Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Adam Foster

(1530? - 1556)

Husbandman. Married. Martyr. Of Mendlesham, Suffolk.

Adam Foster was taken from his house by the constable George Revet and Thomas Mouse, at the commandment of Sir John Tyrrel (of Gipping Hall in Suffolk) because he would not go to church. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 1098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

He was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, pp. 1098-99, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
George Revet

Constable of Mendlesham.

Adam Foster was taken from his house by the constable George Revet and Thomas Mouse, at the commandement of Sir John Tyrrel, because he would not go to church. Afterwards, both constables were stricken with sickness. Revet, although a great reader of scripture, allowed his son to help the priest say mass and subsequently suffered swelling in his legs and died miserably. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 1098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

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George Revet was stricken with illness late in Mary's or early in Elizabeth's reign and died. 1570, p. 2302, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2101.

 
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Henry Crimes

Of the diocese of Lichfield.

Henry Crimes was forced to do penance for having married his wife on Palm Sunday. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Fortune

(d. 1556)

Blacksmith. Possibly martyred. Of Hintlesham, Suffolk.

John Fortune was examined sometime shortly before 20 April 1556 by Dr Parker and Master Foster. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, pp. 2099-2100, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

His second examination was before the bishop of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1636-37, 1570, p. 2100, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

His third examination was before the bishop of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1637-38, 1570, p. 2100, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, p. 1919.

Foxe was unclear whether or not Fortune was actually martyred. The register at Norwich indicated that he had been condemned and sentenced, but Foxe was dubious as to whether or not the sentence was carried out. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, pp. 1812-13, 1583, p. 1919.

[Alias Cutler.]

 
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John Hopton

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 1558) [DNB]

John Hopton was created bishop of Norwich (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton to be made to recant or to be tried for heresy (1583, p. 1577).

Hopton was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton, either to be forced to recant, or to be tried for heresy. 1583, p. 1577.

James Abbes was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he recanted. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

William Allen was examined and condemned by the bishop of Norwich. 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Roger Coo was examined by the bishop of Norwich, 12 August, 1555. 1563, pp. 1272-73, 1570, pp. 1883-84, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned by Hopton. Adam Foster was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, pp. 1527-28, 1570, pp. 2098-99, 1576, pp. 1810-11, 1583, p. 1917.

The second, third and fourth examinations of John Fortune were conducted by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

Peter and Anne Moone were presented before Hopton (bishop of Norwich) and Dunning (chancellor) during their visitation of Ipswich in 1556. Three articles were presented against Peter Moone and his answers given. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Simon Miller was imprisoned in the bishop's house. He was condemned by Hopton and his chancellor, Michael Dunning. 1563, pp. 1602-03, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

The second examination of Thomas Spurdance was by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2221-22, 1576, pp. 1917-18, 1583, pp. 2024-25.

John Fortune's second and third examinations were conducted by the bishop of Norwich, who condemned him. 1563, pp. 1636-38.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Carman was examined and condemned by Hopton.1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Berry sent Thomas Hudson before Hopton. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

Alexander Lane was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Robert Miles was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

Thomas Rose's last appearance was before Woodhouse and Hopton. 1570, p. 1979, 1576, pp. 1980-81, 1583, pp. 2085-86.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

John Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

John Hopton died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

[1563, p. 1707, correctly states that Hopton died before Queen Mary. He died in August 1558.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Norice

(d. 1556)

John Norice died in the King's Bench and was buried at the back-side of the prison on 29 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Martin Hunt

(d. 1556)

Martin Hunt died of starvation in the King's Bench, Southwark, on 29 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Master Tamage

Roger Bernard was taken in the night in Fransden, Suffolk, by Master Tamage's men because he refused to attend church. 1563, p. 1527; 1570, p. 2098; 1576, p. 1811; 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Nicholas Ball

Capper. Of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire.

Nicholas Ball was examined for his beliefs in the diocese of Lichfield by Ralph Bayne. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Robert Lawson

(d. 1556)

Linen weaver. Martyr. Of Suffolk.

Robert Lawson was apprehended by Robert Kereth, at the commandment of Sir John Tyrrel. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 2099, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

He was taken to the Eye dungeon and then to Bury to be burned.1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 2099, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

 
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Roger Bernard

(d. 1556)

Labourer. Bachelor. Of Framsden, Suffolk. Martyr. [Fines]

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

He was burned at Bury St Edmunds on 30 June 1556. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

[Significat dated 2 May 1556: 'a right scolar of John Fortune'. C/85/141/26.]

 
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Sir John Tyrrel

Of Gipping Hall, Suffolk. JP in Suffolk (1555) [SP11/5, no. 6; Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Philip and Mary, 3, 257.]

Thomas Spicer refused to follow Sir John Tyrrel's commandment to go to church. 1563, p. 1521, 1570, p. 2092, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

The following were persecuted by John Tyrrel and forced to flee Winston: Mrs. Alice Thwaites and two of her servants; Humphrey Smith and his wife; William Catchpool and his wife; Rought and his wife; Nicholas Birlingham and his wife. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

The following were persecuted by Tyrrel and forced to flee Mendlesham: Simon Harlstone and Katherine, his wife; Thomas Dobson and his wife; Thomas Hubbard and his wife; John Doncon, and his wife and maid; William Doncon; Thomas Woodward the elder; Konnold's wife; a poor widow; Mother Semon's maid; William Whyting. He was assisted in this persecution by Sir John Brodish, the parish priest. 1563, p. 1522, 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1806, 1583, p. 1912.

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Tyrrel commanded George Revet and Thomas Mouse to apprehend Adam Foster. He also commanded Robert Kereth to apprehend Robert Lawson. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 2099, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

Thomas Lovel, chief constable of 'Hoxne Hundred', and John Jacob and William Stannard, under-constables of the town of Laxfield, Suffolk, with Wolfren Dowsing and Nicholas Stannard, both catholics, were commanded to appear before Thurston, John Tyrrel, Master Kene, and John Sylliard (high sheriff) in September 1557. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

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William Seaman was originally searched for by Sir John Tyrrel, who later set Robert Baulding and James Clarke to look for him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

Sir John Tyrrel and Symonds would not allow Mother Benet to be buried in the churchyard. 1570, p. 2234, 1576, p. 1929, 1583, p. 2036.

 
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Thomas Flier

(d. 1556)

Shoemaker. Of Uttoxeter.

Thomas Flier was examined in the diocese of Lichfield for his beliefs. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

He was slain during a quarrel over a rood screen in a church in Uttoxeter where he was one of the churchwardens or sidesmen. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Thomas Johnson

Thomas Johnson did penance on 26 June 1556 for swearing by the mass. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1919.

 
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Thomas Mouse

(d. 1558?)

Constable. Of Mendlesham.

Adam Foster was taken from his house by the constable George Revet and Thomas Mouse, at the commandment of Sir John Tyrrel because he would not go to church. Afterwards, both constables were stricken with fear and sickness. Mouse, although young and healthy, pined away. 1563, p. 1529, 1570, p. 1098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

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Thomas Mouse died miserably sometime after the death of Mary. 1570, p. 2303, 1576, p. 1994, 1583, p. 2103.

 
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Thomas Parret

(d. 1556)

Thomas Parret died in June 1556 while imprisoned in the King's Bench in Southwark and was buried in the postern on 27 June 1556. 1563, p. 1527, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Thomas Pyot

Of Checkely, Cheshire. (Fines)

Thomas Pyot was examined in the diocese of Lichfield for his beliefs. 1563, p. 1528, 1570, p. 2098, 1576, p. 1810, 1583, p. 1917.

 
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Bury St Edmunds

[St Edmundsbury; Berry; Bery]

West Suffolk

OS grid ref: TL 855 645

Contains a ruined abbey, the shrine of St Edmund

 
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Fransdon [Framsden]
NGR: TM 200 600

A parish in the hundred of Thredling, county of Suffolk. 4 miles south by east from Debenham. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, diocese of Norwich.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Gipping Hall, Gipping
NGR: TM 072 635

Gipping is a chapelry in the hundred of Stow, county of Suffolk. 4 miles north-north east from Stowmarket. The living is a donative in the parish of Earl Stonham, a parish in the hundred of Basmere and Claydon, county of Suffolk, 3 miles north-north-east from Needham Market. The living (of Earl Stonham) is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, Diocese of Norwich.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Uttoxeter
NGR: SK 094 335

A parish in the southern division of the hundred of Totmanslow, county of Stafford. 13 miles north-east by east from Stafford. The living is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Stafford, Diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1941 [1917]

Queene Mary. Persecution in Lichfield and Suffolke.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iune.headed, hauyng in the one hand a Taper, and in the other a payre of beades, &c.

Amongst diuers other which in the same diocesse, and the same tyme were suspected & troubled for the lyke, was Tho. Flyer of Vttoxater Shomaker,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 156, line 15 from the bottom

"Uttoxeter" is both times called "Uttopater" in the first Edition. The families of Flyer and Pyot seem afterwards to have become connected by marriage.

Nich. Ball of Vttoxater Capper, Tho. Pyot of Chedull. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 156, line 14 from the bottom

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'Chedull' to 'Checkley' in the text.} The reading "Checkley" is according to the first Edition; the subsequent Editions read "Cheadle." From a Pedigree of the Pyotts in Shaw's "Staffordshire," i. 364, it appears that they became a considerable family: they sprung from "Henry Pyott of Hound's Cheadle and Booths in the Count. Stafford, Gent.," which gives colour to the reading "Cheadle;" his son appears to have been "Thomas Pyot," father of "Richard Pyot," who is recorded in 1583 to have married "Margerie Flyer." See Shaw's Pedigree, and MS. additions to a copy of Shaw in the British Museum ...; "Richard Piat and Margerie Flyer married [at St. Mary's in Lichfield] 29 Nov. 1583." There may be some doubt, however, whether the Thomas Pyat of the Pedigree in Shaw is the same individual with the Thomas Pyot of Foxe's text, who appears as a sufferer for the Gospel's sake; for in an extract from the first Edition ... Thomas Pyot appears as a persecutor; this latter may have been the man of Shaw's Pedigree and Cheadle, the former a connexion perhaps of the other, living at Checkley, which is near Cheadle.

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MarginaliaMarying in Lent punished.Item, Henry Crimes for marying his wife on Palme sonday euen, &c. Some other also there were which had the like penance enioyned them, as MarginaliaIune 26. Thomas Iohnson for swearing by the holy Masse, did penance.Tho. Iohnson, about the 26. day of this moneth of Iune, because he sware by the holy Masse before the B. sittyng in iudgement: who for the same was driuen to goe before the Crosse with hys Taper and beades, &c. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 156, line 8 from the bottom

The Edition of 1563, p. 1527, furnishes the following additional illustration, which Foxe considered perhaps hardly important enough to trouble the types with a second time: -

"The daye following, beyng the xxvii. day of June, one Thomas Barnes and Elice Byrch in the same dioces of Lychefield were detected by Thomas Pyot to Doctor Dracot the Chauncelour. The matter whereupon they were denounced was this. They rydynge together to Leeke fayre, after the death of kynge Edwarde, one of them sayd; it was a straunge thyng to heare twoo Queenes proclaymed in one realme. And the other aunswered, saying; it was great pitie, for that would bee an occasion of muche unquietnes. Then sayde thone to the other; if the one obtayne, we shall have the newe lawe styll. And if the other obteyne, we shall have the olde masse agayne. Whereunto he made answere agayne, saying; if his dagger were in his belly that sayde the fyrst masse, he cared not. Upon these woordes Draycotte the Chauncelor asked him whether he was an heretick in so saying; or whether he had the same tyme an evill opinion of the masse or not: his aunswer was, that he trusted he was no hereticke: albeit he denied not at the speakynge of those wordes, but that he thought the masse to be abhominable and detestable; for the whiche wordes, after his submission, yet was he condemned to bere a fagot, with beades and his taper before the crosse," &c.

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Concerning 

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This account of Thomas Flier's death replaced an account in the 1563 edition in which Thomas Barnes and Alice Birch were forced to do penance for denouncing the mass.

the which Tho. Flyer aboue named, being a godly and a zealous man, this furthermore is to bee noted, and not vnworthy of gratefull memory, that where as in the Towne of Vttoxater commaundement was directed vnto him amongst others from the Ordinary, for pullyng downe monuments of superstition, and namely the Roode loft, he beyng one of the churchwardens or Sidemen, on a tyme had talke vpon the same with certayne of his neighbours, where one wished them ill to chieue,  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 157, line 1

To fare ill, or not succeed: see Todd's Johnson, &c.

that should go about such an acte.

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What wordes passed els amongest them, ministryng matter of further prouocation, it is not perfectly known. In fine, the sayd Flier beyng offended, and afterward metyng with him that had vsed such wordes before, began to common with hym of the matter: but in the ende the man so little repented him of those sayings, that hee added yet more fierce words, and at length strokes also, in such wise that the conflict the sayd MarginaliaThomas Flyer slayne in Gods quarrell.Tho. Flyer was slayne: and yet so was the matter handled, & such amends was made with money by the murtherer and hys friends, to the sayd Fliers wyfe, that he suffred little or nothyng for the same, saue onely that he was banished that towne, and sworne and bound, neuer to come in it so long as the sayde Fliers wyfe should lyue.

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¶ Three men dead in the prison of the Kings Bench. 
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Hunt, Norice, Parret

This account first appeared in the 1563 edition; no changes were made to it in subsequent editions.

AFter the burning of these in Stratford, the same moneth died in the prison of the Kings Bench in Southwarke, one MarginaliaIune. 27. Thomas Parret.Tho. Parret, 

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Thomas Parret signed a confession of faith drawn up Richard Woodman in the King's Bench in 1555 (Gonville and Caius MS 128, p. 30). Obviously Parret had been detained in prison for some time.

and was buried in the backside, the 27. day of the moneth abouesayd.

MarginaliaIune. 26. Martyn Hunt. Iohn Norice Confessours.Also Martin Hunt (as is reported) in the same prison was famished the 29. day. At which tyme likewyse died in the same prison, as I find recorded, one Iohn Norice, and after the same sort as the other was buried on the backeside of the sayd prison, the day aboue mentioned.

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¶ The story of three Martyrs sufferyng at S. Edmondesbury. 
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Bernard, Foster and Lawson

The entire account of these three martyrs first appeared in the 1563 edition and it was unchanged in subsequent editions. Despite the fact that Foxe clearly had access to the official records of their trials (the condemnations of Bernard, Foster and Lawson survive among Foxe's papers as BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 164r-165v and 179r-180r), he relied on individual informants for these accounts.

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MarginaliaIune. 30.AFter the death of the aforesayd Tho. Parret, Martine Hunt and Iohn Norice, were three martyred at S. Edmondsbury in Suffolke, in one fire, whose names are here vnder specified.


Roger Bernard.
Adam Foster.
Robert Lawson.

¶ The first examination of Roger Bernard, before D. Hopton B. of Norwich.

MarginaliaRoger Bernard Martyr.WHen Roger Bernard came before the Bish. first he was asked whether hee had bene with the Priest at Easter to shriuen, & whether he had receiued the blessed Sacrament of the aultar or no. Vnto whome Roger Bernard answered no: MarginaliaRoger Bernard refuseth auricular confession.I haue not bene with the Priest, nor confessed my selfe vnto hym, but I haue confessed my sinnes vnto almighty God, & I trust he hath forgeuē me: wherfore I shall not need to go to the priest for such matters, who cannot helpe hymselfe.

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Bish. Surely Bernard thou must needes goe and confesse thy selfe vnto hym.

Rog. That shall I dot do (by Gods grace) while I liue.

Bish. What a stout boyly heretike is this? how malipertly he answereth.

Rog. My L. it grieueth me no whit (I thanke God) to be called heretike at your hands: for so your forefathers called the Prophetes and Confessours of Christ, long before this tyme.

At these words the B. rose vp in a great heat, and bad Bernard follow hym. Then the B. went and kneeled before that they call the Sacrament of the aultar, and as hee was in his prayers kneelyug, he looked backe, and asked

Bernard why he came not and did as he did. Vnto whom Bernard aunswered: I cannot tell why I should so doe. Why (quoth the Bish.) thou lewd felow, whom seest thou yonder, pointyng to the pixe ouer the aultar?

Rog I see no body there, Do you my Lord?

Bish. Why naughty man, doest not thou see thy maker?

Rog. My maker? No, I see nothyng but a fewe cloutes hangyng together on a heape. MarginaliaNote the Catholicke charitye of this prelate.With that the Byshop rose vp sore displeased, and commaunded the Gaoler to take hym away, and to lay irons enough on hym. For (quoth he) I will tame hym or he go from me, I trow so: and so he was caried away.

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¶ The second examination of Roger Bernard before the sayd Bishop.

MarginaliaAn other examinatiō of Roger Bernard.THe next day Bernard was brought agayne before the B. who asked him if he did not remember himself since the day before that he was before hym.

Rog. Yes my L. I haue remembred my selfe very well, for the same man I was yesterday, I am this day, & I hope shal be all the dayes of my lyfe, concerning the matter you talked with me of.

Then one of the Gard standing by, sayd: MarginaliaOne of the Garde taketh Bernard to schoole.my Lord, I pray you trouble not your selfe any more with him, but let me haue the examining of hym: I shall handle him after another sort, I trow, and make him a faire child or he goe, you shall see.

So was he committed to him, and brought by him to an Inne, where were a great many of MarginaliaA wholesome company of Caterpillers.Priests assembled together, and there they fell all in flattering hym and perswading hym with gay intising wordes what they could: but when therein they might not preuaile, for that the lord assisted the goode poore man, then began they to threatē him with whippyng, stockyng,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 158, middle

i. e. imprisoning. See Chaucer's Troilus and Cressida, iii. 381, and H. Tooke's "Diversions of Purley" (Edit. 1840, p. 467), who quotes from the Lyfe of our Lady. - "There to abide stocked in prison."

burnyng, and such like, that it was wonderfull the doe they made with him. Vnto whō Bernard sayd: Friends, I am not better then my maister Christ and the Prophets, which your fathers serued after such sort, and I for hys names sake am content to suffer the like at your hands, if God shal so permit, trusting that he will strengthen me in the same accordyng to hys promise, in spite of the deuill and all his ministers. So when they could not make hym to relent or yeld, they sayd: behold a right scholer of Iohn Fortune, whome they had thē in prison. MarginaliaRoger Bernard condēned by the Bishop of Norwich.Then caried they him to the B. who immediately condemned hym as an heretike, and deliuered hym to the secular power.

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This Roger Bernard was a single man, and by hys vocation a Labourer, dwellyng in Fransden in Suffolk, MarginaliaBernard taken by Tamages men.who was taken in the night by M. Tamages mē because he would not go to church to heare their vnsauory seruice, and so by them caried to prison.

¶ Adam Foster. 
Commentary  *  Close

This little narrative, significantly, has far less to do with the martyrdom of Foster than with the providential punishment of George Revet for his sins. Like the story of Gregory Crow, this reflects Foxe's deep concern to depict divine justice rewarding the good and punishing the evil.

Foxe got the year of Foster's and Lawson's executions wrong; because they were condemned in 1556, he assumed that they were executed that year. But the writs authorizing their executions were dated 3 December 1556 which means that they were executed on 30 June 1557.

MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaAdam Foster Martyr.ADam Foster of the age of 26. yeares, husbandman, beyng maried, dwellyng in Mendlesam in the Countie of Suffolke, was taken at home in his house a little before the sunne goyng downe by the Constables of þe said town, MarginaliaGeorge Reuet, Thomas Mouse, Syr Iohn Tyrrell, persecutors.George Reuet & Tho. Mouse, at the commaundement of sir Ioh. Tyrrell of Gipping hall in Suffolke, knight, because he would not go to church and heare Masse, and receiue at Easter, except he might haue it after Christes holy ordinance. When they came for hym, they told hym hee must go with them vnto the Iustice. Vnto whome Adam Foster sayd, for Christes cause, & to saue hys conscience, he was well contented, & so they led him to sir Iohn Tyrrell and he sent him to Aye dungeon in Suffolk, from whence at length he was sent to Norwich, and there condemned by B. Hopton.

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Now after this taking, the said MarginaliaGods stroke vpon wilful persecutors.Tho. Mouse & George Reuet were striken with a great feare and sicknes, wherby Mouse pined and consumed away euen vnto death, although he was a man of a yong & lusty age. But George Reuet who was the said Mouses fellow, and a great reader of the Scripture, or (as a man may terme it) a talkatiue gospeller, would not be premonished by the works of God, but set his sonne to helpe the priest say Masse, and to be clarke of the same towne of Mendelshā for lukers sake: yet was there a faire warnyng geuen hym of GOD, althogh he had not þe grace so to consider it, the which thing was this.

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MarginaliaA younge man parishe Clarke agaynst his conscience.A yong man of the same parish newly maried, called Robert Edgore, beyng of a ripe wit and sound, was clark in the sayd Church before the sayd Reuet se thys sonne in that rowme, and executed the office a little, yea, alas too long against his owne conscience: whereby at length the Lord so tooke away his wits, that many yeares after, hys

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poore
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