Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Joan Wilkinson

(d. 1556)

Wife of William Wilkinson, mercer and London alderman; sister of Lord North of Kirtling (DNB)

Anne Boleyn's silkwoman; she smuggled heretical books into England for the queen (DNB).

John Hooper wrote to Joan Wilkinson describing his dispute with a friar in prison. 1570, p. 1685; 1576, p. 1438; 1583, p. 1511.

Hooper wrote to Joan Wilkinson, congratulating her on avoiding idolatry and asking her to pray for him. 1570, p. 1691; 1576, pp. 1443-44; 1583, p. 1517.

Joan Wilkinson was a great comfort to Ridley. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1897, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1725.

Mistress Wilkinson received a letter from Nicholas Ridley when he was imprisoned in the Bocardo in Oxford. 1563, p. 1295, 1570, p. 1921, 1576, p. 1648, 1583, p. 1756.

Mistress Wilkinson received a letter from Hugh Latimer. 1563, p. 1356, 1570, p. 1921, 1576, p. 1647 , 1583, p. 1756.

Mistress Wilkinson and M Warcup and his wife received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, pp. 1817-18, 1576, pp. 1552-54, 1583, p. 1635.

She received a letter from John Bradford. 1570, p. 1825, 1576, p. 1561, 1583, p. 1643.

Thomas Cranmer sent a letter to Mistress Wilkinson. 1570, p. 2071, 1576, p. 1786, 1583, p. 1892.

[NB: Joan Wilkinson was often associated with Ann Warcop, the wife of a cousin Cuthbert Warcop. Wilkinson stayed with the Warcops at their manor in English, Oxfordshire, during 1554 and 1555.She fled overseas with the Warcops and lived in their household in Frankfurt [Garrett, Marian Exiles, sub 'Warcop, Cuthbert']. In her will of 1556, Wilkinson stated that she had loaned her books to John Hooper for use during his lifetime and she bequeathed £20 for the education of Hooper's son Daniel (PRO, PCC Prob 11/42B, fol. 233v)].

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John Hooper

(d. 1555)

Bishop of Gloucester and Worcester. Martyr. (DNB)

Foxe recounts Hooper's life and career before becoming a bishop (1563, pp. 1049-50; 1570, pp. 1674-76; 1576, pp. 1429-1403 [recte 1430]; 1583, pp. 1502-3).

Hooper refused to wear vestments at his consecration and was consequently imprisoned. Ultimately he made a qualified submission (1563, pp. 1050-52; 1570, pp. 1676-77; 1576, pp. 1403 [recte 1430]-31; 1583, pp. 1503-5).

Foxe relates his conduct as bishop (1563, pp. 1052-53; 1570, pp. 1677-78; 1576, pp 1431-32; 1583, p. 1505).

Hooper was summoned to London on Mary's accession and imprisoned (1563, pp. 1053-54; 1570, p. 1678; 1576, p. 1432; 1583, p. 1505).

He was ordered to attend the privy council on 22 August 1553 (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

On 31 August, Hooper appeared before the council and he was committed by them to the Fleet on the next day (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]). (APC IV, p. 337, has Hooper appearing on 1 September and committed to the Fleet the same day).

Foxe gives accounts of Hooper's imprisonment and examinations. 1563, pp. 1055-57; 1570, pp. 1678-80; 1576, pp. 1433-34; 1583, pp. 1506-7.

He was deprived of his bishopric, but he defended the validity of clerical marriage at his deprivation (1563, pp. 1054-55; 1570, pp. 1678-79; 1576, pp. 1432-33; 1583, p. 1403 [recte 1430]).

Hooper was rumored to have recanted after he was condemned; he wrote denying this. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, pp. 1680-81; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, pp. 1507-8.

Foxe records his degradation, journey to Gloucester and execution. 1563, pp. 1057-62 and 1064; 1570, pp. 1681-86; 1576, pp. 1434-39; 1583, pp. 1508-12.

Hooper was excommunicated and condemned to death by Stephen Gardiner on 29 January 1555 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

His letters: 1563, pp. 1062-63; 1570, pp. 1686-93; 1576, pp. 1439-45; 1583, pp. 1512-18.

Hooper was one of the signatories to a letter of 8 May 1554 protesting against the proposed disputation at Cambridge. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; 1583, pp. 1469-71.

On 3 January 1555, a letter was sent to Hooper informing him of the arrest of Thomas Rose's congregation at the churchyard of St. Mary-le-Bow on 1 January 1555 (1563, p. 1020).

Hooper wrote an answer to this letter (1563, p. 1020; 1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1482).

Hooper also sent a letter of encouragement to the members of Rose's congregation imprisoned in the Counter in Bread Street (1563, pp. 1021-22; 1570, pp. 1654-55; 1576, pp. 1411-12; 1583, pp. 1482-83).

He was summoned before Stephen Gardiner at St. Mary Overy's on 28 January 1554 (1570, p. 1655; 1576, p. 1412; 1583, p. 1483).

Ridley wrote a letter to Bradford and his fellow prisoners, in which Ridley speaks of his love for Taylor. The bearer of the letter to Bradford was Punt, who also carried Hooper's letters. 1570, p. 1897-98, 1576, pp. 1625-26, 1583, p. 1725.

During his examination, John Hallingdale said that Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley and Hooper were not heretics. 1563, p. 1638, 1570, p. 2222, 1576, p. 1919, 1583, p. 2026.

Hooper's Latin epistle touching matters of religion was sent to Convocation House. 1583, pp. 2135-36.

 
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John Scory

(d. 1585)

Bishop of Rochester (1551 - 1552). Bishop of Chichester (1552 - 1553) and of Hereford (1559 - 1585) [DNB]

John Scory's exile is mentioned in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, pp. 1808-09., 1576, p. 1545, 1583, p. 1627.

Scory, bishop of Rochester, visited Cranmer. He took a copy of Cranmer's writings about the rumour that he had said the mass (when Thornden had in fact said it) and had it published. Cranmer was commanded to appear before the council and bring an inventory of his goods. 1563, p. 1479, 1570, p. 2046, 1576, p. 1764, 1583, p. 1871.

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Elizabeth Young said that Scory had taught her doctrine. 1570, p. 2271, 1576, p. 1960, 1583, p. 2067.

John Scory was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

Foxe refers to his installation as bishop of Hereford after Elizabeth's accession. 1583, p. 2128.

 
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Miles Coverdale

(1488 - 1568)

Evangelist, Bible translator, Bishop of Exeter (1551 - 1553) (DNB)

Miles Coverdale associated with John Rogers and William Tyndale in translating the Bible (1563, p. 1022; 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1484).

He was ordered to attend the Privy Council on 22 August 1553 (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

On 31 August, Coverdale appeared before the Privy Council and on the next day was commanded to await their pleasure (1583, p. 1497 [recte 1409]).

According to Foxe, he wrote a confutation of Weston's Paul's Cross sermon of 20 October 1553. Foxe claimed that he possessed a copy of Coverdale's confutation; it has not survived (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p 1396; and 1583, p. 1466).

Coverdale was a signatory to the letter of 8 May 1554 protesting the proposed disputation at Cambridge. The letter is printed in 1563, pp. 1001-3; 1570, pp. 1639-41 [Coverdale's signature is on p. 1642]; 1576, pp. 1399-1400; and 1583, p. 1469-71.

Coverdale sent Rowland Taylor a cap to wear at his execution (1570, p. 1704; 1576, p. 1454; 1583, p. 1557).

Throughout 1554, Christian III of Denmark repeatedly requested that Mary release Coverdale from custody and send him to Denmark. Although Mary was reluctant to grant the request, eventually she agreed, sending Coverdale to Denmark in February 1555 (1563, pp. 1081-83; 1570, pp. 1706-7; 1576, pp. 1456-57; 1583, pp. 1529-31).

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Nicholas Ridley

(d. 1555) (DNB)

Bishop of London (1550 - 1553). Martyr. [DNB]

Nicholas Ridley gave John Rogers a prebend in St Paul's (1563, p. 1023; 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1484).

He led the bishops who compelled John Hooper to wear vestments at his consecration. Ridley wrote a letter to Hooper apologising for this in Mary's reign (1563, pp. 1050-2; 1570, pp. 1676-7; 1576, p. 1404; 1583, pp. 1504-5).

He preached a sermon at Paul's Cross, at the behest of the privy council, supporting Jane Grey's claim to the throne. After Mary's accession Ridley visited the queen at Framlingham and was arrested (1563, p. 903; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1408).

He was engaged, over dinner with John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, in a debate on the nature of the eucharist. An account of the debate, 'penned with his own hand,' is first printed in 1563, (1563, pp. 928-31; 1570, pp. 1589-91; 1576, pp. 1356-58; and 1583, pp. 1426-28). There is no earlier printed version or manuscript of the exchange.

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Ridley was examined by Weston and the other members of the catholic delegation to the Oxford disputations on Saturday 14 April 1554 (1563, p. 933 and 937-38; 1570, p. 1593; 1576, p. 1935 [recte 1359]; 1583, pp. 1429-30).

[NB: There is a summary of Ridley's disputation on Tuesday 17 April 1554 which was printed in its entirety only in 1563, pp 933-34].

Ridley disputed with Richard Smith and the other catholic doctors on 17 April 1554 (1563, p. 957-78; 1570, pp. 1606-22; 1576, pp. 1370-84; 1583, pp. 1441-54).

Ridley's preface to his account of the disputation is 1563, pp. 956-57 and (in a differently worded version) 1570, p. 1632; 1576, pp. 1392-93; 1583, p. 1463.

Ridley's conclusion to his account of the Oxford disputations is printed (only) in 1563, p. 978.

Ridley wrote to Weston protesting the conduct of the 1554 Oxford disputations and demanding that Ridley's written responses to the three propositions be shown to the higher house of convocation (1563, p. 977; 1570, p. 1633; 1576, pp. 1393-94; 1583, p. 1464).

The queen's letter ordering Ridley, together with Cranmer and Latimer, to be held in the custody of the mayor and bailiffs of Oxford during the disputation is printed in 1563, p. 999.

He was summoned, together with Cranmer and Latimer, before Weston and the commissioners on 20 April 1554. He refused to recant what he had said during the disputations. He was condemned and taken to the sheriff's house (1563, pp. 935-38; 1570, pp. 1632-33; 1576, p. 1393; 1583, pp. 1463-64).

On 21 April 1554, Ridley was compelled to observe, having been brought from the sheriff's house, a procession in which Weston carried the sacrament and four doctors carried a canopy over Weston (1563, p. 936; 1570, p. 1633; 1576, p. 1393; 1583, p. 1464).

Ridley wrote a letter to Cranmer, which was sent together with copies of his account of the disputation and news of recent developments (1570, pp. 1633-34; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, pp. 1464).

Foxe mentions Ridley's condemnation and disputation in passing in 1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; 1583, p. 1469.

In a letter of 10 October 1554, Heinrich Bullinger asked John Hooper to pass his commendations toRidley, Hugh Latimer and Thomas Cranmer (1570, p. 1692; 1576, pp. 1444-45; 1583, p. 1518).

Ridley was one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for a chance to defend, in public debate, the Edwardian religious reforms (1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483).

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to Ridley, Thomas Cranmer and Hugh Latimer from the Marshalsea(1563, pp. 1042-43; 1570, pp. 1667-68; 1576, pp. 1422-23; 1583, pp. 1496-97).

Foxe describes Ridley's character. 1563, p. 1283, 1570, p. 1895, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

John Bradford was persuaded to enter the ministry by Ridley. Ridley called Bradford to take the position of deacon and, at Bradford's willing, ordered him deacon. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1603-04.

He led the bishops who compelled John Hooper to wear vestments at his consecration. Ridley wrote a letter to Hooper apologising for this in Mary's reign. 1563, pp. 1050-2; 1570, pp. 1676-7; 1576, p. 1404; 1583, pp. 1504-5.

In a letter of 10 October 1554, Heinrich Bullinger asked John Hooper to pass his commendations to Ridley, Hugh Latimer and Thomas Cranmer. 1570, p. 1692; 1576, pp. 1444-45; 1583, p. 1518.

Ridley was one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for a chance to defend, in public debate, the Edwardian religious reforms. 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483.

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to Ridley, Thomas Cranmer and Hugh Latimer from the Marshalsea.1563, pp. 1042-43; 1570, pp. 1667-68; 1576, pp. 1422-23; 1583, pp. 1496-97.

During Bradford's second examination, Doctor Seton described Ridley and Latimer as being unable to answer anything at all at their examinations. 1570, p. 1786, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1607.

John Bradford sent a letter to Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley. 1570, p. 1815 1576, p. 1551, 1583, p. 1634.

Rowland Taylor wrote a letter to Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer when they were prisoners in Oxford. 1570, p. 2072; 1576, p. 1787; 1583, p. 1893.

Foxe recounts the life of Ridley. 1563, pp. 1283-96, 1570, pp. 1895-96, 1576, pp. 1623-24, 1583, pp. 1717-30.

Ridley was kind to Heath, archbishop of York during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley was kind to Edmund Bonner's mother. She would dine at Ridley's manor in Fulham with Ridley and Mistress Mungey, Bonner's sister. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley's sister and her husband, George Shipside, were also kind to Bonner's mother and sister. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1717-18.

Ridley was converted through the reading of Bertram's Book of the Sacrament, and confirmed in his beliefs through conference with Cranmer and Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1895, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

After Mary's accession, Ridley was kept first in the Tower, then in the Bocardo in Oxford, and then held in custody at Master Irish's house until his death. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley was cast into Bocardo prison with Hugh Latimer. 1563, p. 1285, 1583, p. 1718.

A conference took place between Ridley and Latimer in prison on the objections of Antonian, in other words, those of a popish persecutor, such as Winchester. 1563, pp. 1285-94, 1583, pp. 1718-24.

Letters of Ridley. 1570, pp. 1896-1902, 1576, pp. 1624-30, 1583, pp. 1724-30.

A letter was sent by Ridley to West, in which Ridley asked West and also Dr Harvey to remember their promises to him. Foxe also includes West's letter and Ridley's response. 1570, pp. 1900-01, 1576, pp. 1627-28, 1583, pp. 1728-29.

Grindal wrote to Ridley from his exile in Frankfort, to which letter Ridley replied. He mentioned his imprisonment with Cranmer, Latimer and Bradford. He mentioned that he knew that Ferrar, Hooper, Rogers, Taylor of Hadleigh, Saunders and Tomkins, a weaver, had all been martyred, as had Cardmaker the day before he wrote this letter. He had heard that West had relented, and Grimald been cast into the Marshalsea. He had also heard that Thomas Ridley, of the Bull-head in Cheapside, had died. He had heard that his brother-in-law, Shipside, had spent much time in prison but was now released. 1570, pp. 1901-02, 1576, pp. 1628-30, 1583, pp. 1729-30.

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The examination of Ridley and Latimer by White (Lincoln) and Brookes (Gloucester) took place on 30 September 1555. White and Brookes received their commission from Cardinal Poole. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

A communication took place between Ridley and Brookes in Irish's house on 15 October, on which day he was degraded, and at which Edridge ('reader then of the Greek lecture') was present.. 1563, pp. 1374-76, 1570, pp. 1934-35, 1576, pp. 1659-60, 1583, pp. 1768-69.

Ridley had a discussion with Brookes on 16 October, on which day he was degraded. 1563, pp. 1374-76.

Foxe recounts the behaviour of Ridley at supper the night before he was martyred. 1563, pp. 1376-79, 1570, pp. 1936-37, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Foxe recounts the behaviour of Ridley and Latimer at their martyrdom. 1563, pp. 1376-1379, 1570, pp. 1937-39, 1576, pp. 1661-62, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley gave his gown and tippet to Shipside. 1563, p. 1377, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley gave a new groat to Henry Lea. 1563, p. 1377, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley spoke with Lord Williams before his martyrdom. 1563, p. 1379, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1662, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley's friendly farewell. 1563, pp. 1379-81, 1570, pp. 1939-43, 1576, pp. 1622-28, 1583, pp. 1770-76.

Ridley's lamentation for a change in religion, in which he makes reference to Latimer, Lever, Bradford and Knox, as well as Cranmer and their part in the duke of Somerset's cause. 1570, pp. 1945-50, 1576, pp. 1670-78, 1583, pp. 1778-84.

Cranmer was confirmed in his reformist beliefs after conference with Ridley. 1570, p. 2045, 1576, p. 1763, 1583, p. 1870.

Cranmer was examined by Bonner and Ely and condemned on 12 September 1556 (seven days before the condemnation of Ridley and Latimer). 1563, pp. 1491-92, 1570, p. 2046, 1576, p. 1765, 1583, p. 1871.

In the third year of Edward's reign, Cranmer and Nicholas Ridley admitted Robert Drakes to minister the sacraments. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Letter to Augustine Bernher [BL, Harley 416, fo.16v. Printed in LM, p. 72 et seq. Also in 1570, p. 1902 et seq.].

Letter to Augustine Bernher [BL Harley 416, fos.17v and 32r. Not printed in Foxe or LM].

Letter to Bernher [BL Harley 416, fo.32r. Not printed in AM or LM.]

Letter to Bradford. [BL Harley 416, fo.32v. Printed in LM, pp. 62 et seq. and 1570, p. 1897 et seq.]

Foxe records Nicholas Ridley's writings against idolatry. 1583, pp. 2128-31.

Lord Dacre would have paid a ransom to Mary for his kinsman Nicholas Ridley's life if it were possible but she refused. 1563, p. 1733, 1583, p. 2131.

 
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Baxterley
NGR: SP 277 970

A parish in the Atherstone division of the hundred of Hemlingford, county of Warwick, 4 miles west by south from Atherstone. The living is a discharged rectory in the Archdeaconry of Coventry, diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1780 [1756]

Queene Mary. The life, story, and godly constancy of M. Latimer Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. October. (saith he) which once all our pataking and vnnatural iustices be with all their partialitie and naturalitie. Quare dignum & iustum est, that as many as be such Iustices, iuste priuentur munere, & amplius quoque plectantur pro sui quisque facinoris quantitate, vt vel sic tandem abscindantur, tanquam nati in incommodum reipub. nostræ, qui nos conturbant cum adiuuare debeant, Amen. Marginaliai. Be iustly depriued of their offices, and further also be punished, according to the quātity or quality of their crime, so that by that meanes they may be cut of, as men borne and bred to the hurt & detriment of the commō wealth, which trouble vs, when they ought to helpe vs.

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Quare seponite iustitiam, & sequimini naturam, as your naturals and diabolicales woulde haue you to doe, that is, euen as iust as Germaines lippes,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Appendix: ref page 515, line 25

The same comparison occurs in Calfhill's Answer to Martiall, p. 345 (Parker Soc. Edit.) and in [Bagshaw's] 'True relation of the faction begun at Wisbich, imprinted 1601,' p. 88; "as just as Jermaine's lippes."

which came not together by nine mile, Vt Vulgo dicunt &c.

Item Sir, finally and last of all you added these wordes following? Well (quod you) let maister Latimer take heede howe hee medleth with my brother, for he is like to finde as crabbed and as froward a peece of him, as euer he found in his life. &c. Ah sir? and is your brother such a one as you speake of in deede? mercyfull GOD, what a commendation is this for one brother to geue an other? Est ne eiusmodi gloriatio tua mi amice? Marginaliai. Is this your glorying my frend?And were it not possible, trowe you to make hym better? It is written: Vexatio dat intellectum. Marginaliai. Vexation geueth vnderstanding.And againe, Bonum mihi Domine quòd humiliasti me. Marginaliai. It is good, O Lord, that thou hast humbled me.At least waye I may pray to God for hym as Dauid did for such like, ad hunc modum: Chamo & freno maxillas eorum constringe qui non approximant at te.  

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, 515, fn 11

[This way of spelling "chamo" may not be incorrect: see Stephen's Greek Thesaurus, col. 10, 363, under xxx. Edit. Valpy. - ED.]

Marginaliai. After this sort, bind fast Asses with a bridle and snafle, that they approch not nere vnto thee.In the mean season I would I had neuer knowne neither of you both: for so shoulde I haue bene without this inward sorrow of my heart, to see suche vntowardnes of you both to godlinesse: for I can not be but heauy harted, to see such men so wickedly minded. Well, let vs ponder a little better your woordes, where you saye, I shall finde him as crabbed and as frowarde a peece &c. Marke well your owne wordes. For by the tenour of the same it plainly appeareth, that you confesse your brothers cause wherein he so stiffely standeth, to be vniust and verye nought. For hee that standeth so stiffly in a good quarrell and a iuste cause, as manye good men haue done, is called a fast man, a constaunt a trustye man. But he that is so obstable and vntractable in wickednesse and wronge doing, is commonly called a crabbed and froward peece, as you name your brother to be.

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Wherefore knowing so well youre brothers cause to bee so naughtie, why haue you not endeuoured youre selfe, as a worthy Iustice, to reforme him accordingly, as I required you, and you promised me to do, now almost twelue monthes agoe, if not altogether? Summa Summarum, Maister N. if you will not come of shortly, and apply your selfe thereunto more effectually hereafter then you haue done heretofore, be you well assured therof, I shall detecte you to all the friendes that I haue in Englande, both hye and lowe, as well his crabbednes and frowardnes, as your colourable supportation of the same, that I trust I shalbe able therby, either to bring you both to some goodnes, or at least waye, I shall so warne my friendes and all honest heartes to beware of your ilnes, that they shall take either no hurte at all, or at least waye, least harme by you through mine aduertisemente, in that, knowing you perfectly, they may the better auoide and shunne youre companie. You shall not staye me maister N. no though you would geue me all the landes and goodes you haue as riche as you are noted to bee. Ego nolo tam iustam causam derelinquere, ego nolo peccatis alienis in hac parte communicare. Marginaliai. I will not forsake such a iust cause, neyther wil I communicate with other mens sinnes.For whether it be per detestabilem, superbiam, Marginaliai. By detestable pride.whether per abominabilem auaritiam, Marginaliai. By abominable auarice.or by both two linked together, it is no small iniquitie to keep any one poore mā so long frō his right and duetie so stiffeneckedly and obstinately, of whether yee will crabbedly and frowardly. And what is it then anye manner of wayes to consent to the same? You know I trowe, Mayster N. furtum quid sit: nempe quouismodo auferre vel retinere alienam rem inuito Domino, vt quidam definiunt. Si fur sit qui sic palam facit, quis erit qui facientem probat, tutatur, propugnat, vel quibuscunque ambagibus suffulcit? id est. What thefte is, that is, to take or deteyne by any maner of way, an other mans good against his will that is the owner, as some define it. If he be a theef that so doth openly, what shall he be that approueth hym whiche is the doer, defendeth, mayntayneth, and supporteth him by any maner of colour? Consider with your selfe good maister N quid sit opprimere & fraudare: in negotio fratrem, Marginaliai. What is to oppresse & to defraud your brother in his busines.and what followeth thereof. It is truely sayde, non tollitur peccatum, nisi restituatur oblatum. Marginaliai. The sinne is not forgeuen, except the thing be restored agayne, that is taken away.No restitution, no saluation: which is as well to bee vnderstand, de rebus per fraudes, technas, & dolos, as de rebus per manifestum furtum & latrocinium partis. Wherefore let not your brother mayster N. by cauillation continue in the Deuils possession. I will doe the best I can, and wrestle with the Deuill omnib9 viribus, to deliuer you both frō him. I will leaue no one stone vnmoued, to haue both you and your brother saued. There is neither Archbishoppe nor Byshoppe, nor yet any learned man either in Vniuersities or elswhere, that I am acquaynted withal that shal not write vnto you, and in theyr writing by their learning confute you. There is no Godly man of Lawe in this realme that I am acquaynted withall, but they shall write vnto you, and confute you by the law. There is neither Lord nor Lady, nor yet anye noble personage in this Realme, that I am acquaynted

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Marginaliai. Of thinges gottē by fraude, guile, & deceite, as of thinges gotten by open theft and robbery.withall, but they shall write vnto you, and Godlye threaten you with their authoritie.

MarginaliaGodly threates of M. Latimer to saue the soule of his friend.I will doe all this: yea, and kneele vppon both my knees before the kinges maiestie, and all his honourable Counsaile, with most humble petition for youre reformation, rather then the Deuill shall possesse you still, to you finall damnation. So that I doe not dispayre, but verey trust, one way or other, to plucke bothe you, and also your crabbed brother, as crabbed as you saye hee is, out of the Deuilles clawes, maugre the Deuilles heart.

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These premisses well considered, looke vppon it, good maister N that wee haue no farther adoe: Gods plague is presentlye vppon vs: therefore let vs now dilligently looke about vs, and in no wise defend, but willingly reknowedge, and amend what soeuer hath bene amisse. These were the capitall poyntes of youre talke (as I was informed) after you had perused that my nipping and vnpleasaunt letter: and I thought good to make you some aunswere to them, if perchaunce I might so moue you, the rather to call your selfe to some better remembrance, and so more earnestly apply your selfe, to accomplish aud performe what you haue begunne and promised to doe, namely the thing it selfe being of suche sorte, as apparantly tendeth both to your worship, and also to Gods high pleasure.

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Thus loe with a madde head, but yet a good will, after longe scribling, I wotte not well what (but I knowe you can reade it, and comprehende it well enough) I bid you most hartily to fare in the Lord, with good health, and long life to Gods pleasure, Amen. From Baxsterley the xv of Iuly.

During the time that the said M. Latimer was prisoner in Oxford, we read not of much that he did wryte, besides his conference with Doctor Ridley, and his protestation at the time of hys disputation. Otherwise of letters, we finde very fewe or none, that he did write to his friendes abroad, saue onely these few lynes, whiche hee wrote to one maistres Wilkinson of Londō, a godly matron, and an exile afterwarde for the Gospels sake. Who so long as she remayned in England, was a singular patronesse to the good saynctes of God, and learned Byshoppes, as to mayster Hooper, to the Byshop of Hereford, to Mayster Couerdale, M. Latimer, Doctor Cranmer with many other. The copy and effect of which hys letter to Maystres Wilkinson here followeth.

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¶ A letter sent to maystres Wilkinson  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 517, fn 1

"Mrs. Wilkinson, of Soper-lane, in London, widow, she being at the maner of Englysh in Oxforde shere." See Edition 1563, p. 1356. - ED.

of London widowe, from mayster Hugh Latimer out of Bocardo in Oxford. 
Commentary  *  Close

ECL MS 260, fo. 276v.

IF the gifte of a pot of cold water, shall not bee in obliuion with God, how can God forget your manifolde & bountifull giftes, when he shall say to you: I was in pryson and you visited me. God graunt vs all to do and suffer while we be here, as may be to hys will and pleasure. Amen.

Yours in Bocardo Hugh Latimer.

Touching the memorable actes and doynges of thys worthye man, among many other this is not to bee neglected, what a bold enterprise he attempted, in sendyng to kyng Henry a present, the maner whereof is this. 

Commentary  *  Close

This implausible story first appeared in an appendix to the 1563 edition (p. 1734) and was integrated into the section containing Latimer's letters in the 1570 edition.

There was then, and yet remayneth still, an old custome receaued from the old Romaynes, that vpon Newyeares day being the first day of Ianuary, euery Bishoppe with some handsome Newyeares gifte, shoulde gratify the king: and so they did, some with golde, some with siluer, some with a purse full of money, and some one thing, some an other: MarginaliaM. Latimers Newyeares gift sent to K. Henry.but maister Latimer being bishoppe of Worcester then, among the rest presented a new Testament, for his Newyeares gifte: with a napkyn hauing this posie aboute it: Fornicatores & adulteros iudicabit Dominus.

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And thus hast thou gentle reader, the whole life, both of maister Ridley, & of mayster Latimer, two worthy doers in the churche of Christ, seuerally and by themselues sette foorthe, and descrybed with all theyr doynges, writinges, disputations, sufferinges, their paynefull trauayles, faythfull preachinges, studyous seruice in Christes Churche, their patiente imprisonmente, and constaunt fortitude in that whiche they had taught, with all other their proceedinges from time to time, synce theyr first springinge yeares, to thys present tyme and Moneth of Queene Mary, beyng the Moneth of October. Anno. 1555. MarginaliaB. Ridley, and M. Latimer brought forth to examination. MarginaliaOctober. 1.In the whiche Moneth they were bothe brought foorth together, to theyr finall examination and execution. Wherfore, as we haue heretofore declared, both theyr liues seuerallye, and distinctlye one from the other, so nowe ioyntly to couple them bothe

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together
RRRR.iiij.
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