Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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[Almisbury; Almsbury]

near Stonehenge, Wiltshire

OS grid ref: SU 155 415

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Babilu (Babylon)


Al Hillah, Babil province, Iraq

Coordinates: 32° 32' 11" N, 44° 25' 15" E

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Cabriere [Cabriera]

Provence, France

Coordinates: 43° 38' 60 N, 6° 22' 0 E

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NGR: SO 830 187

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Dudstone and Kings Barton, county of Gloucester. 34 miles north-north-east from Bristol. The city comprises the parishes of St. Aldate, St. John Baptist, St. Mary de Crypt, St. Mary de Grace, St. Nicholas, St. Owen and Holy Trinity; also parts of St. Catherine, St. Mary de Lode and St. Michael, all in the Archdeaconry and diocese of Gloucester, of which it is the seat. St. John Baptist, St. Mary de Crypt and St. Michael are discharged rectories; St. Mary de Lode and Holy Trinity are discharged vicarages; St. Aldate, St. Catherine, St. Mary de Grace and St. Nicholas are perpetual curacies

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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[Hierusalem; Ierusalem; Ierosolyma]

Coordinates: 31° 47' 0" N, 35° 13' 0" E

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Mérindol (Merindol)

[Merindolum; Merindoll]

Luberon, Provence, France

Coordinates: 343° 45' 0" N, 5° 12' 0" E

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Mus [Mussium]

Gard, France

Coordinates: 43° 44' 0" N, 4° 12' 0" E

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NGR: TG 230 070

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Humbleyard, county of Norfolk, of which it is the capital. 108 miles north-east by north from London. The city comprises 33 parishes, and the liberty of the city a further four. Of these 37, three are rectories, 12 are discharged rectories, three are vicarages, one is a discharged vicarage, and 18 are perpetual curacies. St Andrew, St Helen, St James, St Paul and Lakenham are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter; the rest are in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Norwich, of which the city is the seat.

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Further information:

Andrews church (now St Andrews Hall) is at the junction of St Andrews Street and Elm Hill.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Nottingham [Notingham; Notyngham]

County town of Nottinghamshire

OS grid ref: SK 565 415

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Coordinates: 48° 52' 0" N, 2° 19' 59" E

Capital of France; cathedral city; university town

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Saint-Chéron [Cheron]

Essonn, Île-de-France

Coordinates: 48° 33' 15" N, 2° 7' 32" E

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St Frideswide Priory


OS grid ref: SP 519 065

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[Tholous; Tholouse; Theolouse; Tule]

Haute-Garonne, France

Coordinates: 43° 36' 19" N, 1° 26' 34" E

Historic capital of Languedoc

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Waltham Abbey



OS grid ref: TL 385 005

256 [233]

K. Henry. 2. Waldenses. Incidences in the reigne of K. Henry. Pilgrimage to Canterburie.

fore (euen 300. yeares) began to rage agaynst these Valdēses. MarginaliaAntichrist with whom he first begā his persecution. In Bohemia likewise after that, the same called by the name of Thaborites (as Siluius recordeth) suffred no little trouble. But neuer persecution was stirred vp against them, or any other people more terrible, then was in these latter yeares in Fraunce by the French king, an. 1545. which lamentable story is described in Sleidan: and hereafter in the proces of this booke, as we come to the order of yeares, shall be set forth (by the grace of Christ) more at large. MarginaliaAn horrible murther of Christs holy martyrs.In the which persecution is declared in one towne Cabriera to be slayne by the Captayne of Sathan (Minerius) eight hūdred persons at once, without respect of women or children of any age: Of whome 40. women (and most of them great with childe, thrust into a barne and the windowes kept with pikes, and so fire set to them) were all consumed. Besides in a caue not farre from the towne Mussium, to the number of xxv. persons, with smoke and fire were the same time destroyed: At Merindolum, the same tyraunt MarginaliaMinerius an horrible persecutor. (seing all the rest were fled away, finding one yong man) caused him to be tyed to an Oliue tree, & to be destroyed with tormentes most cruelly: with much other persecution as may appeare hereafter, in the history translated out of Sleidan into English.

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But to returne agayne to higher times from whence we digressed. MarginaliaA Glouer suffered martyrdome in Cheron.Besides that, Rinerius (aboue mentioned) speaketh of one in the towne of Cheron, a glouer, which was brought in this time to examinatiō, & suffred. There is also an olde Monument of proces, wherein appeareth, Marginalia443 brought to examination.443. brought to examinatiō in Pomerania, Marchia, and places there about: about the yeare of our Lord 1391.

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And thus much touching the originall doctrine, and the lamentable persecutions of the Valdenses: who (as is declared) first began about the time of this king Henry the second.

Other incidences happening in the raigne of this Henry the second. 
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Other incidents of Henry II's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaIncidences in the reigne of K. Henry the. 2.COncerning the first origine of Waldēses, springing vp in the daies of this king, is sufficiently hetherto declared. Now remayneth in like order of time, to story also such other incidencies, as chaunced vnder the raigne of the sayd king, not vnworthy to be obserued: keeping the order of þe time, so neare as we way, & as authors do geue vnto vs.

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Mary the daughter of king Stephen (being the Abbes of Ramessey) was maryed in this kinges dayes to Mathew Earle of Bolon, MarginaliaBecket a dissoluer of mariages.which maryage Thomas Becket did worke agaynst and did dissolue: by reason whereof he procured him great displeasure with the sayd Earle &c. an. 1161. Ex Chronico Bibliothecæ Cariensis.

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MarginaliaTwo children crucified by the Iewes.The same yeare a certayne childe was crucified of the Iewes in the towne of Glocester. an. 1161. Iornalens. After the same maner the wicked Iewes had crucified an other child before in the City of Norwich, in the dayes of Kyng Stephen. an. 1145.

A collection was gathered through all England and Fraunce (two pence of euery pound) for the succour of the East Christians agaynst the Turkes. an. 1167. Ex eodem,

MarginaliaBabilon vtterly destroied.Babilon was taken and destroyed, and neuer since repayred, by Almaricus king of Hierusalem. an. 1170. Ex vetusto manuscripto exemplari historiæ Cariensis.

An. 1173. almost all England was diseased with the cough, Ex vetusto Chron. acephalo. About which yeare also William king of Scots was taken in battayle, and imprisoned in England.

MarginaliaThe holie crosse taken with the citie of Ierusalem, by the Saracens.Great warre happened in Palestina: wherein, the City of Ierusalem with the crosse and the king of the City, & other of the temple was taken of the Sarasines, and most part of the Christians there either slayne or taken. MarginaliaPersecution of the Turk against the Christians.Cruell murther and slaughter there was vsed by the Turke, who caused all the chief of the Christiās to be brought forth and beheaded before his face. In so much that Pope Vrbanus the iij. for sorrow dyed: & Gregory the viij next pope after him, liued not 2, monethes. Thē in the dayes of pope Clement iij. (newes and sorrow growing dayly for the losse of Palestina, and destruction of the Christians) MarginaliaA viage against the Turkes.K. Henry of England, & Phillip the french king, the duke of Burgundy, the Earle of Flaunders, the Earle of Campania, with diuers other Christian Princes, with a generall consent: vpon S. Georges day, tooke the marke of the crosse vpon thē, promising together to take their voyage into the holy land. MarginaliaHowe the difference of the crosses first came in amōgst christian princesAt which tyme the storyes say, the king of England receiued first the redde crosse, the French king tooke the white crosse, the Earle of Flaunders the greene crosse, & so other princes diuersly, diuers coulors: therby to be discerned euery one by his proper crosse. But king Henry (after the three yeres were expired, in which he promised to per-forme his voyage) sent to the Pope for further delay of his promise, offering for the same to erect three Monasteries. Which thing he thus performed: MarginaliaThe kings promises fulfilled to the Pope.In the Church of Waltham he thrust out the seculer Priestes, and set in Monkes for them. Secondly, he repayred agayne & brought in the Nunnes of Amesbury, which before were excluded for theyr incontinent life. And thus performed he his promise made before to the Pope. an. 1173.

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MarginaliaKing of Scottes doing homage to the king of England.The king of Scots did his homage and alleageaūce to the King of England and to his sonne, and to his chiefe Lordes: promising that all the Earles and Barōs of scotland should do the like with theyr posterity. Item all the Byshops and Abbots of the Church of Scotland promised subiection and submission to the Archbishop of Yorke. MarginaliaThe Church of Scotland ordered by the church of York. an. 1175. Nic. Triuet.

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The custome was in this realme, that if any had killed any Clerke or Priest: MarginaliaMurtherers could not be punished but by the Popes decrees.he Was not to be punished with the temporall sword, but onely excommunicate & sēt to Rome for the Popes grace and absolution. Which custome in the dayes of this king began first to be altered by the procurement of Richard Archbishop of Caunterbury, an. 1176. Triuet.

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MarginaliaLondon bridge of stone.London bridge first began to be made of stone by one Peter Priest of Colechurch. an. 1176. Ex Chron. cuius initiū: In diebus sanctis. regis. Edouardi. &c. ex Bibliot. Cariensi.

MarginaliaS. William of Paris.S. William of Paris was slain of the Iewes on maūdy thursday, wherefore the Iewes were burned, & he coūted a Saint. an. 1177.

MarginaliaIreland subdued to England.Ireland subdued to the crowne of England by thys king. an. 1177. Ex varijs Chron.

Vnder the raigne of the sayd king Henry about the 25 yeare of his raigne, Ludouicus the french king ( MarginaliaPilgrimage to Canterbury sprang by a lying the vision of Thomas Becket, appearing to him in his dreame. & promising to him the recouery of his sonne if he would resort to him at Canterbury) made his iourney into England to visite S. Thomas at Caunterbury with Phillip Earle of Flaunders: where he offered a rich cup of golde, with other pretious iewels, & a 100. vessels of wine yearely to be geuen to the Couent of the church of Caūterbury: notwithstanding the sayd Phillip in his return from England taking his iourney to Paris, to visite S. Denis, MarginaliaA iust reward for an idolatrous the same his pilgrimage was strickē with such colde, that he fell into a palsey, and was benumbed of the right side of his body. an. 1178. Iornalensis & alij.

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Stephanus Episcopus Redomonsis, was wont to make many rimes, and gaudish prose, to delite the eares of the multitude, to whom a litle before his death, this verse was sounded in his eare. Desine ludere temerè, nitere properè surgere de puluere. an. 1178. Nic. Triuet.

MarginaliaTransubstantiation gaynsayd.Albingenses denyed transustantiation in the Sacrament of Christes body and bloud, about the city of Tholouse, also that matrimony was not a Sacrament, &c. an. 1178, ibidem.

MarginaliaQueene Alionor imprisoned.King Henry separated himselfe from his wife Alionor, and held her many yeares in prison, as some think for the loue of Rosamūde. Which semeth to me to be the cause, why God afterward stirred all his sonnes vp to warre agaynst him, and to worke him much sorrow. an. 1179. Nic. Triuet. Notwithstanding the sayd Alionor was shortly after reconciled to him.

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S. Frideswide was translated vnto Oxford. an. 1179.

An. 1180. There came to the councell of Pope Alexander, one Pisanus Burgundio, a man very cunning both in Greeke and Latin, which brought and presented to the counsell the MarginaliaExpositions made by Chris. both of the olde and newe testament.Homelyes of Chrisostome vpon the Gospell of S. Iohn, translated out of Greeke into Latin, and sayd that he translated likewise a great part of his exposition vpon Genesis, saying moreouer that the sayd Chrisostome had made expositions in Greeke vpon the whole olde testament, and also the new. an. 1180.

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MarginaliaThe Charterhouse monkes.The Monkes of Charterhouse, first entred into this land. an. 1180.

An. 1181. Richard Pech Byshopp of Couentry, before his death renounced his bishoprick, MarginaliaThe Bishop of Couētry voluntarely renounceth his byshoppricke. and became a Chanō, in the Church of S. Thomas, by Stafford. Ex Chronico peruetusto, cui initium: In diebus sanctis. Regis. &c.

About the latter time of this king Henry, one Hugo (whō men were wont to call S. Hugh of Lincolne MarginaliaS. Hugh of Lincolne.) borne in Burgundy, and Prior of the Monks of Charterhouse, was preferred by the king to the Bishopricke of Lincoln, who after his death is said to do great miracles, and therfore was counted a Saynt. an. 1186. Flores Hist.

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MarginaliaLambeth first begun to be built.Baldwinns Archbyshop of Caunterbury began the building of his new house and Church of Lambeth, but by the letters of pope Clement 3. he was forbid to proceed in the building thereof. an. 1187. Triuet.

I do finde likewise in þe foresaid written Chronicle re-

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