen people (whose necessities we see, to whō whatsoeuer we do, Christ reputeth done to himselfe, to whom we are bounden vnder payne of damnation to doe for, as we would be done for our selfe) are neglecte and suffered to perish: last wils vnfulfilled and broken: Gods ordinaunce set aside: and also for Purgatory, foūdations haue bene taken for sufficient satisfaction: so we haue trifled away the ordinaunce of God, and restitutions. Thus we haue gone to hell, with Masses, Diriges, and ringing of manye a bell. And who can pull Pilgrimages from Idolatrye, and purge Purgatorye from Robbery, but hee shall bee in perill to come in suspition of Heresye with them? so that they may pill with Pilgrimage, and spoyle with Purgatory. And verely the abuse of them cannot be taken away, but great luker and vauntage shall fall away from them, whiche had leuer haue profite with abuse, then lacke the same with vse: MarginaliaWhat the Waspe is that stingeth the Papistes, and maketh thē to swell.and that is the waspe that doth sting them, and maketh them to swell. And if Purgatory were purged of all that it hath gotten, by setting aside restitution, and robbing of Christe, it woulde be but a poore Purgatorye: So poore that it should not be able to feed so fatte, and tricke vp so many idle and slothfull lubbers.

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I take God to witnes I would hurt no man, but it greeueth me to see such abuse continue without remedy. MarginaliaThe Popes pardoning out of Purgatory, a vayne inuētion. Suffrage. Masse. Pilgrimage. Authority of keyes.I cannot vnderstand what they meane by the Popes pardoning of Purgatorye, but by way of suffrage: and as for suffrage, vnlesse he do his duety, and seeke not his owne, but Christes glory, I had leauer haue the suffrage of iacke of the skullery which in his calling doth exercise both fayth and charitye: but for his Masse. And that is as good of an other simple Priest as of him. For as for authoritye of keyes, is to loose from guiltinesse of sinne and eternall payne, due to the same, according to Christes word, and not to his own priuate will. And as for Pilgrimage, you woulde wonder what iuggling there is to gette money withall. I dwell within a halfe mile, of the Fosseway, and you woulde wonder to see how they come by flockes out of the West countrey to many Images, but chiefely to the bloud of Hailes. 

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For the 'miraculous' blood of Hailes Abbey and for Latimer's involvement in the dissolution of the abbey, see Ethan H. Shagan, Popular Politics and the English Reformation (Cambridge: 2003), pp. 162-96.

MarginaliaThis bloud of Hailes was proued before the king, and openly shewed at Paules Crosse by the Byshop of Rochester that thē was, to be but the bloud of a Ducke.And they beleue verely that it is the verye bloud that was in Christes bodye, shedde vppon the Mount of Caluerye for our saluation, and that the sighte of it with theyr bodily eye, doth certify them and putteth them out of doubte, that they bee in cleane life, and in state of saluation without spot of sinne, which doeth bolden then to many thinges. For you would wonder if you shoulde common with them both comming and going, what faythes they haue. For as for forgeuing theyr enemies, and reconciling theyr Christian brethren, they can not away withall: for the sight of that bloud doth quite them for the time.

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MarginaliaTwo certifications of our remission out of the Scripture.I read in Scripture of two certifications: one to the Romanes: Iustificati ex fide pacem habemus. i. We being iustified by fayth haue peace with God.

If I see the bloud of Christe with the eye of my soule, that is true fayth that his bloud was shed for me. &c.

An other in the Epistle of Iohn: Nos scimus quod translati sumus de morte ad vitam, quoniam diligimus fratres. i. We know that we are translated from death to life, because we loue the brethren. But I read not that I haue peace with GOD, or that I am translated from death to life, because I see with my bodelye eye the bloud of Hailes. MarginaliaThe bodyly seeing of Christes bloud profiteth little.It is verye probable that all the bloud that was in the body of Christ, was vnited and knitte to his Diuinity, and then no part thereof shall returne to his corruption. And I maruell that Christ shall haue two resurrections. And if it were, that they that did violently and iniuriouslye plucke it out of hys body when they scourged him and nayled him to the Crosse, did see it with theyr bodily eye, yet they were not in cleane life. And we see the selfe same bloud in forme of wine, when we haue consecrate, and may both see it, feele it, and receiue it to our damna-

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tion as touching bodily receiuing. And many do see it at Hailes without confession, as they say God knoweth all, and the Deuill in our time is not dead.

Christ hath left a doctrine behinde him, wherin we be taught how to beleue, and what to beleeue: he doth suffer the Deuill to vse his craftye fashion for our triall and probation. It were little thanke worthy to beleue well & rightly, if nothing should moue vs to false fayth & to beleue superstitiously. It was not in vayne that Christ when hee had taught truely, by and by badde, beware of false Prophettes, MarginaliaWarning against false prophets.whiche woulde bring in errour slilye. But we be secure and vncarefull, as though false Prophets could not meddle with vs, and as though the warning of Christ were no more earnest and effectuall, then is the warning of Mothers when they trifle with theyr children, and bid them beware the bugge. &c.

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Loe Syr, how I runne at ryot beyond measure. When I began, I was minded to haue written but halfe a dosen lynes: but thus I forget my selfe euer when I write to a trusty frende, which wyll take in worth my folly, and keepe it from mine enemy. &c.

MarginaliaD. Wilson agaynst M. Latimer. & why.As for Doctour Wilson,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 476, bottom

Some at least of these characters {named in the conclusion of this letter} appear to have got into trouble for their proceedings at Bristol; for among the Chapter House Papers, Rolls House, 1st Series, No. 1528, we find a list of persons (apparently prisoners), with the dates (apparently) of their incarceration. The paper is headed "William Delapoole," probably the jailor: and it concludes thus:- "Yt may please yr. maistership to have me in remembrance to the king's grace for two monethes lycens into the Countrey; that is to say oon, And then to retorne ayen iiijer or fyve dayes, And so to repayre another monethe." The last entry is of four coiners, July 6th, an. reg. xxvij [1535]. Among the entries we find, William Heberdyn, priest, 4th July, anno regni xxvto, [1533]; Nicholas Wilson, doctor, 10th April, an. regni supradicto [1534]; Edwarde Powell, doctor, 10th June, anno regni xxvjto. [1534]: also Thomas Abell, priest, 24th Dec., 1533, and Richard Fetherstone, priest, September 13th, 1534. - If the Heberdyn above mentioned be Latimer's opponent, he must have been incarcerated previously to the assembling of the Commission at Bristol, July 5th, 1533; see the Letter of John Bartholomew. There is also a deposition in No. 1500 of the same series of Papers against Dr. Powell by one of his own servants, for his opposition to the King's marriage. - Powell, Abell, and Fetherstone were executed in 1541; Wilson was persuaded by Cranmer to recant. - There is among the Harleian MSS. a Sermon preached by Hubberdin at the desire of some thieves who stopped him in Hampshire.

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I wotte not what I should say: but I pray God endue him with charity. Neyther he, nor none of his countreymen did euer loue me since I did inuey agaynst theyr factions, and partialitye in Cambridge. Before that, who was more fauoured of him then I? That is the byle that may not be touched. &c.

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A certayne frend shewed mee, that Doctour Wilson is gone nowe into his countrey about Beuerley in Holdernes, and from thence he will go a progresse through Yorkeshire, Lancashyre, Cheshyre, and so from thence to Bristow. What he entendeth by this progresse God knoweth, and not I. If he come to Bristowe I shall here tell. &c.

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MarginaliaHubberdine a great rayler agaynst M. Latimer.As for Hubberdin (no doubt) he is a manne of no great learning, nor yet of stable witte. He is here seruus hominum: for he will preach whatsoeuer the Byshops will bidde him preach. Verely in my minde they are more to be blamed then he. He doeth magnifye the Pope more then enough. As for our Sauior Christ and Christian kynges are little beholding to hym. No doubte hee did misse the cushion  

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 477, line 4

i. e. failed in his aim; see Nares' Glossary, or Halliwell's Dictionary of Archaic words.

in many thinges. Howbeit they that did sende him (men thinke) will defend him: I pray GOD amend him, and them both. They woulde fayne make matter agaynst mee, entendyng so eyther to deliuer him by me, or els to ridde vs both together, and so they woulde thinke hym well bestowed. &c.

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MarginaliaD. Powell a stout Preacher of Popery.As touching Doctour Powell, 

Commentary  *  Close

Latimer preached a series of sermons in Bristol in March 1553 which enjoyed great success and aroused enormous controversy. One of the opponents of Latimer, who crticised the sermons, was Dr Edward Powell, prebendary of Salisbury Cathedral and chaplain to Katherine of Aragon. Powell was sent to the Tower in 1534 as a result of his criticisms of Latimer. In one of the most infamous events of Henry VIII's reign, Powell would be executed for treason, along with Thomas Abell and Richard Featherstone on 30 July 1540, on the same day that Latimer's evangelical associates, Robert Barnes, Thomas Garrad and William Jerome, were burned for heresy.

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howe highly he tooke vppon him in Bristow; and how little hee regarded the sword which representeth the kinges person, many can tell you. I thinke there is neuer an Earle in this Realme that knoweth his obedience by Christes cōmaūdemēt to his Prince, & wotteth what the sword doth signify, that would haue taken vpon hym so stoutly. Howbeit Mayster Maior, as he is a profound wise man, did twicke him pretily: it were to long to write all. Our pilgrimages are not a little beholding to him. For to occasion the people to them, he alledged this text.

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MarginaliaScripture applied of the Papistes.Omnis qui relinquit patrem, domos, vxorem. i. Whosoeuer leaueth father, house, wife, &c. By that you maye perceiue hys hoate zeale and crooked iudgement. &c. Because I am so belyed, I could wish that it would please the kinges grace to commaunde me to preach before his highnesse a whole yeare together euerye Sonday,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 477, line 18

It was probably in consequence of this sentence that, by the good offices of Archbishop Cranmer, Latimer was called to preach before the King all the Wednesdays of Lent, 1534. (Cranmer's Works, Parker Soc. Ed. vol. ii. pp. 308, 309.)

that he himselfe might perceiue how they belye me, saying, that I haue neither learning, nor vtterance worthy thereunto. &c. I pray you pardon me, I cannot make an end.

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A briefe digression touching the rayling of Hubberdin agaynst M. Latimer. 
Commentary  *  Close

This 'disgression' first appeared in the 1570 edition and must have been supplied to Foxe by an informant.

MarginaliaA note touching Hubberdine.FOrasmuch as mention hath bene made in this letter of Hubberdin, an olde Diuine of Oxford, a right paynted Pharisey, and a great strayer abroad in all quarters of the realme to deface and impeach the springing of Gods holy Gospell, something woulde be added more touchinge that man, whose doinges and pageantes if they might be described at large, it were as good as any Enterlude for the Reader to beholde. MarginaliaHubberdine a right Image of Hipocrisie.Who in all his life and in all his actions (in one word to describe him) seemeth nothing elles but a right Image or counterfayt, setting out vnto vs in liuely colours the paterne of perfecte hypocrisye. But because the man is now gone, to spare therefore the dead (although he little deserued to be spared, which neuer spared to worke what vilany he could agaynst the true seruantes of the Lord) this shall be enough for example sake, for all Christian men necessarily to obserue, howe the sayd Hubberdin after his long rayling in all places against Luther, Melangthon, Zuinglius, Iohn Frith, Tindale, Latimer, and all other like Professours, MarginaliaHubberdine a great rayler agaynst the seruants of Christ.after his hypocriticall opē almes geuen out of other mens purses, his long prayers, pretensed deuotions, deuoute fastinges, hys wolward goyng, and other his prodigious demeanor, riding in his long Gowne downe to the Horse heeles like

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