Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
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1985 [1961]

Queene Mary. Visitation in Cambridge. Processe against M. Bucer, and Paulus Phagius.

MarginaliaAnno 1556. Ianuary.was peremptory. But these men beyng bent altogether to equity and mercy, had rather shew some fauour, then to do the vttermost they might by the law. Whereupon Vincent published the second processe, and set it vp in the same places, as in maner before. The meanyng thereof varied not much from the first, but that it put of the iudgement day vnto the 26. of the same month. Vppon the which day the Vicechauncellor was sent for to their lodgyng, with whome they agreed concernyng the order of publishing the sentence. And because there should want no solemnitie in the matter, they commaunded him further to warne the Maior of the Towne to be there at the day appointed with all hys Burgesses, which the Vicechauncellour dyd speed with all readinesse.

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This day (as I sayd) was MarginaliaIanuary. 26.the 26. of Ianuary, which beyng now come, first all degrees of the mother Vniuersitie were assembled. And to fil vp this Pageant, thither came also the Maior and hys townesmen, and all met together in S. Mary Church to behold what there shoulde be determined vpon these men. After long attendaunce, at length the Commissioners came forth and went vppe to a scaffold that was somewhat higher then the residue, MarginaliaAn high matter in a low house. prepared for the same purpose. When they had takē their places, D. Perne the Vicechauncellor, the player of this Enterlude, fashionyng hys countenance with great grauitie, reached to them the processe that was lastly published, to cite thē, saying these wordes: I bring forth againe (quoth he) to you right reuerend father and Commissioners, of the most reuerend my L. Cardinall Poole (payntyng out the rest of his stile) this Citation executed according to the purport and effect of the same: omittyng nothyng for his part that might make to the commendation of this matter. When he had thus finished his tale, by and by the B. of Chester after he had a little viewed the people, beganne in maner as followeth.

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The Oration of D. Scot B. of Chester, 
Commentary  *  Close

In the 1563 edition, Foxe, following Golding, refers to the bishop of Chester as the bishop of 'West Chester'. (This is because the bishop of the older see of Chichester had traditionally been referred to as the bishop of Chester). In the 1570 edition, Foxe changed 'West Chester' to Chester.

before the condemnation of Bucer and Phagius.

MarginaliaThe Oration of Doctour Scotte Bishop of Chester, before the pronouncing of the Sentence of condemnation.YE see (quoth he) how sore the Vniuersitie presseth vpon vs, how earnest intercession it maketh vnto vs, not only to denounce Bucer and Phagius, which these certayne yeares past haue spred most pernicious doctrine among you, to be heretickes (as they be in deede) but also that we will commaund their dead carcasses, which vnto this day haue obtayned honourable buriall among you, to be digged vp, and as it is excellently ordained by the Canon law to be cast into fire, or whatsoeuer is more grieuous then fire, if any can bee. MarginaliaWhat dissembling is here in thes Popeholy Catholickes?For the degrees of the Vniuersitie deale not slightly nor slackly with vs in this case, but do so presse vpon vs, and follow the sute so earnestly, that they scarse geue vs any respite of delay. And I assure you, albeit this case of it selfe be such, as that euen the vnworthinesse of those persons, though there were no further cause, ought to induce vs to the doyng thereof, much the rather mooued with these so wholesome petitions, it is meete and conuenient we should graunt it. MarginaliaTyranny couered with the visor of mercy.For howe soeuer we of our selues are enclined to mercye in our heartes, (then the which wee protest there is nothyng vnder the Sunne to vs more deare and acceptable MarginaliaSathan transforming himself into an Aungell of light.) yet notwithstandyng, the very law riseth vp to reuengement, so that the common saluation of you all, which the law prouideth for, must bee preferred before the priuate charitie of our mynds. Neither ought any such negligence to ouertake vs for our partes, that we beyng scarce yet escaped out of the shipwracke of our former calamitie, shoulde now suffer this vnexpiable mischiefe, to disquiet any longer the consciences of the weake.

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Moreouer, it is but reason that we should doe somewhat at so earnest intreatance and sute of MarginaliaO Lord God? as though this were the doing of the Vniuersity, and not your owne.the Vniuersitie. It needeth not me to speake much of our selues. For if we had bene desirous to enterprise this matter, it had bene lawfull after the first Citation, to haue proceeded to iudgement: but for because we were willyng that their defendours should be heard, and that the matter should be denounced and tried by law, we sent out the seconde processe.

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MarginaliaThe Wolfe pretendeth to be a Lambe.If we had desired reuengement, we myght haue shewed crueltye vpon them that are alyue: of the which (alas the more pitie) there are too many that embrace this doctrine. If we thirsted for bloud, it was not to be sought in withered carcasses and drie bones. Therefore ye may well perceiue, it was no part of our wils that we now came hether, MarginaliaAs though the Cardinall sent you not downe before you came to the Vniuersitye.but partly induced at the intreatie of the Vniuersitie, partly mooued with the vnworthinesse of the case it selfe, but especially for the care and regard we haue of your health and saluation, which we couet by all means to preserue.

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For you your selues are the cause of this busines: you gaue occasion of this confession, among whom this day ought to be a notable example, to remayne as a memoriall to them that shall

come after, as in that which ye may learne not onely to shake of the filth which ye haue taken of these persons, but also to beware hereafter that ye fall no more so shamefully as ye haue done. But I trust God will defend you, and geue you myndes to kepe your selues from it.

As concernyng the parties themselues, whose case now hāgeth in lawe, they bare about the name of the Gospell, MarginaliaBucer and Phagius falsely accused of hipocrisie, by false hipocrites.where as in deede they wrought nothyng els than theeuery and deceite. And so much the wickeder were they, in that they sought to couer so shameful actes, with the cloke of so faire and holy a name. Wherefore it is not to be doubted, but that God will punish this despite of it selfe wicked, to you pernicious, by the authors therof  

Cattley Pratt  *  Close
Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 278, line 17 from the bottom

"By" seems idiomatic: the Latin has "ex authoribus," as concerns the authors.

shamefull and abhominable.

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But if God, as he is slow to wrath and vengeance, wil winke at it for a tyme, yet notwithstandyng, if we vppon whome the charge of the Lordes flocke leaneth, should permit so execrable crimes to escape vnpunished, we should not lyue in quiete one hower.

When he had thus spoken, hee recited the sentence out of a scroll, and condemned Bucer and Phagius of heresie: the form and tenour of which sentence, framed after þe barbarous rude stile of that church, thus followeth.

The sentence of condemnation against M. Bucer, and Paulus Phagius. 
Commentary  *  Close

The sentence condemning Bucer and Fagius was added in the 1570 edition; it was taken from the official records of the visitation.

MarginaliaThe Sentence of condemnation agaynst Martin Bucer, and Paulus Phagius.NOs Cutbertus Dei & Apostolicæ sedis gratia Episcopus Cestrensis, Nicolaus Ormanetus, Archiepiscop. plebis Bodoloni Veronen. diocesis infra scripti, Reuerendi Domini Cardinalis & Legati auditor, Thomas Watson Decanus Dunelmens. & Henricus Cole, Præpositus Collegij Etonens. ad Vniuersitatem studij generalis oppidi Cantabrigien. Elien. dioces. visitand. Necnon ad in quibuscunque causis in eodem oppido Cantabrigiæ, & locis ei adiacen. commorantes personas, motis, & mouendis, inquirendum & quomodolibet procedendum, & expresse ad eorum, qui in hæresi decesserint, memoriam damnandum, per literas illustris. ac Reuerendis. in Christo patris, D. Reginaldi Mariæ in Cosn: edin, S. Romanæ Ecclesiæ Presbyteri Cardinalis Poli nuncupati, sanctis. Domini nostri Papæ & sedis Apostolicæ ad Serenis. Philippum ac Serenis. Mariam Angliæ Regem & reginā & vniuersū Angliæ regnū de latere Legati, Commissarij, siue delegati specialiter deputati, & ad huiusmodi peragendum sufficienti facultate muniti, saluatoris & Domini nostri Iesu Christi nomine inuocato, pro tribunali seden. & solum Deum qui iustus est Dominus præ oculis habentes, per hanc nostram diffinitiuam sententiam, quam de sacræ Theologiæ, & Iurisperitorum consilio erimus, in his scriptis, in causa & causis, quæ coram nobis inter Vicecancellarium & Vniuersitatem Cantabrigien. denunciatores ex vna, & iniquitatis filios quondam Martinum Bucerum & Paulum Phagium, natione Germanos, & in hoc oppido olim commorantes & decedentes, reos denunciatos de & super crimine hæresis notorie per eos, dum vixerint, incurso, rebusque alijs in actis causæ & causarum huiusmodi latius deductis, ex altera, partibus, in prima versæ fuerunt & vertuntur instantia, pronunciamus, sententiamus, decernimus, & declaramus prædictos.

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MarginaliaAgaynst Martyn Bucer.Martinum quidem Bucerum contra regulas & dogmata sanctorum patrum, necnon Apostolicas Romanæ Ecclesiæ, & sacrorum conciliorum traditiones, Christianæque religionis, hactenus in Ecclesia consuetos ritus ac processus (qui singulis annis die cœnæ domini per Romanos Pontifices celebrari & legi consueuerunt, in quibus, inter alia, Wickleffistæ, & Lutherani, & omnes alij hæretici damnati, & anathematizati fuerunt) de Sacramentis Ecclesiæ, præsertim circa illorum numerum, aliter quam sancta mater Ecclesia prædicat & obseruat, sentiendo, & docendo, ac sanctæ sedis Apostolicæ, & summi Pontificis primatum, & authoritatem negando, & publicè damnando, & præsertim hunc articulum.

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Quod Ecclesia erret in fide & moribus.

Hic in publicis commitijs expressè defendendo, & illum verum esse definiendo, & determinando, ac multa alia tam per damnatæ memoriæ Iohannem Wickleffe & id maxime.

Omnia fato & absoluta necessitate fieri.

Et per Martinum Lutherum & alios hæresiarchas proposita & damnata, quam à se etiam inuenta & fabricata, falsa & hæretica dogmata credendo, & sequēdo, ac desuper etiam libros scribendo & imprimi faciendo, impressosʠue publicando in illisʠue scripta etiam hic publicè legendo, & in publicis disputationibus defendendo, ac in pertinacione & obstinatione huiusmodi permanendo, & decedendo, notorium non solum hæreticum, sed hæresiarcham.

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Paulum verò Phagium, qui præter alia, quæ hæresim sapi-

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