Thematic Divisions in Book 11
1. The Martyrdom of Rogers 2. The Martyrdom of Saunders 3. Saunders' Letters 4. Hooper's Martyrdom 5. Hooper's Letters 6. Rowland Taylor's Martyrdom 7. Becket's Image and other events 8. Miles Coverdale and the Denmark Letters 9. Bonner and Reconciliation 10. Judge Hales 11. The Martyrdom of Thomas Tomkins 12. The Martyrdom of William Hunter 13. The Martyrdom of Higbed and Causton 14. The Martyrdom of Pigot, Knight and Laurence 15. Robert Farrar's Martyrdom 16. The Martyrdom of Rawlins/Rowland White17. The Restoration of Abbey Lands and other events in Spring 155518. The Providential Death of the Parson of Arundel 19. The Martyrdom of John Awcocke 20. The Martyrdom of George Marsh 21. The Letters of George Marsh 22. The Martyrdom of William Flower 23. The Martyrdom of Cardmaker and Warne 24. Letters of Warne and Cardmaker 25. The Martyrdom of Ardley and Simpson 26. John Tooly 27. The Examination of Robert Bromley [nb This is part of the Tooly affair]28. The Martyrdom of Thomas Haukes 29. Letters of Haukes 30. The Martyrdom of Thomas Watts 31. Mary's False Pregnancy32. Censorship Proclamation 33. Our Lady' Psalter 34. Martyrdom of Osmund, Bamford, Osborne and Chamberlain35. The Martyrdom of John Bradford 36. Bradford's Letters 37. William Minge 38. James Trevisam 39. The Martyrdom of John Bland 40. The Martyrdom of Frankesh, Middleton and Sheterden 41. Sheterden's Letters 42. Examinations of Hall, Wade and Polley 43. Martyrdom of Christopher Wade 44. Nicholas Hall45. Margery Polley46. Martyrdom of Carver and Launder 47. Martyrdom of Thomas Iveson 48. John Aleworth 49. Martyrdom of James Abbes 50. Martyrdom of Denley, Newman and Pacingham 51. Martyrdom of John Newman52. Richard Hooke 53. Martyrdom of William Coker, et al 54. Martyrdom of George Tankerfield, et al 55. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Smith 56. Martyrdom of Harwood and Fust 57. Martyrdom of William Haile 58. George King, Thomas Leyes and John Wade 59. William Andrew 60. Martyrdom of Robert Samuel 61. Samuel's Letters 62. William Allen 63. Martyrdom of Thomas Cobb 64. Martyrdom of Catmer, Streater, Burwood, Brodbridge, Tutty 65. Martyrdom of Hayward and Goreway 66. Martyrdom and Letters of Robert Glover 67. Cornelius Bungey 68. John and William Glover 69. Martyrdom of Wolsey and Pigot 70. Life and Character of Nicholas Ridley 71. Ridley and Latimer's Conference 72. Ridley's Letters 73. Life of Hugh Latimer 74. Latimer's Letters 75. Ridley and Latimer Re-examined and Executed76. More Letters of Ridley 77. Life and Death of Stephen Gardiner 78. Martyrdom of Webb, Roper and Park 79. William Wiseman 80. James Gore 81. Examinations and Martyrdom of John Philpot 82. Philpot's Letters 83. Martyrdom of Thomas Whittle, Barlett Green, et al 84. Letters of Thomas Wittle 85. Life of Bartlett Green 86. Letters of Bartlett Green 87. Thomas Browne 88. John Tudson 89. John Went 90. Isobel Foster 91. Joan Lashford 92. Five Canterbury Martyrs 93. Life and Martyrdom of Cranmer 94. Letters of Cranmer 95. Martyrdom of Agnes Potten and Joan Trunchfield 96. Persecution in Salisbury Maundrell, Coberly and Spicer 97. William Tyms, et al 98. Letters of Tyms 99. The Norfolk Supplication 100. Martyrdom of John Harpole and Joan Beach 101. John Hullier 102. Hullier's Letters 103. Christopher Lister and five other martyrs 104. Hugh Lauerocke and John Apprice 105. Katherine Hut, Elizabeth Thacknell, et al 106. Thomas Drury and Thomas Croker 107. Thomas Spicer, John Deny and Edmund Poole 108. Persecution of Winson and Mendlesam 109. Gregory Crow 110. William Slech 111. Avington Read, et al 112. Wood and Miles 113. Adherall and Clement 114. A Merchant's Servant Executed at Leicester 115. Thirteen Burnt at Stratford-le-Bow116. Persecution in Lichfield 117. Hunt, Norrice, Parret 118. Martyrdom of Bernard, Lawson and Foster 119. Examinations of John Fortune120. John Careless 121. Letters of John Careless 122. Martyrdom of Julius Palmer 123. Agnes Wardall 124. Peter Moone and his wife 125. Guernsey Martyrdoms 126. Dungate, Foreman and Tree 127. Martyrdom of Thomas More128. Examination of John Jackson129. Examination of John Newman 130. Martyrdom of Joan Waste 131. Martyrdom of Edward Sharpe 132. Four Burnt at Mayfield at Sussex 133. John Horne and a woman 134. William Dangerfield 135. Northampton Shoemaker 136. Prisoners Starved at Canterbury 137. More Persecution at Lichfield
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesLatin/Greek TranslationsCommentary on the Text
 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Anne Tree [or Try]

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of East Grinstead.

Anne Tree was burned at Grinstead in Sussex on 18 July 1556. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1855, 1583, p. 1949.

[In BL, Harley 421 fos.109r-110v she is referred to as Anne Tree, but Foxe refers to her as Try in Acts and Monuments.]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Foreman

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origin.

John Foreman was burned at Grinstead in Sussex on 18 July 1556. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1855, 1583, p. 1949.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Jackson

John Jackson signed John Trew's confession of 30 January 1556. [Bodley Ms 53, fo.125r; C. J. Clement, Religious Radicalism in England, 1535-1565 (Carlisle, 1997), p. 370.]

Jackson was examined by Dr Cook on 11 March 1556. Foxe records his questions and answers. 1563, pp. 1611-12 [recte 1623-24], 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Dungate

(d. 1556)

Martyr. Of unknown occupation and origin.

Thomas Dungate was burned on 18 July 1556 at Grinstead in Sussex. 1563, p. 1545, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1855, 1583, p. 1949.

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Thomas Moore

(1532? - 1556)

Husbandman. Martyr. Of Leicester.

Thomas Moore denied transubstantiation when examined by Dr Cook and so was condemned. 1563, p. 1611 [recte 1623], 1570, p. 2134, 1576, pp. 1855-56, 1583, p. 1949.

He was burned around 26 June 1556 at Leicester. 1563, p. 1611 [recte 1623], 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1855, 1583, p. 1949.

[This is the merchant's servant burned at Leicester. See 1563, p. 1523, 1570, p. 2095, 1576, p. 1808, 1583, p. 1914 ]

 
Person and Place Index  *  Close
William Cooke

DD (1537). Fellow of All Souls (1527 - 1535) (Foster). Prebend of Kilsby (Lincoln) (1554 - 1559). Deprived after September 1559 (Fasti).

William Cooke was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

A letter was sent by the commissioners to Bonner requesting examination of the accused members of the London sacramentaries. The letter was dated 2 July 1555 and signed by Nicholas Hare, William Roper, Richard Rede, and William Cooke. 1563, p. 1250, 1570, p. 1868, 1576, p. 1599, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's second examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story and Cook and the scribe on 24 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1390-92, 1570, pp. 1962-64, 1576, pp. 1689-91, 1583, pp. 1797-98.

Dr Cook took part in the examination of William Tyms, Robert Drakes, Thomas Spurge, Richard Spurge, John Cavel and George Ambrose. 1570, pp. 2076-77, 1576, p. 1791, 1583, pp. 1896-97.

John Jackson was examined by Dr Cook 11 March 1556. Foxe records his questions and answers. 1563, pp. 1611-12, 1570, p. 2134, 1576, p. 1856, 1583, p. 1950.

Thomas Moore denied transubstantiation when examined by Dr Cook and so was condemned. 1570, p. 2134, 1576, pp. 1855-56, 1583, p. 1949.

Richard Woodman's first examination before Christopherson, Story, Cooke and others took place on 14 April 1557. 1563, pp. 1573-79, 1570, p. 2174-78, 1576, pp. 1877-81, 1583, pp. 1986-89.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Alexander Wimshurst was carried before Story and Cook who asked him where his whore was. Wimshurst defended his wife's honour and her whereabouts. 1570, p. 2276, 1576, p. 1965, 1583, p. 2072.

 
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Greenstead [EastGreenstead]
NGR: TQ 394 385

A borough and parish in the hundred of East Grinstead, rape of Pevensey, county of Sussex. 19.75 miles north from Lewes, 29.5 miles south by east from London. The living is a vicarage in the Archdeaconry of Lewes, Diocese of Chichester.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Leicester
Lecester, Leycester
NGR: SK 590 045

A borough, having separate jurisdiction, in the county of Leicester, of which it is the capital. 97 miles north-north-west from London. The borough comprises the parishes of All Saints, St Leonard, St Martin, St Nicholas, and parts of St Margaret and St Mary. St Margaret is within the peculiar jurisdiction of the prebend of that stall in Lincoln cathedral. The rest are in the Archdeaconry of Leicester, Diocese of Lincoln

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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1973 [1949]

Queene Mary. Thomas More his Martirdome. Iohn Iackson troubled.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Iuly.Clergy, and see what he could finde there amongest those wilfull contemners of immaculate mariage. Not that I do accuse any of incontinencie, whose liues I knowe not but there is one aboue, that well knoweth and seeth all thinges, be they neuer so secret to man, and most certainly will pay home at length wyth fire and brimstone when hee seeth his time.

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I say no more, and not so much as I might, following herein the Paynters, whiche when their colours will not serue to expresse a thing that they meane, they shadow it with a veile. MarginaliaGod knoweth what spilling & murdering of infantes there is in the world.But howsoeuer the matter goeth with them whether they may or may not be suspected touchyng thys crime aforesayd of infantacide, most sure and manifest it is that they are more then worthely to be accused of homicide in murdering the chiidren and seruauntes of God, bothe men and women, wiues and maydes, old & young, blinde and lame, madde and vnmadde, discreete and simple innocentes, learned with the vnlearned, and that of all degrees from the high Archbishop to the Clark and Sexten of the church,and that most wrongfully and wilfully, with such effusion of innocent Christian bloud, as cryeth vp dayly to God for vengeance.

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And therefore M. H. in my minde shoulde doe well, to spare a little time from these his inuectiues wherewith he appeacheth the poore protestantes of murder, whom they haue murdered themselues, and exercise his penne wyth some more fruitfull matter, to exhort these spirituall Fathers first to cease from murdering of their owne children to spare the bloud of innocentes, & not to persecute Christ so cruelly in his members, as they do, and furthermore to exhort in like maner these MarginaliaAgamistæ, of ἄγαμος, which signifieth men vnmaryed, or agaynst mariage.Agamistes, and wilful reiecters of matrimony, to take themselues to lawfull wiues, and not to resist Gods holy ordinaunce, nor encounter his institution with an other contrary institution of theyr own deuising, lest perhappes they preuented by fragilitie, may fall into daunger of suche inconueniences aboue touched: which if they be not in thē, I shall be glad: but if they be, it is neyther theyr rayling agaynst þe poore protestantes, nor yet theyr secret auricular confession, that shall couer theyr iniquities from the face of the Lord, when hee shall come to reueale abscondita tenebrarum, & iudicare sæculum per ignem. 

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Foxe text narrative
Foxe text Latin

abscondita tenebrarum, & iudicare saeculum per ignem.

Foxe text translation

Not translated.

Translation (Wade 2003)

(to reveal) the obscurities of the darkness, and to judge the age by fire.

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As thus for lacke of further laysure, I end with M. H. hauing no more at this time to say vnto him, but wish him to feare God, to embrace his truth, to remember himselfe, and to surcease from this vncharitable rayling and brawling, especially agaynst the dead whiche cannot aunswer him, or if he will needes cōtinue still to be suche a vehement accuser of other, yet that hee will remember what belongeth to the part of a right accuser: MarginaliaThe partes of a true accuser.First, that his accusation be true: secondly that no blinde affection of partialitie be mixt withall: thirdly, whosoeuer taketh vppon them to carpe and appeache the crimes of other, oughte themselues to be sincere and vpright, and to see what may be written in their owne foreheades.

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Whoredome and murder be greeuous offences, and worthy to bee accused. But to accuse of murder the parties that were murdered, and to leaue the other persons vntouched whiche were the true murderers,  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 241, fn 2

"O cruel papists, that ever such a foul murder upon earth should be committed. The Lord himself will revenge it no doubt to your perpetual shame, although in this world neither the complaint was greatly regarded, nor the cause condignly pondered, nor the cruel murder as yet revenged, etc. Thus these three good and godly women with the poor infant ended their lives, unjustly condemned, and cruelly murdered by the bloody, furious, and fiery papists." See Edition 1563, page 1544. - ED.

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it is the part of an accuser, which deserueth himselfe to be accused of partialitie.

As verily I thinke by this woman, that if she hadde bene a Catholicke Papiste and a deuout follower of their Church, as she was a Protestant, she had neyther bene condemned thē aliue of them, nor now accused being dead of M. H. But God forgeue him, and make him a good man, if it it be his will.

Three Martyrs burned at Greenstead in Sussex. 
Commentary  *  Close
Dungate, Foreman and Tree

This terse account first appeared in the 1563 edition and would never be changed. The stability of this account is due to the lack of information Foxe was able to obtain about martyrs in the diocese of Chichester. The original sentence against Anna Tree remains in Foxe's papers (BL, Harley MS 421, fos. 109r-110v).

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MarginaliaIuly. 18. MarginaliaThe Martyrdome of two men and one woman at Grenestede in Sussex.NEre about the same time that these three womē with the infant were burned at Garnesey, suffered other three likewise at Grenestead in Sussex, two men and one woman, the names of whome were Thomas Dungate Iohn Foreman, and mother Tree, who for righteousnes sake, gaue themselues to death and tormentes of the fire, patiently abiding what the furious rage of man could say or worke agaynst them, at the sayde Towne of Grenested ending theyr liues, the xviij. of the said month of Iuly, and in the yeare aforesaide.

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¶ The burning and Martyrdome of Thomas More  
Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 242, top

See Strype's Memorials, "Originals of the reign of Mary," No. LI. p. 165; or vol. vii. p. 238, Edit. 1816.

in the Towne of Leicester, Iune xxvi. the yeare. 1556. 
Commentary  *  Close
Thomas Moor

This is the same person decribed as unnamed servant earlier in the Acts and Monuments (1563, p. 1523; 1570, p. 2095; 1576, p. 1808 and 1583, p. 1914). The reason for thisconfusing duplication is that Foxe obtained these different accounts from different sources and did not realise that they described the same person. The source for this account was the official record from the diocese of Lincoln; it had probably been copied and sent to Foxe by a friend.

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MarginaliaIuly. 26.AS the bloudy rage of this persecution, spared neyther

manne, woman, nor childe, wife, nor mayde, lame, blynde nor creple, and so through all men and women, as there was no difference: either of age or sexe considered: so neyther was there any condition or qualitie respected of anye person: but whosoeuer he were that helde not, as they did on the pope, and sacrament of the Aultar, were he learned or vnlearned, wise, or simple, innocent, all went to þe fire. MarginaliaThe burning of Thomas Moore a simple innocent, at Leicester.As may appeare by this simple poore creature, & innocent soule named Thomas More retayning as a seruaunt to a Mans house in the towne of Leicester, about the age of 24. and after in manner of an housbandman, for speakyng certayne wordes, that his Maker was in heauen, & not in the Pixe, was thereupon apprehended in the countrey, being with his frendes. MarginaliaThomas Moore examined before the Bishop.Who comming before his Ordinary, first was asked, whether he did not beleue his Maker there to be, poynting to the high Aultar. Whiche he denyed.

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Then asked the Bishop, how then, sayd hee, doest thou beleue?

The young man aunswered agayn: as his Creede did teache him.

To whom the bishop sayde: and what is yonder that thou seest aboue the aultar? He aunswering, sayd: forsooth I cannot tell what you would haue me to see. I see there fine clothes, with golden tassels, and other gay gere hanging about the pixe. What is within I cannot see.

Why? Doest thou not beleue, sayth the bishoppe, Christ to be there, fleshe, bloud, and bone? No, that I doe not, sayd he.

MarginaliaThe condēnation and Martyrdome of Thomas Moore. Ex Regist. Episc. Lincol.Whereupon the Ordinary making short with him, red the sentence, and so condemned the true and faythfull seruaunt of Christ to death, in sainct Margaretes Churche in Leicester: 

Commentary  *  Close

Moor was condemned on 20 April 1556 (PRO C/85/116/9).

who was burnt and suffered a ioyfull & glorious Martirdome, for the testimony of righteousnesse, in the same Towne of Leicester, the yeare of the Lord aboue mentioned. 1556. about the 26. of Iune.

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To this Thomas Moore, we haue also annexed the aunsweres, and examination of one Iohn Iackson, before Doctour Cooke one of the Commissioners, for that it belongeth much vnto the same time.

¶ The examination of Iohn Iackson, had before Doctor Cooke, the 11. day of March. An. 1556. 
Commentary  *  Close
The Examination of John Jackson

This examination, first printed in the 1563 edition, was never changed in subsequent editions. It was printed considerably out of chronological order in the 1563 edition - inserted among the events of the summer of 1557, a sure sign that Foxe acquired this material while the 1563 edition was being printed.

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MarginaliaExamination of Iohn Iackson before Doctour Cooke.FIrst, when I came before him, he railed on me, and called me hereticke, I aunswered and sayde: I am no hereticke.

Cooke. Yes, quoth he. For M. Read 

Commentary  *  Close

I.e., Thomas Read, the martyr. Remember that Read may not have actually called Jackson a heretic; he may, for example, have praised his zeal for the gospel, which, in this context, Cook would have interpreted as indicating that Jackson was a rank heretic.

told me that thou was the rankest hereticke of all them in the Kynges Benche.

Iackson. I sayd I knew him not.

Cooke No, quoth he? Yes, hee examined thee at the kinges Benche.

Iackson. I aunswered him, and sayd: he examined fiue other, but not me.

Cooke. Then answer me: what sayest thou to the blessed sacrament of the Aultar? tell me.

Iackson. I answered: it is a diffuse question, to aske me at the first dash, you promising to deliuer me.

Cooke. What an hereticke is this, quoth he?

Iackson. I sayd: it is easier to call a man hereticke then to proue him one.

Cooke. Then he sayd: what Church art thou of?

Iackson. What church, quoth I? I am of þe same church MarginaliaThe church.that is builded on the foundation of the Prophetes & the Apostles, Iesus Christ being the head corner stone.

Cooke. Thou art an hereticke, quoth he.

Iackson. Yea, quoth I? how can that be, seeing that I am of that Church? I am sure that you will not say that the Prophetes, and Apostles were heretickes.

Cooke. No, quoth he. But what sayst thou to the blessed sacrament of the Aultar agayne? Tell me.

Iackson. I aunswered hym, and sayde, MarginaliaThe Sacrament of the Aultar.I finde it not written.

Cooke. No, quoth he? Keeper away with him.

Iackson. Yet I taryed there longe, and did talke wyth hym, and I said: Sir, I can be content to be tractable, and obedient to the word of God.

Cooke. He aunswered and sayde to me, that I knew not, what the word of God meant, nor yet whether it wer true or not.

Iackson. I aunswered, and sayd to hym, yes that I do.

Cooke. Wherby, quoth he?

Iackson. Hereby sayde I. Our sauioure Christe sayth: Searche the Scriptures, for in them you thinke to haue eter-

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