Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Cardinal Campeius

Cardinals Campeius and Wolsey were in commission from the pope to decide on the issue of Henry VIII's marriage to Katherine. When they failed to reach a decision, the king had the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk send Campeius back to Rome. 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

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Catherine of Arragon

(1485 - 1536)

Queen. First wife of Henry VIII. First child of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. [DNB]

Catherine of Arragon was the daughter of Ferdinand, the king of Spain. 1563, p. 1471.

Cranmer was asked by Henry VIII to search the scriptures for a case for his divorce from Catherine of Arragon. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2033, 1576, p. 1754, 1583, p. 1860.

The pope's authority was discussed at the universities of Cambridge and Oxford, where it was concluded that Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Arragon was not legal, and the pope's authority was denounced. Cranmer, the earl of Wiltshire, Stokesley, Carne and Benet were then sent before the pope to deliver these conclusions. 1563, p. 1472, 1570, p. 2033, 1576, p. 1755, 1583, p. 1861. [1563 has the commission as consisting of: Bonner, Winchester, Sampson, Repps, Goodricke, Latimer, Shaxton, and Barlow.]

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Person and Place Index  *  Close

Of Waltham. [See Lambeth Palace Library MS 4 iii no. 5965 for Cranmer's itinerary that took him to Cressey's house at Lambeth.]. Relatives of Cranmer's wife.

Cranmer went to Mr Cressey's house at Waltham Abbey during the summer plague season. Cranmer's wife was a relative of Cressey. 1570, p. 2033 1576, p. 1754, 1583, p. 1860.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Edward Foxe

(d. 1538)

King's almoner. Provost of King's College (1528 - 1538) [DNB]

Alexander Seton and Edward Foxe lodged with Cressey while Thomas Cranmer was there and dined with him. The following day Henry VIII called Seton and Foxe to him to discuss his marriage. They then sent for Cranmer. 1570, p. 2033, 1576, p. 1755, 1583, p. 1860.

Stephen Gardiner was first sent to Rome and then to the emperor, with Edward Foxe, on behalf of Anne Bolyn in the matter of the king's divorce. 1570, p. 1951, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1785.

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John Barret

(d. 1563) (Venn)

Former Carmelite friar. Divinity lecturer at Norwich Cathedral. Became evangelical and a close friend of John Bale. [see Leslie Fairfield, John Bale (West Lafayette, Indiana, 1976), pp. 39-40]. Conformed to catholicism under Mary. Rector of the parish of St Michael-at-Plea, Norwich (1550 - 1563). Prebend of Norwich Cathedral (1558 - 1563) [see Muriel McClendon, The Quiet Reformation (Stamford, California, 1999), pp. 68, 70-76, 131, 142, 163-64, 182, 204.]

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When Thomas Cranmer was public examiner in Cambridge, one of his students was Barret, a white friar. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

Robert Watson was imprisoned in Norwich for two years until he subscribed, possibly under the persuasion of Dr Barret, dean of Norwich. 1563, p. 1679.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W.Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others. 1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

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John Capon

(d. 1557)

Bishop of Salisbury (1539 - 1557). (DNB)

John Capon was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

Cranmer was asked by Dr Capon to be a founding fellow of Wolsey's college. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

John Capon examined John Maundrel, John Spicer and William Coberley. 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1894.

The examinations of John Hunt and Richard White before the bishops of Salisbury and Gloucester (Brookes and Capon), Dr. Geffre (chancellor) took place on 26 April 1557. 1570, p. 2254, 1576, p. 1947, 1583, p. 2054.

Foxe says that John Capon died shortly before the death of Mary. [He died on 6 October 1557.] 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1990. 1583, p. 2101.

[Alias Salcot.]

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Thomas Howard

(1473 - 1554)

Earl of Surrey and 3rd duke of Norfolk. [DNB]

Thomas Howard was released from the Tower on 10 August 1553 (1570, p. 1637; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He presided over the treason trial and condemnation of the duke of Northumberland, his son the earl of Warwick and the marquis of Northampton on 18 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

He accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey for her coronation on 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

He was sent against Wyatt but was compelled to retreat when his soldiers deserted (1563, p. 916; 1570, p. 1579; 1576, p. 1347; and 1583, p. 1418).

A letter from Mary to Norfolk, describing Wyatt's capture, and dated 8 February 1554, is printed in 1563, p. 1731 and 1583, p. 2128. [It was omitted from 1570 and 1576.]

The old duke of Norfolk witnessed the sudden illness of Stephen Gardiner that preceded his death. 1583, pp. 1787-88.

Cromwell was sent with Norfolk and Suffolk to dine with Cranmer at Lambeth. 1570, p. 2036, 1576, p. 1756, 1583, p. 1862.

Mary sent a letter to him in the first year of her reign. 1583, p. 2128.

In her letter Mary told Howard that three of the Cobhams, Bret, Knevet and Rudstone, and Iseley had been arrested. [The arrest was in connection with the Wyatt rebellion, which Norfolk was sent out to suppress (and failed).] 1583, p. 2128.

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Thomas Wolsey

(1475? - 1530)

Cardinal. Archbishop of York. Lord Chancellor. [DNB]

Thomas Wolsey's death is referred to in Foxe's account of Stephen Gardiner. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Cranmer was asked by Dr Capon to be a founding fellow of Wolsey's college. 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

Cardinals Campeius and Wolsey were in commission from the pope to decide on the issue of Henry VIII's marriage to Katherine. When they failed to reach a decision, the king had the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk send Campeius back to Rome. 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

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Waltham Abbey



OS grid ref: TL 385 005

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Waltham Crosse

Not identified.

Waltham Cross - Herts - NGR: TL 355 004
Waltham's Cross - Essex - NGR: TL 695 305

1884 [1860]

Queene Mary. The lyfe and story of D. Cranmer Archb. of Cant.

MarginaliaAnno 1565. March.ciuilitie, came in processe of time vnto the Vniuersitye of Cambridge, 

Commentary  *  Close

Notice how Foxe replaced the specific information on the flaws in Cranmer's education, in the 1563 edition, with this bland formulation.

MarginaliaThomas Cranmer first cōming to Cambridge. Thomas Cranmer fellow of Iesus Colledge.& there prospering in right good knowledge amongst the better sort of students, was chosen fellow of Iesus Colledge in Cambridge. And so being maister of Arte,  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 4, line 11 from the bottom

The University Register states Cranmer to have taken his M. A. degree in 1515-16.

and fellow of the same Colledge, MarginaliaCranmer chaunced him to marrye a Gentlemans daughter: by meanes whereof he lost and gaue ouer his fellowship there, and became the reader in Buckingham Colledge: 
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See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 21-22 on this.

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 4, fn 1

Afterwards called Magdalen College. - ED.

MarginaliaCranmer reader in Buckingham Colledge.and for that hee woulde with more diligence apply that his office of reading, placed his sayd wife in an Inne, called the Dolphin in Cambridge, the wife of the house being of affinitie vnto her. By reason wherof, and for that his often resorte vnto his wife, in that Inne he was muche marked of some Popish marchaunts: whereupon rose the slaunderous noyse and report against him, after he was preferred to the Archbyshopricke of Canterb. raised vp by the malicious disdaine of certaine malignant aduersaries to Christ and his truth, bruting abroad euery where, that he was but an Hostler, and therfore without all good learning. 
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Foxe is repeating Morrice in his indignation about these rumours. See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 169-70 on how widespread derogatory reports ofCranmer as an hosteler were.

Of whose malicious reportes, one of their practises in that behalfe shall heereafter be declared, as place and time shall serue.

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But in the meane time to retourne to the matter present. Whilest this saide M. Cranmer continued as reader in Buckingham Colledge, his wife died in childebed. After whose death, the maisters and fellowes of Iesus Colledge desirous againe of their old companion, namely for his towardnes in learning, chose him againe fellow of the same Colledge. MarginaliaThomas Cranmer after the decase of his wyfe, chosen fellow into Iesus Colledge.Where he remaining at his studie, became in fewe yeares after, the reader of Diuinitie lecture in the same Colledge, MarginaliaThomas Cranmer made reader in Iesus Colledge, and Doctor of Diuinity.and in such special estimation and reputation with the whole vniuersitie, that being Doctor of diuinitie, 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 5, line 13

The first Edition says, in continuation of the passage ending "memory," in last page, "And thus with great diligence he followeth this order of studie untill he was xxxv. yeare olde, and then he obtained that degree which in the schole of divinitie is highest, and maketh of scholers teachers, and so was made Doctor of Divinitie." The Latin Edition (p. 709) says in like manner, "Donec ad annum progressus trigesimum quintum, titulum eum assecutus sit, qui in theologorum scholâ summus ac celeberrimus ex discipulis doctores reddit." It appears, however, by the University Register, that Cranmer was made B. D. in 1521-22, and D. D. in 1526-27, according to which he must have just completed his 38th year when he was made D. D., if born July 2, 1489.

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hee was commonly appoynted one of the heades (which are two or three of the chiefest learned men) to examine suche as yearely professe in commencement, eyther Bachelers, or Doctors of Diuinitie, by whose approbation the whole vniuersitie licenceth them to proceede vnto their degree: and againe by whose disallowance the Vniuersitie also reiecteth them for a time to proceede, vntill they be better furnished with more knowledge. MarginaliaDoctor Cranmer publike examiner in Cambridge of them that were to proceede

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Nowe, Doctour Cranmer euer muche fauouringe the knowledge of the Scripture, would neuer admitte any to proceede in Diuinitie, vnlesse they were substantially sene in the storie of the Bible: by meanes whereof certayne Friers and other religious persons, who were principally brought vp in the studie of schoole authors wythout regard had to the aucthoritie of scriptures, were commonly reiected by him, so that hee was greatly for that his seuere examination of the religious sort, much hated, and had in great indignation: MarginaliaFriers in hatred with D. Cranmer.and yet it came to passe in the end, that diuers of them being thus compelled to study the Scriptures, became afterwardes very wel learned and wel affected, in so much, that when they proceeded Doctours of diuinitie, could not ouermuch extol and commend master Doc. Cranmers goodnesse towardes them, who had for a time put them backe, to aspire vnto better knowledge and perfection. Among whom MarginaliaDoct. Barret.D. Barret a white Frier, who afterwardes dwelt at Norwich, was after that sort hādled, geuing him no lesse commendation for his happye reiecting of him for a better amendement. Thus muche I repeat that our apish and popish sort of ignorant priestes may well vnderstande that this his exercise, kinde of life, and vocation was not altogether Hostlerlike. 

Commentary  *  Close

Foxe is repeating Morrice in his indignation about these rumours. See MacCulloch, Cranmer, pp. 169-70 on how widespread derogatory reports ofCranmer as an hosteler were.

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Well, to goe forwardes: Like as hee was neyther in fame vnknowen, nor in knowledge obscure, so was hee greatly solicited by Doct. Capon, to haue beene one of the felowes in the foundation of Cardinal Wolseis Colledge in Oxforde (which he vtterly refused, not without danger of indignation. MarginaliaD. Cranmer appointed to be fellow of the Cardinall Colledge in Oxford refused.Notwithstanding foreseeing that whyche after chaunced, to the vtter confusion of many wel affected learned men there without consideration (because mans glory was there more sought for, then Gods) hee stoode to the danger of the sayd indignation, whych chaunced more prosperously vnto him within fewe yeares after, then hee looked for. For whiles hee thus continued in Cambridge. MarginaliaQuestion of the kings diuorce with Katherine Dowager.The great and weighty cause of king Henry the viij. hys diuorce with the Lady Katherine Dowager of Spayne, came into question, which being many waies by the space of ij. or iij. yeares amongst the Canonists, Ciuilians, and other learned men diuersly disputed and debated, it came to passe that this sayde Doct. Cranmer,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 5, line 4 from the bottom

Extracts from the Latin and first English Editions ... represent somewhat differently from subsequent Editions the mode in which Cranmer became connected with the matter. Foxe perhaps discovered that he had been misinformed in the first account: it seems probable that he was mistaken in saying that Bishop Longland first suggested scruples to the king's mind, and he might have been mistaken as to the other points. "I have heard Dr. Draycot, that was his chaplain and chancellor, say, that he once told the bishop what rumour ran upon him in that matter; and desired to know of him the very truth. Who answered, that in very deed he did not break the matter after that sort as is said; but the king brake the matter to him first; and never left urging him, until he had won him to give his consent. Of which his doings he did forethink himself and repented afterward." (MS. Life of Sir T. More, cited in Wordsworth's Eccl. Biog. vol. i. p. 548, note (5), supposed to be written by Nicholas Harpsfield.)

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The ensuing narrative of Cranmer's retreat to Waltham Abbey, and of his interview there with Gardiner and Foxe, is first introduced in the Edition of 1570. The author of the "Life and Death of Bishop Fisher" (Edit. London, 1740, p. 95) represents, not Waltham, but a house at Chich, or St. Osyth, near Colchester, belonging to Lord Darcy, as the place where Cranmer met with Henry's courtiers, and was by them first introduced to the king. The same author states that the point opened by Cranmer was the king's supremacy in his own dominions, and his right to have the divorce question settled at home independently of the pope'e court.

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by reason that the plague was in Cambridge, resorted to Waltham Abbey, to one M. Cresses  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 6, fn 1

"Cressy." "A name," says Fuller, "utterly extinct in that town (where God hath fixed my present habitation) long before the memory of any alive. But, consulting 'Weaver's Funeral Monuments of Waltham Church' (more truly than neatly by him composed), I find therein this epitaph:

'Here lyeth Jon and Jone Cressy,

On whose soulys Jesu hav mercy. Amen.'"

See Fuller's Church History, book v. page 179. - ED.

house there, whose wife was of kinne to the sayde M. Cranmer. 
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This account of Cranmer's rise to royal favour as a result of the divorce came from Morrice and superseded a less detailed account which had appeared in the Rerum and in 1563.

And for that he had ij. sonnes of the said Cressey with him at Cambridge as his pupulles, he rested at Waltham crosse, at the house of the sayd master Cressey, with the sayde ij. children, during that somer time whiles the plague reigned.

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In this somer time Cardinall Campeius and Cardi-

nall Wolsey, MarginaliaOf this Campeius and discourse of his legacy read before pag. 1049.being in commission from the Pope, to here and determine that greate cause in controuersie betweene the K. & the Queene his pretended wife, dalyed and delaied all the sommer time vntill the moneth of Aug. came in, hearing the said cause in controuersie debated. When August was come, the sayd Cardinals little minding to procede to sentence geuing, tooke occasion to finish their commission, and not further to determine therein, pretending not to be permitted by the lawes to kepe courts of Ecclesiasticall matters in haruest time, which sodeine stay & geuing ouer of the said commissiō by both the cardinals, being vnknowen to the king, it so much mooued him that he taking it as a mocke at the cardinals hands, commanded the dukes of Northfolke and Suffolke to dispatch forthwt cardinal Campeius home againe to Rome, and so in hast remooued him selfe from London to Waltham, for a night or twaine whiles his houshold remooued to Grenewich: by meanes wherof it chanced that the harbengers lodged MarginaliaStephen Gardiner & Doct. Foxe, chiefe stirrers of the kinges diuorce.D. Stephens Secretarie, 

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This is Stephen Gardiner, at the time Henry VIII's secretary. Foxe was just repeating Morrice in referring to him as 'Doctor Stephen'.

and D. Foxe Almosiner (who were the chief furtherers, preferrers and defendors on the kings behalfe of the said cause) in the house of the sayd M. Cressey, where the sayd doctor Cranmer was also lodged and resident. When supper time came, they all iij. Doctors met together, Doctor Stephens and Doctor Foxe, much marueiling of Doctor Cranmers being there. Who declared to them the cause of his there being, namely, namely, for that the plague was in Cambridge. MarginaliaD. Stephens, D. Foxe, D. Cranmer, conferring together in the kinges cause.And as they were of olde acquaintance, so the Secretarie and the Almosiner right wel entertained Doctor Cranmer, minding to vnderstād part of his opinion touching their great busines they had in hād. And so as good occasion serued, whiles they were at supper, they conferred wyth Doctor Cranmer concerning the kings cause, requesting him of his opinion what he thought therein.

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Whereto D. Cranmer answered, that he could say little to the matter, for þt he had not studied nor looked for it. Notwtstanding he sayde to them, that in hys opinion they made more ado in prosecuting the law Ecclesiastical, then needed. MarginaliaD. Cranmers aunswere in the question of the kinges diuorce.It were better as I suppose (quod D. Cranmer) that the question, whether a mā may marry his brothers wife or no, were decided and discussed by the diuines, and by the authority of the woord of God, whereby the conscience of the Prince might be better satisfied & quieted, then thus from yeare to yere by frustratorie delaies to prolong the time, leauing the very truthe of the matter vnboulted out by the woorde of God. There is but one trueth in it, which the Scripture will soone declare, make open & manifest, being by learned men wel handled, and that may be aswell done in Englande in the Vniuersities heere, as at Rome or els where in any forraine nation, the aucthority whereof will compell any Iudge soone to come to a definitiue sentence: and therfore as I take it, you might thys way haue made an end of this matter long sithens. MarginaliaD. Cranmers deuise well liked of.When D. Cranmer had thus ended hys tale, the other two well liked of his deuise, and wished that they had so proceeded afore time, and thereupon conceiued some matter of that deuise to instruct the king withall, who then was minded to send to Rome againe for a new Commission.

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Now, the next day when þe king remooued to Grenewich, like as he tooke himselfe not wel handled by the cardinals in thus deferring his cause, so his mind being vnquieted, MarginaliaThe king troubled about the diuorce.and desirous of an end of his long & tedious sute he called to him these his two principall doers of his saide cause, namely the saide D. Stephens and D. Foxe, saying vnto them: What now my maisters (quoth the king) shall we do in this infinite cause of mine? I see by it there must be a new commission procured from Rome, and when we shall haue an ende, God knoweth and not I. When the king had said somewhat his minde heerein, the Almosiner D. Foxe said vnto the king again: We trust that there shal be better wayes deuised for your Maiestie, then to make trauaile so farre as to Rome anye more in your highnesse cause, which by chance was put into our heads this other night being at Waltham. The King being very desirous to vnderstand his meaning, said: Who hath taken in hand to instruct you by any better or shorter way to proceede in our sayd cause? Then sayd Doctor Foxe: It chaunced vs to be lodged at Waltham in M. Cresseis house this other night, your highnesse being there, where we mette wyth an olde acquaintaunce of ours, named Doctor Cranmer, with whom hauing conference concerning your highnes cause, he thought that the next way were, first to instructe and quiet your maiesties conscience by trying your highnesse question out by the authoritye of the woorde of God, & therupon to procede to a final sentence. MarginaliaD. Cranmers deuise reported to the king.With this report the Secretary was not content wt the Almosiner, for þt hee did not vtter this deuise as of their owne inuention. And when the Secretarie woulde haue seemed by colourable

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