Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Fortune

(d. 1556)

Blacksmith. Possibly martyred. Of Hintlesham, Suffolk.

John Fortune was examined sometime shortly before 20 April 1556 by Dr Parker and Master Foster. 1563, p. 1636, 1570, pp. 2099-2100, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, p. 1918.

His second examination was before the bishop of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1636-37, 1570, p. 2100, 1576, p. 1811, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

His third examination was before the bishop of Norwich. 1563, pp. 1637-38, 1570, p. 2100, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, p. 1919.

Foxe was unclear whether or not Fortune was actually martyred. The register at Norwich indicated that he had been condemned and sentenced, but Foxe was dubious as to whether or not the sentence was carried out. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, pp. 1812-13, 1583, p. 1919.

[Alias Cutler.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Hopton

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 1558) [DNB]

John Hopton was created bishop of Norwich (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton to be made to recant or to be tried for heresy (1583, p. 1577).

Hopton was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton, either to be forced to recant, or to be tried for heresy. 1583, p. 1577.

James Abbes was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he recanted. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

William Allen was examined and condemned by the bishop of Norwich. 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Roger Coo was examined by the bishop of Norwich, 12 August, 1555. 1563, pp. 1272-73, 1570, pp. 1883-84, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned by Hopton. Adam Foster was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, pp. 1527-28, 1570, pp. 2098-99, 1576, pp. 1810-11, 1583, p. 1917.

The second, third and fourth examinations of John Fortune were conducted by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

Peter and Anne Moone were presented before Hopton (bishop of Norwich) and Dunning (chancellor) during their visitation of Ipswich in 1556. Three articles were presented against Peter Moone and his answers given. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Simon Miller was imprisoned in the bishop's house. He was condemned by Hopton and his chancellor, Michael Dunning. 1563, pp. 1602-03, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

The second examination of Thomas Spurdance was by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2221-22, 1576, pp. 1917-18, 1583, pp. 2024-25.

John Fortune's second and third examinations were conducted by the bishop of Norwich, who condemned him. 1563, pp. 1636-38.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Carman was examined and condemned by Hopton.1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Berry sent Thomas Hudson before Hopton. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

Alexander Lane was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Robert Miles was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

Thomas Rose's last appearance was before Woodhouse and Hopton. 1570, p. 1979, 1576, pp. 1980-81, 1583, pp. 2085-86.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

John Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

John Hopton died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

[1563, p. 1707, correctly states that Hopton died before Queen Mary. He died in August 1558.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Bury St Edmunds

[St Edmundsbury; Berry; Bery]

West Suffolk

OS grid ref: TL 855 645

Contains a ruined abbey, the shrine of St Edmund

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Gipping Hall, Gipping
NGR: TM 072 635

Gipping is a chapelry in the hundred of Stow, county of Suffolk. 4 miles north-north east from Stowmarket. The living is a donative in the parish of Earl Stonham, a parish in the hundred of Basmere and Claydon, county of Suffolk, 3 miles north-north-east from Needham Market. The living (of Earl Stonham) is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Suffolk, Diocese of Norwich.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1942 [1918]

Queene Mary. Reuet his straunge death. The examination and ausweres of Iohn Fortune Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iuly.poore and wofull wife, good woman, was cōpelled to keep him cheyned & bound continually, lest he should vnwares do himselfe or some other, some mischiefe, as many tymes (the more piety) he was ready enough to do.

This (as I sayd) woulde not admonishe Reuet, but needs he must persist in his wicked purpose. Notwithstāding at the length, as many men were offended with hym in the Parish, so honest women especially (being mightely greued at his vngodly doings) came to him & said: neighbour Reuet, are ye not afrayde to let your sonne helpe the naughty Priest to say masse, and to serue that abhominable Idoll? and he sayd no.

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Then said they, we feare not to go to church and heare Masse, seing you being a man, that so much professe Christianity, will let your sonne helpe the Priest say Masse. &c.

MarginaliaReuet praied for a straunge token.At which wordes Reuet waxed angry, and in his rage immediatly made his praier vnto god after this maner or with such like wordes, saying: O Lord, if it be not thy will that my sonne should so doe, then I beseech thee send some straūge token to let me vnderstand what thy good pleasure is therein. &c. So according to his petition, within shorte space after, his neighbors Bull came into his pasture, and there he hauing a very proper gelding which was his felicity aboue any thing he had, the Bull running vpon him, do so wound & gore him, that immediately therof his gelding dyed, and he therby nothing amended. MarginaliaReuet confessed the Lords hand against him, & yet continued in his sinne.For although he knew and confessed, that it was the Lordes hand vpon him for the sufferance of his sonne in that wicked vocatiō: yet would he not take him frō it, but permitted him still to vse and frequent the same agaynst his owne conscience.

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MarginaliaReuet dyed of a strange sickenes. MarginaliaThe Lordes hand vpon Reuet.At the last the Lord iustly sent vpon him a great swelling in his legges, which did so grieuously vexe and trouble him by reason it swelled vpward, þt at length hauyng therby brought vpon him a very straūge sickenes, he died most miserably, in so impatient maner, that it terrifyed all good hartes to heare therof. The Lord graunt for Christes sake, that we may obserue his iudgementes better, to hys glory and our comfort. Amen. Ex terstimonio quorundam Suffolcensium. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

Ex testimonio quorundam Suffolcensium.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

From the evidence of certain people from Suffolk.

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¶ Robert Lawson. 
Commentary  *  Close

Lawson was executed on 30 June 1557, not 1556.

MarginaliaIune. 30. MarginaliaRobert Lawson, Martyr. RObert Lawsō was a single man of the age of 30. yeres and by vocation a linnen Weauer, who was apprehēded in the night by one MarginaliaRobert Kereth a persecutor.Robert Kereth, at the commaundement of Syr Iohn Tyrrel of Gyppinghall in Suffolke Knight, and so was immediately caried to Aye Dungeon in Suffolke, where he remayned a certayne time, and after was led to Bery. The cause of his taking was, for that he would not go to Church to heare Masse, and receiue theyr popish Idoll.

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MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of Roger Bernard, Adam Foster, Robert Lawson, at Bury. Anno 1556. Iune. 30.When these three foresayd martyrs were caried to their deathes, videl. Roger Bernard, Adam Foster, and Robert Lawson at Bery, after they had made theyr prayer, beyng at the stake & the tormentors attending the fire, they most triumphantly ended theyr liues, in such happy and blessed condition, as did notably set forth theyr constancy, and ioy full end, to the great praise of God, and their commendatiō in him, and also to the encouragemēt of others in the same quarell to doe the like. The Lorde of strength fortify vs to stand as his true soldiors in what standing soeuer he shall thinke it good to place vs. Amen.

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Commentary  *  Close
The Examinations of John Fortune

Foxe printed the examinations of Fortune in the 1563 edition but considerably out of chronological order, in amongst the events of the autumn of 1557 (1563, pp. 1636-38), demonstrating that he received a manuscript copy of these examinations while the 1563 edition was being printed. (Several copies of these examinations survive among Foxe's papers: BL, Lansdowne 389, fos. 210v-212r and BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 161r-162r and 164r-165v). As Foxe states, he never received any additional information about Fortune, and he never learned what happened to him. In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a brief introduction and conclusion to the examinations; after this the account of Fortune remained unchanged.

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¶ In the examinatiō of Roger Bernard, ye heard a litle before, how he was compared by the Priests there, to Iohn Fortune, & called his scholer. This Iohn Fortune, otherwise called Cutler, of Hintlesham in Suffolke, was by his occupation a Blacke Smith, whom they had before them in examination a litle before the 20. day of Aprill. In spirite he was zelous and ardent, in the Scriptures ready, in Christes cause stout and valiant, in his ausweres maruellous, & no less pacient in his wrongfull suffering then constant in his doctrine. Whether he was burned, or dyed in prison, I cannot certenly find: but rather I suppose that he was burned. 
Commentary  *  Close

Foxe would assume that Fortune was burned, but this is by no means certain. He could have recanted and saved his life or he might have died in prison or he might even have been pardoned or escaped.

Certeine it is, howsoeuer he was made away he neuer yelded. What his aunswers and examinations were before D. Parker and the Bishop, ye shall heare him, although not with his owne mouth speaking, yet wt his owne hande you shall see written, what he did saye, as foloweth.

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¶ The examination of Iohn Fortune before Doctour Parker and Mayster Foster.

MarginaliaThe examination of Iohn. Fortune before D. Parker, and M. Foster.FIrst Doct. Parker asked me how I beleued in the Catholicke fayth.

And I asked him which fayth he meant: whether the fayth that Steuen had, or the fayth of them that put Steuē to death.

D. Parker being moued said: what a noughty felow is this: you shall see anon he will denye the blessed Sacrament of the aulter.

M. Foster. Then sayd Mayster Foster: I know you well enough. You are a busy marchant. How sayest thou by the blessed Masse?

Fort. And I stood still and made no aunswere.

Fost. Then sayd M. Foster: why speakest thou not, and make the gentleman an answere?

Fort. And I sayde: silence is a good aunswere to a foolishe question.

MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the Aultar.Park. Then sayd the Doctour: I am sure he will denye the blessed Sacrament of the aulter also.

Fort. And I sayd: I know none such, but onely the sacrament of the body and bloud of our Lord Iesus Christ.

Park. Then sayd he: you deny the order of the seuen sacramentes. And why doest thou not beleue in the Sacrament of the aulter?

Fort. And I sayd: because it is not written in Gods booke.

Park. Thē sayd he: you will not beleue vnwrittē vereties.

Fort. And I sayd: I will beleue that those vnwritten verities that agree with the written verities, be true: but those vnwritten verities that be of your owne making, & inuented of your owne brayne, I do not beleue.

MarginaliaM. Foster threatneth Iohn Fortune to be whipped.Fost. Well, sayd M. Foster: you shall be whipped and burned for this geare, I trow.

Fort. Then sayd I: if you knew how these wordes do reioyce my hart, you would not haue spoken them.

Fost. Why thou foole, doest thou reioyce in whipping.

Fort. Yea, sayd I, for it is written in the Scriptures, and Christ sayth: thou shalt be whipped for my names sake: & since the time that the sworde of tyrannye came into your handes, I heard of none that was whipped. Happy were I, if I had the maydenhead of this persecution.

Away with him then (sayde he) for his is tenne times worse then Samuel: and so was he caried to prison again.

¶ The second examination of Iohn Fortune before the Bishop of Norwich.

WHen I came before the Bishop, he asked me if I did not beleue in the Catholick church, I sayd: I beleue that Church wherof Christ is the head.

Then sayd the Bishop: doest thou not beleue that the Pope is supreame head of the Churche? And I sayde: no, Christ is the head of the true Church.

Bish. So do I beleue also: but the Pope is Gods Vicar vpon earth, and the head of the Churche, and I beleue that he hath power to forgeue sinnes also.

Fort. Then sayd I: the Pope is but a man, and the Prophet Dauid sayth: MarginaliaPsal. 49.That no man can deliuer his brother, nor make agreement for him vnto God: For it cost more to redeeme their soules, so that he must let that alone for euer.

MarginaliaThe Pope likened to a Belwether or a Master Bee.Bysh. And the Bishop agayne fetching about a great circumstaunce, sayd: like as the Belweather weareth the bell, and is the head of the flocke of sheepe: so is the Pope our head. And as the hiues of Bees haue a Mayster Bee that bringeth the bees to the hiue again: so doth our head bring vs home agayne to our true Church.

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Fort. Then I asked him whether the Pope were a spirituall man: and he sayde yea. And I sayde agayne: they are spitefull 

Commentary  *  Close

Due to a printer's error this was rendered as 'spiritual' in the 1563 edition; it was corrected to 'spiteful' in the 1570 edition.

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 161, middle

The first Edition, p. 1636, reads "spiritual;" and for "seventeen months" reads "xvi days." Perhaps Alexander VI., Pius III. who reigned 26 days, and is commonly said to have been poisoned (see Platina) A. D. 1503, and Julius II. who succeeded him the same year, may be alluded to; or rather John XXIII., Greg. XII., and Benedict XIII., may be meant.

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men, for in xvij. moneths 
Commentary  *  Close

In 'xvi days' in the 1563 edition; this was changed in the 1570 edition.

there were three Popes, and MarginaliaPoysoned poysoned an other for that presumptuous seat of Antichrist.

Bysh. It is maliciously spoken (sayd he) for thou must obey the power and not the man. And thus was the pope denied to be supreme head.

MarginaliaCeremonyes of the Church.Well, sayd he, what sayst thou to the Ceremonyes of the Church?

Fort. And I aunswered: MarginaliaMath. 15.All thinges that are not planted by my heauēly father, shalbe plucked vp by the rootes, saith christ. For they are not from the beginning, neither shall they cōtinue to the end.

Bysh. They are good and godly and necessary to be vsed.

Fort. S. Paule called them weake and beggarly.

Bysh. No, that is a lye.

Fortune. I hearing that, sayd: that Saynt Paule writeth thus in the fourth to the Galathians: MarginaliaGal. 4.You foolish Galathians (sayth he) who hath bewitched you, that ye seeke to bee in bondage to these weak and beggarly Ceremonies? Now which of you do lye? you or Saynt Paule? And also it is sayde, that woorkes instituted and enoyned without the commaundement of GOD, perteyne not to the worship of God, according to the text: MarginaliaMath. 15.In vayne doe men worshippe mee with mens traditions and commaundementes. And Sayncte Paule sayth: Wherefore doe ye cary vs away from the grace of Christ to another kind of doctrine? And Christ opēly rebuked the Scribes, Lawyers, Phariseis, Doctors, Priestes, Bi-

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