Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesLatin/Greek TranslationsCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Gwyn

(d. 1556)

John Gwyn was burned at Newbury, around 16 July 1556, with Thomas Askin and Julins Palmer. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Harley

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Hereford (DNB)

Edwardian bishop of Hereford. Harley walked out of the mass which was celebrated at the commencement of the 1553 parliament. He was deprived of his bishopric because he was married (1563, p. 905; 1570, p. 1571; 1576, p. 1339; and 1583, p. 1410).

He was discharged from parliament and convocation in 1553 (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1466).

[Also referred to as 'Bishop of Hartford']

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Julins Palmer

(1525? - 1556)

Born in Coventry. Son of Roger Palmer, mercer or upholsterer, who was sheriff of Coventry in 1525 and 1533. Fellow of Magdalen, Oxford. Schoolmaster. Martyr. [ODNB]

Julins Palmer was a papist while at Oxford during Edward VI's reign. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

He himself suffered at the hands of papists in Newbury in Berkshire. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

Julins Palmer was a scholar to John Harley in Oxford. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

Foxe recounts his character, early education and formative years. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

Shortly before the end of Edward VI's reign, slanderous notices were pinned up in Magdalene College, Oxford, about its president, Walter Haddon. Suspicion and blame were cast on Palmer, who was expelled. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2118, 1576, pp. 1840-41, 1583, pp. 1934-35.

After expulsion from Oxford, Julins Palmer became a teacher of children in the house of Sir Francis Knollys. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

He was restored to Magdalene, Oxford, under Mary. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

John Bullingham wrote a letter, dated 26 April 1563, about Julins Palmer's conversion and his own. He mentions Palmer's reading of Calvin. 1563, p. 1540, 1583, p. 1935.

Palmer became inquistive of martyrs who had died and their reasons. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

He sent a scholar to Gloucester to find out about the death of John Hooper. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

He went to the burning of Ridley and Latimer. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

Palmer read Peter Martyr's Commentaries on 1 Corinthians, borrowed from a Magdalene scholar. 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1935.

Cole, the president, abohorred Palmer and suspected his doctrinal beliefs. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

Friar John gave a sermon at Magdalen that deeply offended Palmer. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

Shipper, the bursar of the house, invited Palmer to dinner. Unbeknown to Palmer, the other guests included Friar John, Richard Smith and Dr Tresham. 1570, p. 2119 [no names given other than the friar's], 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Palmer refused to take the friar by the hand. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Palmer refused to take the cup from the friar. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Barwicke, an old acquaintance of Palmer's and sometime clerk at Magdalene, then fellow of Trinity, tried to turn Palmer back to catholicism. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1841, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer made a great search for books, including Morwyn's verses touching Winchester's epitaph. 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

He resigned his fellowship to become schoolmaster in Reading. 1570, p. 2119, 1570, p. 2119, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer's mother lived in Esham. Shipper and his brother told her of his approach on the way to Reading. He had gone to request some of his legacy. She refused and cursed him. 1570, p. 2120, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Alan Cope, fellow of Magdalene, gave suit, and he obtained a letter from Dr Cole to the preferment of a teaching post in Gloucestershire. 1570, p. 2120, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Palmer travelled with friends to Reading, where Master Hampton drew suspicion upon him and had him arrested. He was treated very badly by his jailor. He was placed in a dungeon for about ten days. 1570, p. 2120, 1576, p. 1842, 1583, p. 1936.

Julins Palmer's first examination was by the mayor, brought by Thomas Thackham (who had been in the teaching post that Palmer had taken). False witnesses against him were Cox, Cately and Downer. Articles were brought against him. 1570, pp. 2120-21, 1570, pp. 1842-43, 1583, 1937-38.

Julins Palmer's second examination on 10 July 1556 at Newbury was before Dr Geffre (chancellor of Salisbury), John Winchcomb, esquire, Sir Richard Abridges, Sir William Rainford [in 1576 and 1583], and the parson of Englefield. 1570, pp. 2121-23, 1576, pp. 1844-46,1583, pp. 1938-40.

John Moyer wrote Master Perry a letter which referred to John Bolton, Downer, Gately, Radley (now vicar of St Lawrence), Bowyer (a tanner) and Julins Palmer (who was indicted by Thackham). 1583, p. 2140.

Julins Palmer disputed with Barwick, MA, of Magdalen College, Oxford, who believed his doctrine would change if threatened with burning. 1583, p. 2141.

He was burned at Newbury on July 1556. He was thought to be dead, but raised his head and said 'Jesu' before he finally died. 1570, p. 2123, 1576, p. 1846, 1583, p. 1940.

[Variants for his first name are 'Julius', 'Joscelyn']

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Askin

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origin.

Thomas Askin was burned at Newbury, around 16 July 1556, with John Gwyn and Julins Palmer. 1563, p. 1539, 1570, p. 2117, 1576, p. 1840, 1583, p. 1934.

[Note that in 1563 Foxe does not know Askin's christian name.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Walter Haddon

(1516 - 1572)

President of Magdalen College, Oxford (1552 - 1554). Master of requests to Queen Elizabeth. [DNB] Writer. Writer of ecclesiastical laws with Cheke. (DNB)

Haddon's exile is mentioned in Bradford's letter to the university town of Cambridge. 1563, pp. 1178-80, 1570, pp. 1808-9., 1576, p.1545, 1583, p.1627.

Julins Parker, suspected of writing and distributing libelous verses against Dr Haddon, insulted the officers and was expelled from the college. 1563, p. 1540, 1570, p. 2118, 1576, p. 1841 [recte 1829], 1583, pp. 1934-35.

Having received a commission from the queen to reform religion at the University of Cambridge, Haddon gave a funeral oration of the death of Martin Bucer and decreed that Bucer and Phagius should be restored to their rightful places. 1563,pp. 1540, 1552 [recte 1564], 1570, p. 2145, 1576, p. 1865, 1583, p. 1958.

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Newbury
NGR: SU 474 675

A parish and town, having separate jurisdiction, although locally in the hundred of Faircross, county of Berkshire. 17 miles west by south from Reading, 56 miles west by south from London. The living is a rectory in the Archdeaconry of Berkshire, Diocese of Salisbury.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1958 [1934]

Queene Mary. The story and persecution of Iulins Palmer, Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iuly.in heauenly thinges, and also wyth the dewe of heauen, and fatnesse of the earth, that in all thynges you maye be made ryche in Iesus Christe our Lorde and onely Sauiour. The Lorde increase and blesse the fruite of your bodyes, that your children maye stande rounde about your table, thicke, fresh and lustie, lyke the Oliue braunches God geue you both a long life, that you maye see and blesse your childrens children, vnto the third and fourth generation, and teach them the true feare and loue of God, and that faith for the which they shalbe accepted in his sight.

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God lette you see the prosperitie of Syon, for whose lying in the dust, let your hearts mourne. The Lorde make perfecte your loue together in hym, and alwaies encrease the same, and bryng you bothe in peace to your graues, MarginaliaNote that both these departed in quiet peace, the one 1565. the other 1568.at a good age. And nowe I bid you bothe moste heartely farewell: and I thinke I shall now take my leaue of you for euer in this life. I beseeche you both to aide me with your continuall prayers (as I wil not forgette you in mine) that I may haue a ioyfull victorie through Iesus Christ: To whose most mercifull defence, I doe moste heartely for euer commende you to be kepte vnblameable, vntill hys comming: The which I beseeche him to hasten for his mercies sake.

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Your owne vnfainedly, Iohn Care-
les, prisonner of the Lord.

Heere endeth the Letters of Iohn Careles.

The hystorie and Martyrdome of a learned and vertuous yonge man, called Iulins Palmer, sometime fellow of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, with two other Martyrs, to wit, I. Gwin, and Thomas Askine, burned together in Newberie, at a place there called the Sande pittes. 
Commentary  *  Close
Julins Palmer

Foxe gives an account of Palmer's background, his career as a catholic at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign, Bullingham's description of his conversion to protestantism during Mary's reign (Palmer was the opposite of the vicar of Bray), his departure from Magdalen in Mary's reign and a relatively brief account of his arrest and execution. Foxe relied on personal informants for this information, possibly his relatives in Coventry - his wife's family came from the city - and certainly members of Magdalen College. The most important of these was John Bullingham, whose letter recounting Palmer'sprotestant zeal, was printed in this edition.

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In the 1570 edition, Foxe added a long description of Palmer's character and habits. He also added much more detail about Palmer's time at Magdalen in Edward VI's reign and his expulsion for libelling Walter Haddon, the president of the college. Foxe also added much greater detail about Palmer's conversion to protestantism and his leaving Magdalen in Mary's reign. Further material was added on Palmer's becoming master of the grammar school at Reading, the search of his study there, instigated by rivals in Reading, and the discovery of verses denouncing Stephen Gardiner. Additionally the account was inserted of Palmer's flight from Reading, his mother's refusal to aid him, Palmer's return to Reading and his arrest, trial and execution. Once again, all of this additional material came from oral sources: definitely Thomas Parry and John Moyer, who not only seem to have contributed their own reminiscences, but also to have organized the gathering and sending of information to Foxe. The Bullingham letter was dropped from this edition, but Latin verses in praise of Palmer were added.

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No changes were made to this account in the 1576 edition. In the 1583 edition, the Bullingham letter was restored to the account. Material supplied by Moyer and Parry had attacked one Thomas Thackham as being partly responsible for Palmer's death; Thackham's defence was added to this edition, as was Moyer's rebuttal of it. Also added to this edition was an exchange Palmer was said to have had with Barwick, a fellow of Magdalen College, about martyrdom

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Strikingly, the account of Palmer did not make use of a single official document and it was not based on any of the martyr's own writings; it came entirely from information supplied by individual informants.

Marginalia3. Martyrs suffering at Newbery, MarginaliaIulins Palmer, Iohn Gwin, Thomas Askine Martyrs. MarginaliaIuly. 16.THe same moneth of Iuly, in which Careles, as before is declared, was released out of prison by death, in short time after, about the 16. day of the sayd moneth of Iuly, 

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 201, middle

As July 12th fell on a Sunday in 1556, there must be some mistake in Foxe's dates of Palmer's history. The Edition of 1570 dates the last two days of examination, July x and xi. Foxe calls him Julius in the Latin and in 1570; but Jocelinus, in his Letter presenting his "Acts and Monuments" to Magdalen College; and "Julines" and "Julyne" in 1563, and "Julins" in 1576 and all subsequent editions; so that "Julius" would seem to be an error.

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suffered these 3. godly and constante Martyrs aboue mentioned, at Newbery, in which number was Iulins Palmer, sometime student and fellowe of Magdalene Colledge in Oxford, and afterwardes Schoolemaister in the towne of Reading. MarginaliaThe story of Palmer.Concerning whose storie and Martyrdome here foloweth, although not so much as he deserueth to be sayde: yet so much as sufficiently may set foorth the great woorking of God in this yong man.

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Iulins Palmer.

AS all Gods woorkes are wonderous, in calling of all sorts of men to confirme hys truth, and to beare witnesse vnto his assured and infallible woord, which the aduersaries haue depraued, and corrupted with theyr false gloses, to establish the fleshly kingdome of Antichrist, and to purchase securitie in the world, which they seke to kepe in theyr possession by all meanes possible, rather curssing wyth the thunderbolte of excommunication, burnynge, hanging, drowning, racking, scourging, and persecuting by secrete practise, and open violence, the simple sheepe of our Sauiour Christ: then that their false forged packing, shuld be detected, theyr estimation appaired,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 201, line 5 from the bottom

Deteriorated, or waxed worse: see Mr. Way's note on Prompt. Parv. p. 12; and Halliwell in voc.

theyr kitchin cooled, theyr rents, reuenues, goodes, landes and possessions abated: I say as Gods woorks be woonderful, which chuseth some of all sortes to confesse his Gospell: MarginaliaThe story of the godly Martyr Iulins Palmer fellow sometyme of Magdalen Colledge in Oxford.so there is no one example, in the whole godly felowship of martyrs, more to be marked, yea, more to be wōdered at, then thys: that one, which in all King Edwardes dayes, was a Papist within the Vniuersitie of Oxforde, and so obstinate, as that he did vtterly abhorre all godly Prayer, and syncere Preaching, and almost of all them, with whom he liued, was therefore likwise abhorred, & (as I may say) poynted at with the finger, did yet after in Queene Maries time suffer most cruell deathe, at the Papists handes, at Newberie in Barkeshire, for the most ready, and zealous profession of the blessed truthe.

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MarginaliaIulins Palmer borne in Couentrye.Hys name was Iulins Palmer, borne in Couentry, where also his parents dwelt. His father had some tyme bene Maior of that Citie, and occupied Marchandise, all be it he was an Upholster by hys misterie.  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 202, fn 1

"Misterye or craft." Ed. 1563. - ED.

 
Commentary  *  Close

Roger Palmer, the father of Julins Palmer, had become a successful merchant although he had started out in the trade ('mystery') of being an upholsterer.

How he was brought vppe in hys yonge and tender yeares, from hys first entring, we knowe not, but as we haue learned, MarginaliaIulins Palmer scholer to M. Harley, schoolemaster of Magdalen Colledge.hee was sometime scholer to master Harley, which taught the free schoole of Magdalene Colledge in Oxforde, by whose diligence, and the goodnesse of hys owne capacitie, he became a towarde yong scholler in prose and verse. For hee had a very prompt and ready memorie, a witte sharp and pregnant. Hee spake Latine with greate facilitye of vtterance, and wanted not competent knowledge in þe Greke

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tong: in so much that diuers times he supplied the roume of the Greke reader in his house. He was a subtill disputer, both in the publique schooles, and also at home. MarginaliaIulins Palmer addicted to Philosophye.He vsed to say, þt he was neuer so pleasantly occupied, as when he came to the harde debating, of profounde questions in Philosophie? so that he hath oftentimes watched and spēt the whole nighte in the discussing, and searching oute the truth of deepe and diffuse questions, as De principijs, de infinito, de vacuo, te tempore, de casu, & fortuna. &c. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

De principiis, de infinito, de vacuo, de tempore, de casu & fortuna. &c.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

On principles, on infinity, on space, on time, on accident and fortune. etc.

And thys vsed he to do sondry times, with diuers of his equals.

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In familiar talke he greatly delited, for the exercise of his learning, to defend þe contrary to that, which was affirmed, yet with modestye, and wtout all ostentation. For he greatly abhorred al ouerthwart cauilling, al friuolous talke, and vnsauery brabbling. He was not captious, but would reason so soberly, & with such probability, that euē his aduersaries would no lesse maruel at the dexteritie of hys inuention: then at hys comely and decent behauiour in prosecuting the same.

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MarginaliaIulins Palmer beginneth to apply Diuinity.And although he applied Diuinitie very lately, it appeareth, þt he recompēsed the smal time of his study, wt the greatnes of his diligence bestowed in the same, & his late comming to the truthe, with his earnest & zealous proceding therein. For by the secrete inspiration of Gods holy spirit, inwardly working in his hart, he gaue an apparēt signification in his yōg yeres, þt if God had spared his life to age, he would haue grown to such maturitie & ripenes of iudgement, as wherby he should haue ben an ornamēt to Christes Church, and an honour to his countrey.

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MarginaliaThe ciuill behauiour of Iulins Palmer.And somewhat to speake of his ciuil behauior, he was of maners courteous without curiosity, of countenaunce chearefull, without high lookes, of speach pleasant, wythout affectation, he was affable and lowlye as any childe, and yet quicke spirited, and vehement in reasoning. Hee practised no deceit towarde any man, for he was of suche simplicitye, that hee was apter to be deceiued, then to deceiue, and he was so great a cōtemner of al reproches and iniuries, that he would say: MarginaliaPalmers prouerbe.none were to be counted valiant, but such as could despise iniurie.

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In priuate studie he was so infatigable, that hee arose ordinarily euery morning at 4. of the clock, and went not lightly to bed, before 10. at night. MarginaliaPalmer fellow of Magdalen Colledge.In so much þt as he grew in yeres & vnderstanding: so he came to be a Bacheler of Art, & at length for the hope appering in him, to þe preferment of a felowship in Mag. colledge, MarginaliaPalmer reader of Logique in his Colledge.where also he was admitted to þe office of a reader in logique. An. 1550. Now if he had at the first, fauored syncere religiō, so much as he folowed his booke, then had we had the les matter to note in him. But in deede he was so much (as is aforesaid) addicted to the Romish faith, þt his company & conuersation in þe same house, was altogether with such, as were vtter enemies to the gospel of Christ. MarginaliaPalmer an vtter enemy to sound religion.If he came to cōmon praier at any time, it was by violence, & compulsiō, for otherwise he came not. Sermons wold he heare none himself, nor yet suffer hys scholers to resort vnto them, by his good will, for he was full perswaded, that they might be better occupied at home. MarginaliaPalmer impugner of true Preachers in K. Edwardes time.The Preachers themselues, he did both disdaine and despise, and all suche as were setters foorth of sounde doctrine beside. For the which contumacie, & stubbornnesse, hee was so ofte called before the Officers of the Colledge, and punished sometime by the pursse, sometime by the lacke of hys commons, and otherwhile by certaine taskes, and exercises of learning, enioyned vnto hym: that diuers supposed hym to haue endeuoured of set purpose, continually to seeke occasion, whereby he might be counted a sufferer for that fantasied religion of the Romyshe Churche.

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MarginaliaLibells set vp in Oxford agaynst D. Haddon President.In the ende, not longe before the deathe of King Edwarde that godly Prince, certaine sclaunderous libelles, and railing Verses, were priuely fixed to the walles and doores in sondry places of the Colledge against the President, which was then Doctor Haddon, whereby was ministred further matter of trouble to Palmer. For whereas it was well knowen that he, and some of his companions, had very little before, spoken contumelious woordes against the President: it coulde not be nowe auoyded, but that thereby arose a vehement surmise and suspition, that he conspiring wyth others, had contriued, made, and scattered abroade the sayde slaunderous wrytings. Great inquisition was made in the Colledge, to search out the author of so malitious and despitefull a deede, but nothynge coulde be found and prooued against Palmer, or any of his companions. Nowe Palmer being hereuppon examined by the Officers, did not onely with stoute courage denye the facte to haue bene hys: but also spake further manye reprochefull woordes touching the sayd Officers, and sent the same to them in wryting, wherby he was by them adiudged to be an vnwoorthy member of that societie. And MarginaliaIulins Palmer expelled the Colledge for Poperye.

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