Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
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Names and Places on this Page
Lord Richard RichSir Roger CholmleySmart
 
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Lord Richard Rich

(1496? - 1567)

1st Baron Rich (DNB)

Richard Rich was one of the signatories to a letter, dated 9 July 1553, from the Privy Council to Princess Mary, declaring that she was illegitimate and that Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's true heir (1570, p. 1658; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, pp. 1406-7).

He was present at Thomas Watson's Paul's cross sermon, 20 August 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1465).

He accompanied Queen Mary to Westminster Abbey, 1 October 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Rich was one of the signatories to a letter, dated 27 November 1554, sent from the Privy Council to Bonner, informing the bishop that Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout the diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-76).

 
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Sir Roger Cholmley

(d. 1565)

Lord chief justice of King's and Queen's Bench (1552 - 1553), privy councillor (under Mary) and MP [Bindoff, Commons; Hasler, Commons; DNB]. Judge, lieutenant of the Tower. Son of Sir Richard Cholmley [DNB]

Sir Roger Cholmley persuaded the royal guard to support Northumberland against Mary (1570, p. 1568; 1576, p. 1337; 1583, p. 1407).

He was sent to the Tower, with Sir Edward Montagu, on 27 July 1553 (1570, p. 1634; 1576, p. 1394; 1583, p. 1465).

He was released from the Tower together with Sir Edward Montagu on 7 September 1553 (1570, p. 1635; 1576, p. 1395; 1583, p. 1466).

Sir Roger Cholmley was one of the recipients of the proclamation from Philip and Mary authorising the persecution of protestants. 1563, p. 1561, 1570, p. 2155, 1576, p. 1862, 1583, p. 1974[incorrectly numbered 1970].

Cholmley participated in a debate/dinner conversation between Nicholas Ridley and John Feckenham and Sir John Bourne, on the nature of the eucharist, held while Ridley was a prisoner in the Tower (1563, p. 931; 1570, p. 1591; 1576, pp. 1357-58; and 1583, p. 1428).

Cholmley came to William Flower at the stake and urged Flower, on pain of damnation, to recant his heretical beliefs. 1563, p. 1733; 1570, p. 1749; 1576, p. 1493; 1583, p. 1577.

George Tankerfield was sent into Newgate by Roger Cholmey and Dr Martin. 1563, p. 1251, 1570, p. 1869, 1576, p. 1600, 1583, p. 1689.

Philpot's first examination was before Cholmley, Roper, Story, and one of the scribes of the Arches at Newgate Hall, 2 October 1555. 1563, pp. 1388-90, 1570, pp. 1961-62, 1576, pp. 1688-89, 1583, pp. 1795-96.

Cholmley was one of the commissioners who sent John Went, John Tudson, Thomas Brown and Joan Warren to be examined and imprisoned. 1563, p. 1453, 1570, p. 2016, 1576, p. 1737, 1583, p. 1845.

A complaint about John Tudson was made to Cholmley. 1563, p. 1467, 1570, p. 2029, 1576, p. 1749, 1583, p. 1857. [Foxe erroneously calls him 'Sir Richard Cholmley'.]

Cuthbert Symson was brought before Cholmley, examined and racked. 1563, p. 1651, 1570, p. 2229, 1576, p. 1924, 1583, p. 2032.

Cholmley sent to Newgate 27 prisoners who were members of an illegal conventicle in Islington. 1563, p. 1659, 1570, p. 2235, 1576, p. 1930, 1583, p. 2037.

Thomas Hinshaw was taken by the constables of Islington to appear before Master Cholmley, who sent him to Newgate. 1563, p. 1690, 1570, p. 2242, 1576, p. 1937, 1583, p. 2043.

Robert Farrer, haberdasher of London, had two daughters, one of whom was delivered to Sir Roger Cholmley for a sum of money, to be at his commandment, the other sold to Sir William Godolphin, who took her to Boulogne as his lackey, dressed in men's clothing. 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1988, 1583, p. 2294.

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The lord mayor of London and Chomley examined Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax. 1563, p. 1683, 1570, p. 2060, 1576, p. 1952, 1583, p. 2058.

Elizabeth Young's fourth examination was before Bonner, Roger Cholmley, Cooke, Dr Roper of Kent, and Dr Martin. 1570, pp. 2270-71, 1576, pp. 1959-60, 1583, pp. 2066-67.

Tingle was a prisoner in Newgate. His keeper realised that Edward Benet had a New Testament and sent him to Cholmley, who imprisoned him in the Compter for 25 weeks. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

Benet was apprehended again in Islington and sent before Cholmley but was cut off from the rest. 1570, p. 2279, 1576, p. 1968 [incorrectly numbered 1632], 1583, p. 2075.

John Story had accused Angel's wife of murdering a woman and her child who resided with her in her house. He sent her to Newgate. Sir Roger Cholmley dismissed the charges against her. 1563, p. 1707, 1570, p. 2299, 1576, p. 1991, 1583, p. 2010.

[Also referred to as 'Lorde Chiefe Baron' or 'Chomley']

 
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Smart

Swordbearer. Of London.

Smart was the messenger who delivered the news that Thomas Fairfax and Richard Wilmot were ordered to appear before the lord mayor. 1563, p. 1683, 1570, p. 2260, 1576, p. 1951, 1583, p. 2058.

[Possibly Gerard Smart, alias Harvey (by 1520 - 1554 or later). Of Thurston, Bedfordshire. Brother-in-law to Sir John Williams, who was MP for Bedford (1547). (See Bindoff.)]

2083 [2059]

Queene Mary. The scourging of Richard Wilmot, and Thomas Fayrefaxe.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.estimation among the people.

Lewes asked why so?

Wilmot sayde: because their doctrine and liuing was not according to his word.

Then sayde Lewes: MarginaliaThe common reason of the Papistes, why the Scriptures should not be in Englishe.I neuer heard but that all men shoulde learne of the Byshops and Priests, because they are learned men, and haue bene brought vp in learning all the dayes of their liues. Wherefore they must needes know the truth, and our fathers did beleue their doctrine and learning, and I thinke they did well: for the worlde was farre better then, then it is now.

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Wilmot aunswered: I will not say so: For wee muste not beleue them beause they are Bishops, neyther because they are learned, neither because our forefathers did follow theyr doctrine. MarginaliaGods truth goeth not alwayes by tytle & fame of great learning.For I haue read in Gods booke how that Byshoqpes and learned men haue taught the people false doctrine, and likewise the Priestes from time to time and in deede those people our forefathers beleued as they taught: and as they did thinke, so did the people thinke. But for al this, Christ calleth thē false Prophetes, theeues and murtherers, blinde leaders of the blinde, willing the people to take heede of them, least they should both fal into the ditche.

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Moreouer, we read that the Byshoppes, Priests, and learned men haue bene commonly resisters of the trueth, from time to time, and haue alwayes persecuted the Prophetes in the old lawe, as theyr successours did persecute our Sauiour Christ and hys Disciples in the new lawe. MarginaliaLearned men how farre they are to be credited.We must take heed therefore, that we credite them no further then God will haue vs, neyther to followe them nor our forefathers, otherwise then he commaundeth vs. For almighty God hath geuen to all people, as well to kings and Princes, as Byshoppes, Priests, learned and vnlearned men, a commaundement and law, vnto the which he willeth all men to be obedient. Therfore if any Bishop or Prieste, preache or teache, or Prince or Magistrate commaunde any thing contrary to his commaundement, we must take heede how we obey them. For it is better for vs to obey God then man.

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Mary sir, quoth Lewes, you are a holy Doctoure in deede. By Gods bloud if you were my man, I woulde set you about your busines a little better, and not to look vpon bookes: and so woulde your Mayster if hee were wise. And with that in came his mayster and young man wyth hym, which was seruaunt with M. Daubny in Watling streete.

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His mayster asked what the matter was. MarginaliaWilmot complayned of to his Mayster.Lewes sayd that he had a knauish boy here to his seruaunt, and how that if he were his, he would rather hang him, then keepe him in his house.

Then his Mayster, being somewhat moued, asked his fellowes what the matter was.

They sayde: they began to talke about Doct. Crome.

Then hys Mayster asked hym what hee hadde sayde, swearyng a great othe, that he would make hym to tell hym.

He sayd that he trusted he had sayd nothing, whereby either he or M. Lewes may iustly be offended. I pray you (quoth Wilmot) aske him what I sayd.

Mary sir (sayd Lewes) thys he sayd, that Doct. Crome did preach and teach nothing but the truth, and howe that if he recant on Sonday next, he would be sory to heare it, & that if he do, he is made to doe it agaynst his conscience. And more he sayth, that we must not follow our Bishops doctrine and preaching: For sayth he, they be hinderers of Gods world, and persecutors of that: and how Cromwell dyd more good (that traytour) in setting foorth the Bible, then all our Byshops haue done these hundreth yeares: thus reporting the matter worse then he had sayd.

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Then sayde Wilmot, that in many thinges hee made his tale worse then it was. His Maister hearyng of thys was in a great fury, and rated him, saying: that eyther he would be hanged or burned, swearing that he would take away all his bookes and burne them.

MarginaliaM. Daubnies seruaunt, called Thomas Fayrefaxe, taketh Wilmots part.The younge man (Mayster Dawbnies seruant) standing by, hearing this, beganne to speake on his part vnto Lewes: and his talke confirmed all the sayinges of other to be true.

This young man was learned: his name was Tho. Fayrefaxe. Lews hearing this young mans talk, as wel as the others, went his way in a rage vnto the Court.

On the morowe they heard newes, MarginaliaWilmot and Thomas Fayrefaxe sent for to the Lord Mayor.so that the sayde Wilmot and Tho. Fayrefaxe were sent for, to come to the Lord Maior. The messenger was M. Smart, Swordbearer of London. They came before dinner to þe Mayors house, and were commaunded to sit downe at dinner in þe Hall, and when the dinner was done they were both called into a Parlour, where the Mayor and Syr Roger

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Cholmley was, who examined them seuerally, þe one not hearing the other.

MarginaliaRich. Wil.mot and Thomas Fayrefaxe examined before the Lord Mayor and M. Cholmley.The effect of their talke with them was this, Syr Roger Cholmley sayd vnto the foresayd Wilmot, þt my Lorde Mayor and hee had receiued a commaundement from the Counsell, to send for hym and his companion, and to examine them of certayne thinges, which were layde vnto theyr charge.

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Then sayd Mayster Cholmley to hym: Syrra, what Countreyman art thou? He aunswered that he was born in Cambridgeshyre, and in such a towne. Then he asked him how long he had bene in the City. He told him.

Then he asked what learning he had. He sayde: little learning, and small knowledge. Then (deridingly) he asked how long he had knowne Doct. Crome, he sayd: but a while about two yeares. He sayd that he was a lying boy, and said that he the sayd Wilmot was his sonne.

The other sayd vnto hym, that was vnlike, for that he neuer see his mother nor she him, Cholmley sayd he lyed, Wilmot sayd hee coulde prooue it to be true. Then hee asked him how he liked his sermon that he made at S. Tho.mas of Acres Chappel in Lent. He sayde that in deede hee heard him not. He sayd yes, and the other nay. Then sayd he, what say you to his sermon made at the Crosse the last day, heard you not that?

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Wilmot. Yes, and in that sermon he deceaued a great nūber of people.

Cholmley. How so?

Wilmot. For that they looked that he shoulde haue recanted his doctrine that he taught before, and did not, but rather confirmed it.

Cholmley. Yea Syr, but how say you now to him? for hee hath recanted before the counsell: and hathe promised on Sonday next to be at the crosse agayne, how thinke ye in that?

Wilmot. If hee so did, I am the more sory for to heare it: and sayd he thought he did it for feare and safegard of hys lyfe.

Cholmley. But what say you? was hys first sermon heresie or not?

Wilmot. No, I suppose it was no heresie. MarginaliaS. Paules doctrine made heresie with the Papistes.For if it were S. Paules Epistle to the Hebrewes was heresie, & Paule an hereticke that preached such doctrine, but God forbyd that any Christian man should so thinke of the holy Apostle: neyther do I so thinke.

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Cholmley. Why how knowest thou that saynct Paul wrot those thinges that are in English now, to be true, wheras Paule neuer wrot english nor latine?

Wilmot. I am certified that learned men of God, that dyd seeke to aduaunce hys word, did translate the same out of the Greeke and Hebrue, into Latine and english, and that they durst not to presume to altar the sense of the scripture of God, and last will and testament of Christ Iesus.

Then the Lorde Mayor being in a great furye, asked hym what he had to do to read such bookes, and sayd that it was pitty that his mayster did suffer him so to doe, and that he was not set better to worke: and in fyne sayd vnto him: that he had spoken euill of my Lord of Winchester & Boner, those reuerend & learned fathers & coūcellours of this Realme, for the which his fact he saw no other but he must suffer, as due to the same. And M. Cholmley sayd: yea my Lord, there are such a sort of heretickes & trayterly knaues taken now in Essex by my Lord Rich, that it is to wonderfull to heare. They shall be sent to the Byshoppe shortly, and shall be hanged and burned all.

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Wilmot. I am sory to heare that of my Lord Rich, for that he was my godfather, and gaue me my name at my Baptisme.

Cholmley asked him when he spake with him.

He sayd not these xii. yeares.

Cholmley. If he knew that he were such a one, he woulde do þe like by him, and in so doyng he should do God great seruice.

Wilmot. I haue read the same saying in the Gospell, that Christ sayd to his Disciples: The tyme shal come (sayth he) that whosoeuer killeth you, shall think that he shal do God hygh seruice.

Well sir, sayd Cholmley, because yee are so full of youre Scripture, and so well learned, wee consider you lacke a quyet place to study in. Therefore you shall go to a place where you shall be most quiet, and I would wish you to study how you will answere to the Counsell of those thinges which they haue to charge you wt, for els it is like to cost you your best ioynt. I know my lord of Win. wil hādle you wel enough whē he heareth thus much. Thē was the Officer called in, MarginaliaWilmot & Fayrefaxe committed to prisonto haue him to the Counter in the Poultrye, and the other to the other Counter, not one of them to see another: and thus remayned they viii. dayes

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