Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Alice Thwaites

Married gentlewoman (possibly widowed) of at least 30 years of age. Of Winston.

Alice Thwaites was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced with two of her servants to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Dobson

Wife of Thomas Dobson. Of Mendlesham.

Dobson's wife was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Doncon

Wife of John Doncon. Of Mendlesham.

John Doncon's wife was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Edmund Poole

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of Essex.

Edmund Poole was examined by Dunning, chancellor of Norwich, and Mings the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Articles were brought against him. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, pp. 2092-93, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

He was burned with Thomas Spicer and John Denny. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

[Foxe calls him 'William Pole' in 1563.]

 
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Henry Smith

(d. 1559)

Lawyer. Of Campden, Gloucesteshire.

Henry Smith fell into sinister company and forsook the gospel. 1570, p. 2304, 1576, p. 1995, 1583, p. 2104.

In 1559 Smith, with Gifford, his companion, returned from Louvain and hanged himself. 1570, p. 2305, 1576, p. 1995, 1583, p. 2104.

 
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James Ling

Of Winston, Suffolk.

Thomas Spicer was taken from his bed in his master's house by James Ling and John Keretch of Winston and William Davies of Debenham. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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John Denny

(d. 1556)

Of Essex. Of unknown occupation.

John Denny was examined by Michael Dunning, chancellor of Norwich and Mings the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Foxe records the articles against him. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, pp. 2092-93, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

John Denny was burned on 21 May 1556 with Edmund Pole and Thomas Spicer. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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John Doncon

Of Mendlesham.

John Doncon was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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John Hopton

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 1558) [DNB]

John Hopton was created bishop of Norwich (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton to be made to recant or to be tried for heresy (1583, p. 1577).

Hopton was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton, either to be forced to recant, or to be tried for heresy. 1583, p. 1577.

James Abbes was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he recanted. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

William Allen was examined and condemned by the bishop of Norwich. 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Roger Coo was examined by the bishop of Norwich, 12 August, 1555. 1563, pp. 1272-73, 1570, pp. 1883-84, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned by Hopton. Adam Foster was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, pp. 1527-28, 1570, pp. 2098-99, 1576, pp. 1810-11, 1583, p. 1917.

The second, third and fourth examinations of John Fortune were conducted by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

Peter and Anne Moone were presented before Hopton (bishop of Norwich) and Dunning (chancellor) during their visitation of Ipswich in 1556. Three articles were presented against Peter Moone and his answers given. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Simon Miller was imprisoned in the bishop's house. He was condemned by Hopton and his chancellor, Michael Dunning. 1563, pp. 1602-03, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

The second examination of Thomas Spurdance was by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2221-22, 1576, pp. 1917-18, 1583, pp. 2024-25.

John Fortune's second and third examinations were conducted by the bishop of Norwich, who condemned him. 1563, pp. 1636-38.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Carman was examined and condemned by Hopton.1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Berry sent Thomas Hudson before Hopton. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

Alexander Lane was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Robert Miles was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

Thomas Rose's last appearance was before Woodhouse and Hopton. 1570, p. 1979, 1576, pp. 1980-81, 1583, pp. 2085-86.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

John Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

John Hopton died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

[1563, p. 1707, correctly states that Hopton died before Queen Mary. He died in August 1558.]

 
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John Keretch

Of Winston, Suffolk.

Thomas Spicer was taken from his bed in his master's house by James Ling and John Keretch of Winston and William Davies of Debenham. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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John Mauling

Of Winston.

Mauling was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Katherine Harlstone

Wife of Simon Harlstone. Of Mendlesham.

Katherine Harlstone was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Katherine Whyting

Wife of William Whyting. Of Mendlesham.

Katherine Whyting was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Michael Dunning

Chancellor of Norwich (1554 - 1558?) [Fasti; DCL, 1555; Venn]

Michael Dunning is described by Foxe as one who was occupied with dispatching the godly during Mary's reign. 1563, p. 1383, 1570, p. 1952, 1576, p. 1679, 1583, p. 1786.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Dunning made a visitation to Ipswich in 1556. He examined Peter and Anne Moone. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

He interrupted the examination of Peter Moone and his wife to tell Hopton that several prisoners (whom he described as 'heretics and Anabaptists') had been brought from Boxford, Lavenham, and the cloth country.1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

As they went to leave after their examination, Dunning told Peter Moone and his wife that they had to see him, for he was sure that they were heretics. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Edmund Poole was examined by Dunning, chancellor of Norwich, and Mings, the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Hopton and Dunning left Ipswich without reexamining Anne and Peter Moone. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

After Thomas Spicer was examined and condemned by Dunning he was handed over to Sir John Silliard. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

John Denny was examined by Dunning, chancellor of Norwich, and Mings, the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

A papist brought Simon Miller before Dunning, who spoke with him and then committed him to ward. 1563, p. 1602, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

During his examination, Miller's confession was discovered hidden in his shoe. Miller reaffirmed his confession before Dunning. 1563, p. 1602, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

Crashfield was first examined by Dunning. 1563, p. 1616, 1570, p. 2204, 1576, p. 1902, 1583, p. 2010.

Crashfield was again examined by Dunning and Brydges, at which time he was asked to speak with Dr Pore. 1563, p. 1617, 1570, p. 2205, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2011.

Crashfield was condemned by Dunning. 1563, p. 1617, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1903, 1583, p. 2011.

On 23 July 1557 Cicely Ormes was called before Dunning and Brydges, at which time she was condemned. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2219, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2023.

Ormes wrote to Dunning about her recantation. 1563, p. 1618, 1570, p. 2219, 1576, p. 1915, 1583, p. 2023.

Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Thomas Spurdance was examined before Michael Dunning, chancellor of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1634-36, 1570, pp. 2220-21, 1576, pp. 1916-17, 1583, p. 2024.

Michael Dunning died in Lincolnshire while sitting in a chair. . 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2101.

 
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Mings

Registrar of Beccles.

John Denny, Edmund Poole and Thomas Spicer were examined by Dunning and Mings.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mother Semon

Of Mendlesham.

Mother Semon's maid was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mrs Burlingham

Wife of Nicholas Burlingham. Of Winston.

She was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mrs Catchpool

Wife of William Catchpool. Of Winston.

She was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mrs Hubbard

Wife of Thomas Hubbard. Of Mendlesham.

The wife of Thomas Hubbard was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mrs Mauling

Wife of John Mauling. Of Winston.

She was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mrs Rought

Wife of Rought. Of Winston.

Mrs Rought was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Mrs Smith

Wife of Humphrey Smith. Of Winston.

Mrs Smith was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Nicholas Burlingham

Of Winston.

Burlingham was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Nicholas Heath

(1501? - 1578)

Bishop of Worcester (1543 - 1551, 1553 - 1555). Archbishop of York (1555 - 1560). Lord Chancellor (1556 - 1559). Descended from the Heaths of Apsley, Tamworth. [DNB]

Heath was deprived as bishop of Worcester under Edward VI; he was reinstated by Mary. 1563, p. 1053; 1570, p. 1678; 1576, p. 1432; 1583, p. 1505.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

On 23 February 1555 the archbishop of York (Nicholas Heath) and the bishop of Chichester (George Day) went to the Counter to speak with Bradford. Heath was gentle towards Bradford when they met. Heath told Bradford that they had not been sent to him but that they had come out of love and charity. Heath knew Bradford better than Day did. 1563, pp. 1204-08, 1570, pp. 1794-97, 1576, pp. 1532-34, 1583, pp. 1615-17.

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A discussion about salvation and other things took place between Bradford and Heath and Day, which lasted three hours. 1563, pp. 1204-08.

Heath and Day left Bradford because the bishop of Durham was waiting at Master York's house. 1563, p. 1208.

Ridley was kind to Heath during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1285, 1570, p. 1896, 1576, p. 1623, 1583, p. 1717.

Philpot's fourth examination was in John Harpsfield's house before Bonner, Bath, Worcester [Heath] and Gloucester. 1563, pp. 1393-98, 1570, pp. 1965-68, 1576, pp. 1692-95, 1583, pp. 1799-1803.

Philpot's twelfth examination on 4 December 1555 was before Bonner, Worcester and Bangor. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

During Philpot's twelfth examination, Worcester told Philpot that Durham and Chichester would be coming to speak with him. 1563, pp. 1434-37, 1570, pp. 1992-96, 1576, pp. 1715-17, 1583, pp. 1822-24.

Philpot spoke with Worcester, Wright and Chadsey later the same day. 1570, pp. 1993-94, 1576, p. 1717, 1583, pp. 1823-24.

Philpot's thirteenth examination was before York [Heath], Chichester and others. 1570, p. 1996, 1576, pp. 1717-19, 1583, pp. 1824-26.

The last examination of Philpot was on 16 December 1555 before Bonner and other bishops, including York. 1563, p. 1441, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

After Cromwell was apprehended, Bishops Heath and Skip forsook Cranmer and stood against him. 1570, p. 2040, 1576, p. 1759, 1583, pp. 1865-66.

Heath questioned Cranmer about his bill against the mass. 1570, p. 2047, 1576, pp. 1764-64, 1583, p. 1871.

Drakes, Tyms, Spurge, Cavell and Ambrose petitioned Heath over their long imprisonment. 1563, p. 1504, 1570, p. 2073, 1576, p. 1788, 1583, p. 1895.

The receipt of a writ about Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole from Heath was delayed. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Robert Farrer was examined before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

On 15 December 1557 a letter was sent by the archbishop of York, the earl of Shrewsbury, Edward Hastings, Anthony Montague, John Bourne and Henry Jernegam (members of the privy council) to Bishop Bonner along with the examinations of John Rough. They sent Rough to Newgate. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2226, 1576, pp. 1921-22., 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

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Nicholas Heath was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

He was imprisoned in the Tower after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1993, 1583, p. 2101.

 
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Robert Bacon

Of Beccles, Suffolk.

Robert Bacon tormented Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole when they were at the stake. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Rought

Of Winston.

Rought was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
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Simon Harlstone

(fl. 1556 - 1562)

Matthew Parker's brother-in-law. (DNB sub Parker)

Morris stated in his confession that Pulleyne (alias Smith), Simon Harlestone and William, a Scot, were all preachers in the reign of Edward VI, and were now residing at the King's Head in Colchester. 1563, p. 1652, 1570, p. 2230, 1576, p. 1926, 1583, p. 2033.

Young told Simon Harlstone that Elizabeth Lawson's falling-sickness left her as soon as she was imprisoned. 1570, p. 2275, 1576, p. 1964, 1583, p. 2071.

In 1562 Blomfield threatened Simon Harlstone because Harlston would not wear vestments. 1563, p. 1676, 1570, p. 2268, 1576, p. 1958, 1583, p. 2065.

[Not related to John Harlstone and his wife.]

 
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Sir John Silliard

(by 1518 - 1575).

Of Wetherden, Suffolk. MP for Ipswich (1553, 1555), Bodmin (1554), Preston (1554), Chippenham (1558). JP for Suffolk (1554 - 1556). Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk (1555 - 1556). (Bindoff)

High sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk.

After Thomas Spicer was condemned by Dunning he was handed over to Sir John Silliard. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Silliard spoke to Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole when they were at the stake. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Thomas Lovel, chief constable of 'Hoxne Hundred', and John Jacob and William Stannard, under-constables of the town of Laxfield, Suffolk, with Wolfren Dowsing and Nicholas Stannard, both catholics, were commanded to appear before Thurston, John Tyrrel, Master Kene, and John Sylliard (high sheriff) in September 1557. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

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Sir John Silliard, the sheriff, had Elizabeth Lawson removed to his house and held in irons. As she would still not repent, he returned her to jail. 1563, p. 1677, 1570, p. 2274, 1576, p. 1963, 1583, p. 2070.

 
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Sir John Tyrrel

Of Gipping Hall, Suffolk. JP in Suffolk (1555) [SP11/5, no. 6; Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Philip and Mary, 3, 257.]

Thomas Spicer refused to follow Sir John Tyrrel's commandment to go to church. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

The following were persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston: Mrs. Alice Thwaites and two of her servants; Humphrey Smith and his wife; William Catchpool and his wife; Rought and his wife; Nicholas Birlingham and his wife. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

The following were persecuted by Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham: Simon Harlstone and Katherine, his wife; Thomas Dobson and his wife; Thomas Hubbard and his wife; John Doncon, and his wife and maid; William Doncon; Thomas Woodward the elder; Konnold's wife; a poor widow; Mother Semon's maid; William Whyting. He was assisted in this persecution by Sir John Brodish, the parish priest. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

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Tyrrel commanded George Revet and Thomas Mouse to apprehend Adam Foster. He also commanded Robert Kereth to apprehend Robert Lawson. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 2099, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

Thomas Lovel, chief constable of 'Hoxne Hundred', and John Jacob and William Stannard, under-constables of the town of Laxfield, Suffolk, with Wolfren Dowsing and Nicholas Stannard, both catholics, were commanded to appear before Thurston, John Tyrrel, Master Kene, and John Sylliard (high sheriff) in September 1557. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

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William Seaman was originally searched for by Sir John Tyrrel, who later set Robert Baulding and James Clarke to look for him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

Sir John Tyrrel and Symonds would not allow Mother Benet to be buried in the churchyard. 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Dobson

Of Mendlesham.

Thomas Dobson was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Hubbard

Of Mendlesham.

Thomas Hubbard was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Spicer

(1537? - 1556)

Labourer. Single man. Of Winston, Suffolk. Martyr.

Thomas Spicer was taken from his bed in his master's house by James Ling and John Keretch of Winston and William Davies of Debenham. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

He refused to follow Sir John Tyrrel's commandment to go to church. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

He was imprisoned in the Eye dungeon in Suffolk.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

He was examined by Dunning, chancellor of Norwich, and Mings the registrar of the town of Beccles.1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Articles were brought against him. 1563, pp. 1521-22, 1570, pp. 2092-93, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

The receipt of a writ about Thomas Spicer from Heath was delayed. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

He was burned at Beccles on 21 May 1556 with John Denny and Edmund Poole. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Woodward, the elder

Of Mendlehsam.

Thomas Woodward the elder was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Catchpool

Of Winston.

Catchpool was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Doncon

Of Mendlesham.

William Doncon was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Whyting

Of Mendlesham.

William Whyting was persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Debnam [Debenham]
NGR: TM 173 635

A parish in the hundred of Thredling, county of Suffolk. 13 miles north from Ipswich. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Gipping Hall, Gipping
NGR: TM 072 635

Gipping is a chapelry in the hundred of Stow, county of Suffolk. 4 miles north-north east from Stowmarket. The living is a donative in the parish of Earl Stonham, a parish in the hundred of Basmere and Claydon, county of Suffolk, 3 miles north-north-east from Needham Market. The living (of Earl Stonham) is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, Diocese of Norwich.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Winston
NGR: TM 180 616

A parish in the hundred of Thredling, county of Suffolk. 1.25 miles south-south-east from Debenham. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk and Diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1936 [1912]

Three burnt at Beckles. Persecution in Suffolke.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Maye.Tho. Though you can so easily dispense with your self, and mocke with God, the world, and your conscience, yet I will not so do.

Chanc. Then God haue mercy vpon thee: for I will read the condemnatory sentence against thee.

Tho. Gods will be fulfilled.

The Register beyng herewith somwhat mooued, stood vp, and said to the Chancellor.

Register. Fie for shame man, will you read the sentence against hym, and condemne your selfe? away, away, & substitute some other to geue sentence and iudgement.

Chanc. No Register, I will obey the lawe, and geue sentence my selfe accordyng to myne office.

And so he red the sentence condemnatory agaynst the boy, (with an vnhappy tongue, and a more vnhappy conscience) deliuering him ouer vnto the secular power. Who the said v. day of May, brought the said blinde boy to the place of execution at Glocester: together with one Thomas Croker a Bricklayer, condemned also for the like testimony of the truth. Where both together in one fire, most constantly and ioyfully yelded their soules into the hands of the Lord Iesus. 

Commentary  *  Close

Louth's report did not describe the executions of Drowry and Croker; in this case it is clear that Foxe had no source for his assertion that these martyrs died constantly and joyfully.

Ex testimo. Io. Lond.

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¶ Persecution in Suffolke.
Three burnt at Beckles. May. 21. 
Commentary  *  Close
Spicer, Denny and Poole

In the 1563 edition, Foxe summarized the official records of the examinations of these three martyrs and presented a detailed account of their executions. He also charged that these martyrs had been burned illegally, as a writ for their execution had not been obtained. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added material from an individual informant on the arrest of Thomas Spicer. He also copied out the articles against the martyrs in full and elaborated on the reasons why the writs aurthorizing their execution were not delivered. The sentences against the three martyrs, apparently removed from the original record book, survive among Foxe's papers as BL, Harley 421, fos. 164r-165v.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of 3. men burned at Beckleyes.AFter the death of these aboue rehersed, were three men burnt at Beckles in Suffolke, in one fire, about the 21. day of May, anno. 1556. Whose names are here vnder specified.


Thomas Spicer of Winston,
Labourer.
Iohn Deny and Edmund 

Commentary  *  Close

His name was given as William Poole in 1563 and corrected in 1570.

Poole.

This Thomas Spicer was a single man 

Commentary  *  Close

The description of Spicer and his arrest which follows undoubtedly came from an individual informant and not from an official record.

of the age of 19. yeres, and by vocation a Labourer, dwellyng in Winston in the County of Suffolke, & there taken in his maisters house in Sommer, about or anone after the rising of the Sunne (beyng in his bed) by MarginaliaIames Ling, Iohn Keretch, W. Dauies, persecutors.Iames Ling and Iohn Keretch of the same towne, and Wil. Dauies of Debnam in the sayd Countie.

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The occasion of his taking was, for that he would not go to their popish church to heare Masse, and receiue their Idole at the commandement of sir Iohn Tirrell knight, of Gippyng hall in Suffolke, and certaine other Iustices there, who sent both hym and them to Eay dungeon in Suffolke, till at length they were all three together broght before MarginaliaDunning, Minges persecutors.Dunnyng then Chauncellor of Norwich, and M. Myngs the Register, 

Commentary  *  Close

William Mingey, the registrar for the diocese of Norwich, died in 1565. In the 1563 edition, before Mingey's death, Foxe only identifies him as 'Master M'. After his death, his full surname is given.

sittyng at the Towne of Beckles to be examined.

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And there the sayd Chancellour perswading what he could to turne them from the truth, could by no meanes preuaile of his purpose. Whereby mynding in the ende to geue sentence on them, he burst out in teares, intreatyng them to remember themselues, and to turne agayne to the holy mother church, for that they were deceiued and out of the truth, and that they should not wilfully cast away thēselues, with such like wordes.

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Now, as he was thus labouryng them and semed very loth to read the sentence (for they were the first that he condemned in that dioces) the Register there sittyng by, 

Commentary  *  Close

Note that this was passage was much more critical of Mingey in the 1563 edition and was subsequently toned down.

beyng weary, belike of tarying, or els perceiuyng the constant Martyrs to be at a point, called vpon the Chauncellour in hast to ridde them out of the way, and to make an ende. At which wordes the Chauncellour read the condemnation ouer them with teares, and deliuered them to the secular power.

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¶ Their Articles. 
Commentary  *  Close

These articles were summarized in 1563 and printed out in full in 1570. This was probably a result simply of Foxe having more time to copy out the records, but this thoroughness should increase the reader's suspicion that Foxe is concealing something when he does not print out such records.

MarginaliaThe articles whereupon they were cōdemned.THe Articles obiected to these and commonly to all other condemned in that Diocesse by Doctor Hopton Bishop of Norwich, and by Dunnyng his Chauncellor, were these.

1. First, was articulate agaynst them, that they beleeued not the Pope of Rome to bee supreme head immediately vnder Christ in earth of the vniuersall Catholike Church.

MarginaliaCeremonyes.2. Item, that they beleeued not holy bread and holy water, ashes, palmes, and all other lyke ceremonies vsed in the Churche, to be good and laudable for stirring vp the people to deuotion.

3. Item, that they beleeued not after the wordes of consecration spoken by the Priest, the very naturall body of Christ, and no other substance of bread and wine, to be in the sacrament of the Altar.

MarginaliaSacrament of the Altar.4. Item that they beleeued it to be Idolatry to worship Christ in the Sacrament of the Altar.

5. Item, that they tooke bread and wine in remembrance of Christes Passion.

6. Item, that they would not follow the Crosse in procession nor be confessed to a Priest.

7. Item, that they affirmed no mortall man to haue in him selfe free will to do good or euill.

For this doctrine and articles aboue prefixed, these three (as is aforesayd) were condemned by Doctor Dunning, & committed to the secular power, Syr Iohn Sylliard being the same tyme hyghe Sheriffe of Northfolke and Suffolke.

And the next day following vpon the same, they were all burnt together in the sayd towne of Beckles. MarginaliaExecution of burning in Northfolke done without a writte.Whereupon it is to be thought, þt the writte De comburendo, was not yet come downe, not could not be, 

Commentary  *  Close

It was illegal to execute prisoners convicted of heresy without a writ from the lord chancellor; if this accusation was true, Silliard and the other authorities were technically guilty of murder. Writs, if they were issued for these three martyrs, do not survive.

the Lord Chauncellour B. Heath, being the same time at London. Which if it be true then it is playne, that both they went beyond their Commission, that were the executioners, & also the Clergy which were the instigatours thereof, cannot make good that they now pretend: saying, that they did nothing but by a lawe. But this let the Lord finde out, when he seeth his tyme.

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In the meane tyme, while these good men were at the stake, & had prayed, they sayd there beliefe: and when they came to the reciting of the Catholicke Church, Syr Iohn Silliard spake to them. MarginaliaSyr Iohn Silliardes wordes.That is well sayd Syrs, quoth he. I am glad to heare you say, you do beleeue the Catholicke Church. That is the best word I heard of you yet.

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To which his sayinges, MarginaliaEdmund Pole refuseth the Popes Church.Edmund Pole aunswered, that though they beleeue the Catholicke Churche, yet doe they not beleeue in their Popish Church, which is no part of Christes Catholicke Churche, and therefore no part of their beliefe.

When they rose from prayer, they all went ioyfully to the stake, and being bounde thereto, and the fire burning about them, they praysed God in such an audible voyce, that it was wonderfull to all those which stoode by and heard them.

Then one MarginaliaRobert Bacon an enemy.Robert Bacon, dwelling in the sayd Beckles a very enemye to Gods truth, and a persecutour of his people, being there present within hearing thereof, willed the tormentours to throw on fagots to stoppe the knaues breathes, as he termed them: so hotte was his burning charitye. But these good men not regarding there malice, confessed the truth, and yelded their liues to the death for the testimony of the same, very gloriously & ioyfully. The which their constancye in the lyke cause, the Lord graunt we may imitate and follow vnto the ende. Whether it be death or lyfe to glorifye the name of Christ, Amen.

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And forasmuch as we haue here entred into the persecution of Northfolke and Suffolke, it commeth therefore to minde by occasion hereof, brieflye to touche by the way, some part (for the whole matter cannot bee so exprest as it was done (touching the troubles of the towns of Winson and Mendelsam in Suffolke, raysed and stirred by the sayd Syr Iohn Tyrrell & other Iustices there) of the lyke affinitye. 

Commentary  *  Close
Persecution in Winston and Mendlesham

Note that in the 1563 edition Sir John Silliard was blamed along with Sir John Tyrrel for this persecution, but that Silliard's name was removed in the 1570 edition. Undoubtedly Foxe was pressured to make this deletion by Silliard or by friends or family of the former sheriff.

The summe and effecte of which briefly is thus signifyed to me by writing.

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The persecution in the Townes of Winson and Mendlesam in Suffolke. 
Commentary  *  Close

This account was complete in the 1563 edition and - except for the deletion of Silliard's name - was unchanged. It was certainly based on information relayed to Foxe by informants, although the list of causes for the persecution may be based on an official document; if so, Foxe obviously reworded it.

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BY the procurement of MarginaliaSyr Iohn Tyrrell persecutor.Syr Iohn Tyrrell Knight and other of his Colleagues, MarginaliaPersecution at Winson and Mendlesam in Suffolke.there were persecuted out of the Towne of Winson in Suffolke these persons hereafter following. Anno. 1556. MarginaliaThe names of good men persecuted in Suffolke Mendlesam.

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Maistresse Alice Twaites Gentlewo-
man, of the age of three score
yeres and more, and two of her
seruaunts.
Humfrey Smith and his wyfe.
William Katchpoole and his wyfe.
Iohn Maulyng and his wyfe.
Nicholas Burlingham and his wyfe.
And one Rought and his wyfe.

Such as were persecuted and driuen out of the towne of Mendlesam, in the Countie of Suffolke.

MarginaliaGods people peesecuted.
Symon Harlstone, 

Commentary  *  Close

Simon Harleston was the brother-in-law of Matthew Parker, who would become the first Elizabethan archbishop of Canterbury. An informer would denounce him to Bishop Bonner as one the leading teachers of heretical doctrine in the Colchester area (1563, p. 1603).

and Katherine his wife, with his
fiue children. William Whitting, 
Commentary  *  Close

On 8 May 1556, William Whiting recanted, before the chancellor of the diocese of Norwich, his declaration that the sacrament of the altar was an idol (BL, Harley 421, fos. 175r-176v).

and Katherin his
wife. Thomas Dobson 
Commentary  *  Close

Thomas Dobson, the vicar of Orwell, Cambridgeshire, had already been in trouble with the authorities in 1554 for ridiculing the mass (Felicity Heal, 'The Bishops of Ely and their Diocese during the Reformation Period 1515-1600' {Cambridge: 1972], p. 89). Dobson must have fled to Mendlesham after this incident.

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and his wife. Thomas Hub-
bard and his wife. Iohn Doncon and his wife &
his maide. William Doncon. Thomas Woodward
the elder. One Konnoldes wife. A poore widow.
One mother Semons maide. 
Commentary  *  Close

Mother Seaman is Joan Seaman, the mother of William Seaman, a Mendlesham husbandman who was burned on 19 May 1558. Joan Seaman was driven from Mendlesham and forced to sleep in the open countryside.

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Besides
HHHHh.iiij.
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