Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Names and Places on this Page
Agnes GlascockAnne Askew
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Agnes Glascock

Of Hockley, Essex. [Fines]

Agnes Glascock received a letter from William Tyms. 1570, pp. 2077-78, 1576, p. 1792, 1583, p. 1898.

She received another letter from William Tyms, dated 28 August (1555). 1570, p. 2078, 1576, 1792, 1583, p. 1898.

She received a letter from William Tyms (also addressed to Sister Colfax). 1570, p. 2079, 1576, pp. 1793-94, 1583, p. 1899.

She received a letter from John Careless. 1570, pp. 2114-15, 1576, p. 1837, 1583, pp. 1931-32.

She received a letter from John Careless [Letter to A. G.]. 1570, p. 2115, 1576, pp. 1837-38, 1583, p. 1932.

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Anne Askew

(1521 - 1546)

Martyr. Second daughter of Sit William Askew of Lincolnshire. [DNB]

Anne Askew was described as a faithful witness of Christ by Robert Glover in a letter to his wife.1563, pp. 1273-80, 1570, pp. 1886-89, 1576, pp. 1615-19, 1583, p. 1710.

In a letter to certain godly women, William Tyms asked them to remember the blessed Anne Askew and her example. 1570, p. 2078, 1576, p. 1792, 1583, pp. 1898-99.

Thomas Fairfax and Richard Wilmot were tormented around the same time as Anne Askew. 1563, p. 1682, 1570, p. 2260, 1576, p. 1951, 1583, p. 2058.

1922 [1898]

Queene Mary. Tyms, Drakes, Spurge, and other Martyrs. Godly letters of William Tyms.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Aprill.After this, the Bishop falling to entreating and perswasions, earnestly exhorted him to reuoke his heresyes, (as he termed them) and to refourme hymselfe vnto the Church of Rome, and not to sticke so much to the literall sense of the Scriptures, but to vse the interpretation of the olde Fathers.

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To whiche Tyms aunswered: I will not reforme my selfe therunto. And I thank God of this day: for I trust he will turne your cursinges into blessinges.

And furthermore asking this question, he sayde: And what haue you to mainteine the reall presence of Christ in the sacrament, but onely the bare letter.

We haue (quoth the bishop) the catholicke church.

MarginaliaThe Popes Church. The Sea of Rome, the Sea of Antichrist.No, sayd Tyms, you haue the popish church of Rome for you, for which you he periured and forsworne. And the See of Rome is the See of Antichrist: and therfore to that church I will not conforme my selfe, nor once consent vnto it.

MarginaliaSentence read against W. Tyms.Then the bishop seing his constant boldnesse to be vnmoueable, proceeding to his condēnation, pronounced the sentence definitiue vpon him, and gaue him ouer to the secular power.

The condemnation of Robert Drakes.

After, calling for Robert Drakes, he vsed towardes him the like maner of exhortation that he dyd before. To whom Drakes sayd: MarginaliaThe aunswere of R. Drakes.As for your church of Rome, I vtterly defy and deny it, with all the workes thereof, euen as I deny the deuill and all his workes.

MarginaliaSentence geuen agaynst Drakes.The bishop then vsing his accustomed order of law, wt his like exhortations, at last gaue him the like blessing that Tyms had, and so charged the Shiriffe with him.

The condemnation of Thomas Spurge, and of the other three martyrs.

Thomas Spurge being next demaunded if he would returne to the catholicke Church, sayd as foloweth: MarginaliaThe aunswere of T. Spurge.As for your church of Rome, I doe vtterly deny it: but to the true catholick church I am content to returne, and continue in the same, whereof I beleue the Church of Rome to be no part or member. Thē in fine, calling the rest in theyr courses,and vpon the like demaundes receiuing the like aunsweres, MarginaliaSentence geuen agaynst Tho. Spurge, R. Spurge, Cauell, Ambrose.the sayd bishop gaue vnto ech of them their seueral iudgements, & so ridding his bloudy handes, cōmitted thē vnto the custody of the Shiriffes of London, who sent thē vnto Newgate, whither they went all most ioyfully, abiding there the Lordes good time, wherin they should seale this theyr fayth with the shedding of theyr bloud: which they most stoutly and willingly performed, the 14. daye of April, 

Commentary  *  Close

The correct date is 24 April and is only found in 1563. A printing error caused it to be rendered as 14 April in the 1570 and subsequent editions.

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 113, line 4

The old editions erroneously read, "xiiij", except the first, which has "xxiiij", p. 1506. "The xxiiii day of Aprel, in the morning be-tyme, was cared to Smythffeld to be borned vi men, [and] more was cared into the contrey to be borned." (Machyn, p. 104.)

as before is mentioned.

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Letters of William Tyms. 
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William Tyms's Letters

One letter of Tyms' appeared out of sequence in the 1563 edition (pp. 1512-13). This letter was never reprinted and none of Tyms' letters were printed in the Letters of the Martyrs. All other letters of Tyms first appeared in the 1570 edition and were reprintedwithout change.

¶ To his faythfull sister in the Lord, parishioner in the towne of Hockley, named Agnes Glascocke. 
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This letter was written on 20 March 1556 while Tyms was held in Bonner's London palace just prior to his condemnation.

MarginaliaA letter of W. Tyms to Agnes Glascocke.THe grace, mercy, and peace of God our Father thorow Iesus Christ our Lord and Sauiour, with the sweet comfort of hys holy and mighty spirit, to the performance of his will, to your euerlasting comfort be with you my deare sister Glascocke, both now and euermore. Amen.

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My most deare and entirely beloued sister, yea mother I may right well call you for the motherly care which you haue alwaies had for me, I haue me most hartely commended vnto you, giuing God most harty thanks for you, that he hath geuen you so louing a hart to Christes poore Gospell, & his poore afflicted flocke for the same: and as you haue fully godly begonne, so I beseech God to geue you power, to goe forward in the same, and neuer more to looke backe fearing neither fier, neyther sworde: and then I warrant you, you haue not farre to runne.

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And now my deare hart, remember well what I haue taught you when I was present with you, and also written being absent, and no doubt we shall shortly meete agayne with a most ioyfull meeting. I go vpon Friday next to the Bishop of Londons Colehouse, 

Commentary  *  Close

I.e., the coal house of Bishop Bonner's London palace which was used as an ad hoc prison for prisoners being examined by Bonner.

which is the. 20. daye of March, where I thinke it will be harde for any of my friendes to speake with me. Howbeit I trust I shall not long tary there, but shortly after be caryed vp after my deare brethren and sisterne which are gone before me into heauen in a fiery chariot: therefore now I take my leaue of you tyll we meete in heauen: & hye you after. I haue tarryed a great while for you: and seeing you be so long a making ready, I will tarry no longer for you. You shall find me merely singing, Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God of Sabboth, at my iourneyes ende. Therefore nowe my deare hart, make good hast and loyter not by the way, leaste nighte take you, and so ye be shutte out of the gate with

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the foolishe virgines. And now my sister, in witnes that I haue taught you nothing but the truth, here I write my name with my bloud, 

Commentary  *  Close

This is not a metaphor ; because of lack of ink, Tyms wrote some of his letters using his own blood. Letters written in their blood were produced at the trials of Richard Roth and Ralph Allerton (see 1563, pp. 1627-28).

for a testimoniall vnto you, that I will seale the simple doctrine which I haue taught you, with the rest. And thus fare you well: and God defende you from Antichrist and all his Ministers the false Priestes. Amen.

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These words following were written wt his owne bloud.

Continue in prayer.
Aske in fayth.
And obteyne your desyer.

By me William Tyms in the
Kynges Bench for the Gos-
pell of Christ.

¶ An other letter of the sayd W. Tyms, wherein he doth comforte his sister Glascocke, being in greate sorrowe and repentance, for going to the Masse. 
Commentary  *  Close

This letter was written before the previous letter. In the previous letter Tyms forgives Glascock for her having attended mass, which is described in this letter. This would date this letter to 28 August 1555.

MarginaliaAn other letter of Will. Tyms to Mistres Glascocke.God be mercifull vnto you, pardon & forgeue all your sinnes, & send you fayth to beleeue the same, that you may be partaker of his heauenly Kingdome, Amen.

My deare sister, I haue me most hartely commended vnto you & as I haue lamented your falling from God, by being partaker with that Idolatrous Priest, so haue I since I heard of your earnest repentance, very much reioysed, and also praysed almighty God for his mercy shewed vnto you, in that he hath not left you to your selfe, but since your denyall he hath shewed his mercy on you by looking backe on you as he did on Peter, and so caused you to repent as Peter did, & bitterly to weepe for your sinnes: where as if God had lefte you to your selfe, you had runne forward from one euill vnto an other, till at the length your harte shoulde eyther haue bene hardened, or els you shoulde haue dispayred of the mercy of God. And seeing that God hath bene so mercyfull vnto you as he hath bene, bee you not vnthankefull vnto him for the same. For I certyfie you that your sorrowfull hart that you haue had, doth declare vnto me that God hath pardoned and forgeuē all your sinnes for the bloudshedding of that immaculate lambe Iesus Christ our Lord and Sauiour.

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Therefore as Peter after the tyme that Christe had forgiuen him his sinne, did boldly confesse Christ before all his enemies: euen so my deare hart in the Lord, seing that god hath so mercyfully pardoned and forgiuen your sinnes, nowe cleaue vnto him and be at defiance with his enemyes the Papistes: & as they doe beare witnesse with their Father the Deuill by goinge to the Church and shedding of the innocent bloud of all those that will not goe with them, euen so do you beare witnes with Christ, by not comming there, for all those that do go thither shalbe partakers of their brethrens bloud that is shed for the testimonye of Christ except they repent & amend: which grace that they may so doe, I beseech the eternall God for his Christes sake if it be his good will, to geue them in his good tyme. And the same good God that hath bene so mercifull vnto you to call you to repentance, him I beseech to keepe you in his feare & loue, that you may haue alwayes affiance in him, and euermore seeke his honour & glory to your euerlasting comfort in Christ, Amen. Thus fare you well from the kinges bench this. 28. of August.

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By me William Tyms.

¶ An other letter of W. Tyms to certayne godly women of his parish, folowers of the Gospell.

MarginaliaAn other letter of W. Tyms to certayne godly women of his Parish.GRace, mercy and peace from GOD the Father, through our Lord Iesus Christ be with you both now and euermore. Amen.

Deare sisters, I haue me most hartely commended vnto you, thanking you for the great kindnes shewed vnto me in this tyme of my imprisonment, and not onely vnto me, but also vnto my poore wife and children: and also for the great kindnesse that you shew vnto all the liuing saints that be dispersed abroad, and are fayne to hide their heades for feare of this cruell persecution.

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Deare sisters, when I do remember your constancy in christ, I call to remembraunce the constancy of diuers godly women, as Susanna, Iudith, Hester, and the good wife of Nabal, that thorow her godly conditions saued both her husbandes life, and all her housholde, when Dauid had thoughte to haue slayne him for his churlish aunswere that he sent him. Also I do remember Rahab that lodged the Lordes Spyes, howe God preserued her and her whole housholde for her faythfulnesse that she bare to Gods people. So I doe beleue, that when the Lord shall send his Aungell to destroy these Idolatrous Egyptians here in England, and shall finde the bloud of the Lambe sprinkled on the dore postes of your harts, he wil go by & not hurt you, but spare your whole housholdes for your sakes. Also I do remember Mary Magdalen, how faythfull she was: for she was the first that preached the resurrection of Christ. Remember the blessed Martir Anne Askew in our time, & folow her example of constancy. And for the loue of God take heede that in no case you doe consent to Idolatrye, but stande fast to the Lorde, as the good woman did that had her seuen sonnes put to death before her face, and she alwayes com-

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GGGGg iij.
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