Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Alice Shipside

Wife of George Shipside. Sister to Nicholas Ridley.

Alice Shipside was kind to Bonner's mother and sister. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1717-18.

Ridley had married his widowed sister to his servant George Shipside and provided for them and for her three children. The lease had been lost through the action of Bonner, and Ridley pleaded with Queen Mary to provide relief for his sister. 1570, pp. 1935-36, 1576, p. 1660, 1583, p. 1768.

Ridley's 'friendly farewell' sent greetings to her. 1570, pp. 1939-43, 1576, pp. 1622-28, 1583, pp. 1770-76.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
George Shipside

George Shipside was the brother-in-law of Nicholas Ridley. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1717-18.

Dr Heath, bishop of Worcester, came to Shipside's aid when Bonner wished him dead. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1718.

Shipside could testify to Ridley's kindness to Edmund Bonner's mother and sister. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1718.

Grindal wrote to Ridley from his exile in Frankfort, to which letter Ridley replied. Ridley mentioned that he knew that his brother-in-law, Shipside, had spent much time in prison but was now released. 1570, pp. 1901-02, 1576, pp. 1628-30, 1583, pp. 1729-30.

Ridley had married his widowed sister to his servant George Shipside and provided for them and for her three children. The lease had been lost through the action of Bonner, and Ridley pleaded with Queen Mary to provide relief for his sister. 1570, pp. 1935-36, 1576, p. 1660, 1583, p. 1768.

Ridley gave his gown and tippet to Shipside. 1563, p. 1377, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley's 'friendly farewell' sent greetings to him. 1570, pp. 1939-43, 1576, pp. 1622-28, 1583, pp. 1770-76.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Nicholas Ridley

(d. 1555) (DNB)

Bishop of London (1550 - 1553). Martyr. [DNB]

Nicholas Ridley gave John Rogers a prebend in St Paul's (1563, p. 1023; 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1484).

He led the bishops who compelled John Hooper to wear vestments at his consecration. Ridley wrote a letter to Hooper apologising for this in Mary's reign (1563, pp. 1050-2; 1570, pp. 1676-7; 1576, p. 1404; 1583, pp. 1504-5).

He preached a sermon at Paul's Cross, at the behest of the privy council, supporting Jane Grey's claim to the throne. After Mary's accession Ridley visited the queen at Framlingham and was arrested (1563, p. 903; 1570, p. 1569; 1576, p. 1338; and 1583, p. 1408).

He was engaged, over dinner with John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, in a debate on the nature of the eucharist. An account of the debate, 'penned with his own hand,' is first printed in 1563, (1563, pp. 928-31; 1570, pp. 1589-91; 1576, pp. 1356-58; and 1583, pp. 1426-28). There is no earlier printed version or manuscript of the exchange.

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Ridley was examined by Weston and the other members of the catholic delegation to the Oxford disputations on Saturday 14 April 1554 (1563, p. 933 and 937-38; 1570, p. 1593; 1576, p. 1935 [recte 1359]; 1583, pp. 1429-30).

[NB: There is a summary of Ridley's disputation on Tuesday 17 April 1554 which was printed in its entirety only in 1563, pp 933-34].

Ridley disputed with Richard Smith and the other catholic doctors on 17 April 1554 (1563, p. 957-78; 1570, pp. 1606-22; 1576, pp. 1370-84; 1583, pp. 1441-54).

Ridley's preface to his account of the disputation is 1563, pp. 956-57 and (in a differently worded version) 1570, p. 1632; 1576, pp. 1392-93; 1583, p. 1463.

Ridley's conclusion to his account of the Oxford disputations is printed (only) in 1563, p. 978.

Ridley wrote to Weston protesting the conduct of the 1554 Oxford disputations and demanding that Ridley's written responses to the three propositions be shown to the higher house of convocation (1563, p. 977; 1570, p. 1633; 1576, pp. 1393-94; 1583, p. 1464).

The queen's letter ordering Ridley, together with Cranmer and Latimer, to be held in the custody of the mayor and bailiffs of Oxford during the disputation is printed in 1563, p. 999.

He was summoned, together with Cranmer and Latimer, before Weston and the commissioners on 20 April 1554. He refused to recant what he had said during the disputations. He was condemned and taken to the sheriff's house (1563, pp. 935-38; 1570, pp. 1632-33; 1576, p. 1393; 1583, pp. 1463-64).

On 21 April 1554, Ridley was compelled to observe, having been brought from the sheriff's house, a procession in which Weston carried the sacrament and four doctors carried a canopy over Weston (1563, p. 936; 1570, p. 1633; 1576, p. 1393; 1583, p. 1464).

Ridley wrote a letter to Cranmer, which was sent together with copies of his account of the disputation and news of recent developments (1570, pp. 1633-34; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, pp. 1464).

Foxe mentions Ridley's condemnation and disputation in passing in 1570, p. 1639; 1576, p. 1399; 1583, p. 1469.

In a letter of 10 October 1554, Heinrich Bullinger asked John Hooper to pass his commendations toRidley, Hugh Latimer and Thomas Cranmer (1570, p. 1692; 1576, pp. 1444-45; 1583, p. 1518).

Ridley was one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for a chance to defend, in public debate, the Edwardian religious reforms (1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483).

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to Ridley, Thomas Cranmer and Hugh Latimer from the Marshalsea(1563, pp. 1042-43; 1570, pp. 1667-68; 1576, pp. 1422-23; 1583, pp. 1496-97).

Foxe describes Ridley's character. 1563, p. 1283, 1570, p. 1895, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

John Bradford was persuaded to enter the ministry by Ridley. Ridley called Bradford to take the position of deacon and, at Bradford's willing, ordered him deacon. 1563, p. 1173, 1570, p. 1780, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1603-04.

He led the bishops who compelled John Hooper to wear vestments at his consecration. Ridley wrote a letter to Hooper apologising for this in Mary's reign. 1563, pp. 1050-2; 1570, pp. 1676-7; 1576, p. 1404; 1583, pp. 1504-5.

In a letter of 10 October 1554, Heinrich Bullinger asked John Hooper to pass his commendations to Ridley, Hugh Latimer and Thomas Cranmer. 1570, p. 1692; 1576, pp. 1444-45; 1583, p. 1518.

Ridley was one of the authors of a petition to Philip and Mary asking them for a chance to defend, in public debate, the Edwardian religious reforms. 1570, p. 1656; 1576, p. 1413; 1583, p. 1483.

Laurence Saunders sent a letter to Ridley, Thomas Cranmer and Hugh Latimer from the Marshalsea.1563, pp. 1042-43; 1570, pp. 1667-68; 1576, pp. 1422-23; 1583, pp. 1496-97.

During Bradford's second examination, Doctor Seton described Ridley and Latimer as being unable to answer anything at all at their examinations. 1570, p. 1786, 1576, p. 1526, 1583, p. 1607.

John Bradford sent a letter to Cranmer, Latimer and Ridley. 1570, p. 1815 1576, p. 1551, 1583, p. 1634.

Rowland Taylor wrote a letter to Thomas Cranmer, Nicholas Ridley and Hugh Latimer when they were prisoners in Oxford. 1570, p. 2072; 1576, p. 1787; 1583, p. 1893.

Foxe recounts the life of Ridley. 1563, pp. 1283-96, 1570, pp. 1895-96, 1576, pp. 1623-24, 1583, pp. 1717-30.

Ridley was kind to Heath, archbishop of York during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley was kind to Edmund Bonner's mother. She would dine at Ridley's manor in Fulham with Ridley and Mistress Mungey, Bonner's sister. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley's sister and her husband, George Shipside, were also kind to Bonner's mother and sister. 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1717-18.

Ridley was converted through the reading of Bertram's Book of the Sacrament, and confirmed in his beliefs through conference with Cranmer and Peter Martyr. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1895, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

After Mary's accession, Ridley was kept first in the Tower, then in the Bocardo in Oxford, and then held in custody at Master Irish's house until his death. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1624, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley was cast into Bocardo prison with Hugh Latimer. 1563, p. 1285, 1583, p. 1718.

A conference took place between Ridley and Latimer in prison on the objections of Antonian, in other words, those of a popish persecutor, such as Winchester. 1563, pp. 1285-94, 1583, pp. 1718-24.

Letters of Ridley. 1570, pp. 1896-1902, 1576, pp. 1624-30, 1583, pp. 1724-30.

A letter was sent by Ridley to West, in which Ridley asked West and also Dr Harvey to remember their promises to him. Foxe also includes West's letter and Ridley's response. 1570, pp. 1900-01, 1576, pp. 1627-28, 1583, pp. 1728-29.

Grindal wrote to Ridley from his exile in Frankfort, to which letter Ridley replied. He mentioned his imprisonment with Cranmer, Latimer and Bradford. He mentioned that he knew that Ferrar, Hooper, Rogers, Taylor of Hadleigh, Saunders and Tomkins, a weaver, had all been martyred, as had Cardmaker the day before he wrote this letter. He had heard that West had relented, and Grimald been cast into the Marshalsea. He had also heard that Thomas Ridley, of the Bull-head in Cheapside, had died. He had heard that his brother-in-law, Shipside, had spent much time in prison but was now released. 1570, pp. 1901-02, 1576, pp. 1628-30, 1583, pp. 1729-30.

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The examination of Ridley and Latimer by White (Lincoln) and Brookes (Gloucester) took place on 30 September 1555. White and Brookes received their commission from Cardinal Poole. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

A communication took place between Ridley and Brookes in Irish's house on 15 October, on which day he was degraded, and at which Edridge ('reader then of the Greek lecture') was present.. 1563, pp. 1374-76, 1570, pp. 1934-35, 1576, pp. 1659-60, 1583, pp. 1768-69.

Ridley had a discussion with Brookes on 16 October, on which day he was degraded. 1563, pp. 1374-76.

Foxe recounts the behaviour of Ridley at supper the night before he was martyred. 1563, pp. 1376-79, 1570, pp. 1936-37, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Foxe recounts the behaviour of Ridley and Latimer at their martyrdom. 1563, pp. 1376-1379, 1570, pp. 1937-39, 1576, pp. 1661-62, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley gave his gown and tippet to Shipside. 1563, p. 1377, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley gave a new groat to Henry Lea. 1563, p. 1377, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1661, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley spoke with Lord Williams before his martyrdom. 1563, p. 1379, 1570, p. 1937, 1576, p. 1662, 1583, p. 1769.

Ridley's friendly farewell. 1563, pp. 1379-81, 1570, pp. 1939-43, 1576, pp. 1622-28, 1583, pp. 1770-76.

Ridley's lamentation for a change in religion, in which he makes reference to Latimer, Lever, Bradford and Knox, as well as Cranmer and their part in the duke of Somerset's cause. 1570, pp. 1945-50, 1576, pp. 1670-78, 1583, pp. 1778-84.

Cranmer was confirmed in his reformist beliefs after conference with Ridley. 1570, p. 2045, 1576, p. 1763, 1583, p. 1870.

Cranmer was examined by Bonner and Ely and condemned on 12 September 1556 (seven days before the condemnation of Ridley and Latimer). 1563, pp. 1491-92, 1570, p. 2046, 1576, p. 1765, 1583, p. 1871.

In the third year of Edward's reign, Cranmer and Nicholas Ridley admitted Robert Drakes to minister the sacraments. 1563, p. 1505, 1570, p. 2074, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

Letter to Augustine Bernher [BL, Harley 416, fo.16v. Printed in LM, p. 72 et seq. Also in 1570, p. 1902 et seq.].

Letter to Augustine Bernher [BL Harley 416, fos.17v and 32r. Not printed in Foxe or LM].

Letter to Bernher [BL Harley 416, fo.32r. Not printed in AM or LM.]

Letter to Bradford. [BL Harley 416, fo.32v. Printed in LM, pp. 62 et seq. and 1570, p. 1897 et seq.]

Foxe records Nicholas Ridley's writings against idolatry. 1583, pp. 2128-31.

Lord Dacre would have paid a ransom to Mary for his kinsman Nicholas Ridley's life if it were possible but she refused. 1563, p. 1733, 1583, p. 2131.

1794 [1770]

Queene Mary. The death and Martyrdome of M. Ridley and Latymer, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAnno 1555. his brother: it were best for me to goe in my trusse still. No (quoth hys brother) it will put you to more payne: and the trusse will do a poore man good. Whereunto Maister Ridley sayd: be it, in the name of God, and so vnlaced hymselfe. Then beyng in his shirt, he stoode vpon the foresayd stone, and held vp hys handes and sayd: MarginaliaB. Ridley thanketh God for his Martyrdome, and prayeth for England.Oh heauenly Father, I geue vnto thee most harty thankes, for that thou hast called me to bee a professour of thee, euen vnto death. I beseech thee Lord GOD take mercy vpon this Realme of England, and deliuer the same from all her enemies.

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Then the Smith tooke a chaine of iron, and brought the same about both D. Ridleis, and M. Latimers middles: and as he was knockyng in a staple, D. Ridley took the chayne in his hand, and shaked the same, for it did gird in his belly, and lookyng aside to the Smith, sayd: good fellow knocke it in hard, for the flesh will haue hys course. 

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Ridley is asking that he be tied firmly to the stake for fear that might appear to shrink or flee from the fire, thus discrediting his cause by seeming to die without the requisite fortitude of a martyr. (On the propaganda importance of this fortitude see Collinson [1983] and Freeman [1997]).

MarginaliaGunpouder geuen to the Martirs.Then his brother did bring hym gunpouder in a bag, and would haue tied the same about hys necke. M. Ridley asked what it was. His brother said gunpouder. Then sayd he, I take it to be sent of God, therefore I will receyue it as sent of hym. And haue you any sayd he, for my brother, meanyng M. Latymer? Yea sir, that I haue (quoth hys brother.) Then geue it vnto hym, sayd he, betyme, 
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Promptly, speedily.

least ye come to late. So hys brother went, and caried of the same gunpouder vnto M. Latymer.

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MarginaliaB. Ridleys sute to the L of Tame for leases of poore men.In the meane tyme D. Ridley spake vnto my L. Williams, and sayd: My L. I must be a suter vnto your lordship, in the behalfe of diuers poore men, and especially in the cause of my poore Sister: 

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For the final time, a mention of Ridley's wishes that his leases of diocesan property to the Shipsides be confirmed is pulled into the narrative.

I haue made a supplication to the Queenes Maiestie in their behalfes. I beseech your Lordship for Christes sake, to bee a meane to her grace for them. My brother here hath the Supplication, and wyll resort to your lordship to certifie you hereof. There is nothing in all the world þt troubleth my conscience (I praise God) this onely excepted. MarginaliaD. Boner taketh away the leases from poore men graunted before by B. Ridley.Whiles I was in the Sea of London, diuers poore men tooke Leases of me, and agreed with me for the same. Now I heare say, the B. that nowe occupieth the same roume, wil not allow my graunts vnto them made, but contrary vnto all law and conscieuce, hath taken from them their liuynges, and will not suffer them to enioy the same. I beseech you my Lord, be a mean 
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A mediator or intercessor.

for them: you shall doe a good deed, and God wil reward you.

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Then brought they a fagot kindled with fire, and layd the same downe at D. Ridleys feete. To whome Maister Latymer spake in this maner: Be of good comfort maister Ridley, and play the man: MarginaliaThe church lightened by the Martyrdom of Saintes.wee shall this day light such a candle by Gods grace in England, as (I trust) shall neuer be put out. 

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This remark was only added in the 1570 edition, although the remainder of this account of Ridley and Latimer's martyrdom appeared in the 1563 edition. Since George Shipside was undoubtedly a source for this account and he would hardly have overlooked such a striking remark, the authenticity of this quotation must be questioned. It is suggestive that the remark echoes Eusebius's account of the martyrdom of Polycarp. (These points, and other examples of spurious remarks being invented for martyrs by their co-religionists, and then printed by Foxe, are in Freeman [1997]).

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And so the fire beyng geuen vnto them, when D. Ridley saw the fire flamyng vp toward hym, he cryed wyth a wonderfull lowd voyce: In manus tuas Domine, commendo spiritum meum, Domine recipe spiritum meum, 

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Luke 23: 46 in the Vulgate; these were Christ's last words on the cross and were often uttered by those about to be executed.

and after repeated this latter part often in English: Lord, Lord, receyue my spirit: M. Latymer crying as vehemently on the other side: MarginaliaM. Latimers prayer and Martyrdome.Oh Father of Heauen receyue my soule: who receyued the flame as it were embrasing of it. After, as he had stroked hys face with hys hands, & (as it were) bathed them a little in the fire, he soone died (as it appered) with very litle payne or none. And thus much concerning the end of this old and blessed seruaunt of God, M. Latymer, for whose laborious trauails, fruitfull lyfe, & constāt death, the whole Realme hath cause to geue great thankes to almighty God.

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MarginaliaThe order of B. Ridleys burning.But M. Ridley by reason of the euill makyng of the fire vnto hym, because the wooden fagots were laid about the gosse, 

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Gorse. A prickly shrub; here it was being used as kindling to help ignite the wood about the two martyrs.

and ouer high built, the fire burned first beneath, beyng kept downe by the woode. Which when he felt, hee desired them for Christs sake to let the fire come vnto him.  
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There was too much wood on top of the gorse and it partially smothered the burning gorse which did not burn hotly enough to ignite the wood. Ridley is being scorched by the burning gorse and is calling for his executioners to let the fire spread and finish him off.

Which when hys brother in law heard, but not well vnderstood, entendyng to ridde hym out of his payne (for the which cause he gaue attendance) as one in such sorow, not well aduised what he did, heaped fagots vpon hym, so that he cleane couered hym, which made the fire more vehement beneath, that it burned cleane all hys neather parts before it once touched the vpper,  
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Shipside, with the best of intentions but calamitous results, heaped more wood on the fire which made the gorse burn hotter but which further impeded the fire from igniting the wood. Ridley was burned severely, but not fatally, below the waist while the upper part of his body (and the bags of gunpowder around his neck) were untouched.

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and that made him leape vp and downe vnder the fagots, and often desire them to let the fire come vnto him, saying: I cannot burne. Which in deed appeared well: MarginaliaD. Ridley long in burning.for after hys legs were consumed by reason of his strnglyng through the payne (whereof he had no release, but only his contentation 
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Acquiesence, satisfaction.

in God) he shewed that side toward vs clean, shirt and all vntouched with the flame. Yet in all this torment he forgate not to call vnto God still, hauyng in his mouth: Lord haue mercy vppon me, intermedling this cry, let the fire come vnto me, I can not burne. In which paynes he laboured, till one of the standers by with his bill,  
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A bill was a long pole with a curved scythe at the end. When this was used to pull some of the logs off the top of the pile, the remaining logs finally caught fire.

pulled of the fagots aboue, and

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where he saw the fire flame vp, hee wrested himselfe vnto that side. MarginaliaThe death and Martyrdome of D. Ridley.And when the flame touched the gunpouder, hee was seene stirre no more, but burned on the other side, fallyng downe at M. Latymers feete. Which some said hapned, by reason that the chaine loosed: other sayd that he fell ouer the chaine by reason of the poise of his body, and the weakenes of the neather limmes.

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Some say that before he was like to fall from the stake he desired them to holde him to it with their billes. Howsoeuer it was, surely it moued hundredes to teares, in beholding the horrible sight. MarginaliaThe lamenting hartes of the people, at the Martyrdome of these two Saintes.For I thinke there was none that had not cleane exiled all humanitie and mercy, which would not haue lamented to behold the fury of the fire so to rage vpon their bodies. Signes there were of sorrowe on euery side. Some tooke it greuously to see their deaths, whose lyues they held full deare. Some pitied their persons that thought theyr soules had no neede thereof. His brother mooued many men, seyng his miserable case: seeyng (I say) hym compelled to such infelicitie, þt he thought then to doe hym best seruice, when he hastened hys ende. Some cryed out of the lucke, to see his endeuor, who most dearely loued hym, and sought his release, turne to hys greater vexation, and encrease of payne. But who so considered their preferments in tyme past, the places of honor that they sometyme occupied in this common wealth, the fauour they were in with their princes, and the opinion of learnyng they had, could not chuse but sorow with teares, to see so great dignitie, honour, and estimation, so necessary members sometime accounted, so many godly vertues, the study of so many yeares, such excellent learnyng, to be put into the fire, and consumed in one moment. Wel, dead they are, and the reward of this world they haue already. What reward remayneth for them in heauen, the day of the Lordes glory when he commeth with his saints, shall shortly I trust declare.

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Albeit I haue differred and put ouer many treatises, letters, & exhortations belongyng to the story of the Martyrs, vnto the latter appendix in the ende of this volume: thinkyng also to haue done the lyke with these farewels, & exhortations followyng of D. Ridley, yet for certain purposes moouing me thereunto, and especially consideryng the fruitfull admonitions, wholesome doctrine, and necessary exhortations conteyned in the same, I thought best here to bestow, and consequently to adioyne the sayd tractations 

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of that learned pastour, with the lyfe and story of the authour. Whereof the two first be in a manner of hys farewels, the one to his kinsfolks, and generally to all the faithfull of the number of Christes congregation: the other more speciall to the prisoners, and banished Christiās in the gospels cause: the third containeth a fruitfull and a generall admonition to the citie of London, and to all other, with necessary precepts of christian office, as by the tenour of them here followeth in order to be seene.  
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In 1559, almost immediately after his return from exile, Foxe published one of the 'farewell' letters of Nicholas Ridley. (Nicholas Ridley, A frendly farewell which master doctor Ridley did write unto all his lovers and frendes in God, a little before that he suffered, ed. John Foxe [London, 1559], STC 21051). It was not reprinted in the first edition of the Acts and Monuments. A portion of this letter was reprinted in Letters of the Martyrs (pp. 80-103). This portion was reprinted in the 1570 edition and the remainder of the original letter was reprinted as well (misleadingly headed 'another farewell'). And a second (or third) farewell letter was also added. This is one of the very few letters written by one of the Marian martyrs which eluded the diligent researches of Bull and Foxe. It was first printed, and anonymously edited, as A pituous lamentation of the miserable estate of the church of Christ in Englande. (London, 1556), STC 21052.

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¶ A treatise or a letter written by D. Ridley, in steade of his last farewell, to all hys true and faythfull friendes in God, with a sharpe admonition withall vnto the Papistes. 
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This letter is reprinted from sigs. A2r-E3v of Ridley's Frendly farewell. ECL 260, fos. 98r-108r is an incomplete copy of this letter.

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Cattley/Pratt, VII, Addenda: ref page 552

The larger part of Bp. Ridley's "Last Farewell" exists in his autograph in Emmanuel College, Cambridge, MS. 2. 2. 15, Nos. 58, 59.

MarginaliaThe first farewell of B. Ridley to his friendes.AT the name of Iesus let euery knee bow, both of thynges in heauen, and thynges in earth, and things vnder the earth, and let euery tongue confesse, that Iesus Christ is the lord vnto þe glory of God the Father, Amen.

As a man mynding to take a farre iourney, and to depart from his familiar frendes, commonly and naturally hath a desire, to bidde his frendes farewell, before his departure: so lykewise now I looking daylye, when I should be cauled to depart hence from you, (O all ye my dearely beloued brethren, & sisters in our Sauiour Christ that dwell here in this worlde) hauing a lyke mynde towardes you all (and blessed be God for such tyme and leasure, whereof I right hartely thanke his heauenly goodnesse:) to byd you all my deare brethren & sisters (I saye in Christ) that dwell vpon the earth, after such maner as I can, Farewell.

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Farewell my deare brother George Shipside, whom I haue euer found faythfull, trusty, and louyng in all state and conditions, and now in the tyme of my crosse, ouer al other to me most frendly and stedfast, and that which lyked me best, ouer all other thynges, in Gods cause euer hartye.

Farewell my deare sister Alice his wyfe. I am glad to heare of thee, that thou doest take Christes crosse which is layd now (blessed be God) both on thy backe and myne, in good part. Thanke thou God that hath geuen thee a godly and louyng husband: MarginaliaCommendation of George Shipside his brother in lawe.see thou honour hym, and obey hym, according to Gods law, Honour thy mother in law

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