Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
Dover
Douer
NGR: TR 320 414

One of the Cinq Ports, a borough and a market town, having separate jurisdiction; locally in the Lathe of St Augustine, eastern division of the County of Kent. 16 miles south east by south from Canterbury. Dover formerly consisted of the parishes of St James the Apostle, St John, St Martin the Greater, St Martin the Less, St Mary the Virgin, St Nicholas and St Peter - all subsequently merged into St James and St Mary. The living of St Mary is a perpetual curacy in the peculiar jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and in the patronage of the parishioners. The living of St James is a discharged rectory in the jurisdiction and patronage of the Archbishop

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Winchester (Winton; Wenta; Wenton)

Hampshire

OS grid ref: SU 485 295

Historic capital of Wessex; former capital of England; county town of Hampshire; cathedral city

 
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Windsor
NGR: SU 967 768

A borough, market town and parish having separate jurisdiction, locally in the hundred of Ripplesmere, county of Berkshire. 20 mile east by north from Reading, 22.5 miles west by south from London. The castle, built by Henry I, occupies more than 12 acres of ground, comprising upper, lower and middle wards. A principal royal residence in Tudor times. The living [of the town] is a discharged vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Berkshire, Diocese of Salisbury.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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195 [172]

Will. Conquerour. The Councell of Winchst. Lancfrancus. Lucius.

hetherto recited, let vs adde also the cruell villanie of this nation, in murdering and tything of the innocent Normans before: MarginaliaEnglishmen iustly scourged for their vniust cruelty against the Normands. who comming as straungers wyth Alfrede the lawfull heire of the Crowne, were despitefully put to death. Which seemeth to me no little cause, why the Lorde (whose doings be alwaies iust & right) did suffer the Normans so to preuaile. By the cōming in of the which Normans, and by their quarel vnto the Realme, iij. things we may note & learne. Marginalia

Three thinges in this conquest to be noted.

Gods iust iudgement.

First to consider and learne the righteous retribution, and wrath of God from heauen, vpon all iniquitie and vnrighteous dealing of men. MarginaliaLacke of succession.Secondly, we may thereby note, what it is for Princes to leaue no issue or sure succession behinde them. MarginaliaForeine mariage.Thirdly, what daungers often do chaunce to Realmes publiquely by foreine mariage with other Princes. &c.

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In the same fourth yeare of this king, MarginaliaAnno. 1070. betwene Easter and Whitsontide, was holden a solemne councell at Winchester of þe clergy of England. MarginaliaA councell holden at Winchester. At the which counsell were present two Cardinals, sent from Pope Alexander 2. Peter, & Iohn. In this counsell the king being there himselfe present, were deposed diuers bishops, Abbots, and priors (by meanes of the king) wtout any euident cause: MarginaliaMight ouercommeth right. to the intent his Normans might be preferred to the rule of the Church as he had preferred his knightes before to þe rule of the tēporaltie, therby to stand in more surety of the land. MarginaliaDiuers Bishops, Abbots, and priours deposed in England. Amongest whō also Stigandus Archb. of Cant. was put downe, for 3. causes against him pretended.

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MarginaliaStigandus Archb. of Cant. depriued, and the causes why.The first was, for that he had holden wrongfully that byshoprike, while Robert the Archbishop (aboue mētioned, pag. 156.) was liuing.

The seconde was, for that he had receiued the palle of Benedict byshop of Rome the fifth of that name. Whyche Benedict, for buying his Popedome, had bene deposed, as is shewed before.

The thirde cause, for that he occupied the said palle wtout license and lawfull autorite of the court of Rome.

Then Stigandus wel proued the beneuolence of king William. MarginaliaFaire countenaunce not to be trusted.For where before the king seemed in frendly coūtenance to make much of him, and did vnto him great reuerence: then he chaunged all his mildenes into sternes, & excused himselfe by þe bishops of Romes autority: So that in the ende, Stigandus was depriued of his dignitie, and kept in Winchester, as a prisoner during his life. MarginaliaA couetous Byshop.This Stigandus is noted for a man so couetous and sparing, that when he would take nothing of his owne, and swearing that he had not a penie, yet by a key fastned about his necke, was found great treasours of his vnder the groūd.

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At the same time was preferred to the Archbishoprike of Yorke, MarginaliaThomas made Archb. of York.Thomas a Normand, and Chanon of Baion.

MarginaliaLanfrancus an Italian Archb. of Canterb.At which time also Lanfrancus Abbot of Cadomonencie (a Lumbard, and Italian borne) was sent for, and made Archbyshop of Cant. betweene which two Archbyshops about their cōsecration, first began a contention, for geuing & taking the othe of obedience, but that contention was at that time appeased by the king. And Thomas consented to subscribe to the Archbishop of Cant. obedience.

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After this it followed within short space, that the sayde Lanfrancus and Thomas Archbyshop of Yorke, MarginaliaThe minster of Yorke builded.who first builded the minster of Yorke, & gaue possessions therunto: came to Rome with Remigius Byshop of Dorcester, for their palles, as the maner was: MarginaliaThe geuing of the palle.without which, no Archbishop nor bishop could be cōfirmed, although their election were neuer so lawfull. This palle must be asked no where but of the Pope or his assignes, and that wythin 3. monethes: also it must be asked not faintly but mightely: Dist. C cap. prisca. MarginaliaDist. 100 Cap. Prisca. Which, as it was a chargeable thing to other nations (especially suche as were far from Rome) so it was no small gaine to the Romish sea, so as they did order it: for although at the beginning the palle was geuē without money, according to the decree. Dist. C. MarginaliaDist. 100. cap. Nouit. Ex Lib. grauaminum nationis Germanicæ or for litle, as percase in this time of Lanfrank: yet in processe of yeres it grew to such excesse, that where the bishoprik of Mentz was wonte to geue to Rome but x. M. Florences: afterward it arose so, that he that asked to haue his confirmation, coulde not obtaine it, without xx. M. And from thence it exceded to xxv. M. and at length to xxvij. M. Florences: which summe MarginaliaIacobus Archb. of Mentz.Iacobus Archbyshop of Mentz was prest to paie, a little before the councell of Basill: in so much that the sayde Iacobus, at his departing (which was wythin foure yeares after) sayde, that his death did not so muche grieue hym, as to remember hys poore subiectes, whyche shuld be constrained to pay so terrible a fine for the Popes palle. Nowe by this what did rise to the Pope in whole Germanie, containing in it aboue 50. Byshopprickes, MarginaliaEneas Siluius writeth to be 50. Bishoprickes in Germany. it may be easely coniectured. Lanfrancus thus comming to Rome, with the other two Byshops: he for the estimation of his learning, obtained of Alexander two palles, one ofhonour, the other of loue. Item, he obtained for the other two Bishops also their confirmation. At which time, they being there present before Alexander: the controuersie began first to be mooued (or rather renewed) for the primacie betwixt the two metropolitanes, that is betwixt the archbishop of Canterburie, and Archbishop of York, whether of them shoulde haue preeminence aboue the other: For Canterburie chalenged to himselfe preroragatiue and the primacie, ouer whole Britanie, and Irelande: the whiche contention continued a long season, betwixt these ij. churches, and was often renued in the daies of diuers kinges after this: as in the reigne of Henrie the firste, betwixte Thurstinus of Yorke, and Radolphus of Canterburie. And againe in the 27. yeare of the sayd king, at his seconde coronation: for Radolphus woulde not suffer the first coronation to stande, because it was done by the Byshop of Yorke, without his assent. Also in the reigne of Henry the second, where Alexander Pope made a letter decretall betwixt these ij. Metropolitanes, for hearing the crosse. An. M. Clix. Also an other time, in the raigne of the said king, betwixt Richard of Canterburie, and Roger of Yorke: againe about the yere of the Lord. M. Clxx. when Thomas Becket, hearing the king to be crowned of Roger byshop of Yorke: complained thereof grieuously to Pope Alexander the third. Item an other time. An. M. Clxxvj. betwixt Richard, and the sayde Roger, whether of them should sit on the right hande of Cardinall Hugo, in his Councell at London. Moreouer, in the beginning of the reign of king Richard, An. M. Cxc. betwixt Baldwinus of Canterburie, and Godfridus of Yorke. &c.

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Now to procede in the story hereof. After this question was brought as is said, to the Popes presence (he not disposed to decide the matter) sent them home vnto Englād, there to haue their cause determined. Wherupon they speding thēselues frō Rome, to Englād an. M. lxx. and the 6. yeare (as is sayd) of this William: brought the matter before the king and the clergy, at Windsore. Whereas Lancfrank first alledging for himselfe, brought in, from the time of Austen, to þe time of Bede (which was about 140. yeres) how that the Byshop of Cant. had euer the primacie ouer the whole land of Britaine, and Ireland: how he kept his Coūcels diuers times within the precincts of Yorke: how he did call and cite the Byshops of Yorke thereto: whereof some he did constitute, some he did excōmunicate, & some he did remoue: besides also he alledged diuers priuileges grāted by princes and prelates to the primacie of that sea. &c.

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To this Thomas Archbish. of Yorke replieth againe, and first beginning with the first originall of the Britains Church, declareth in order of time, how the Britanes. &c.

¶ The Britaines first possessioners of this kingdome of Britaine, which endured from Brutus & Cadwalader 2076. yeares vnder an hundreth and ij. Kynges, at length receaued the Christian fiath. Anno. Clxij. in the tyme of Lucius their king. MarginaliaLucius the first king of Britanie christened Eleutherius Byshop of Rome, sent Faganus and Damanus, preachers vnto them, at which time after theyr conuersion, they assigned and ordeined in the Realme 28. Byshops, with two Archbishops MarginaliaTheonus first Archb. of London.Theonus the Archbyshop of London, and Theodoceus Archbishop of Yorke. Vnder those Byshops and Archbishops the church of Britaine was gouerned, after their conuersion, almost. 300. yeares, till at length the Saxons being then infidels, with Hengistus their king, subdued þe Britans by fraudulēt murder, and inuaded their land: which was about the yere of the Lorde. 440. MarginaliaEx Chroni. Sigeberti.After this the Britans being driuen into Cambria (which we now cal Wales) the Saxons ouerrunning the land, deuided thēselues into 7. kingdomes. And so being infidels and Paganes, cōtinued, til the time that Gregory Byshop of Rome, sent Augustinus, to preach vnto them: which Austen comming first to Douer, being then head Citie of Kent, MarginaliaDouer the head citie of Kent. called in Latine Dorobernia, and there planting himselfe, conuerted first the king of Kent, called Edilbertus: who had thē subdued certaine other kings vnto Hūber. By reason wherof Augustine was made Archbishop of Douer, by the appoyntment of Gregorius, who sent him certaine Palles, with his letter from Rome, which before is expressed, pa. 158. MarginaliaThis was about 150. yeares after the comming of the Saxons. Which letter being recited, then Thomas expoūding vpon the same, beginneth to declare for himselfe, howe the meaning of Gregory in this letter, was to reduce the new Church of Saxons, or Englishmen, to the order that was in the old time among the Britanes: that is, to be vnder 2. Metropolitanes, one of London, the other of York: for so the Church was ordered in the time of the Britanes, as is before declared. Notwtstanding, he geueth to Austen thys prerogatiue during his life time, to haue authoritie & iurisdiction, not onely ouer his 12. Byshoppes, but vpon all other other Bishops and Priests in England. And after his de-

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