Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Colstock

Of unknown occupation. Of London, dwelling in Wellington, Shropshire. (Fines)

Colstock was examined by Ralph Baynes and compelled to recant in the church of St Cedde, Lichfield, and to do penance on 14 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1916.

 
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John Feckenham

(1518? - 1585)

Dean of St Paul's. Last abbot of Westminster. [DNB]

Feckenham was made dean of St Paul's on Midsummer's Day, 1554. 1563, p. 1151; 1570, pp. 1636 and 1760; 1576, pp. 1396 and 1551 [recte 1503]; 1583, pp. 1467 and 1587

He conversed with Thomas Hawkes in June 1554 trying to persuade him to recant. 1563, pp. 1153-54; 1570, p. 1762; 1576, p. 1505; 1583, pp. 1588-89

In the letter exhibited by Bonner about Bartlett Green, reference was made to John Dee and Feckenham. 1563, pp. 1444-45, 1570, p. 1999, 1576, pp. 1721-22, 1583, p. 1828.

Feckenham traveled to Colchester with Bishop Bonner to try to win Thomas Causton and Thomas Higbed back to catholicism. 1563, p. 1104; 1570, p. 1716; 1576, p. 1465; 1583, p. 1539.

He tried to persuade Hooper to recant after he was condemned on 29 January 1555. The effort was unsuccessful but false rumors spread that Hooper had recanted. 1563, p. 1057; 1570, p. 1680; 1576, p. 1434; 1583, p. 1507.

Feckenham was one of those who presided over an examination of Thomas Tomkins on 9 February 1555. 1570, p. 1712; 1576, p. 1461; 1583, p. 1535.

He was one of those who examined first Thomas Causton, and then Thomas Higbed, in Bonner's palace on 8 March 1555. 1563, p. 1105; 1570, p. 1718; 1576, p. 1466; 1583, p. 1540.

He wrote a ballad, Caveat emptor , on the subject of the restoration of monastic lands. 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1497; 1583, p. 1559.

Feckenham received a letter from William Paulet. 1563, p. 1239, 1570, p. 1860, 1576, p. 1592, 1583, p. 1680.

He discussed eucharistic doctrine with Bartlett Green. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

Feckenham claimed that Green was converted by Peter Martyr's lectures and that Zwingli, Luther, Oecolampadius and Carolostadius could never agree doctrine. 1563, pp. 1463-64, 1570, pp. 2025-26,, 1576, p. 1746, 1583, p. 1854.

[In a letter that was never delivered] Bartlett Green told John Philpot of his presentment on 17 November before Bonner and two bishops, Master Dean, Roper, Welch, John Harpsfield, and two or three others. 1563, p. 1460, 1570, p. 2023, 1576, p. 1744, 1583, p. 1852.

A letter by the thirteen prisoners reproaching Feckenham for his slander dated Feckenham's sermon as 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

Feckenham spoke up in defence of John Cheke. 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1955.

 
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Ralph Bayne

(d. 1559)

Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield (1554 - 1559) [DNB]

Latimer's adversaries are listed: bishop of Ely (preached against him in King's College); Dr Watson (Master of Christ's College); Dr Norton (Master of Clare); Dr Philo (Master of Michael House); Dr Metcalfe (Master of St John); Dr Blith (of the King's Hall); Dr Bullock (Master of Queen's College); Dr Palmes (Master of St Nicholas hostel); Bayne, Rud and Greenwood of St John's; Brikenden, of St John's also, and said to have been a scholar of Latimer's. 1563, p. 1307, 1570, p. 1904, 1576, p. 1631, 1583, p. 1735.

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Robert Glover believed that after Bayne and Draycot had read his letter to the mayor of Coventry they had decided to attempt to do away with Glover while he was in prison 1570, p. 1888, 1576, p. 1618, 1583, p. 1712.

In the letter to his wife, Glover stated that he was examined before the bishop of Coventry in Denton's house . 1563, pp. 1273-80, 1570, pp. 1886-89, 1576, pp. 1615-19, 1583, pp. 1710-12.

Robert Glover was examined and condemned by Draycot and Bayne. 1563, p. 1281, 1570, p1889., 1576, p. 1618, 1583, p. 1712.

When friends and family of William Glover tried to have Glover buried in his local church, Bernard, the clerk (whom Foxe believed still to be clerk in 1570), refused his burial. Bernard rode to bishop Raufe Bayne for advice. After two days and one night, Bernard returned with a letter from Bayne which demanded that Glover not be buried in the churchyard. Some of the villagers dragged his body by horse (as it had now begun to stink so badly they could not touch him) and then buried him in a broom field. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1891, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

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Bayne wrote a letter to the parish of Weme. 1563, p. 1277, 1570, p. 1891, 1576, p. 1620, 1583, p. 1714.

Cornelius Bungey was condemned by Ralph Baynes, bishop of Coventry. Articles were raised against Bungey which he answered. 1563, pp. 1282-83, 1570, p. 1890, 1576, p. 1619, 1583, p. 1714.

Philpot's fifth examination was before Bonner, Rochester, Coventry, St Asaph, as well as Story, Curtop, Saverson, Pendleton and others. 1563, pp. 1398-1405, 1570, pp. 1968-72, 1576, pp. 1695-98, 1583, pp. 1803-05.

John Philpot's final examination, on 16 December 1555, was before the bishops of London, Bath, Worcester and Lichfield. 1563, p. 1442, 1570, pp. 1997-98, 1576, p. 1719, 1583, p. 1827.

John Colstock, Nicholas Ball, Thomas Flyer, Thomas Pyot, Henry Crimes and Thomas Johnson, among others, were examined in the diocese of Lichfield by Ralph Bayne for his beliefs. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

Bayne persecuted Joan Waste of Derby. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, p. 2137, 1576, p. 1858, 1583, p. 1951.

He is described by Foxe as the cruel bishop of Coventry. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Draycot and Bayne examined the following but later dismissed them: John Adale, Anthony Afterwhittle, Thomas Arch, Thomas Arnal, John Avines, Henry Birdlim, Eustache Bysacre, Julius Dudley, William Enderby, Richard Foxal, John Frankling, Anthony Jones, Richard Kempe, John Leach, Hugh Lynacres, Thomas Lynacres, William Marler, Hugh Moore, William Mosley, Martin Newman, Isabel Parker, Cicely Preston, John Richardson, John Robinson, Thomas Sailter, William Shene, John Stamford, Thomas Steilbe, Thomas Underdone, Francis Ward, Richard Weaver, Thomas Wilson, and Richard Woodburne. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

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Robert Aston was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Richard Bayly was examined by Draycot and Bayne and deprived. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

John Borsley the younger was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Agnes Foreman was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield on 12 September 1556. 1563, p. 1547, 1570, p. 2141 , 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1954.

Edward Hawkes was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

William Kaime was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Robert Katrenes was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Joyce Lewes was examined by Draycot and Bayne in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in October 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Robert Mossey was examined and deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Thomas Norris was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Anselm Sele was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Richard Slavy was deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Thomas Smith was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

Thomas Stiffe was examined and forced by Bayne and Draycot to do penance in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield in September 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

John Waterhouse was examined and forced by Draycot and Bayne to do penance. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

William Taylor and Henry Tecka were deprived by Draycot and Bayne in 1556. 1563, p. 1548, 1570, p. 2141, 1576, p. 1861, 1583, p. 1955.

A citation to appear before the bishop was delivered to Joyce Lewes' husband, who furiously insisted that the summoner return it, lest he would force him to eat it, which he forced him to do at dagger-point. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Joyce Lewes and her husband were commanded to appear before the bishop. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

Although her husband submitted, Joyce Lewes refused. The bishop gave her one month's respite and returned her to her husband, who was bound to the sum of £100 to return her to submit at the end of one month. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

John Glover and others pleaded with Joyce Lewes' husband not to send her to the bishop and so forfeit the money but he refused. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2206, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

As Lewes took a drink, she said that she drank to all those who loved the gospel and desired the abolition of papistry. Several of the town's women drank from the same cup and were were examined by the bishop and his chancellor and later forced to do penance. 1563, p. 1619, 1570, p. 2207, 1576, p. 1904, 1583, p. 2012.

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Ralph Bayne was a participant in the Westminster disputation of 1559. 1563, p. 1717, 1583, p. 2119.

Ralph Bayne died after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Reginald Pole

(1500 - 1558)

Archbishop of Canterbury (1555 - 1558) and cardinal. [DNB] Papal legate (1554 - 1557) [Hillerbrand, Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation; T. F. Mayer, Reginald Pole, Prince and Prophet (2000)]

On 7 November 1554, two ambassadors were sent abroad. The rumour was that they were sent to escort Pole to England (1570, p. 1645; 1576, p. 1403; 1583, p. 1473).

Pole landed at Dover on 21 November 1554 and on the same day an act was passed in parliament repealing the act of attainder passed against him in Henry VIII's reign (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475; cf. the account of this in 1563, p. 1008). Another notice of the act of attainder against Pole being repealed (1570, p. 1654; 1576, p. 1411; 1583, p. 1481).

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Pole arrived at Lambeth on 24 November 1554 (1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, p. 1475).

He arrived at parliament on 27 November 1554 and made an oration there, praising England's previous catholic fidelity, deploring the reformation and extolling papal power (1563, pp. 1008-10; 1570, pp. 1647-49; 1576, pp. 1405-7; 1583, pp. 1476-78).

He pronounced a papal absolution in parliament on 28 November 1554 (1563, pp. 1010-11; 1570, p. 1649; 1576, p. 1407; 1583, pp. 1477-78).

Reginald Pole sent a letter to Pope Julius III on 30 November 1554 announcing the restoration of catholicism in England. 1563, pp. 1013-14 [in Latin, only in this edition, pp. 1012-13] ; 1570, pp. 1650-51; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, pp. 1478-79; also see 1570, p. 1729; 1576, p. 1476; 1583, p. 1559.

He was present at Stephen Gardiner's Paul's Cross sermon of 2 December 1554 (1563, p. 1018; 1570, p. 1651; 1576, p. 1408; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

He absolved convocation on 6 December 1554 for their perjuries, heresies and schisms (1570, p. 1652; 1576, p. 1409; 1583, p. 4179 [recte 1479]).

As legate to Julius III, Pole reconciled England to Rome and absolved the English. 1563, pp. 1083-84; 1570, p. 1707; 1576, p. 1457; 1583, p. 1531.

In an attempt to reinstate catholicism at the University of Cambridge, a commission under the direction of Cardinal Pole ordered the condemning and burning of the bones and books of Phagius and Martin Bucer. Members of the commission were Cuthbert Scott, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole. Ormanet was chosen because he had the trust of Pope Julius III. 1563, pp. 1537 [recte 1549]-1558 [recte 1570]

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Thomas Causton appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1107; 1570, p. 1719; 1576, p. 1468; 1583, p. 1541.

Robert Ferrar appealed his conviction to Pole. 1563, p. 1099; 1570, p. 1724; 1576, p. 1472; 1583, p. 1555.

The examination of Ridley and Latimer by White (Lincoln) and Brookes (Gloucester) was held on 30 September 1555. White and Brookes received their commission from 'Cardinall Poole'. 1563, pp. 1297-98, 1570, pp. 1903-09, 1576, pp. 1631-39, 1583, pp. 1757-60.

William Stannard, Thomas Freeman and William Adams were condemned to be burned 13 June 1556 but Cardinal Pole sent dispensation for their lives. 1563, pp. 1525-26, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1798, 1583, p. 1916.

Pole chose Cuthbert Scot, Nicholas Ormanet, Thomas Watson, John Christopherson and Henry Cole to be a persecutors of the University of Cambridge. 1563, p. 1537, 1570, p. 2142, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1956.

Peter Martyr's wife was reburied in Richard Marshall's dunghill after Cardinal Pole ordered him to oversee the exhumation of her body. 1563, p1559., 1570, p. 2153, 1576, p. 1859, 1583, p. 1968.

Reginald Pole died the day after Queen Mary. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2298, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

[Not related to David Pole.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Richard George

Husband of Agnes and then Christian George.

Husbandman. Of West Barfield, Essex. 1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2096, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1915.

Richard George was one of 18 men and 4 women indicted for heresy in Colchester. In the indenture he is described as 'labourer'.1563, p. 1566 [recte 1578].

Richard George was imprisoned during Mary's reign and released upon Elizabeth's accession. 1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2096, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1915.

He had another 'wife' who burned with Agnes George at 'Postern in Colchester' [however, Agnes is burned at Stratford-le-Bow]. 1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2096, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1915.

Richard George's first wife was called Agnes George and was burned at Stratford-le-Bow. 1563, p. 1658, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2037.

His second wife, Christian, was burned at Colchester. 1563, p. 1658, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2037.

He was imprisoned with his third wife and released upon the death of Mary. 1563, p. 1658, 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2037.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Freeman

Absolved. [Strype vi, pp. 267-8; significavit (dat. 13 June) C/85/127/21]

Thomas Freeman was examined with the thirteen who were burned together at Stratford-le-Bow. 1563, p. 1526, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

He was condemned to die but Cardinal Poole sent dispensation on 3 July 1556 for his life, and he and two other prisoners escaped. 1563, p. 1526, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

He signed a letter written with his fellow sufferers that berated Feckenham for preaching against them on 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Pepper

Thomas Pepper was the husband of the martyr Elizabeth Pepper. He was a weaver of St James', Colchester. 1563, p. 1523, 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1914.

 
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William Adams

Butcher. [Fines]

William Adams was examined with the thirteen who were burned together at Stratford-le-Bow. 1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

He was condemned to be burned on 13 June 1556, but Cardinal Pole sent dispensation for his life, and he and two other prisoners escaped.1563, p. 1525, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

He signed a letter written with his fellow sufferers that berated Feckenham for preaching against them on 14 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

 
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William Stannard

Absolved.

William Stannard was examined with the thirteen who were burned together at Stratford-le-Bow. 1563, p. 1526, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

William Stannard was condemned to be burned 13 June 1556, but Cardinal Pole sent dispensation for his life and he and two other prisoners escaped. 1570, p. 2097, 1576, p. 1809, 1583, p. 1916.

He signed a letter written with his fellow sufferers that berated Feckenham for preaching against them on 14 June 1556. 1563, pp. 1526-27, 1570, p. 2097, 1576, pp. 1809-10, 1583, p. 1916.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Wellyngton [Wellington]
NGR: SJ 652 116

A parish in the Wellington division of the hundred of Bradford South, county of Shropshire. 11 miles east from Shrewsbury. The living is a vicarage, with the rectory of Egton-on-the-Wild-Moors annexed, in the Archdeaconry of Shropshire and Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
West Barfold
NGR: TL 184 565


Not identified, perhaps Little Barford:
Little Barford is a parish in the hundred of Biggleswade, county of Bedford. 2.5 miles south by west from St Neots. The living is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Bedford, diocese of Lincoln.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Wiekes parish

Not identified.

1940 [1916]

Q. Mary. Xvj. condemned. Xiij. burned. The agreement of their fayth.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iune MarginaliaIoh. Routh.Iohn Routh was a Laborer & of the parish of Wieks in Essex, and of the age of 26. yeres.

MarginaliaElizabeth Peper.Elizabeth Pepper was the wyfe of Thomas Pepper Weauer, of the parish of S. Iames in the towne of Colchester, and of the age of 30. yeares or thereaboutes, who 

Commentary  *  Close

This anecdote was first printed in the appendix to the 1563 edition (on p. 1734). It does not appear at all in the 1570 and 1576 editions; it was integrated into the main account in the 1583 edition. But confusingly this anecdote was also reprinted in the appendix to the 1583 edition (on p. 2145) when sections of the appendix to the 1563 edition were reprinted in the 1583.

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when shee was burned at Stratford, was a xj. weekes gone with chylde, as shee testified to one Bosomes wyfe,  
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An account of Mrs. Bosome's fortunate escape from arrest in Mary's reign was printed by Foxe.

who then vnloosed her neckerchiefe, saying moreouer, when she was asked why she did not tell them, aunswered, Why quoth she, they know it well enough. Oh such be the bloudy hartes of this cruel generation, that no occasion can stay them from their mischieuous murthering of the saintes of the Lord, which truly professe Christ crucified onelye and alone, for the satisfaction of theyr sinnes.

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MarginaliaAgnes George. MarginaliaEx Regist.Agnes George was the wife of Richard George husbandman of West Barefold in the countie of Essex, and of the age of 26. yeares. This Richard George had another wife burned beside her 

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This was Christian George who was burnt at Colchester on 28 May 1558.

in the Posterne at Colchester, and himselfe lay in prison vntil Queene Elizabeth came to the raigne, and then was deliuered.

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When these xiij. were condemned, and the day apointed they should suffer, which was the xxvij. day of Iune, anno. 1556. they were caried from Newgate in London the said day, to Stratford the Bow (which was the place appointed for their martyrdome, & there deuided into two partes, in two seuerall chambers. MarginaliaA practise of policye in the Sheriffe of London.Afterward the Shiriffe who there attended vpon them, came to the one part and told them that the other had recanted, and their liues therfore should be saued, willing and exhorting them to do the like, and not to cast away themselues.

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Vnto whom they aunswered, that their faith was not builded on man, but on Christ crucified. Then the shiriffe perceiuyng no good to be done with them, went to the other part, and sayd (lyke a lyer) the lyke to them, that they whome he had bene with before, had recanted, and should therefore not suffer death, counsailing them to do the lyke, and not wilfully to kill themselues, but to playe the wise men, &c.

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Vnto whome they aunswered as their brethren had done before, that their fayth was not builded on man, but on Christ and his sure word, &c.

Now when he saw it booted not to perswade (for they were, God be praysed, surely grounded on the rock Iesus Christ) he then ledde them to the place where they should suffer, and beyng all there together, most earnestly they prayed vnto God, and ioyfully went to the stake and kissed it, and embraced it very hartily.

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The eleuen men were tied to three stakes,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 154, middle

Machyn's Diary, p. 108, says to four: "and ther wer a XXM pepull;" i. e. to witness.

and the MarginaliaTwo women standing at the stake vnbound.two women loose in the midst without any stake, and so were they all burnt in one fire, with such loue to ech others, and constancie in our Sauiour Christ, that it made all the lookers on to maruell. The Lorde graunt vs the lyke grace in the lyke need, accordyng to the good pleasure of his wil, Amen.

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In the company of these foresayd xiij. were three more condemned to die, 

Commentary  *  Close

The writs authorizing the executions of Freeman, Stannard and Adams, dated 13 June 1556, survive (pro c/85/127/21).

whose names are here vnder specified. MarginaliaThese 3. were dispēsed withall by the Cardinall.


Thomas Freeman.
William Stannard.
William Adams.

Which three answered to those Articles that were propounded vnto the sayd xiij. in effect as they did. And being thus in the handes of the secular power, Cardinall Poolesent his dispensation for their lyues, by what occasion I cannot safely say, but by meanes therof they then escaped. The copy of which dispensation because it is examplified in our first impression, 

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This dispensation was printed in the 1563 edition and then deleted, almost certainly to save paper. Foxe copied the dispensation from the copy in Bishop Bonner's register (Guildhall Libray, MS 9531/12, fo. 430r-v).

I shall desire the Reader to resort to the place of the pag. 1525. 
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 154, note 1

{Cattley/Pratt includes in the footnote the text of 'A Dispensation of Cardinal Pole, Legate de Latere; for William Adams, Thomas Freeman, and William Stonard, that were condemned as heretics.'} This Latin document, not reprinted since the first Edition of Foxe, is in the Bonner Register, folio 430, where it is intituled in the margin, "Literæ relaxationis sententiæ excommunicationis contra Willm. Adam, Thomam Freman, et Willm. Stonard, laicos, condemnatos propter varias hæreses." Foxe's copy is occasionally defective, and has been corrected by that in Bonner's Register. It is followed in the Register by a copy of the "Regia Pardonacio," dated Westminster "xxvi. die Julii, annis regnorum tertio et quarto;" it is observable that this "Pardon" calls Adams by the aliases of (once) Bocher, or (thrice) Butcher, "Adams alias Bocher," &c.

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The sonday after these foresayd 16. were condemned, Fecknam Deane of Paules preached at Paules Crosse, where he declared that they had as many sondry opinions as they were sundry persons. MarginaliaThe sclaunders of Fecknam reproued.At the hearing wherof, they drew out their faith, and set to their hands as hereafter foloweth, and directed the same to their friends, & the faythfull congregation, as followeth. 

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John Strype printed a copy of this apology in his Ecclesiastical Memorials (III, 2, pp. 469-71). He states that it came from Foxe's manuscripts; however, it no longer survives.

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¶ Vnto all our dearely beloued friends, and the holy Congregation of Iesus Christ, euen so many as loue God, Grace bee with you, and peace from God our Father, and from our Lord Iesus Christ. So be it.

BE it manifest to all vnto whome this our certificate shall bee seene, that where vpon Saterday, beyng the 13. day of Iune, at

MarginaliaA letter or Apologye of the Martyrs, purging themselues of the false sclaunder of M. Fecknam.Fulham before the B. of London, 16. of vs (whose names here vnder are subscribed) were condemned to die for the most pure & sincere truth of Christes veritie: which most godlye truth hath bene from the beginning with the wicked aduersaries thereof continually defaced, and is by the Deuill and hys impes euen at this present likewyse daily slaundered. Vppon which occasion, dearely beloued brethren, we are mooued, yea constrayned, in the eares of all men to manifest our beliefe, and also briefly the Articles wherefore we are condemned, for the auoydyng of fals reportes and slaunderous tongues, which myght happen by the most vngodly and vncharitable Sermon late preached at Paules crosse the 14. of the sayd moneth beyng Sonday, by M Fecknam now Deane of the same Church: where he in that most worthy audience defamed vs to be in 16. sundry opinions, which were a thing preiudiciall to all christian veritie, and for a true testimoniall thereof, this here vnder written shall answer our cause, and therfore we pray you that are of God to iudge.

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MarginaliaVniforme agrement in ther fayth.The first, we beleeue we were baptised in the fayth of Christes Church, and incorporate vnto hym, and made members of hys Church, in the which fayth we continue. And althoughe we haue erred for a certayne tyme, yet the roote of fayth was preserued in vs by the holy Ghost, which hath reduced vs into a full certaintie of the same, and we do persist, and wil by Gods assistance to the end. Now marke, that although the minister were of the Church malignant, yet his wickednesse did not hurt vs, for that he baptised vs in the name of the Father, the Sonne, and the holy Ghost.

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MarginaliaThe profession of their Baptisme.There was both the word and the element, and our Godfathers and Godmothers renouncyng for vs the Deuill and all his workes, and confessing the Articles of the Christian fayth for vs and also witnesses that we were baptised, not in the fayth of the Church of Rome, but in the fayth of Christes Church.

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MarginaliaSacramentes of the Church.1. Item, there are but two Sacramentes in Christes Churche, that is, the Sacrament of Baptisme, and the Lordes Supper. For in these are contayned the fayth of Christ hys Churche: that is, the two Testamentes, the lawe and the Gospell. The effect of the lawe is repentaunce, and the effect of the Gospell remission of sinnes.

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MarginaliaThe visible Church.2. Item, we beleeue that there is a visible church, wherein the word of God is preached, and the holy Sacraments truely ministred, visible to the wicked world, although it be not credited, & by the death of Saints confirmed, as it was in the tyme of Helias the Prophet as well as now.

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MarginaliaThe Sea of Rome.3. Item, the sea of Rome is the sea of Antichrist, the congregation of the wicked, &c. whereof the Pope is head vnder the Deuill.

MarginaliaThe Masse.4. Item, the Masse is not onely a prophanation of the Lordes Supper, but also a blasphemous Idoll.

MarginaliaTransubstantiation denyed.5. Item, God is neither spiritually nor corporally in the Sacrament of the aultar, and there remaineth no substance in the same but onely the substance of bread and wyne.

For these the Articles of our beliefe, we beyng condemned to die, do willingly offer our corruptible bodies to bee dissolued in the fire, all with one voyce assentyng and consentyng therunto, and in no one poynt dessentyng or disagreeyng from any of our former Articles.

Apparent also let it be knowen, that being of the former Articles before the bloudy Bishop examined, the sayde day and tyme, we affirmed to beleeue all that he or they would approoue by the Scriptures. But he sayd that he would not stand to proue it with heretikes, but sayd, they themselues were the holy church and that we ought to beleeue them, or els to bee cut of lyke withered branches.

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¶ Their names subscribed to the same. Marginalia13. of these were Martyrs as is before sayd.


Rafe Iackson.
Henry Adlington.
Lyon Cawch.
Wil. Hallywell.
George Searles.
Iohn Routh.
Iohn Derifall.
Henry Wye.

Edmund Hurst.
Laurence Parnam.
Tho. Boyer.
Elizabeth Pepper.
Agnes George.
Tho. Freeman.
Wil. Stannard.
Wil. Adams.

Trouble and businesse in the Diocesse of Lichfield. 
Commentary  *  Close
Persecution in Lichfield

The 1563 account of persecution at Lichfield was based entirely on recordsof the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield. In 1570, one story was dropped and replaced with a story of the death of Thomas Flier, which came from individual informants.

MarginaliaIune. 14.IN the Diocesse of Lichfield, about the 14. of Iune, in the same yeare, Iohn Colstocke 

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One John Colstock signed the confession issued by Richard Woodman in the King's Bench in 1555 (Gonville and Caius MS 218, p. 30). If it is the same man, he was in prison in London in 1555.

who was lately come from London before, and now dwelling at Welington, though he suffred no Martyrdome, yet susteined some trouble, beyng attached and examined by the B. named MarginaliaRafe Bane B. of Couentrye and Lichfield, a cruell persecuter.Rafe Bane, for hys Religion, especially for two poynts, in holding agaynst the realtie of Christ in the Sacrament, and against Auricular confession to be made to the Priest. For þe which cause beyng compelled to recant, he was enioyned in the church of S. Cedde to beare a fagot before the crosse, bare-

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