Thematic Divisions in Book 12
1. Exhumations of Bucer and Phagius along with Peter Martyr's Wife2. Pole's Visitation Articles for Kent3. Ten Martyrs Burnt at Canterbury4. The 'Bloody Commission'5. Twenty-two Prisoners from Colchester6. Five Burnt at Smithfield7. Stephen Gratwick and others8. Edmund Allen and other martyrs9. Edmund Allen10. Alice Benden and other martyrs11. Examinations of Matthew Plaise12. Richard Woodman and nine other martyrs13. Ambrose14. Richard Lush15. The Martyrdom of Simon Miller and Elizabeth Cooper16. Rose Allin and nine other Colchester Martyrs17. John Thurston18. George Eagles19. Richard Crashfield20. Fryer and George Eagles' sister21. Joyce Lewes22. Rafe Allerton and others23. Agnes Bongeor and Margaret Thurston24. John Kurde25. John Noyes26. Cicelye Ormes27. Persecution at Lichfield28. Persecution at Chichester29. Thomas Spurdance30. Hallingdale, Sparrow and Gibson31. John Rough and Margaret Mearing32. Cuthbert Simson33. William Nicholl34. Seaman, Carman and Hudson35. Three at Colchester36. A Royal Proclamation37. Roger Holland and other Islington martyrs38. Stephen Cotton and other martyrs39. Scourging of Thomas Hinshaw40. Scourging of John Milles41. Richard Yeoman42. John Alcocke43. Thomas Benbridge44. Four at St Edmondsbury45. Alexander Gouch and Alice Driver46. Three at Bury47. A Poor Woman of Exeter48. The Final Five Martyrs49. John Hunt and Richard White50. John Fetty51. Nicholas Burton52. John Fronton53. Another Martyrdom in Spain54. Baker and Burgate55. Burges and Hoker56. The Scourged: Introduction57. Richard Wilmot and Thomas Fairfax58. Thomas Greene59. Bartlett Greene and Cotton60. Steven Cotton's Letter61. James Harris62. Robert Williams63. Bonner's Beating of Boys64. A Beggar of Salisbury65. Providences: Introduction66. The Miraculously Preserved67. William Living68. Edward Grew69. William Browne70. Elizabeth Young71. Elizabeth Lawson72. Christenmas and Wattes73. John Glover74. Dabney75. Alexander Wimshurst76. Bosom's wife77. Lady Knevet78. John Davis79. Mistress Roberts80. Anne Lacy81. Crosman's wife82. Congregation at Stoke in Suffolk83. Congregation of London84. Englishmen at Calais85. Edward Benet86. Jeffrey Hurst87. William Wood88. Simon Grinaeus89. The Duchess of Suffolk90. Thomas Horton 91. Thomas Sprat92. John Cornet93. Thomas Bryce94. Gertrude Crockhey95. William Mauldon96. Robert Horneby97. Mistress Sandes98. Thomas Rose99. Troubles of Sandes100. Complaint against the Ipswich Gospellers101. Tome 6 Life and Preservation of the Lady Elizabeth102. The Unprosperous Queen Mary103. Punishments of Persecutors104. Foreign Examples105. A Letter to Henry II of France106. The Death of Henry II and others107. Justice Nine-Holes108. John Whiteman109. Admonition to the Reader110. Hales' Oration111. The Westminster Conference112. Appendix notes113. Ridley's Treatise114. Back to the Appendix notes115. Thomas Hitton116. John Melvyn's Letter117. Alcocke's Epistles118. Cautions to the Reader119. Those Burnt at Bristol: extra material120. Priest's Wife of Exeter121. Snel122. Laremouth123. William Hunter's Letter124. Doctor Story125. The French Massacre
Critical Apparatus for this Page
View an Image of this PageCattley Pratt References
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Denys Lambin (Lambinus)

(1516? - 1572)

A noted humanist and translator; Foxe notes his death at the St Bartholomew's Day massacre (24 August 1572), following the mention of it in his source for this passage (La Place) (1583, p. 2152).

For further biographical references, see Louis-Charles Dezobry, and Jean Louis Thodore Bachelet, Dictionnaire général de biographie et d'histoire (...). 2 vols. (Paris, 1869), 1, p. 286; Nicolas Touusaint Le Moyne des Essarts, Les siècles littéraires de la France; ou nouveau dictionnaire, historique, critique et bibliographie de tous les écrivains français. 6 vols. (Paris, 1800-1801), 3, p. 261.

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Martial de Loménie (Lomenius)

(d. 1572)

Third son of Aimery de Loménie, seigneur de Faye, near Limoges.

At the time of Martial de Loménie's death in Paris in the St Bartholomew's Day massacre (24 August 1572), which is the occasion for which Foxe mentions him (1583, p. 2152), he was a secrétaire du roi et des finances and a greffier of the Grand Conseil. According to Crespin's continuator (but Foxe did not include any of these details), Loménie was imprisoned during the massacre and constrained by the comte de Retz to sell his land at Versailles (and perhaps his office as well) to him in return for the hope of escape. But he ended up being massacred with 15 others imprisoned with him. Jacques-Auguste de Thou confirmed the Crespin account, adding that de Retz and Loménie had already been to law over the property at Versailles. There is nothing to substantiate d'Aubigné's account of Loménie's evisceration on the orders of Lansac at the time of his death. (Haag, 7, pp. 119-20)

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Pierre de La Place (Petrus Plateannus; Petrus a Plateâ)

(1520? - 1572)

French protestant, jurisconsult and historian, whose Commentaires de l'estat et de la religion (1565) Foxe used in the expanded Latin edition, published after La Place's death in 1575-77. La Place himself was slaughtered in the St Bartholomew's Day massacres (August 1572) on the second day of the massacre (25 August 1572). He escaped the first day of massacre, despite being placed in considerable danger, and remained boarded up in his house. The prévôt de l'hôtel du roi, Senecay, arrived with orders from the king to join him in the Louvre. La Place replied that he wanted to obey the order but that it was too dangerous for him to come. The following afternoon, however, he was sent for, along with a contingent of archers for his protection. But he was set on by four assassins at the corner of the rue de la Verrerie, not far from the Louvre, whilst the king's archers looked on. Later, his body was dragged to the Seine and thrown in (1583, p. 2152). (Haag, 6, pp. 312-14).

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Pierre de la Ramée (Ramus)

(1515 - 1572)

Philosopher, university reformer and French protestant.

Ramus' death at the St Bartholomew's Day massacre in Paris (August 1572) is mentioned by Foxe, following his source (La Place) (1583, p. 2152). In reality, Ramus died on the third day of the massacre (26 August), being sought out by a band of assassins encouraged (it was alleged) by a university rival, Pierre Charpentier, in his university rooms in the Collège de Presles, from where he was thrown out of the window, still alive, and dragged by his feet to be dumped in the river Seine (Louis-Charles Dezobry, and Jean Louis Thodore Bachelet, Dictionnaire général de biographie et d'histoire (...). 2 vols. (Paris, 1869); Haag, 6, pp. 329-39.

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2176 [2153]

The discourse of the bloudy Massaker in Fraunce.

that is briefly to entreat of the horrible and most barbarous massaker wroughte in Paris, MarginaliaThe horrible Massaker at Paris. suche as I suppose, was neuer heard of before in no ciuill dissention amōgest the very heathen. In few wordes to touch the substaunce of the matter.

After long troubles in Fraunce, the Catholique side foreseing no good to be done agaynst the Protestantes by open force, began to deuise how by crafty meanes to entrap them.  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 749, fn 1

See "Lettres de saint Pie V. sur les affaires religieuses en France, par de Potter," Bruxelles 1827. - ED.

And that by two maner of wayes: MarginaliaThe kinges dissembled pretence.The one by pretending a power to be sent into the lower countrey, wherof the Amirall to be the Captayne, not that the king so meant in deed, but onely to vnderstand thereby, what power and force the Amirall hadde vnder him, who they were, and what were theyr names. MarginaliaThe names of all the fauourers of the Amirall discreyde.The second was by a certeine mariage suborned, betwene the Prince of Nauare, and the kinges sister. 
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 749, fn 2

Namely, Henry, and Margaret of Valois. - ED.

MarginaliaA bloudy mariage betweene the kinges sister and Prince of Nauarre.To this pretensed mariage, it was deuised that all the chiefest Protestantes of Fraunce shoulde be inuited, and meete in Paris. Emong whome first they began with the Queene of Nauare, Mother to the Prince, that should mary the kings sister, attempting by all meanes possible to obteine her consent thereunto. She being then at Rochell, and allured by many fayre wordes to repayre vnto the king, consented at length to come, and was receiued at Paris, where she after much a do, at length being wonne to the kinges minde, and prouiding for the mariage, shortly vpon the same fell sicke, & within fiue daies departed: not without suspitiō, as some sayd, of poyson. But her body being opened, no signe of poyson could there be founde, saue onely that a certayne Poticary made his brag that he had killed the Queene, by certayne venemous odours and smelles by hym confected.

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After this notwithstanding the mariage still goyng forward, the Amirall, Prince of Nauare, Condee, wyth diuers other chiefe states of the Protestantes, induced by the kinges letters and many fayre promises, at last were brought to Paris. Where with great solēnity they were receiued, but especially the Amirall. To make the matter short. MarginaliaAnno. 1572. August. 18.The day of the mariage came, which was the 18. of August. an. 1572. which mariage being celebrate and solēnised by the Cardinall of Borbone, vpon an high stage set vp of purpose without the Churthe walles, the Prince of Nauare, & Condee, came downe, wayting for the kinges sister being then at Masse. This done, they resorted altogether to the Bishops Palace, to dinner. At euening they were had to a Palace in the middle of Paris to Supper. MarginaliaAugust. 22.Not long after this, being the 22. of August, the Amirall comming from the Counsell table, by the way was stroken with a Pistolet charged with iij. pellets, in both hys armes. MarginaliaAmirall wounded with a pistolet shot out of a Window.He being thus wounded and yet still remayning in Paris, although the Vidam  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 749, fn 3

"Vidame," the judge who has charge of a French bishop's temporal jurisdiction. - ED.

gaue him counsell to flye away, it so fell out that certayne souldiors were appoynted in diuers places of the Citty to be ready at a watchword at the commaundemēt of the Prince. Vpon which watchword geuē, they burst out to the slaughter of þe protestantes, MarginaliaAmirall slaine in his bedde, and throwne out of the Window.first beginning with the Amirall himselfe, who being wounded with many sore woundes was cast oute of the window into the street, where his head being first stroken of, and imbalmed with spices to bee sent to the Pope, the sauadge people raging agaynst him, cut of hys armes and priuy members, and so drawing him 3. dayes through the streetes of Paris, they dragged him to þe place of execution, out of the City, and there hanged him vp by his heeles to the greater shew and scorne of him.

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After the Martyrdome of this good man, the armed souldiours with rage and violence ranne vpon all other of the same profession, slaying and killing all the Protestantes they knew or coulde finde within the Citty gates inclosed. Marginalia10. thousand slayne in 3. dayes. Ex historia Rich. dinothi lib. 5.This bloudye slaughter continued the space of many dayes, but especially the greatest slaughter was in the three first dayes, in which were numbred to be slayne, as the story writeth, aboue x. thousand, men and women, old and young, of all sorts and conditions. The bodies of the dead were caryed in Cartes to be throwne in the Riuer, so that not onely the Riuer was all steined therwith, but also whole streames in certayn places of the City did runne with goare bloud of the slayne bodyes. So greate was the outrage of that Heathenish persecution, that not onely the Protestantes, but also certayne whome they thought indifferent Papists they put to the sword in sted of Protestantes. MarginaliaPetrus Ramus. Lambinus with other slaine.In the number of them that were slayne of the more learned sort, was Petrus Ramus, also Lambinus an other notorious learned man, Plateanus, Lomenius, Chapesius,  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 750, fn 2

Some of these sufferes will be better known by the names of Pierre de la Ramée; le Chape; and De Lomenie. - ED.

with others.

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And not onely within the walles of Paris this vprore was conteined but extended farther into other cities and quarters of the Realme, especially Lyons, Orliens, Tholous, and Roane. In which cities it is almost incre-

dible, nor scarse euer heard of in any natiō, what crueltye was shewed, what numbers of good men were destroyed in so much that with in the space of one moneth xxx. thousand at least of religious Protestantes are numbred to be slayne, as is crediblely reported and storyed in the cōmētaryes of them which testify purposely of that matter. MarginaliaCommentaria de statu Galliæ. part. 3.

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Furthermore here is to be noted, that when the Pope first heard of this bloudy styrre, he with his Cardinalles made such ioy at Rome, with theyr procession, with their gunshot and singing Te Deum, that in honor of that festiuall acte, MarginaliaThe spirite and charity of the Pope to be noted.a iubilee was commaunded by the Pope wyth great indulgence, and much solemnity, wherby thou hast here to discerne, and iudge, with what spirite and charity these Catholiques are moued to mainteine their religion withall, which otherwise would fall to the ground with out all hope of recouery. Likewise in Fraunce no lesse reioysing Marginalia28. of August.there was vpon the xxviij. day of the sayd Moneth, the king commaunding publique processions thorow the whole City to be made, with bonefires, ringing and singing, where the king himselfe, with the Queene his mother, and his whole Court resorting together to the Church, gaue thankes and laud to GOD, for that so worthy victory atchieued vpon MarginaliaS. Bartlemew bloudy day.S. Bartholomews day agaynst the Protestantes, whome they thought to be vtterly ouerthrowne and vanquished in all that Realme for euer.

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MarginaliaThe great distresse of the Protestantes in Fraunce.And in very deede to mans thinking might appeare no lesse after such a great destruction of the Protestantes hauing lost so many worthy and noble captaynes as thē were cutte of, whereupon many for feare reuoking their religion, returned to the pope, diuers fled out of þe realme such as would not turn, keeping themselues secret, durst not be knowne nor seene, so that it was past all hope of man, that the Gospell shoulde euer haue any more place in Fraunce: MarginaliaGods helping hand at neede.but suche is the admirable working of the Lord, where mans helpe and hope most fayleth there hee most sheweth his strength and helpeth, as here is to bee seene and noted. For where as the litle small remnant of the Gospell side, being now brought to vtter desperation were now ready to geue ouer vnto the king, and many were gone already agaynst cōscience, yelding to time, yet the Lord of his goodnes so wrought, that many were stayed and reclaymed agayne through the occasion first of them in MarginaliaThe towne of Rochell example to other townes.Rochell: Who hearing of the cruell massaker in Paris, and slaughter at Tholous, most constantly with valiaunt hartes (the Lord so working) thought to stand to theyr defence agaynst the kinges power, by whose example certayne other Cities, MarginaliaThe cityes of the Protestantes take courage to defende themselues.hearing therof tooke no litle courage to do the like, as namely Montalbane, the Citty called Nemansium, Sansere in Occitamia, Milialdum, Mirebellum, Fuduzia, with other townes and Citties moe: who being confederate together, exhorted one an other to be circumspect and take good heede of the false dissembling practises not to be trusted of the mercilese papistes, entending nothing but bloud and destruction.

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These thinges thus passing at Rochell, the king hearing thereof, geueth in commaundement to Capteyne Strozzius, & Guardius  

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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, 751, fn 2

These were Philip Strozzi and Baron de la Garde. - ED.

to see to Rochell. After thys he sendeth a noble man one MarginaliaBironius.Biromus, requiring of the Rochell men to receiue him for theyr Gouernour vnder the king. Of this great consultation being had, at length the Rochell men began to condescend vpon certayne conditions, which being not easily graunted vnto, and especially they hearing in the mean time what was done to others of theyr felowes, which had submitted themselues, MarginaliaRochelme stand to their deliuery.thought it so better to stand to the defence of theyr liues & consciences and to aduenture the worst. MarginaliaRochell first besieged by Bironius.Whereupon began great siege and battery to be layde agaynste Rochell  
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Cattley/Pratt, VIII, Appendix: ref page 751, middle

"Le quatrieme jour de Decembre, suivant le commandement du Roy, le sieur de Biron accompagné de sept cornettes de cavallerie et de dixhuit enseignes de pietons entra au pays d'Onis pour serrer le Rochellois; et lors commenca la guerre toute ouverte." ("Recueil des choses memorables en France," p. 454, A. Heden, 1603.)

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both by land and sea, which was an, 1572. about the 4. day of December, it woulde require an other volume, to describe all thinges, during the time of the siege, þt passed on either side, betwene the kinges part, and the towne of Rochell, briefly to runne ouer some parts of the matter. MarginaliaAnno. 1573. The whole power of Fraunce set agaynst Rochell.In the beginning of the next yeare folowing, which was an. 1573. in the moneth of Ianuary cōmaundement was geuen out by the king to all and sondry nobles and piers of Fraunce, vpon great punishment, to addresse themselues in moste forceable wise to the assaulting of Rochell. Wherupon a great concourse of all the nobility, with the whole power of Fraunce, was there assembled, amongst whom was also the Prince of Aniow, the kinges Brother (who there not long after was proclaymed kyng of Polonie) accompanied with his other Brother Duke Alanson, Nauare, Condie, & other a great nūber of states besides. Thus the whole power of Fraūce being gathered agaynst one poore Towne, had not the mighty hande of the Lord stood on theyr side, it had bene vnpossible for thē to escape. Duryng the time of this siege, which lasted

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