Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
James Turberville

(d. 1570?)

DD (1532). Bishop of Exeter (1555) (DNB)

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he mentioned having had dinner with the bishop of Exeter. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

James Turberville examined and condemned Mrs Prest. 1563, p. 1737, 1570, p. 2249, 1576, pp. 1943-45, 1583, p. 2049.

He was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Joan Warren

Maiden. Alias Lashford (or Laishford).

Joan Warren was the daughter of Elizabeth and John Warne (step-father). She is described as a wife in 1563, p. 1451.

She was born in the parish of lytle Sainct Hallowes, Thomas / Thamis Street. 1563, p. 1468, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Foxe recounts her formative years. 1563, p. 1468, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

She was apprehended in Bow churchyard, where she had been at communion. 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

She was examined by Bonner. Foxe lists the charges and her answers to the charges. 1563, pp. 1451-54, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Dr Martin, the commissioner, gave suit for Warren's release, but this was overturned by Dr Scory. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

A letter was sent by the commissioners to Bonner requesting examination of the accused members of the London sacramentaries (including Lashford [Warren/Warne]). It was dated 2 July 1555 and signed by Nicholas Hare, William Roper, Richard Rede, and William Cooke. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1689.

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John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he stated that he expected Warren to burn at the stake. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

She was burned at Smithfield in January 1556. 1563, p. 1451, 1570, p. 2030, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

John Careless wrote a letter to Bartlett Green, Thomas Whittle, Joan Warren, Isabel Foster and certain other prisoners in Newgate. 1570, p. 2107, 1576, p. 1818, 1583, pp. 1924-25.

[Also referred to as 'Warne' and 'Warner'.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Mrs Mungey

Bonner's sister.

Nicholas Ridley was kind to Mrs Mungey. She would dine at Ridley's manor in Fulham with Ridley and her mother. 1563, p. 1284, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Ridley's sister and her husband, George Shipside, were also kind to Bonner's sister (and mother). 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, pp. 1717-18.

John Harpsfield sent greetings to her in a letter to Bonner. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard Cluney

Bonner's summoner. Keeper of Lollards Tower.

Cluney witnessed the degradation of John Hooper and John Rogers on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1058; 1570, p. 1681; 1576, p. 1435; 1583, p. 1508. [NB: Described as a bell ringer in 1563, p. 1058, but this was changed to summoner in later editions.]

Bonner's writ for the excommunication of John Tooley was sent to Cluney. 1563, p. 1143; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1501; 1583, p. 1582.

Robert Johnson wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle, confirming Cluney's and Harpsfield's reports. He mentioned that Sir Thomas More's submission was read to him twice to no good effect. 1563, p. 1456, 1570, p. 2018, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

John Harpsfield wrote a letter to Bonner about Whittle's subscription, in which he mentioned Cluney's report. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, pp. 1846-47.

Margery Mearing was talking with a friend when she saw Cluney, Bonner's summoner, making his way to her house. Cluney took her away to be examined. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2228, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2031.

Cluney took William Living to his own house, robbed him, and then took him to Bonner's coalhouse and put him in the stocks. Cluney eventually brought him meat and then took him to Darbyshire who presented him with a list of names. Cluney took Julian Living to Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1673, 1570, p. 2265, 1576, p. 1956, 1583, p. 2063.

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John Fetty was taken by Richard Tanner and his fellow constables to Sir John Mordaunt who then sent him to Cluney, Bonner's summoner, who sent him to Lollards Tower and put him in the stocks. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2257, 1576, p. 1949, 1583, p. 2056.

The chaplains had Cluney take William Fetty to his father in Lollards Tower. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

The child told his father what had happened, at which point Cluney seized the child and returned him to Bonner's house. 1563, p. 1693, 1570, p. 2256, 1576, p. 1948, 1583, p. 2055.

Thomas Green was transferred quickly from Lollards Tower to the coalhouse by Cluney and then put in the stocks. 1563, p. 1685, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1953, 1583, p. 2060.

After examination, Cluney removed Green to prison again, first to the coalhouse and then the salthouse. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

Cluney delivered Green to Trinian, the porter of Christ's hospital, where he was thrown into the dungeon. 1563, p. 1688, 1570, p. 2263, 1576, p. 1954, 1583, p. 2061.

After Elizabeth Young's sixth examination, Darbyshire called on Cluney to take her away. Cluney took her to the stockhouse, where she was kept in irons, and then to Lollards Tower, where she was kept in stocks and irons. 1570, p. 2273, 1576, p. 1962, 1583, p. 2069.

Alexander Wimshurst was sent to Cluney's house in Paternoster Row, where he was to be carried forward to Lollard's Tower, but Cluney, his wife and maid had no time to lock up Wimshurst as they were extremely busy. When Wimshurst was left alone in Cluney's hall, a woman came to him and told him this was his chance to escape, which he took. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

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Edward Benet asked Story to help him out of prison, which he did, only to deliver him to Cluney who put him in stocks in the coalhouse for a week. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

[Foxe occasionally refers to him as 'Richard Cloney'.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas More

Thomas More was called as a witness against Joan Warren. 1563, p. 1453.

In a letter to Bonner, John Harpsfield recounts that he, Johnson the registrar, Richard Cluney and Thomas More went to Thomas Whittle to see if he had recanted. 1563, pp. 1455-56, 1570, pp. 2017-18, 1576, p. 1738, 1583, p. 1846.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Herbert

(1501? - 1570)

1st Earl of Pembroke (DNB)

Attended Thomas Watson's Paul's Cross sermon of 20 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

Accompanied the Queen to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Bore a sword in procession before the Queen at the opening of Parliament on 12 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

1870 [1846]

Queene Mary. The story and life of Thomas Whittell Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.The bill in deed was very easily made, and therefore more daungerous: for the effect therof was to detest all errours and heresies against the sacrament of the aultar, and other sacramentes, & to beleue the fayth of the catholicke church, and liue accordingly.

¶ The copy of this bill here mentioned, if it please the gētle reader to peruse, so as it came to our hands we haue hereunto adioyned, written and conteined in theyr owne wordes, as foloweth to be sene.

¶ The Bill of submission offered to Thomas Whittell to subscribe.

MarginaliaThe bill of submission put to Thomas Whittell to subscribe vnto.I Thomas Whittell Prieste, of the Dioces of London, knowledge and confesse with my mouth agreeing wyth my hart before you reuerend father in God Edm. bishop of London my Ordinary, that I do detest and abhorre all maner of heresies and errours agaynst the Sacrament of the aulter, or any of the Sacramentes of the Church, whiche heresies and errours haue heretofore bene condemned in any wise by the catholicke church: and I do protest and declare by these presents that I do both now hold, and also entēd by gods grace alwayes hereafter to hold, obserue and keepe in all poyntes the Catholicke fayth and beliefe of Christes Church, according as this church of England being a member of the sayd Catholicke Church doth now professe and keepe, and in no wise to swerue, decline or go from the sayd faith during my naturall life, submitting my selfe fully and wholly to you reuerend father my sayd Ordinarye in all thinges concerninge my reformation and amendement at all times. In witnesse whereof I the sayde Thomas Whittell Prieste haue hereunto subscribed my name, written. &c.

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MarginaliaThomas Whittell through infirmitye subscribeth to the bill.To this Bill I did in deed set to my hand, being much desired and counselled so to do, and the flesh being alwaies desirous to haue libertye. I considered not throughly the inconuenience that might come thereupon: and respite I desired to haue had, but earnestlye they desired me to subscribe. MarginaliaTho. Whittell compuncted in conscience for forsaking of the Crosse of Christ. MarginaliaA good warning for all faythfull Christians not to fall into the crafty hands of the Papistes.Now when I had so done, I had litle ioy thereof. For by and by my mind and conscience tolde me by Gods worde that I had done euill by such a sleighty meanes to shake of the sweete Crosse of Christ, and yet it was not my seking, as God he knoweth, but altogether came of them. O the crafty subtlety of Sathan in his members. Let euery man that God shall deliuer into theyr hands, take good heede, and cleaue fast to Christ: for they will leaue no corner of his conscience vnsought, but will attempt all guilefull and subtle meanes to corrupt him, to fall both frō God and his trueth. But yet let no man dispayre of Gods help: for Peter did fall and rise agayne. And Dauid sayeth: A righteous man though he fall, he shall not be cast away: for the Lorde vpholdeth him with his hande. For I for my part haue felt my infirmities, and yet haue I found Gods present helpe and comfort in time of neede, I thanke hym therfore.

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The night after I had subscribed, I was sore greeued, and for sorrowe of conscience coulde not sleepe. For in the deliueraunce of my body out of bondes, whiche I mighte haue had, I could finde no ioy nor comfort, but still was in my conscience tormented more and more, being assured by Gods spirit and his word, that I through euill councell & aduisement had done amisse. And both with disquietnesse of minde and with my other cruell handeling, I was sickly, lying vpon the ground when the keeper came: and so I desired him to pray Doctour Harpsfield to come to me, and so he did.

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MarginaliaComfort agaynst dispayre. MarginaliaThomas Whittell repenteth his recantation.And when he came, and the Register with him, I told him that I was not well at ease, but especially I told him I was greued very much in my conscience and minde because I had subscribed. And I sayd that my conscience had so accused me, through the iust iudgement of God and hys word, that I had felt hell in my conscience, and Sathan ready to deuoure me: and therefore I pray you M. Harpsfield (sayd I) let me haue the bill agayne, for I wyll not stande to it. So he gentlye commaunded it to be fetched, and gaue it mee, and suffered mee to pull out my name, whereof I was right glad when I had so done, although death should follow, MarginaliaExperience of Gods prouidence suffering his people to fall but not to be lost.And hereby I had experience of gods prouidence and mercy towardes me, who trieth his people and suffereth them to fall, but not to be lost: for in the middest of this temptation and trouble he gaue me warning of my deed, and also deliuered me, his name be praysed for euermore Amen.

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Neither deuill nor cruell tyrant can plucke any of Christes sheepe out of his hand. MarginaliaPeace of conscience a great treasure.Of the which flock of Christes sheepe I trust vndoubtedly I am one by meanes of hys death and bloudshedding, which shall at the last day stand at his right hand, and receiue with other his blessed bene-

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diction. And now being condemned to dye, my conscience and minde, I prayse God is, quiet in Christ, and I by hys grace am very well willing and content to geue ouer this body to the death for the testimony of his truth & pure religion, agaynst Antichrist and all his false Religion & doctrine. They that report otherwise of me, speake not truely. And as for Fountayne, I saw not him all that while.

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By me Thomas Whittell Minister.

¶ Concerning the troubled mind of this Godly man, and tearing of his name out of the bill, here followeth the report of the same, written in the letters both of the sayde Harpsfield, and also of Iohnson the Register, beyng then present thereat, and reporters of the same vnto the bishop, as in theyr letters hereto annexed is to be sene.

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The Copy of Nich. Harpsfieldes Letter, touching Mayster Whittell, written to Boner Byshop of London. 
Commentary  *  Close

This document almost certainly came from one of Bonner's court books, now unfortunately lost.

MarginaliaA letter of M. Harpsfield declaring how Tho. Whittell rent his subscription out of the Bishops Register.PLeaseth your good Lordship to vnderstand, that yesterday I dined with my Lord of Exceter, who soon after my first cōming vnto him, asked me what newes. I answered none but good, that I had heard. No sayth he? Why, it is a rumour in the City, that to morowe the Queenes Grace will take her iourney towardes the king. I aunswered, that I thought it not to bee any whit true, but an inuention of Heretickes: yea and further sayeth he, there is report made abroad of my Lorde our Mayster, that he is in discomfort, and therefore will suffer no man to come vnto him. When I heard thus much, I began to laugh, and declare how vntrue this report was, so that my Lord (who before was very sad) afterward knowing the truth, reioyced much to heare that all was wel with your lordship, and desired me to do his harty commendations to your Lordship.

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One of my Lord of Penbrokes retinue a very handsome mā, and as farre as I can yet learne Catholicke, is a suter to your lordship to haue licence to erect a schoole: and the order which he intēdeth to vse, is cōteined in this printed paper, which I send here in inclosed to your Lordship. I would be gladde for my Lorde of Penbrokes sake that he vnderstood, that vppon my motion your Lordship were content he should teach as he intendeth. Mayster Iohnson and I haue trauelled with the Prieste, and he hath subscribed his name to this draughte whiche is herein inclosed, and hath promised he will stand to the same before your Lordship.

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When I had written thus much, sodenly came tydinges to me that Iordanis conuersus est retrorsum. 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 721, fn 1

{Cattley/Pratt adds:} [From the Vulgate of Psalm cxiii. (Heb. cxiv.) 8.]

MarginaliaHe meaneth of the returne agayne of Tho. Whittell.Cluney comming to the Priest, found him lying prostrate, & groning as though he should haue dyed forthwith. Then Cluney tooke him vppe, and set hym vpon a stoole, and came to me and told me of this reuell. It chaūced that M. Iohnson was with me, and we went to this fond hereticke & foūd him lying all a long, holding his hands vp, & looking hypocritically towardes heauen. I caused Thomas More & Cluney to set him on the stoole, and with much adoe at length he tolde me that Sathan had bene with him in the night, and tolde him that he was damned, and weeping he prayed M. Iohnson and me to see the bill whereunto he subscribed, and when he sawe it, he tare out his name è libro scilicet viuentium. Me thinketh by him he will needes burne a Fagot, neither is there any other likelihood of the young woman. I haue enquired of the two persons which sue to haue a licence to eat flesh. And the MarginaliaThis young woman was Ioane Warren, otherwise named Ioane Lashford, who was burned also with the same Whittell.woman of Christ Church is in deed very much diseased, and hath bene long diseased, and she and her husband both Catholicke. Of the other yet I canne learne nothing. Thus Iesus euermore preserue your good Lordship, and my Mistres your Lordshippes sister, with all yours. This present Saterday.

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Your Lordships most boun-
den seruaunt Iohn
Harpsfield.

¶ Here foloweth an other letter of Robert Iohnson Register, touching Thomas Whittell, written to Boner Bishop of London. 
Commentary  *  Close

This document almost certainly came from one of Bonner's court books, now unfortunately lost.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Iohnson touching the sayd Tho. Whittell.MY bounden duety premised, pleaseth your Lordshyp to vnderstande that this laste Fridaye in the after noone, Mayster Archdeacon of London did diligently trauell with Syr Thomas Whittell I being present, and perceiuing his conformity, as outwardlye appeared, deuised a submission, and hee being content therewith did subscribe the same. But now this saterday morning Mayster Archdeacon and I, vpon Cluneys report, declaring that he fayned himselfe to be extracted of his senses, went vnto hym, to whom he declared that Sathan in the night time appeared vnto him, and said that he was damned, for that he had done against his conscience in subscribing the said submission, with other like wordes. &c. And thē Mayster Archdeacon at his earnest request, deliuered vnto him the submissiō. And thereupon the sayd Whittell did teare out his subscription, made in the foot of the same, as

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