Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Battle [Battaile; Batil]

Sussex

OS grid ref: TQ 746 154

 
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Caen (Cadomus) [Cadane; Cordoyne; Cadame; Barmondsey; Cadonum; Cane] Abbey

Normandy

Coordinates: 49° 10' 59" N, 0° 22' 10" W

 
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Mantes-la-Jolie (Mantes-sur-Seine) [Meaux]

Vexin, France

Coordinates: 48° 59' 27" N, 1° 43' 2" E

 
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Southampton
NGR: SU 425 130

A seaport, borough and market town; a county of itself, locally within the county of Hampshire. 75 miles south west by west from London. The town comprises the parishes of All Saints, Holy Rood, St John and St Lawrence, and St Mary, and St Michael. All (except St Mary) in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Winchester. St Mary is a rectory in the precinct of the town and in the peculiar jurisdiction of the rector. All Souls and St John and St Lawrence are discharged rectories; Holy Rood and St Michael are discharged vicarages.

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Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

The reason for the use of this work of reference is that it presents the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take this reference as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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205 [182]

Hildebrand. Will. Conquerour dyeth. The names of those that were at the Conquest of England.

of the gates, and spoileth the Citie. And not long after deliuereth Hildebrand out of his enemies hands, and caried him away to Campania, where he, not long continuyng, after dyed in exile. MarginaliaPlatina. Nauclerus. Sabellicus. Crantzius. Benno. &c.

Antoninus writeth, that Hildebrand, as he did lie a dying, called to hym one of his chief Cardinals, bewailing to him his fault & misorder of his spirituall ministery, in stirring vp discord, warre & dissension: wherupon he desired the Cardinall to go to the Emperor,and desire him of forgeuenes, absoluing from the danger of excommunication both him and all his partakers both quicke and dead.

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Thus hast thou (gentle Reader) the full history of pope Gregory 7. called Hildebrand, which I haue laid out more at large, & desire thee to marke, because that MarginaliaHildebrand, the first author and patrone of all misrule that followed in Popes.frō this Pope (it thou marke wel) springeth all the occasion of mischiefe, of pride, pompe, stoutnesse, presumption & tiranny, which since that tyme hath raigned in his successours hetherto, in the cathedral church of the Romish clergy. For here came first the subiectiō of the temporal regiment, vnder the spiritual iurisdictiō. And Emperors, which before were their maisters, now are made their vnderlings. Also here came in the suppression of priests mariage, as is sufficiently declared. Here came in moreouer the authoritie of both the swords spiritual & secular, into spiritual mens hands. So that christian magistrates could do nothing in election, in geuing bishoprikes or benefices, in calling Councels, in hearing & correcting the excesses of the clergy, but only the Pope must do all. Yea moreouer, no bishop nor Pastor in his owne parish could excommunicate or exercise any discipline amongst his flocke, but onely the Pope chalenged that prerogatiue to himselfe. Finally, here came in the first example to persecute Emperors & kings, with rebellion & excommunication, as the clergy themselues hereafter doe testifie and witnes in proceeding against Paschalis. Thus these notes beyng well obserued, let vs (by the grace of Christ) now repaire again to our coūtry history of englād.

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About the death of Pope Hildebrād (or not long after) folowed MarginaliaThe death of William Conquerour.the death of king William Conqueror, in the yere of our Lord, 1090. after he raigned in Englād the space of 21. yeares and 10. moneths. 

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William the Conqueror

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

The cause of his sicknes and death, is said to be this: For that Phillip the French king vpon a tyme (iesting sayd) that king William lay in child bed and nourished his fat belly.. With this the foresaid William hearing therof, aunswered againe and sayd, when he should be Churched, he would offer a thousand candels to hym in Fraunce, wherewithall the kyng should haue litle ioy. Wherupon king William in the month of Iuly (when the corne, fruite, & grapes were most flourishing) entered into Fraunce, & set on fire many Cities and townes in the Westside of Fraunce. And lastly commyng to the Citie of Meaux, where he burning a woman beyng as a recluse in a wall inclosed (or as some say, two mē Anachorites inclosed) was so feruent and furious about the fire, that with the heate partly of the fire, partly of the tyme of yeare, therby he fell into sicknes, and dyed vpon the same.

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By the life & actes of this king, it may appeare true, as stories of him report, that he was wise but guilefull, riche, but couetous, a faire speaker, but a great dissembler, glorious in victory, & strong in armes, but rigorous in oppres-sing whom he ouercame, in leuiyng of tasks passing all other. In so much that he caused to bee enrolled & numbred in his treasury euery hide of land, and owner therof: what fruit & reuenewes surmounted of euery Lordship, of euery township, castel, village, field, riuer, & wood, within all the realme of England. Moreouer, how many parish Churches, how many liuing cattell there were, what and how much euery Baron in the realme could dispend, what fees were belonging, what wages were taken, &c. The tenour & contents of which taskment, yet remaineth in rolles. After this tasking or nūbring, which was the yere before his death, folowed MarginaliaPestilence in England, and morayn of beastes.an exceding moreine of cattell, & barennes of the ground, with much pestilence and hote feuers amōg the people, so that such as escaped the feuer, were cōsumed with famine. MarginaliaLondon with the Church of Paules brent.Moreouer, at the same season among certain other Cities, a great part of the City of London, with the church of Paules was wasted with fire, an 1085.

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In hunting and in parkes, the foresayd king had such pleasure, that in the country of Southhamptō by the space of 30. miles, he cast downe churches and Townships, and there made the new forest, louing his Deere so dearely, as though he had bene to them a father, making sharp lawes for the increasing thereof, vnder payne of loosing both the eyes. So hard he was to Englishmen, and so fauorable to his owne country, that as there was no English Byshop remainyng, but onely MarginaliaWolstane Byshop of Worcester.Wolstane of Worcester, who beyng commaunded of the king and Lancfrank to resigne vp his staffe, partly for inhabilitie, partly for lacke of the French tongue, refused otherwise to resign it, but only to him that gaue it, and so went to the tombe of king Edward, where he thought to resigne it, but was permitted to enioy it stil: so likewise in his daies there was almost no English mā, that bare office of honour or rule.

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In so much, it was half a shame at that tyme, to be called an English man. Notwithstanding he some deale fauoured the citie of London, & graunted vnto the Citizens the first charter that euer they had, written in the Saxon, with greene waxe sealed, and conteined in few lynes.

MarginaliaEngland peaceable frō theeues.Among his other conditiōs, this in him is noted, that so geuen he was to peace and quiet, that any maiden being laden with gold or siluer, might passe thorough the whole realme, without harme or resistance. This William in his tyme builded two monasteries, one in England, at MarginaliaThe Abbey of battayle.Battail in Sussex, where he wan the field against Harold, called the abbey of Battail: an other beside, named MarginaliaThe Abbey of Barmoūdesay.Barmōdsey, in his countrey of Normandy.

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After the life & story of K. William thus briefly described, with the acts & order of battail betwene him & K. Harold (although much more might haue bene written of þt matter, if the booke had come sooner to my hands which afterward I sawe) now remaineth in the end of his story to describe the names of such Barons & nobles of Normandy, which enterd with him into this land, as well of them which were embarked with him, & slaine also (as appeareth) in the battaile, as also of thē who were planted & aduanced by the said Conqueror, in the lands & possessiōs of English Lordes, whome he either expulsed or els beheaded. The names of which Normands here folow vnderwritten.

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¶ Out of the Annales of Normandie in French, wherof one very Auncient written Booke in Parchment, remayneth in the custody of the writer hereof.

THe day after the battaile, very early in the Morning, Odo bishop of Bayeux song Masse for those that were departed. The Duke after that desirous to know the estate of his battaile, and what people he had therein lost, and were slaine, he caused to come vnto him a Clarke that had written their names when they were embarked at S. Valeries, and commaunded him to call them all by their names, who called them that had bene at the battaile, and had passed the seas with Duke William. And hereafter followeth their names.

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The names of those that were at the Conquest of England.
ODo Bishop of
Bayeulx.
Robert, Conte de
Mortaign. These
two were bre-
thren to Duke
William by their
mother.
Baudwin de Buillon
Roger Conte de
Beaumont, surn-
amed with the
beard, of whom
descēded þe lign
of Meullent.
Guillaume Malet.
Le Sire de Monfort,sur Rille.
Guill. De Viexpont.
Neel de S. Sauueur
le Viconte.
Le Sire de Fougiers
Henry Seigneur de
Ferieres.
Le Sire Daubemare.
Guillaume Sire de
Romare.
Le Sir de Lithehare
Le Sire de Touque.
Le Sire de la Mare.
Le Sire de Neauhou.
Le Sire de Pirou.
Rob. Sire de Beaufou
Le Sire Danou.
Le Sire de Soteuille.
Se Sire de Margne-
uille.
Le sire de Tācaruille
Eustace Dābleuille.
le sire de Māgneuille.
Le Sire de Grant-
mesnil.
Guillaume Crespin.
Le Sire de S. Martin.
Guill. de Moulins.
Le Sire de Puis.
Geoffray Sire de
Mayenne.
Auffroy de Bohon.
Auffroy & Maugier
de Cartrait.
Guill. de Garennes.
Hue de Gournay,
Sire de Bray.
Le Conte Hue de
Gournay.
Euguemōt de l'aigle
Le vicōte de Touars
Rich. Dauuerēchin.
Le Sire de Biars.
Le Sire de Solligny.
Le Bouteiller Dau-
bigny.
Le Sire de Maire.
Le Sire de Vitry.
Le Sire de Lacy.
Le Sire du val Dary.
Le Sire de Tracy.
Hue Sire de Mōtfort
Le Sire de Piquegny
Hamon de Kayeu.
Le Sire Despinay.
Le Sire de Port.
Le Sire de Torcy.
Le Sire de Iort.
Le Sire de Riuiers.
Guillaume Moyōne
Raoul Tesson de Tin-
gueleiz.
Roger Marmion.
Raoul de Guel.
Auenel des Byars.
Paennel du Monsti-
er Hubert.
Rob. Bertran le Tort
Le
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