Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Cologne (Köln; Colonia Agrippina)
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Cologne (Köln; Colonia Agrippina)

[Colen; Colleyn; Collen; Colon]

North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Coordinates: 50° 57' 0" N, 6° 58' 0" E

Cathedral city

223 [200]

Diuers complayntes of the enormities of the Clergy. Death of K. Henry. K. Stephen.

with your vnmeasurable greedines in getting and heaping vp riches, therfore be you displeased with me. I take here heauen and earth to witnesse, that I haue preached to you, that I was commaunded of the Lord. But you contemne me and your creator, who by his onely sonne hath redemed you. And no meruaile if ye seeke my death beyng a sinfull person preaching to you the truth: when as if S. Peter were here this day, and rebuked your vices (which doe so multiply aboue all measure) you would not spare him neither. And as he was expressing this with a loude voyce, he sayd moreouer: For my part I am not afrayd to suffer death for the truth sake, but this I say to you, that God will looke vpon your iniquities, and will be reuenged. You beyng full of all vnpuritie, play the blynd guides to the people committed to you, leading them the way to hell. A God he is of reuengeaunce. MarginaliaArnulphus Martyr.Thus the hatred of the Clergy beyng incensed agaynst hym for preaching truth, conspired agaynst him, and so laying priuy waite for hym, tooke hym and drowned him. Sabellicus & Platina say, they hanged hym.

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In the second Tome of the general Councels imprinted at Colen, is mentioned a certain booke called Opus tripartitum, MarginaliaEx Tretimio. A booke called Tripartitum, written 400. yeares agoe. written as the author supposeth, aboue 400. yeres ago, either of this Arnulphus, or iust about the same tyme. In this booke the writer complaineth of many enormities and abuses in the Church, First, of the number of holy dayes, MarginaliaNumber of holy dayes. declaring what occasion of vice groweth thereby, accordyng to the common saying of whores and naughty women (which say) they vauntage more in one holy day, then in 50. other dayes besides.

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MarginaliaCurious singing in Cathedrall Churches.Item, complaineth of the curious singing in cathdral churches, whereby many bee occasioned to bestow much good tyme, yea many yeres about the same, which otherwise they might geue to the learning of better sciences.

MarginaliaThe world ouercharged with begging Religions.Likewise, he complaineth of the rable and multitude of begging Friers and religious men, & professed womē, shewyng what great occasion of idle & vncomely life commeth therof.

MarginaliaPromotion of euill prelates.Also of the vnconsiderate promotion of euill Prelates, and of their great negligence in correcting and reformyng the euill demeanour of the people.

MarginaliaSuperfluitie of apparell in Bishops families.Item, of the great wantonnes & lasciuiousnes in their seruants and families, concerning their excessiue wearing of apparell.

MarginaliaByshops seales abused to get mony.Item, complaineth also of the outragious and excessiue gaynes, that Prelates and other vnder them take for their seale, especially of officials, scribes & such like, which geue out the seale they care not how, nor wherfore, so they may gayne money.

MarginaliaNon residentes in benefices.He complaineth in like maner, that prelates be so slack and negligent in looking to the residēts in their benefices.

MarginaliaRash bestowing of benefices.Farther lamenteth, for the rash geuing of benefices to parsons, vicars, and curates, not for any godlines or learning in them, but for fauour or friendship, or intercession, either els for hope of some gayne, whereof springeth this great ignorance in the Church.

MarginaliaWastefull spending of the Church goods.After this he noteth in prelates, how they wast and expend the goods of the church in superfluities or vpon theyr kinsfolke, or other worse wayes, which should rather be spent vpon the poore.

MarginaliaOld bookes of Councels lost by the negligence of the clerkes.Nextly, in the x. chapter, he cōplaineth for that through the negligence of men of the church (especially of the church of Rome) the bookes and monuments of the old Councels & also of the new, are not to be found: which should be reserued and kept in all cathedrall Churches.

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Item, that many prelates be so cold in doing their duties. Also reprocheth the vnchast and voluptuous demeanor of Ecclesiasticall persons by the example of Storkes, MarginaliaThe vnchaste lyfe of priestes condemned by the nature of the storkes. whose nature is (saith he) that if any of their company, leauyng his owne mate, ioyneth with any other, all the rest flieth vpon him (whether it be he or she) beateth hym, and plucketh his fethers off: what then (sayth he) ought good prelates to do to such a person of their company, whose filthinesse and corrupt life both defileth so many, and stinketh in the whole Church.

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Againe, forasmuch as we read in the booke of Esdras, lib. 2. cap 9. that he purging Israel of strange womē, began first with the priests: MarginaliaAmendment of lyfe ought first to begin with the priestes.So now likewise in the purging & correcting of all sortes of men, first the purgation ought to begin with these, according as it is written by the prophet Ezechiel. Begin first with my sanctuary, &c.

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Moreouer, how that in the tyme of Phillip kyng of Fraunce, the whole Realme was interdited, MarginaliaThe realme of Fraunce interdited. for that the kyng had but one woman in stead of his wife, which was not his wife by law. And againe, seyng in these our dayes, MarginaliaKing of Portingale deposed.the king of Portingale hath bene sequestred from his dominion, by the authoritie of the church (being thought notsufficient to gouerne) what then ought to bee sayd to that Prelate, which abuseth other mens wiues, virgines, and Nunnes, which also is found vnable & insufficient to take vpon him the charge of soules?

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MarginaliaThe knights of the Rhodes and Templars.About the yeare of our Lord, 1128. the orders of the knights of the Rhodes called Ioannites, also the order of Templars rose vp.

After Honorius, next in the same vsurpation succeded MarginaliaPope innocentius the second.Pope Innocentius 2. an. 1130. But as it was with hys predecessours before hym, that at euery mutation of newe Popes, came new perturbations, and commonly neuer a Pope was elected, but some other was set vp against him, (sometymes 2. sometymes 3. Popes togethey) so likewise it happened with this Innocentius: for after he was chosen, the Romains elected another pope named Anacletus. Betwixt these two Popes was much ado, and great conflicts through the partaking of Rogerius Duke of Sicile, takyng Anacletus part agaynst Innocentius, vntill Lotharius the Emperour came, who rescuing Innocentius, droue Rogerius out of Italy. MarginaliaHurly burly betweene Popes. Our stories recorde, that king Henry was one of the great helpes in setting vp and maintayning this Pope Innocentius against Anacletus, Gisburnens.

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Amongst many other things this Pope decreed, MarginaliaThe popes curse proclaymed agaynst such that strike any priest.that whosoeuer did strike a Priest or Clerke beyng shauen, he should be excommunicate, and not to be absolued, but only of the Pope himselfe.

About the tyme of doyng of these thynges (beyng the yeare of our Lord, 1135.) king Henry being in Normandy (as some say) by taking there a fall frō his horse (as other say) by taking a surfet in eating Lampries, fell sicke & died, MarginaliaThe death of K. Henry. Anno. 1135. after he had raigned ouer the realme of England 35. yeres and odde monethes, leauyng for his heyres Matilde the Empresse his daughter, with her young sonne Henry to succeed after hym, to whom all the Prelates and Nobilitie of the Realme were sworne. But contrary to their oth made to Molde in the presence of her father before: William the Archbishop of Cant. and the nobles of the realme, crowned Stephen Erle of Boloyne, and sisters sonne to king Henry, vpon S. Stephens day in Christmas weeke. Which Archbishop, the next yeare after dyed: beyng (as it was thought) iustly punished for his periury. MarginaliaPeriury iustly punished. And many other lordes which did accordingly, went not quite without punishment. In like iustice of punishmēt is numbred also Roger bishop of Salisbury, who contrary to his othe (beyng a great doer in the coronation of Stephen) was apprehended of the same kyng, and miserably (but iustly) extermined.

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A certaine written English story I haue, which addeth more, and saith, MarginaliaEx Chron. Anglico. incerti autoris.that king Stephen (hauing many foes in diuers quarters, kepyng there holdes and castels agaynst him) went then to Oxford, & tooke the Bishop of Salsibury, and put a rope about his necke, & so led him to the castle of Vice (that was his) and commanded them to render vp the castle, or he would slay and hang their Bishop. Which Castle beyng geuen vp, the kyng tooke the spoyle thereof. MarginaliaThe Bishop of Sarum and of Lincolne, taken prisoners of the king, and led with ropes about their neckes.The like also he did to the Bishop of Lyncolne named Alexander, whom in lyke maner he led in a rope to a Castle of the Bishops, that was vpon Trent, and bad them deliuer vp the Castle, or els he would hang their Lord, before the gate. Long it was before the castle was geuen vp, yet at length the king obtaining it, there entred and tooke all the treasure of the Bishop, &c. Roger Houeden. MarginaliaRoger. Houed. in vita Steph. Fabian alleagyng a certayne olde Author, whom I cannot finde, referreth a great cause of this periury to one Hugh Bigot, Steward sometyme with king Henry. MarginaliaEx Fabian. In vita. Step. Who immediatly after the death of the sayd Henry, came into England, and before the sayd Archbishop and other Lordes of the land, tooke wilfully an othe and sware: that he was present a little before the kings death, when king Henry admitted for his heyre (to be king after him) Stephen his nephew, for so much as Molde his daughter had discontented him. Wherunto the Archbishop with the other Lordes gaue to hasty credence. But this Hugh (sayth he) escaped not vnpunished, for he dyed miserably in a short tyme after. Ex Fabia. Albeit all this may be supposed rather to be wroght not without the practise of Henry bishop of Winchester, & other Prelates (by his settyng on) which Henry was brother to King Stephen, &c.

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King Stephen.
MarginaliaAnno. 1136. K. Stephen.

THus when king Stephen contrary to his oth made before to Molde the Empresse, had taken vpon hym the crowne 

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Stephen and Henry II

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

(as is abouesayd) he sware before the Lordes at Oxford, that he would not hold the benefices that were voy-

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