Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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John Went
 
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John Went

(1529? - 1556)

Martyr. Born in Langham, Essex.

John Went is referred to as Thomas Went. 1563, p. 1451.

He was an artificer and / or shereman. [For artificer see 1563, p. 1451; shereman: 1563, p. 1467]. He is described as shereman from 1570 onwards.

He was examined by Story and then by Bonnner. Foxe records Bonner's charges and Went's answers to the charges. 1563, pp. 1451-53, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1750, 1583, p. 1857.

While imprisoned in Lollards' Tower, he and his fellow prisoners received a letter from Thomas Whittle. 1570, p. 2019, 1576, p. 1740, 1583, p. 1848.

He was burned at Smithfield on 27 January 1556. 1563, p. 1451, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1750, 1583, p. 1857.

1872 [1848]

Queene Mary. Godly letters of M. Thomas Whittell Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.to our aduersaries. But such is the subtlety of sathan that whom he cannot winne with grosse Idolatry in open religion, thē he seeketh to corrupt and deceiue in opinions, in a priuate profession. But here I will abruptly leaue, lest with my rude & simple veyne I should be tedious to you, desiring you (my louing brother) if it shall not seeme grieuous vnto you, to write vnto me & my fellowes yet once agayne, if you haue leysure, and we time to the same.

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MarginaliaHe writeth for the examinations of M. Philpot.Prouide me M. Philpots 9. examinations for a friend of mine, and I shall pay you therefore, 

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This is a very interesting reference to the copying of works of the martyrs by their fellow protestant prisoners. Whittle is offering to pay Careless for transcribing a copy of Philpot's examinations for him.

by the leaue of almighty God our heauenly Father, who correcteth all hys deare children in this world, that they should not be damned with the world, and tryeth the fayth of his Saynctes through many tribulations, that being founde constant to the end, he may crowne his owne giftes in them, & in heauen highly reward thē: Whether I trust to goe before, looking for you to followe (my faythfull frend) that we maye sing perpetuall praise to our louing Lord God for victory ouer Sathan and sinne, won for vs by Iesus Christ God and man, our onely and sufficient Sauiour and Aduocate, Amen. Farewell and pray in fayth.

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Yours Thomas Whittell Minister, and
nowe condemned to dye for the
Gospels sake. 1556. Ianuary. 21.

¶ All my felowes salute you. Salute all our faythful brethren with you.

¶ To my deare frend and brother Iohh Went,  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 724, fn 1

He is called also Thomas Went in the Letters of the Martyrs. - ED.

and other his prison felowes in Lollardes Tower. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter first appeared in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 493-94 and was reprinted in 1570. This letter is dated 4 December 1555.

HE that preserued Ioseph prisoner in Egypt, fed Daniel in the Lions denne, and deliuered Paul, Peter and the Apostles out of prison, MarginaliaActes. 16.vouchsafe of his goodnes to keep, feed, and deliuer you my good brother Went, with the other our felow souldiors your prison felowes, as may be most to his glory, to your consolatiō, and the edification of his Church.

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I cannot but praise God most earnestly, when I heare of your constancy in the fayth and ioye in the crosse of Christ which you now beare and suffer together, with many other good members of Christ: which is a token that by Christ you are counted worthy the kingdome of God, as Paule sayth. Marginalia2. Thess. 1.And though the world counteth the yoake and crosse of Christ as a most pernicious and hurtfull thing, yet we which haue tasted how frendly the Lord is, cannot but reioice in this persecution as touching our selues, Marginalia1. Peter. 2.in as much as the cause for the which we suffer is the Lordes cause, and not ours: at whose hand if we endure to the end, we shall receiue through his liberall promise in Christ, not onely a greate reward in heauen, but also the kingdome of heauen it selfe, & also in the meane season be sure to bee defended and cared for, so that we shall lacke no necessarye thinges, neither a heare of our heades shall perishe without his knowledge. MarginaliaMath. 10.Oh what is he that would mistrust, or not gladly serue so louing a father? O how vnhappy are they that forsake him and put theyr trust in man? But how blessed are they that for his loue and for his holy woordes sake, in these troublesome dayes doe committe theyr soules and bodyes into his handes with wel doing, Marginalia1. Peter. 4.counting it greater happines and riches to suffer rebuke with Christ and his Church, thē to enioy the pleasures of this life for a litle short seasō? MarginaliaHeb. 11.This crosse that we nowe beare hath bene common to all the faythfull from Abell hitherto, and shalbe to the end, because the Deuill hauyng great wrath agaynst God and his Christ, MarginaliaApoc. 12.can not abide that hee should for his manifolde mercies bee lauded and magnified, MarginaliaSathan can not abide Christ to be receiued fo our onely Sauiour, & thereof riseth all this persecution.and Christ to be taken and beleued vpon for our onely and sufficient redemer, Sauiour, and aduocate: and therefore, because we will not deny Christ, nor dissemble with our fayth but openly protest and professe the same before the world, he seeketh by all meanes to styrre vp his wicked members, to persecute and kill the bodies of the true Christians: as S. Iohn sayth, the Deuill shall cast some of you into prison, MarginaliaApol. 2.And Dauid sayth, I beleued, and therfore haue I spoken, but I was sore troubled. MarginaliaPsal. 115.This notwithstanding, goe forward deare brethren, as ye haue begon, to fight the Lords battel, considering Christe the Captayne of your warre, who will both fight for you, geue you victorye, and also highlye rewarde your paynes. Consider to your comfort, the notable and chiefe shepheardes and souldiours of Christe, whiche are gone before vs in these dayes, I meane those learned and godly Bishops, Doctours, & other ministers of Gods word: whose fayth and examples we that be inferiours ought to folowe, as S. Paule sayth: Remember them that haue declared vnto you the worde of God, the ende of whose conuersation see that ye looke vpon, and folow theyr faith. MarginaliaHeb. 13.The grace & blessing of God, with the ministery of his holy Angels, be with you for euer, Amen. All my prison felowes greete you.

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From the Colehouse 

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I.e., from the coal house of Bonner's London palace which was being used as a makeshift prison for prisoners being examined by the bishop.

 
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VII, 725, fn 5

In reference to this "Coal-house," it may be remarked, that this abode of so much misery, and the scene of so many prayers, formed part of the palace of the bishop of London, which stood at the north-west corner of the church-yard, the present site of London-House Yard, and extended itself to the walls of the old cathedral. Along the north side of the church-yard were a cloister, a burying-ground, a library, a charnel-house, and several chapels which had been partly destroyed in king Edward's days. Between Cannon-alley and Cheapside stood Paul's Cross; the Convocation House stood on the south side, and Lollards' Tower was over St. Gregory's church, which was attached to the cathedral on the south-west corner, about the place where the clock tower now stands. The "Coal-house" was at the back of the palace in Paternoster Row, near the alley which passes from thence to St. Paul's Churchyard. - ED.

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this 4. of December, By your
poore brother Thomas Whittell, an vnwor-
thy Minister of Christ, nowe his prisoner for
the Gospels sake. Amen.

¶ To all the true professors and louers of Gods holy Gospell within the City of London. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter was first printed in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 494-500 and was reprinted in 1570. ECL 260, fos. 146r-147v is a copy of this letter.

MarginaliaA letter of Tho. Whittell to the true professors of the Citye of London.THe same faith for the whiche Abraham was counted righteous, and Mary blessed, the Lorde GOD encrease and make stable in your hartes, my deare and faithfull brethren & sisters of London, for euer and euer, Amen. MarginaliaRom. 4. Luke. 1.

Dearely beloued, be not troubled in this heat which is now come amongest you to try you, as though some straunge thing had happened vnto you, but reioyce in as much as ye are partakers of Christes passions, that when his glory appeareth, ye may be mery and glad. &c. Out of these wordes of S. Peter I gather most specially these 4. notes. Marginalia4, Notes.First, þt persecution happeneth to Christes Church for their triall, that is, for the probation and proofe of their fayth. Which fayth, like as it is knowne with God in the depth of our hartes, so will he haue it made manifest to þe whole worlde through persecution, that so it may euidently appeare that hee hath such a Churche and people vpon earth, which so trusteth in hym and feareth his holy name that no kinde of persecution, paynes, nor death, shalbe able to seperate them from the loue of hym. MarginaliaRom. 8.And thus was Abraham tried, and Iob tempted, MarginaliaGene. 22. Iob. 1.that their fayth whiche before laye hid almost in their hartes, might bee made knowne to the whole world to be so stedfast and stronge, that the deuill, naturall loue, nor no other enemie, coulde bee able to bereaue them thereof. Whereby also GOD was to be magnefied, who both tryeth his people by many tribulations, and also standeth by them in the middest of their troubles to deliuer them by lyfe or death, as he seeth best: like as he assisted Loth, and deliuered hym out of his enemies handes, Ioseph out of the handes of his Brethren and out of Prison, Paule from his enemies in Damasco, and the Apostles out of the Stockes and Prison. MarginaliaRom. 9. 2. Corin. 11. Actes. 16. Genesis. 4. 2. Machab. 6. Actes. 7. Math. 17.These with many mo he deliuered to lyfe: And also he deliuered Abell, Eleazar, Steuen, and Iohn Baptist, with other manye by deathe, and hathe also by the tryall of their fayth made them good presidentes and examples to vs and all that come after, to suffer affliction in the like cause as Saynt Iames sayeth: Take, my brethren (sayth he) the prophets for an ensample of suffering aduersity and of long pacience, which spake vnto you in the name of the Lord: beholde we count them happy which endure. Ye haue heard of the pacience of Iob, and haue knowne what end the Lord made with him, for the Lord is very pitifull and mercifull. MarginaliaIames. 5. 4.Also the Lorde tryeth vs, to let vs see our owne hartes and thoughtes, that no Hypocrisy or Ambitiō deceiue vs, & that the strong in Christ may pray that he fall not but endure to the ende, and that those that fall through fearefull infirmity, might speedely repent and rise agayne with Peter, and also that the weake ones mighte bewayle theyr weakenes, and crye with Dauid: haue mercy vpon me O Lord, for I am weak: O Lord heale me for all my bones are vexed. MarginaliaPsalm. 6.

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Of this opening of the heart by persecution, spake holy Simion to Mary Christes mother when he sayde: the Sworde, that is, the Crosse of persecution shall pearse thy Soule, that the thoughtes of many hartes may be opened. MarginaliaLuke. 2.For like as a king that should go to battell, is cōpelled to looke in his cofers what treasure he hath, and also what number and puisaunce of menne and weapons hee hath, so that if he himselfe be vnready and vnarmed to bicker with hys enemye, he surceaseth and taketh truice for a time: euen so wee by persecutions haue our heartes opened that wee maye looke therein to see what fayth in Christ we haue, and what strength to withstand the enemies, and to beare the Crosse, that if we be riche in these treasures, we might reioyce and valiauntly go to Battell: or if we want these thinges, with all speede to call and crye vppon him which geueth all good giftes to those that aske them. MarginaliaThe crosse trieth the good people from the bad.Item, the crosse trieth the good people from the bad, the faythfull from the wordlinges and hipocrites, and also cleanseth and scoureth the faythfull hartes from all corruption and filthinesse both of the flesh and the spirit. And euen as yron, except it be often scoured, will soone waxe rusty: so except our sinnefull hartes and flesh be often scoured with the whetstone of the Crosse, they will soone corrupt & ouergrowe with the ruste of all filthinesse and sinne. And therefore it is meete and good for vs (as the wise man sayeth) that as gold & siluer are tryed in the fire, so should the hartes of the acceptable men be tried in the fornace of aduersity. MarginaliaLirach. 2.Abide the triall (deare frendes) that yee may obteyne the Crowne of life. Fighte manfully in this the Lordes cause, that ye may obteyne a glorious victorye here, and receiue a greate rewarde in heauen hereafter. As yee are called Christians, and woulde be angry to be called Iewes or Turkes, so declare your Christianity by following the steps of Christ, whose name ye beare: suffer with hym

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and
CCCCc.ij.
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