Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the TextCommentary on the Woodcuts
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Bartlett Green

(1530 - 1556)

Gentleman and lawyer. Martyr. Of Basinghall, City of London. [DNB]

A letter was exhibited by Bonner, concerning the handling of Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, p. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference was made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Foxe records Green's formative years. 1563, p. 1458, 1570, p. 2022, 1576, p. 1743, 1583, p. 1851.

Foxe discusses Green's character. 1563, p. 1458, 1570, p. 2022, 1576, p. 1743, 1583, p. 1851.

Green's thoughts on pride and gluttony were written in a book belonging to Bartham Calthorp, 20 January 1556. 1563, p. 1458, 1570, p. 2022, 1576, p. 1743, 1583, p. 1851.

Green's grandfather, Dr Bartlett, offered him great livings if he would recant. 1563, p. 1458, 1570, p. 2022, 1576, p. 1743, 1583, p. 1851.

Green wrote of his dealings with Christopher Goodman, exile, whom he had been friends with during Edward's reign. 1563, p. 1459, 1570, p. 2022, 1576, pp. 1743-44, 1583, p. 1851.

Green wrote a letter to Christopher Goodman that declared that the queen was not dead. It fell into the hands of some catholics. 1563, p. 1459, 1570, p. 2022, 1576, p. 1743, 1583, p. 1851.

Green wrote a letter to John Philpot which was not delivered. According to Foxe it was either not delivered because Philpot died or because the jailor prevented its delivery. 1563, pp. 1459-60, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, pp. 1852-53.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Green told Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. Dr Dale, Master George Mordant and Master Dee [not listed here as Dr] were also there. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

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Evidence on Green's doctrine was given by Welch. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, pp. 1852-53.

A discussion of scripture and civil law was planned for Bonner and Dr Dale with Green. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

A letter regarding Green's treason was sent to Bonner by the privy council on 11 November 1555 but not delivered until 17 November. It was signed by Winchester, Penbroke, Thomas Ely, William Haward, John Bourne, Thomas Wharton. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, pp. 1851-52.

Chedsey testified against Green, and reported that in the presence of M. Mosley and the lieutenant of the Tower Green had spoken against transubstantiation. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

Welch spoke privately to Bartlett Green as he feared for him. 1563, pp. 1461-62, 1570, p. 2024, 1576, pp. 1744-45, 1583, pp. 1852-53.

Bartlett Green met with John Dee, who was very friendly to him. 1563, p. 1462, 1570, p. 2024, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1853.

Green discussed eucharistic doctrine with Welch. 1563, p. 1463, 1570, p. 2024, 1576, p. 1745, 1583, p. 1853.

Foxe recounts Bonner's charges and Green's answers to the charges. 1563, pp. 1451-54, 1570, pp. 2024-25, 1576, p. 1745, 1583, p. 1853.

Foxe records Green's confession. 1563, p. 1463, 1570, p. 2025, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, pp. 1853-54.

Green was condemned with Thomas Whittle, John Tudson, John Went, Thomas Browne, Isabel Foster, and Joan Lashford. 1570, p. 2025, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1853.

Feckenham (dean of St Paul's) held discussions with Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Bonner and Pendleton questioned Green. 1563, p. 1464, 1570, p. 2026,, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, pp. 1854-55.

Green wrote a farewell verse in a book of Master Hussey of the Temple 1570, p. 2027, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, p. 1855.

Green wrote a farewell verse in a book of William Fleetwood. 1570, p. 2027, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, p. 1855.

Green was beaten and scourged by Bonner. He later told Cotten of the Temple about it. 1570, p. 2027, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, p. 1855.

Green was burned at Smithfield on 27 January 1556. 1563, p. 1451, 1570, p. 2027, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, p. 2856.

Latin verses were repeated by Green and his fellow sufferers at the stake. 1563, p. 1465, 1570, p. 2027, 1576, p. 1747, 1583, p. 1855.

John Careless wrote a letter to Bartlett Green, Thomas Whittle, Joan Warren, Isabel Foster and certain other prisoners in Newgate. 1570, p. 2107, 1576, p. 1818, 1583, pp. 1924-25.

Letters. 1563, pp. 1465-1466, 1570, pp. 2027-28, 1576, pp. 1747-48, 1583, pp. 1855-56.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Christopher Lyster

(d. 1556)

Husbandman. Martyr. Of Dagenham.

Christopher Lyster was delivered to John Kingstone, bachelor of civil law, and then commissory to Gardiner, by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

Articles were brought against him which he answered. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, pp. 2089-90, 1576, pp. 1802-03, 1583, p. 1909.

He was burned at Colchester on 28 April 1556. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Elizabeth Thackvel

Maiden. Martyr. Of Great Burstead.

Elizabeth Thackvel was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell, by means of letter written to Bonner. 1563, pp. 1519-20, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

Articles were brought against her and she gave her answers. 1563, pp. 1519-20, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, pp. 1910-11.

She refused to recant on 13 April 1556. 1563, pp. 1519-20, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1911.

She was condemned by Bonner. 1563, pp. 1519-20, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1911.

She was burned on 16 May 1556. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Hugh Potter

Hugh Potter was the husband of Joan Potter. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
James Harris

(b. 1541?)

Of Billericay.

James Harris was apprehended and sent to Bonner in the company of Margaret Ellis by Sir John Mordaunt and Sir Edmund Tyrrel. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1555, 1583, p. 2062.

Harris confessed but then was troubled at doing so. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2062.

When Harris told the priest that he could not confess his sins as they were so manifold, he was sent to Bonner who took him out into the garden and whipped him. 1563, p. 1692, 1570, p. 2264, 1576, p. 1955, 1583, p. 2062.

 
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Joan Potter

Wife of Hugh Potter.

Joan Potter was delivered to Bonner by Mordant and Tyrrel for examination. She was named in a letter written to Bonner by the two justices. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Mace

(d. 1556)

Apothecary. Martyr. Of Colchester.

John Mace was delivered to John Kingstone, bachelor of civil law, and then commissory to Gardiner, by the earl of Oxford on 28 March 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

Articles were brought against him which he answered. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, pp. 2089-90, 1576, pp. 1802-03, 1583, p. 1909.

He was burned at Colchester on 28 April 1556. 1563, p. 1517, 1570, p. 2089, 1576, p. 1802, 1583, p. 1909.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Katherine Hut

(d. 1556)

Widow. Martyr. Of Bocking, Essex.

Katherine Hut was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell, through a letter written to Bonner. 1563, p. 1519, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

Articles were brought against her which she answered. 1563, pp. 1519-20, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, pp. 1910-11.

She refused to recant 13 April 1556. 1563, p. 1520, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1911.

She was condemned by Bonner.1563, p. 1520, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1911.

She was burned on 16 May 1556. 1563, p. 1520, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1911.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Margaret Ellis

(d. 1556)

Maid. Of Billericay.

Margaret Ellis was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell, by means of a letter written to Bonner. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

She died in Newgate late in April or in early May 1556, before she could be sent to the stake. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir John Morduant

(1508 - 1571)

MP and Privy Councillor (1553 - 1556); heresy commissioner in London diocese in 1557 [Bindoff,Commons; DNB sub John, Lord Morduant (his father)] Justice of the Peace for Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire. [SP11/5, no. 6]

Morduant warned Laurence Saunders not to preach in London. When Saunders defied the warning, Sir John informed Bishop Bonner. Sir John was present when Bonner examined Saunders and then conveyed Saunders to Gardiner. 1563, pp. 1038-39; 1570, pp. 1665-66; 1576, pp. 1420-21; 1583, pp. 1494-95.

Morduant came and sat down to hear Robert Smith's examination and took part. 1563, p. 1256, 1570, p. 1872, 1576, p. 1603, 1583, p. 1693.

Sir John Mordant wrote a letter to Bonner with Edward Tyrrel about women prisoners in the county of Essex. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

Margaret Ellis was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell, by means of a letter written to Bonner. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

Joan Potter was delivered to Bonner by Mordant and Tyrrel for examination. She was named in a letter by the two justices written to Bonner. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

Elizabeth Thackvel was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell, by means of letter written to Bonner. 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

James Harris was delivered by Mordant and Tyrrel to Bonner for examination, as evidenced by a letter to Bonner written by the two justices. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

Joan Horns was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2090, 1576, p. 1803, 1583, p. 1910.

Katherine Hut was delivered up for examination by Sir John Mordant and Edmund Tyrrell, through a letter written to Bonner. 1563, p. 1519, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

[Foxe refers to him as 'Sir John Mordant'.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Harris

Of Bromhill. Sheriff of Essex (1555). JP in Essex (1555) [SP11/5, no. 6]

William Hales was delivered to the sheriff [William Harryes] to be burned. 1563, p. 1268, 1570, p. 1877, 1576, p. 1607, 1583, p. 1702.

William Harris's servant, James Harris, was delivered to Bonner by Mordant and Tyrrel for examination. 1563, p. 1518, 1570, p. 2091, 1576, p. 1804, 1583, p. 1910.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Barking
NGR: TQ 445 845

A parish in the hundred of Becontree, county of Essex. 23 miles south-west from Chelmsford, and 7 miles north-east from London. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Essex and Diocese of London.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Billerica [Billericay]
NGR: TQ 674 945

A chapelry in the parish of Great Burstead, hundred of Barnstaple, county of Essex. 9.5 miles south-south-west from Chelmsford. The living is a perpetual curacy annexed to the vicarage of Great Burstead, in the Archdeaconry of Essex and Diocese of London.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Bromhill [Broomhill]
NGR: TQ 977 184

A member of the town and port of New Romney in the liberty of Romney Marsh, lathe of Shepway, county of Kent. 3.5 miles east by south from Rye. Formerly a parish within the liberty of Old Winchelsea.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Great Burstead
NGR: TQ 684 925

A parish in the hundred of Barnstable, county of Essex. 2 miles south-south-east from Billericay. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Essex and Diocese of London.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1934 [1910]

Q. Mary. Lauerocke, Apprice, Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackuell, Ioane Hornes, Martyrs.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Maye.
Hugh Lauerocke, of the parish of Barking
Painter, of the age of 68. a lame creple.
Iohn Apprice, a blinde man.

These 2. poore and simple creatures, beinge belike accused by some promoting neighbor of theirs, vnto þe bish. and other of the K. and Queenes Commissioners, were sent for by their Officer: and so being brought & deliuered into the handes of the sayd bishop, were the 1. day of May examined before him in his pallaice at London: Where he first propounded and obiected againste them those 9. Articles, wherof mētion is made before, ministred as wel vnto Bartlet Grene, as also vnto many others. To þe which they aunsweared in effecte, as Christopher Lister, Iohn Mace, and other before mentioned had done.

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Wherupon they were againe sent to prison, and beside other times, the 9. day of the same moneth, in the consistorie of Pauls were againe openly producted, and there after the olde order, trauailed with all to recant theyr opinions against the Sacrament of the altare.

MarginaliaThe words of Iohn Lauerocke to Boner.Wherunto Hugh Lauerocke first sayd: I will stand to mine answers, and to that that I haue cōfessed: and I can not finde in the scriptures, that the Priestes should lift vp ouer theyr head a cake of bread.

The bishop then turned him vnto Iohn Apprice, and asked what he would say.

MarginaliaThe wordes of Iohn Apprice to the Bishop.To whom he answeared: Your doctrine (sayd he) that yee set foorth & teache, is so agreeable wyth the world, and embraced of the same, that it can not be agreeable with the scripture of God. And ye are not of the catholicke church: for ye make lawes to kil men, and make the Queene your hangman.

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At which woordes the bishop, belike, somewhat tickeled, and therfore very loth to delay theyr condēnation any longer (such was now his hote burning charitie) cōmanded that they shoulde be brought after him vnto Fulham, whether he before dinner did goe, MarginaliaSentence of condemnation geuen agaynst Hugh Lauerocke, & Iohn Apprice.and there in the afternoone, after his solemne maner, in the open church he pronounced the definitiue sentence of condemnation againste them, and so deliuering them into the hands of the temporall officer, thoughte to dispatche his handes of them, but could not so dispatch his conscience before the iudgement of God, from the guiltinesse of innocent bloud.

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The pore men being now in þe temporal officers hāds, might not there be suffered long to remain, & therefore the 15. day of May, very early in the morning they were caried from Newgate in a cart to Stratford the Bow, 

Commentary  *  Close

This was the first, but not the last, time that Stratford-le-Bow would be used as a site for the execution of the Marian martyrs. The fact that the authorities went to the trouble of transporting the condemned protestants so far out of the city is an indication of the unrest the executions were causing in London.

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Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 141, middle

"The xv day of May was cared in a care from Nuwgatt thrug London unto Stratford-a-bow to borne 11 men ... Huw Leveroke, dwelling in Seythin-lane; the blind man dwelling in Sant Thomas Apostells." (Machyn, p. 105.)

& most quietly in the fire praising God, yelded vp their soules into hys handes, throughe a liuely Faith in Iesus Christe, whom vnto the ende they did most constantly confesse.

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At their death, Hugh Lauerock, after he was chained, casting away his crooche, 

Commentary  *  Close

The catholic polemicist Miles Hogarde presented a different account of the execution, in which Laverock clutched his crutch as he was burning (Miles Hogarde, The Displaying of the Protestantes [London: 1556], STC 13557, p. 125).

 
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 141, middle

Myles Hoggarde says that he desired to have it: - "Here might also be rehersed the zeale that the lame man that was burnt of late at Stratford had, when he called for his croche to have the same likewise to be burned with him, thinking without the same he could not meritte the croune of martirdome." (The displaying of the Protestants, Lond. 1556, fol. 125 verso.) Both representations may be correct.

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and cōforting Iohn Apprice his fellow Martyr, sayd vnto him: be of good comfort my brother: for my Lorde of London is our good Phisition. Hee will heale vs both shortly, thee of thy blindenesse, and me of my lamenesse. And so paciently these two good Saints of God together suffered.

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The Martyrdome of a blinde man, and a lame man, at Stratford the Bowe. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Hugh Lauerocke & Iohn Apprice, at Stratford the Bowe. Ann. 1556. May. 25.

woodcut [View a larger version]

Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
One of the small group of individualized small woodcuts, this image (Type 1) adapts the conventional form adopted for two men in the flames to illustrate the exceptional circumstances of burning a cripple and a blind man. The image conveys John ap Price's blindness with half-closed eyes, while Hugh Laverock is in shown in the act of throwing away his crutches.

Three women the same time burned in Smithfielde, Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackuell, and Ioane Homes. 
Commentary  *  Close
Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thackwell et al

This entire account first appears in the 1563 edition. In fact, the 1563 account contains information which was never reprinted. (This seems to have happened accidentally; the account of Margaret Ellis was separate from the accounts of Thackvel and Horns in the first edition. When these accounts were integrated in the 1570 edition, some of the information about Margaret Ellis was deleted, apparently inadvertently). This account is based entirely on Bishop Bonner's official records.

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MarginaliaMay. 16.THe nexte day after the Martyrdome of thys lame and blinde mā aboue specified, in the sayd moneth of May, were brought to the fire 3. women, wyth whom also was adioyned another, who being in the same constancy wyth them, was likewise partaker of the sayde condemnation. The names of these were. MarginaliaKatherin Hutte, Elizabeth Thackuell, Ioane Hornes, Martirs.

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Katherine Hut of Bocking, Widowe.
Ioane Hornes of Billerica, Maide.
Elizabeth Thackuel of great Bursted, Maide.
Margaret Ellys of Billerica, Maide.

How these with diuers other mo were persecuted and sent vp, especially by Syr Iohn Mordant, and Edmunde Tyrrell Esquier, Iustices of Peace, this their Letter following will declare.

A Letter sent vnto Boner Bishop of London, from Sir Iohn Mordant Knight, and Edmund Tyrrell Esquire, Iustices of peace for the Countie of Essex.

MarginaliaA letter of certayne persecuting Iustices to Boner.OVr humble commendations to your Lordshippe: these shall be to aduertise you, that we haue sent vnto your good Lordship, Ioane Potter the wife of Hughe Potter, Iames Harrys, 

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James Harris, who was seventeen at the time of his arrest, escaped with simply being scourged (see 1563, p. 1694; 1570, p. 2264; 1576, p. 1955 and 1583, p. 2061).

seruaunt of William Harrys of Bromhill, & Margaret Ellys, for that they be not conformable to the orders of the Churche, nor to the reall presence of Christes body and bloude in the Sacrament of the aultare, to vse your Lordships pleasure with them, as you thinke good, not doubting with the punishmēt of these and the other before sent to your Lordship, but that the parishe of great Burstede and Billerica shall be broughte to good conformitye. Thus committing your good Lordship to the tuition of almightie God, wee take our leaue. From great Burstede this present second day of March. 1556.

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Your Lordships to command, Iohn
Mordant. Edmund Tyrrel.

After the receit of these Letters, Bishoppe Boner entring to examination of these 4. women aboue named, laid and obiected the lyke Articles to them, as after his vsuall forme he vsed to minister, 

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By now, the articles put to suspected heretics in the diocese of London followed a set formula. These articles put to Thackvel and Horns are identical to those put to Christopher Lister and his fellow martyrs.

and are before expressed. Whereunto the sayd women likewise agreeing in the same vnitie of spirite and doctrine, accorded in theyr aunsweares, much agreeing vnto the other before them.

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As first, to the Article in the firste place obiected they, consented and graunted, beleeuing the sayde Article to be true in euery part thereof.

2. To the second, partly they answeared, MarginaliaThe simple ignorance of these women had more neede to be instructed then they to be burned.they could not tel what a Sacrament is, Elizabeth Thackuell, and Katherin Hut, adding moreouer, that matrimonie & Baptisme, and the Lords supper, were Sacraments ordained in the churche: but whether the other specified in thys article, be sacraments (as they heard them called) ordained by God or not, they could not tell, Margaret Ellys being examined seuerally, as the other were, vpō the same, how many sacraments there were, answeared (as a yong mayde vnskilled, in her simple ignoraunce) that shee coulde not tell. Howbeit she had heard (she sayd) that there was one Sacrament, but what it was she could not tell. &c.

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3 To the thirde likewyse they graunted, that they were baptised by their godfathers and godmothers, which god fathers and godmothers (sayde Margaret Ellys) did not then know so much, as shee now doth knowe: Katherine Hut adding wythall, and saying, that shee was baptised: but what her godfather & godmothers did then promise for her in her name, shee could not tell. &c.

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4 To the fourth article, Margaret Ellys, and Elizabeth Thackuel did graunt therunto: Katherin Hut said moreouer, that shee being of the age of 14. yeares, was of the faith wherein shee was Christened, and yet neuerthelesse the said faith in that age (shee sayde) was but a deade faith, because shee did not then vnderstand what she did beleue. Ioane Hornes added that shee being 11. yeares of age, began to learne the faith set foorth in K. Edwards dayes, in the which faith and religion (she sayd) she hath hetherto, & yet doth, & so wil hereafter continue, God so assisting her.

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5 To the fift article, they answeared and confessed, according al in this effect, that as touching þe Masse, they knew no goodnesse in it, MarginaliaAgaynst the Masse and Sacrament of the Aultar.and as touching the Sacramente of the altar, they beleeued þt Christes natural body is in heauen, and not in the sacrament of the altar: And as concernyng the sea of Rome, they acknowledged no such supremacy in that sea, neither haue they any thing to do therewith.

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6 In
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