Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Sir Roger Cholmley
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Roger Cholmley

(d. 1565)

Lord chief justice of King's and Queen's Bench (1552 - 1553), privy councillor (under Mary) and MP [Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]. Judge, lieutenant of the Tower. Son of Sir Richard Cholmley [DNB]

Sir Roger Cholmley persuaded the royal guard to support Northumberland against Mary (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, p. 1407).

He was sent to the Tower, with Sir Edward Montagu, on 27 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was released from the Tower together with Sir Edward Montagu on 7 September 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Sir Roger Cholmley was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Cholmley participated in a debate/dinner conversation between Nicholas Ridley and John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, on the nature of the eucharist, held while Ridley was a prisoner in the Tower (1563, p. 931; 1570, p. 1591; 1576, pp. 1357-58; and 1583, p. 1428).

Cholmley came to William Flower at the stake and urged Flower, on pain of damnation, to recant his heretical beliefs. 1563, p. 1733; 1570, p. 1749; 1576, p. 1493; 1583, p. 1577.

George Tankerfield was sent into Newgate by Roger Cholmey and Dr Martin. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Cholmley was one of the commissioners who sent John Went, John Tudson, Thomas Brown and Joan Warren to be examined and imprisoned. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1845.

A complaint about John Tudson was made to Cholmley. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857. [Foxe erroneously calls him 'Sir Richard Cholmley'.]

Cuthbert Symson was brought before Cholmley, examined and racked. 1563, p. 1651, 1570, p. 2229, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2032.

Cholmley sent to Newgate 27 prisoners who were members of an illegal conventicle in Islington. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Thomas Hinshaw was taken by the constables of Islington to appear before Master Cholmley, who sent him to Newgate. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Robert Farrer, haberdasher of London, had two daughters, one of whom was delivered to Sir Roger Cholmley for a sum of money, to be at his commandment, the other sold to Sir William Godolphin, who took her to Boulogne as his lackey, dressed in men's clothing. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2294.

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The lord mayor of London and Chomley examined Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax. 1563, p. 1683, 1570, p. 2060, 1576, p. 1952, 1583, p. 2058.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Tingle was a prisoner in Newgate. His keeper realised that Edward Benet had a New Testament and sent him to Cholmley, who imprisoned him in the Compter for 25 weeks. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Benet was apprehended again in Islington and sent before Cholmley but was cut off from the rest. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

John Story had accused Angel's wife of murdering a woman and her child who resided with her in her house. He sent her to Newgate. Sir Roger Cholmley dismissed the charges against her. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2010.

[Also referred to as 'Lorde Chiefe Baron' or 'Chomley']

2056 [2032]

Queene Mary. The cruell racking of Cutbert Simson Martyr.

MarginaliaAnno 1557 IuneGard leading Cutbert Simson Deacon of the sayde congregation, and that he had the booke about hym, wherin were written the names of all them which were of the Congregation. Whereupon being sore troubled, hee awaked, and called hys wife, saying: Kate strike lighte, For I am much troubled with my brother Cutbert thys nyght. When she hadde so done, he gaue himselfe to reade in his booke a while, and there feeling sleepe to come vpon him, he put out the candle, & so gaue himselfe agayn to rest. Being a sleepe, hee dreamed the like dreame agayn: & awaked therwith, hee sayde: O Kate, my brother Cutbert is gone. So they lighted a candle againe and rose. And as the sayd M. Rough was making him ready to go to Cutbert to see how he did, in the meane time the sayd Cutbert came in with the book, conteining the names & accompts of the congregation. Whom when Maister Rough hadde seene, he sayd: brother Cutbert, ye are welcome, for I haue bene sore troubled with you this night, and so tolde hym his dreame. After he had so done, he willed him to lay the booke away from him, and to cary it no more about him. Vnto which Cutbert aunswered, he would not so doe: for dreames he sayd, were but phantasies, and not to be credited. Then maister Rough straightly charged him in the name of the Lord to doe it. Whereupon the sayde Cutbert tooke suche notes out of the booke, as hee had willed hym to doe, and immediately left the booke with M. Roughes wife.

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The next day following, in the night, the said Maister Rough had an other dreame in his sleepe, concerning hys owne trouble. The matter wherof was this. He thought in his dreame that he was caried himselfe forceably to the Bishop, and that the Bishop pluckt of his beard, and cast it into the fire, saying these wordes: Nowe I may saye I haue had a peece of an heretick burned in my house, and so according it came to passe.

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Now to returne to Cutbert agayne, as we haue touched something concerning these visions, so nowe remayneth to story also of his paynes and sufferinges vpon the racke, and otherwise like a good Laurence for the congregations sake, as he wrote it with his owne hand. 

Commentary  *  Close

Note Foxe's insistence on the authenticity of his information. The phrase was added in the 1570 edition, perhaps to fend off attacks on the accuracy of his account of the torturing of Simpson.

¶ A true report how I was vsed in the Tower of London, being sent thether by the Counsell the xiii. day of December.

MarginaliaA letter of Cutbert Simson to certayne of his frendes 

Commentary  *  Close

This letter was printed in all editions of the Acts and Monuments and in Letters of the Martyrs, pp. 686-87 as well. Note that the gloss accompanying the letter in the 1563 edition indicates that this letter was sent to English protestants on the Continent.

ON the Thursday, after I was called vnto the warehouse, before the Constable of the Tower and þe Re-

corder of Londer Maister Cholmley, they commaunded me to tell, whome I did will to come to the Englishe seruice. I aunswered I would declare nothing. Wherupon I was set in a racke of Iron, the space of three houres, as I iudged.

Then they asked me if I would tell them. I aunswered as before. Then was I losed, and caried to my lodging agayne. On the sonday after, I was brought into the same place agayne, before the Lieuetenaunt, and the Recorder of London, and they examined me. As before I had sayde, I aunswered. Then the Lieuetenaunt did sweare by god I shuld tell. Then did they binde my 2. forefingers together, and put a small arrowe betwixt them, and drewe it through so fast that the bloude followed, and the arrowe brake.

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Then they racked me twise. Then was I caryed to my lodging agayne, and x. dayes after the Lieuetenant asked me if I would not confesse that, which before they had asked me. I sayd I had sayd as much as I would. Thē fiue weekes after, he sent me vnto the high Prieste, where I was greatly assaulted, and at whose hande I receiued the Popes curse, for bearing witnesse of the resurrection of Iesus Christ. And thus I commend you vnto God, and to the worde of his grace, with all them that vnfaynedly call vpon the name of Iesus, desiring God of his endles mercy, through the merites of hys deare sonne Iesus Christe to bringe vs all to hys euerlasting kingdome. Amen. I prayse God for his great mercy shewed vppon vs. Syng Osanna vnto the highest with me Cutbert Simson, God forgeue me my sinnes. I aske all the worlde forgeuenesse, and I doe forgeue all the worlde, and thus I leaue thys world, in hope of a ioyfull resurrection.

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A note for Cutbert Simsons patience.

MarginaliaA note of Cutbert Simson.NOw as touching this Cutbert Simson, this further is to be noted, that Boner in his Consistory speaking of Cutbert Simson, gaue this testimony of hym there to the people, saying, ye see this man (sayth he) what a personable man he is: and after hee had thus commended hys persone, added moreouer: MarginaliaThe patience of Cutbert Simson.And furthermore concerning his pacience, I say vnto you, that if hee were not an hereticke, hee is a manne of the greatest pacience that yet euer came before me. For I tell you, he hath bene thrise racked vppon one day in the Tower: Also in my house hee hathe felt some sorrowe, and yet I neuer see hys pacience broken. &c.

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A true description of the racking and cruell handeling of Cutbert Simson in the Tower.
woodcut [View a larger version]
Commentary on the Woodcuts  *  Close
The very explicit detail of Cuthbert Simpson's 'cruel handling' in the Tower, shows conventional torture being used to test the accused. The woodcut, with its inset captions, is anxious to emphasise the veracity of what is presented. In the foreground two men are straining the ropes of the instrument which could dislocate joints, the rack, which had been used in the Tower over a century earlier (and which enjoyed various nicknames). The labelled insets of other kinds of torture make this illustration comparable to the huge woodcut the Ten Persecutions of the Primitive Church, whose varied annotated sufferings of early church martyrs were seen by Foxe as patterns for the martyrs of his own day. Foxe's text, putting praise for Simpson's endurance of his racking into the mouth of Bonner himself, indicates that the bishop had witnessed this 'patience' in person, through the 'sorrow' inflicted in his episcopal residence.

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