Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
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Person and Place Index  *  Close
John Barret

(d. 1563) (Venn)

Former Carmelite friar. Divinity lecturer at Norwich Cathedral. Became evangelical and a close friend of John Bale. [see Leslie Fairfield, John Bale (West Lafayette, Indiana, 1976), pp. 39-40]. Conformed to catholicism under Mary. Rector of the parish of St Michael-at-Plea, Norwich (1550 - 1563). Prebend of Norwich Cathedral (1558 - 1563) [see Muriel McClendon, The Quiet Reformation (Stamford, California, 1999), pp. 68, 70-76, 131, 142, 163-64, 182, 204.]

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When Thomas Cranmer was public examiner in Cambridge, one of his students was Barret, a white friar. 1563, p. 1471, 1570, p. 2035, 1576, p. 1753, 1583, p. 1860.

Robert Watson was imprisoned in Norwich for two years until he subscribed, possibly under the persuasion of Dr Barret, dean of Norwich. 1563, p. 1679.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W.Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others. 1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

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John Hopton

(d. 1558)

Bishop of Norwich (1554 - 1558) [DNB]

John Hopton was created bishop of Norwich (1570, p. 1636; 1576, p. 1396; 1583, p. 1467).

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton to be made to recant or to be tried for heresy (1583, p. 1577).

Hopton was one of the commissioners who condemned John Bradford, Laurence Saunders and Rowland Taylor to death. 1570, p. 1699; 1576, p. 1450; 1583, pp. 1523-24.

On 12 May 1555 the privy council ordered that Thomas Ross be delivered to Hopton, either to be forced to recant, or to be tried for heresy. 1583, p. 1577.

James Abbes was caught and appeared before Dr Hopton. He recanted but when the bishop gave him 40 or 20 pence [Foxe is not sure] he recanted. He was burned in Bury on 2 August 1555. 1563, p. 1244, 1570, pp. 1864-65, 1576, p. 1594, 1583, p. 1683.

Robert Samuel was cruelly treated by Dr Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and/or Dr Dunnings, the chancellor [Foxe is not sure]. 1563, p. 1270, 1570, p. 1898, 1576, p. 1609, 1583, p. 1703.

William Allen was examined and condemned by the bishop of Norwich. 1570, p. 1883, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Roger Coo was examined by the bishop of Norwich, 12 August, 1555. 1563, pp. 1272-73, 1570, pp. 1883-84, 1576, p. 1613, 1583, p. 1707.

Thomas Cobbe was examined by Dunning but condemned by the bishop of Norwich with Roger Coo, William Allen, James Abbes, and Robert Samuel. He was burned at Thetford in September 1556. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1884, 1576, pp. 1613-14 , 1583, p. 1708.

Thomas Spicer, John Denny and Edmund Poole were condemned by John Hopton and Dunning and handed over to Sir John Silliard, high sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 1570, p. 2093, 1576, p. 1793, 1583, p. 1912.

Roger Bernard was examined and condemned by Hopton. Adam Foster was sent to the Eye prison and then to Norwich to be examined and then condemned by Hopton. 1563, pp. 1527-28, 1570, pp. 2098-99, 1576, pp. 1810-11, 1583, p. 1917.

The second, third and fourth examinations of John Fortune were conducted by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2100-01, 1576, p. 1812, 1583, pp. 1918-19.

Peter and Anne Moone were presented before Hopton (bishop of Norwich) and Dunning (chancellor) during their visitation of Ipswich in 1556. Three articles were presented against Peter Moone and his answers given. 1570, p. 2126, 1576, p. 1847, 1583, p. 1942.

Simon Miller was imprisoned in the bishop's house. He was condemned by Hopton and his chancellor, Michael Dunning. 1563, pp. 1602-03, 1570, p. 2197, 1576, p. 1896, 1583, p. 2005.

The second examination of Thomas Spurdance was by Hopton. 1570, pp. 2221-22, 1576, pp. 1917-18, 1583, pp. 2024-25.

John Fortune's second and third examinations were conducted by the bishop of Norwich, who condemned him. 1563, pp. 1636-38.

James Ashley was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Carman was examined and condemned by Hopton.1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

John Cooke was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Berry sent Thomas Hudson before Hopton. 1563, p. 1657, 1570, p. 2233, 1576, p. 1928, 1583, p. 2036.

Alexander Lane was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Robert Miles was examined by Hopton, bishop of Norwich, and Dr Spenser, his chancellor, as well as Sir Edward Waldegrave. 1563, p. 1669, 1570, p. 2240, 1576, p. 1941, 1583, p. 2047.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

Thomas Rose's last appearance was before Woodhouse and Hopton. 1570, p. 1979, 1576, pp. 1980-81, 1583, pp. 2085-86.

After being questioned by Sir John Tyrrel, William Seaman was sent before Bishop Hopton who then condemned him. 1563, p. 1655, 1570, p. 2232, 1576, p. 1927, 1583, p. 2035.

John Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

John Hopton died after Queen Mary. 1570, p. 2301, 1576, p. 1992, 1583, p. 2102.

[1563, p. 1707, correctly states that Hopton died before Queen Mary. He died in August 1558.]

Person and Place Index  *  Close
Sir Richard Southwell

(1504 - 1564)

Master of the Ordinance; elder brother of Sir Robert Southwell. Courtier and official. (DNB)

Sir Richard Southwell was a signatory to a letter from the privy council to Bishop Bonner, dated 27 November 1554, informing him that Queen Mary was pregnant and ordering him to have prayers and Te Deums said throughout his diocese (1563, pp. 1014-15; 1570, p. 1647; 1576, p. 1405; 1583, pp. 1475-75).

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Southwell was one of the examiners of John Rogers on 22 January 1555. 1563, pp. 1023-26; 1570, pp. 1657-59; 1576, pp. 1414-15; 1583, pp. 1484-86.

He was present at John Rogers' execution on 4 February 1555. 1570, p. 1664; 1576, p. 1420; 1583, p. 1493.

He was one of the commissioners who interrogated Robert Ferrar on 4 February 1555. 1563, p. 1732; 1570, pp. 1722-23; 1576, p. 1471; 1583, pp. 1553-54.

Richard Southwell was one of the privy councillors who signed a letter to Bishop Bonner, dated 28 April 1555, ordering the bishop to proceed posthumously against John Tooley in ecclesiastical court. 1563, p. 1142; 1570, p. 1757; 1576, p. 1500; 1583, p. 1584.

Bradford was brought to speak to Bonner by the under-marshal of the King's Bench. Talk took place between the lord chancellor, Bonner and John Bradford on 22 January 1555, during which the bishop of Durham, Sir Richard Southwell, Sir Robert Rochester, and Secretary Bourne questioned Bradford's eucharistic doctrine. 1563, pp. 1185-88, 1570, pp. 1782-84, 1576, pp. 1522-23, 1583, pp. 1605-06.

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A declaration was made at Paul's Cross by William Chedsey at Bonner's commandment. He mentioned two letters, one from the queen and another from the privy council. The council letter was about procession and prayer at the agreement of peace between England and France. The signatories were: Francis Shrewsbury, Penbroke, Thomas Cheyny, William Peter, Thomas Wharton and Richard Southwell. Foxe suggests that he had seen the letter. 1563, p. 1217.

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He sent a letter to Bishop Bonner about William Andrew. 1563, p. 1271, 1570, p. 1878, 1576, p. 1608, 1583, pp. 1702-03.

Robert Farrer's examination took place before the bishops of Durham and Worcester, Sir Robert Rochester, Sir Richard Southwell and Gilbert Bourne. 1563, p. 1732, 1570, p. 2296, 1576, p. 1990, 1583, p. 2136.

After Wyatt's rebellion, Southwell went to see Elizabeth at Ashridge and found her to be unwell. 1563, p. 1711, 1570, p. 2288, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

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Sir William Woodhouse

(by 1517 - 1564)

Of Hickling, Norfolk. MP (1545, 1547, 1553, 1558, 1559, 1572) Dunwich, Suffolk. Master of naval ordinance (1542 - 1552). Lieutenant admiral (1552 - 1564). (Bindoff)

Noyes was condemned by the bishop of Norwich before Dunning, Sir W. Woodhouse, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, George Heyden, Master Spense, W. Farrar (alderman), Master Thurston, Winesden and others. 1570, p. 2217, 1576, p. 1913, 1583, p. 2021.

Sir William Woodhouse was a member of the council who suspected Elizabeth of involvement in Wyatt's rebellion. 1563, p. 1712, 1570, p. 2289, 1576, p. 1982, 1583, p. 2091.

Thomas Rose's second examination was before Hopton, W. Woodhouse, Dr Barret and others. 1570, p. 1978, 1576, pp. 1978-79, 1583, p. 2084.

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NGR: SX 920 925

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Wanford, county of Devon, of which it is the chief town. 10 miles north-north-west from Exmouth, 44 miles north-east from Plymouth. The city comprises 17 parishes, two chapelries, and the extra-parochial precinct of the cathedral; all in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Exeter, of which the town is the seat. 14 of the livings are discharged rectories; St John is a rectory not in charge; St David and St Sidwell are perpetual curacies.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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2108 [2084]

Queene Mary. Diuers deliuered by Gods prouidence. The troubles of Thomas Rose.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.Rose. Yea, my Lord, I thanke God, and do confesse my selfe much thereby confirmed. For as touching the doctrine of the supremacie agaynst the B. of Romes vsurped authoritie, no man hath sayde further. And as I remember you confesse in it, that when this truth was reuealed vnto you you thought the scales to fall from your eyes.

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Bishop. Thou lyest like a varlet, there is no such thinge in my booke, but I shall handle thee and suche as thou art well enough. I haue lōg looked for thee, & at length haue caught thee. I will knowe who be thy maynteiners, or els I will make thee a foote longer.

Rose. My Lord, you shall doe as much as pleaseth God, & no more, yet the lawe is in our hand: but I haue God for my maynteiner, & none other. At these wordes one of his seruāts stepped forth and said: my lord, I heard this man preach by Norwich in sir Iohn Robsters house, & in hys praier he desired God to turne Q. Maries hart, or elles to take her out of the world: and this was in K. Edw. time.

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Rose. My Lord, I made no such prayer, but next after the king I prayed for her after this sort, saying: Ye shall pray for my Lady Maries grace, that God wil vouchsafe to indue her with his spirite, that she graciously may perceiue þe misteries conteined within his holy lawes, and so render vnto him her hart purified wt true fayth, & true & loyall obedience to her soueraigne lord and king, to the good ensample of the inferiour subiects. And this, my Lord, is already aunswered in mine own hand writing to þe counsel. Vnto this he sayd little, but turning his face to certayne þt were by him: MarginaliaTho. Rose belyed of Winchester,This is he (quoth the Bishop) that my Lord of Norwich told me had begotten his mayd with chylde.

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Rose. This is no heresie, my Lord, although it be a lye. In deed certayn wicked persons raysed this report of me, for þe hatred they bare to the doctrine whiche I preached: but for purgatiō of my self herein. I had no lesse then 6. of the counsails hands, þt there might be due & dilligent examination for this matter in the country by men of worship appointed for that purpose, who can al testifie (I thank god) MarginaliaTho. Rose cleare from Winchesters sclaunder.that I am most cleare frō such wickednes, & in deede they haue cleared me frō it, & therfore I doubt not but all good mē will espye þe mischieuous deuise of mine aduersaryes, whych (when other wayes fayled) by such sinister means went about to draw me into discredite & hatred: but God which is the helper of þe innocēt, & searcher of mens harts hath & doth defend me, & hath layd open thinges that wer hid, to their shame. One of þe chief reporters of this, that I should so abuse my selfe, was one M. Clarke seruaunt & in some estimation wt the old Lord Treasurer of England reputed & taken for a coniurer, who afterwards for his good demerites hanged himself in the Tower. MarginaliaTho Rose committed to the Tower.Then the bishop commanded þt I shoulde be caryed to the tower, & be kept safely, where I did lye til it was the weeke before Whitsōtide. Before which time I was twise called, when as the bish. came to the tower about other prisoners. Notwythstanding the B. had no great talk with me, but spake frē Howbeit, one sir Rich. Southwell knight still accused me for my prayer, & sayde, I did put a difference betwixte Lady Mary & Lady Elizabeth, for that I prayed in king Edwardes fayth, & prayed that he would confirme Lady Elizabeth in that which was well begō in her. Vnto this the bish. sayde little: but in the weeke before Pentecost I was conueyed from the tower to Norwich, there to be examined by the bish. and his clergy, as concerning my faith the maner wherof here followeth.

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¶ The second examination of Tho. Rose before the bishop of Norwiche, Hopkins by name,  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 585, line 21

{Cattley/Pratt alters 'Hopkins' to 'Hopton' in the text.} For "Hopton," the original text reads erroneously "Hopkins."

in his owne Palace in the presence of sir William Woodhouse knight, M. Stewarde the Chauncellor, Doct. Barret, with diuers others, the Wednesday in Whitson weeke. an. Domini. 1553.

MarginaliaThe 2. examination of Tho. Rose before the B. of Winchester.AFter I was presented by my keeper, the bishop immediately asked me what I was. I told him I had bene a Minister.

Bishop. What is this to the purpose, were yee a Fryer or a Priest?

Rose. Fryer was I neuer, but a Prieste haue I bene, and beneficed by the kinges Maiesty.

Byshop. Where were ye made Priest?

Rose. In Exceter, in the county where I was borne. Thē the bishop required of me my letters of orders. I told hym I knew not where they were become, for they wer things of me not greatly regarded.

Byshop. Well, you are sent to me to be examined: what say you, will you submit your selfe to the order of the Churche of England?

Rose. My Lord, I trust I am not out of the order of chrystes Church in England, neither do I know my selfe an offender there agaynst.

Bysh. What, yes, ye haue here preached moste damnable & deuilish doctrine.

Rose. Not so, my lord. The doctrine by me here preached, was both true, sincere, & holy. But in deede the doctrine þt is now set forth, is most wicked and damnable, yea & that both agaynst Gods lawes & mans. But as for the doctrin by me preached, it is grounded vpon the word of God, set out also by the authoritie of two most mighty kings, with the consent of all the Nobilitie and clergy of the same, so þt I preached nothing but theyr lawfull proceedinges, hauing their lawfull authoritie vnder their broad Seales for confirmation of þe same, for which my doyng ye cannot iustly charge me. For why, sithens the lawe ceased, I haue kept silence, so that the Counsaile which sent me vnto you haue not charged me therwith. Wherefore ye doe me open wrong to burden me with that wherein I am free.

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Chanc. What sir? ye are very captious, answerest thou my Lord after such a sort?

Rose. Syr (sayd I) I aunswere for my selfe, and accordyng to the truth, wherwith ye ought not to be offended, if ye be of God.

Chaunc. Thou art an euill man. Wast thou not abiured before now? 

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Despite his indignant denials, Rose had submitted to the bishop of Norwich and confessed his belief in the Real Presence in the eucharist on 13 June 1555 (Norfolk and Norwich Record Office, Act 7/8/unfoliated).

Rose. No, ye vntruely report me, and are in no wise able to proue that whiche ye haue spoken: so that your wordes appeare to proceede altogether of malice, whiche I haue not deserued at your handes. But in this I well perceiue ye are made an instrument to vtter other mennes malice conceiued of olde.

Chaunc. What sayest thou to the reall presence in the sacrament?

Rose. I wist right well yee were made an instrument to seeke innocent bloud: well ye may haue it, if God permitte it is present and at hande, for I am not come hither to lye, but to dye (if God see it good) in defence of that whiche I haue sayd. Wherefore ye may begin when ye shall thinke good, for I haue sayd nothing but the trueth, and þt which in those dayes was of al men allowed for truth, & agaynst the which ye at that time durst not once whisper, although ye now brag neuer so much.

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Bish. Wel father Rose, sayd he, what soeuer hath ben done in times past, shal not now be called in question, so that ye now submit your selfe. For not only you, but all the whole realm hath bene out of þe right way, both high & low, spiritual & tēporal but al notwtstāding haue submited thēselues & acknowledged their faith. Wherfore if ye wil be accoūted for an Englishman, ye must likewyse submit your selfe.

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MarginaliaHow Thomas Rose submitteth himselfe.Rose. My L. I am an Englishman borne, & do must humbly require of þe christian congregation of England, to bee counted as a perticular member of the same, & with al due reuerence submit my self as in forme & maner followyng: That whatsoeuer law or laws shal be set forth in the same for the establishment of Christs true religion, & that according to þe faith & doctrine of þe holy patriarchs & prophets, Iesus Christ, & his holy apostles, wt the faithful fathers of Christs primatiue church: I do not only hold it & beleeue it, but also most reuerently obey it. At which my assertion, the B. seemed to be greatly reioiced, & said: well, then we shall soone be at a point. But said he, you shal take this for no day of examination, but rather of communication, so that ye shall now depart & pawse your selfe, untill we call for you againe, and so ended our first meetyng.

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¶ The third examination of Thomas Rose.

MarginaliaThe 3. examination of Thomas Rose.ON the Friday following, I was called agayne into Christes church within their Ladies chapell (as they termed it) where was gathered a great part of the whole citie of Norwich, & after I was by my keper presented, þe B. began with a great protestation, & after many wordes demanded of me whether according to my former promise I would submit my selfe or no? I answered as before I had done, þt according to my former protestation, I would most gladly obey. Then said the Chauncellor, to vtter hys gentlenes, I thinke ye do but fayne.

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Rose. The fault then (said I) shal be in your selfe, and not in me. For if ye burthen me with nothing but scriptures, & the fathers of Christes primatiue church, then, as I sayde before, so I say agayne, I shall most gladly obey.

Chanc. Well then, seeyng you chalenge to be a member of the church of England, your mother here for triall of obedience, prouoketh you, as mothers are woont, to allure you to receiue this litle gift at her hand.

Rose. Forsooth sayd I, if she offer it me, as receyued of God my father, I shal gladly receiue it, as from the hand of my very true and ghostly mother.

Chanc. MarginaliaAuricular confession.What say you to eare confession? is it not a law ecclesiasticall, and necessary for the church of England?

Rose Some wayes it might be permitted, & some wayes

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