Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt ReferencesCommentary on the Text
Person and Place Index  *  Close
Arnoldus Bomelius (Arnold Baumel)

A young man of Louvain, commended for his learning.

Foxe reported that Arnoldus Bomelius had converted to protestantism but fallen into the company of Tyleman, a Master of Arts at the University of Louvain. This encounter had led him to cast doubt on the veracity of protestant beliefs and ultimately drove him to committing suicide by stabbing himself, the event upon which Foxe concentrates his attentions. It is not clear where Foxe obtained this information (1570, p. 2305, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106)

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David Beaton

(1494? - 1546)

Archbishop of St Andrews from 1539 (DNB)

John Rough was originally a Black Friar in Stirling for sixteen years until the time when Lord Hamilton (earl of Arran) sued the archbishop of St Andrews. 1563, p. 1646, 1570, p. 2225, 1576, p. 1921, 1583, p. 2028 [incorrectly numbered as 2034].

Shortly after he condemned George Wisehart in 1546, Beaton was stricken with illness and died. 1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 2106.

[In fact, Beaton did not die of illness; he was assassinated by members of the Anglophile party in Scottish politics.]

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Jacobus Latomus

(1475? - 1544)

Latomus was one of the leading catholic theologians and controversialists at the University of Louvain, where Foxe described him as 'a chief and principal captain'. Foxe found several occasions to report hostile comments about him, although his source for this information has not been located. These included a speech before the emperor Charles V in Brussels that was reportedly so poor that it caused him to be laughed at and scorned by most of the court (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106). Foxe also noted that he became mad whilst delivering a public lecture in Louvain (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106) and spent the remainder of his life bemoaning that he was damned.

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Johannes Manlius

Manlius' book, De dictis Philippi Melancthonis (Locorum Communium Collectanea, a Joh. Manilo, pleraque ex lectionibus Ph. Melancthonis excerpta [Basil: 1563]) made mention of a tailor's servant who threw himself out of a window and died after his conversion to catholicism. 1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106.

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Manlius also refers to a young gentlewoman who died without repentance. 1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, p. 2106.

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Marcellus Cresentius (i.e. Marcello Crescenzio)

Cardinal-legate and president of the Council of Trent for the second set of sessions from 1551 - 1552.

Foxe refers uniquely to the circumstances of Crsentius' death, drawing on Sleidan's Commentaries. Sleidan had explained that he spent 25 March 1552 writing letters to the pope. As he completed his missives, a great black dog appeared before him. When it disappeared, he sent his servants in search of it and, when the dog could not be found, the cardinal-legate feared that it had been a bad omen and, becoming deranged, he died in Verona. 1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1997, 1583, pp. 2106-07. The second set of sessions of the council were suspended following his death on 28 April 1552.

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Ruardus Anchusianus

Ruardus Anchusianus was a theologian at the University of Louvain who, according to Foxe, shut his colleague Jacob Latomus away in a close chamber after his railings during a public lecture in Louvain (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106).

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The Abbot of Clarilocus (Clairlieu: Meurthe et Moselle)

The suffragen bishop of Metz.

Foxe simply reports his dying at the sound of a firing gun (1570, p. 2306, 1576, p. 1996, 1583, p. 2106).

2130 [2106]

Quene Mary. Gods punishment vpon persecutors, and contemners of the Gospell.

MarginaliaAnno 1558.God will not sufficiently admonish vs, yet let vs be warned by examples of such as haue bene either teachers or followers of this doctrine, and consider well what ende commonly it hath and doth bring men vnto. To recite all that may be sayd in this behalfe, it were infinite. To note a few examples for admonitions sake, it shalbe requisite.

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MarginaliaThe miserable ende of Guarlacus reader in Louane.In the Vniuersitie of Louane was one named Guarlacus 

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This anecdote is reprinted from Claudio Senarclaeus, Historia vera de mortesancti viri Joannis Diazii Hispani... (Basle: 1546), pp. 8-9. [NB 'Senarclaeus' was the nom de plume of the Spanish protestant Francisco Enzinas].

a learned man, brought vp in that Schoole, who at length was reader of Diuinitie to the Monkes of s. Gertrudes order. Where after he had stoutly mainteyned the corrupt errors of such popish doctrine, at last falling sicke, when he perceiued no way with him but death, he fell into a miserable agonie and pertubation of spirite, crying out of his sinnes, how wickedly he had liued, and that he was not able to abide the iudgement of God, and so casting out wordes of miserable desperation, saide: his sinnes were greater then that he could be pardoned, and in that desperation wretchedly he ended his lyfe. Ex Epistola Claudij Senarclæi ad Bucerum ante histor. de morte Diazij.

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MarginaliaThe story of Arnoldus Bomelius student at Louane.Another like example we haue of Arnoldus Bomelius, 

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This anecdote is reprinted from Senarclaeus, Historia vera, pp. 9-12.

a young man of the sayd Vniuersitie of Louane, well commended for his fresh flourishing wit and ripenesse of of learnyng, who so long as he fauoured the cause of the gospell, and tooke part with the same agaynst the enemies of the truth, he prospered and went well forward, but after that he drew to the company of Tyleman, maister of the Popes Colledge in Louane, and framed hymselfe after the rule of his vnsauourie doctrine, that is, to stande in feare and doubt of hys iustification, and to worke his saluation by merites and deedes of the lawe, he began more and more to growe in doubtfull despaire, and discomfort of mynd: MarginaliaNote what euill instruction & company þe nature of that doctrine is, vtterly to pluck away a mans mynd from all certaintie and true liberty of spirit, to a seruile doubtfulnes, full of discomfort and bondage of soule.

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Thus the yong man seduced and peruerted thorough this blynd doctrine of ignoraunce and dubitation, fell into a great agonie of mynde, wandryng and wrestlyng in him selfe a long space, till at length beyng ouercome with despaire, and not hauyng in the popish doctrine wherewith to rayse vp his soule, he went out of the citie on a tyme to walke, accompanied with three other Studentes of the same Vniuersitie, his speciall familiars. Who after their walke, as they returned home agayne, Arnoldus for wearinesse (as it seemed) sate down by a spring side to rest him a while. The other supposing none other, but that hee for wearines there rested to refresh hymselfe, went forward a little past hym. In the meane tyme what doth Arnoldus, but sodainly taketh out his dagger, and stroke himself into the body. MarginaliaAn horrible example of Arnoldus Bomelius which killed himselfe with his owne dagger.

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His fellowes seeyng him shrinking downe, and the fountaine to be all coloured with the bloude which issued out of the wound, came runnyng to him to take hym vp, and so searching his body where the wound should be, at length found what he had done, and how hee had striken hymselfe with hys dagger into the brest. Whereupon they tooke hym and brought hym into an house next at hande, and there exhorted hym as well as they could, to repente hys fact: who then by outwarde gesture seemed to geue some shew of repentance. Notwithstanding, the sayd Arnoldus espiyng one of hys friendes there busie aboute hym, to haue a knyfe hangyng at hys girdle violentlye plucked out the knife, and with mayne force stabbed hymselfe to the hart.

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MarginaliaAdmonitiō to our Louanians.By these Louanian examples, as we haue all to learn, no man to be sure of his life, but that he alwayes needeth to craue and cal vnto the Lord to blesse him with his truth and grace: so especially would I wish our English Louanians, which nowe make fortes in that Vniuersitie against the open truth of Christs gospel, to be wise in time, and not to spurne so against the pricke. Ne forte. &c.

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MarginaliaIacobus Latomus of Louane.Or if they thinke yet these examples not enough for sufficient admonition, let them ioyne hereto the remembraunce also of Iacobus Latomus, 

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This anecdote is reprinted from Senarclaeus, Historia vera, pp. 12-13.

a chiefe and principall captayne of the same Vniuersitie of Louane. Who after he had bene at Bruxels, and there thinkyng to do a great acte agaynst Luther and his fellowes, made an Oration before the Emperour, so foolishly and ridiculously, that hee was laughed to scorne almost of the whole Courte. MarginaliaIacobus Latomus an enemy to the Gospell, brought to madnes and desperation.Then returnyng from thence to Louan agayne, in his publike Lecture he fell in an open fury and madnesse, vttring such words of desperation and blasphemous impietie, that the other Diuines which were there, and namely, Ruardus Anchusianus, were fayne to cary him away as he was ra-

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uyng, and so shut him into a close chamber. From þt tyme vnto his last breath, Latomus had neuer any thyng els in hys mouth, MarginaliaThe terrible wordes of Latomus in his desperation.but that he was damned and reiected of God, and that there was no hope of saluation for hym, because that wittingly and against his knowledge, he withstoode the manifest truth of his word. Ex Epist. Senarclæi ante hist. de morte Diazij. Item, ex Oratione Pauli Eberi in comitijs Wittembergæ habita.

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Thus almighty God not onely by his worde, but by examples also, diuers and sundry wise doth warne vs, first to seeke to knowe the pefect will and decree of the Lord our God appoynted in his worde. MarginaliaGods will in his word to accept out fayth onely for iustification.The perfect will and full testament of the Lord in his word, is this, that he hath sent and geuen his onely sonne vnto vs, beyng fully contented to accept our fayth onely vpon him for our perfect iustification and full satisfaction for all our transgressions: and this is called in Scripture, Iusticia Dei. MarginaliaObedience to Gods will rewarded.To this will and righteousnesse of God, that they humbly submit themselues, finde place and rest in their soules, that no mā is able to expresse, and haue strength enough agaynst all the inuasions and temptations of Sathan.

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MarginaliaDisobedience to Gods will punished.Contrarywise, they that will not yeld their obedience vnto the wyll and ordinaunce of GOD expressed in hys worde, but will seeke their owne righteousnesse, which is of man, labouryng by their merites and satisfactions to serue and please God: these not onely do finde with God no righteousnesse at all, but in stead of hys fauour, procure to themselues his horrible indignation, in steade of comfort, heape to themselues desperation, and in the end what inconuenience they come to by these aboue recited examples of Guarlacus, Bomelius, and Latomus, it is euident to see. MarginaliaThe chiefe fountayne of all mischiefe in the world.And out of this fountayne springeth not onely the punishments of these men, but also all other inconueniences whiche happen amongest men, where so euer this pernicious and erroneous doctrine of the Papistes taketh place.

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MarginaliaA Fryer of Munster strickē with lightning.A Dominike Frier of Mounster, as he was inueighyng in the Pulpitte agaynst the Doctrine of the Gospell then springyng vp, was striken with a sodayne flashe of lightnyng, and so ended his lyfe. 

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 650, fn 1

See Pantaleon, "Rerum in Eccles. gestarum," lib. vii. p. 218, Basileæ, 1563. - ED.

Ex Pantal. in 2. parte. Rerum memor.

MarginaliaA Taylours seruaunt in Lipsia.Manlius in his booke, De dictis Phlippi Melancth.  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 650, fn 2

The title more at length is, "Locorum Communium Collectanea, a Joh. Manlio, pleraque ex lectionibus Ph. Melancthonis excerpta;" in three or four parts: 8vo. Basil. 1563. - ED.

maketh mention of a certaine Tailors seruaunte in Lypsia, who receiuing first the Sacrament in both kyndes wyth the Gospellers, and afterward beyng perswaded by the papists, receiued with them vnder one kynd. Whereupon beyng admonished of his maister to come to the Communion againe in the Church of the Gospellers, hee stoode a great while and made no answer. At last crying out vpon a sodaine, he ran to the window thereby, and so cast hymselfe out, and brake his necke.

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MarginaliaGods punishment vpon a certaine Popish gentleman vnnamed.In the same Manlius mention is also made of a certayne Gentleman of name and authoritie, but he nameth hym not, who hearyng these wordes in a song: Ein feste burg ist vnser Gott: that is: Our onely holde or fortresse is our God. Psalme. 46. aunswered, and sayd: Ich will helffē die burg zerschiessē, oder ich wil nit leben: that is, I wil help to shoote agaynst thy staye or forte, or els I will not liue. And so within three dayes after hee dyed without repentaunce, or confessing his fayth. Ex Manlio, De dictis Philip. Melancth.

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MarginaliaSadoletus Cardinall.Of Sadoletus the learned Cardinal likewise it is reported of some, that he dyed not without great tormentes of conscience and desperation.

MarginaliaThe Commendator of S. Antony plagued.The Commendator of S. Anthony, who sate as spirituall Iudge ouer that godly learned man Wolfgangus burned in Lotharing, in Germany, and gaue sentence of his condemnation, fell sodenly dead shortly after. Read before pag. 884.

MarginaliaAbbot of Carilocus sodainely dead.Also his fellow the Abbot of Clarilocus,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 650, middle

Foxe here reads "Clarilocus" in the text, and "Charilocus" {1576 edition} in the margin: "Clarilocus" is the right reading.

and Suffragan to the bishop of Metz, at the cracke of gunnes sodenly fell downe and dyed. pag. 884.

MarginaliaDauid Beaton Archbyshop of Scotland persecutour, slayne in his owne Castle.Dauid Beaton Archbishop of s. Andrewes in Scotland, shortly after the beginning of M. George Wisard, how hee by the iust stroke of God was slaine, and wretchedly ended his lyfe within his owne Castle, in the discourse of his story is euident to see, who so listeth further to read of that matter, pag. 1272.

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Ioannes Sleidanus in his 23. booke, MarginaliaEx Ioan Sleidano, lib. 23. maketh relation of Cardinall Crescentius, the chiefe President and mode-

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