Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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CardiffChinon [Chiuen] Castle
 
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Cardiff
NGR: ST 184 765

A borough, having separate jurisdiction and the head of a union, locally in the hundred of Kibbor, county of Glamorgan. 158 miles west from London. The borough consists of the parishes of St John Baptist and St Mary, both discharged vicarages consolidated in the diocese of Llandaff.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Chinon [Chiuen] Castle

Vallée de la Vienne, France

Coordinates: 47° 10' 4" N, 0° 14' 37" E

257 [234]

The storie of Sibilla and Guido. The life properties and death of K. Henry. 2.

maining in the hands of one Williā Cary Citizen of Lōdō: MarginaliaK. Henries gift to the Church of Rome for the death of Becket.that this forenamed king Henry þe 2. gaue to the court and church of Rome, for the death of Becket 40. thousand markes of siluer. And 5. thousand marks of gold. an. 1187.

Mention was made a little aboue of Amalrike king of Ierusalē, which destroyed Babylon, so that it was neuer after to this day restored, but lyeth wast and desolate: wherein was fulfilled that, which in the Prophets in so many places was threatened to Babylō before. MarginaliaA worthie story of Sibilla and Guido, in Ierusalem.This Amalrike had a sonne named Baldwin, & a daughter called Sibilla. Baldwine from the beginning of his raigne was a Leoper, and had the falling sickenesse, being not able for feeblenesse of body (although valiaunt in hart and stomacke) to satisfy that function.

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Sibilla his sister was first maried to one Willermus, Marques of Moūt Ferrat, by whom she had a sonne callled also Balwinus. After him she was maried to another husband, named Guido de Liziniaco, Earle of Ioppe and of Ascalon. Vpon this befell, that the foresaid Baldwine the Leoper sonne of Amalricus, being thus feeble & infirme, as is sayd: called his nobles together with his mother & the Patriarche, declaring to thē his inability, and by the consentes of them, committed the vnder gouernement of the City to Guido the husband of Sibilla his sister. But he being found insufficiēt or els not lucky in þe gouerning thereof: the office was translated to another, named Raimundus Earle of Tripolis. In the meane time the Soldan with his Sarasins mightely preuayled agaynst the Christiās, & ouerran the countrey of Palestina. In which meane time Baldwine the king departed. Whereby the kingdome fell next to Baldwinus the sonne of Sibilla by her first husband Willermus. The which Baldwinus being but fiue yeares olde, was put to custody of Raimundus aforesayd. Who also in his minority, before he came to his crowne, dyed: whereby the next succession by dissent fell to Sibilla, the wife of Guido aboue mentioned. To whom the pieres and nobles ioyning together in coūsell, offred to the sayde Sibilla as to the lawfull heyre to the crowne, to be theyr Queene: with this condition, that she should sequester from her by solemne deuorsement the foresayd Guido her husband. MarginaliaA worthie example of a true wife to her husband.But she refused the kingdōe offered to her on that condition: till at last, the Magistrats with the nobles in generall graunted vnto her, & by theyr othes confirmed the same, that whomesoeuer she woulde choose to be her husband, all they would take and obey as theyr king. MarginaliaA worthy example in Guido of a true subiect to the common wealth.Also Guido her husband with like petition among þe rest, humbly requested her: that the kingdom not for his sake, or for his priuate losse, might be destitute of gouernement. At length she with teares consenting to theyr entreaty was contented, and solemnely was crowned theyr Queene: who after the maner, agayne receiued theyr fidelity by theyr othe. Whereupon Guido without all hope both of wife and kingdome, departed home quietly to his owne. MarginaliaA singular example of prudence in a princes, and fidelitie in a wife.This done, the Queene assembling her states and prelates together, entred talke with thē about the choosing of the king, according to that which they had promised and sworne vnto her: and to obey him as theyr king, whom she would name to be her husbande. Thus, while they were all in great expectation wayting euery man whome she would nominate: The Queene with a loud voyce sayd to Guido that stood amongst them: Guido my Lord, I choose thee for my husbād, and yelding my selfe and my kingdome vnto you, openly I protest you to be the king. At these words al the assembly being amased, wondred that one simple woman so wisely had beguiled so many wise men. And worthy no doubt was she to be commended and extolled for her singuler vertue both of faythful chastity and high prudēce: so tempering the matter that both she obtayned to her husband the kingdome, and retayned to her selfe agayne her husband, whome she so faythfully loued. an. 1186. Ex Historia manu scripta, cui initium: Rex Pictorum ex Bibliotheca Cariensi mutuata.

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As I haue hetherto described the publick acts of king Henry, so now I meane to touch something of his priuat conditions. He was of meane stature, eloquent and learned, manly and bolde in chiualry. Fearefull of the mutability and chaunce of warre, more lamenting the death of his souldiars dead, thē louing them aliue, none more curteous & liberall for the obtayning of his purpose: in peace and tranquility none more rougher: stubberne agaynst the stubberne: sometimes mercifull to those whom he had vanquished: straight to his householde seruauntes, but liberall to straūgers: publickly of publick thinges liberall, sparing of his owne: whome once he tooke a displeasure agaynst, hardly or neuer would he receiue agayne to fauor: somewhat lauash of his tongue, a willing breaker of hys promise, a louer of his ease, but an oppressor of his nobili-ty: a seuere reuenger and furtherer of iustice: variable of word, and crafty in his talke: an open adulterer: a nourisher of discord amongst his children. Moreouer the Papistes bearing him (for Thomas Beckets quarell & such like, as may be gathered) no good will: terme him to be an aduersary of the fayth, the maule and beetle of the church.

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Also in the Chronicle intituled Scala mundi, I finde of him: that he followeth the steppes, maners and conditiōs of Henry the first his graūdfather in euery poynt. He preserued firme peace, & executed straight iustice through all his dominions. He loued marueilous well his forrest: & agayne those that were transgressors either to his crown or person, he most seuerely punished.

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Moreouer, in a certayne history intituled De regibus Angliæ, I finde that this king was sondry times admonished to reforme and amēd his life. And first by one that was an olde man at the castle of Cardif in Wales, at that time of the yeare called Dominica in albis, the eight day after Easter. Where also, after that he had heard masse, and was going to take his horse: there stood a certayne man by him, somewhat yelowish (his heare being rounded, leane, and illfauoured) hauing on a white coat, and being barefoote, looked vpon the king, and spake in this wise: good olde king. That done, thus he proceedeth. The king saluteth you and his blessed mother, Iohn Baptist, & Peter: MarginaliaThe king admonished to amende his life.straightly charging you, that vpon the Sundayes throughout all your dominions there be no buying & selling or other seruile businesse (those onely except, which appertayne to the preparation of meat and drinke) MarginaliaSonday to be free from bying and selling. which thing if thou shalt obserue, whatsoeuer thou takest in hād thou shalt happely finish and bring to passe. Then spake the king in French to the knight that held his horse by the bridle: Aske of this chourle whether he dreamed this or not. And in the meane while that the knight should haue interpreted the kinges wordes and message, he spake before, and said. Whether this be a dreame or not, mark wel what day this is: for vnlesse that thou do these things, and amend thy life: such newes shalt thou heare within these 12. monethes, that will make thee lament and mourne, till thy dying day. And when these wordes were spoken the man vanished out of his sight. And within one yeare next after: Henry, Gawfride, and Richard his sonnes, for sooke him their father, and took part with the Frenchking. The king of Scottes, the Earle of Chester, and Earle of Leciter, made an insurrection agaynst the king. Many other premonitions were geuen also to the king, but all these did he little esteme. MarginaliaThe seconde and thirde admonition to the king to reforme his life.The second which did admonish him was a certayne Irish man, geuing him certayne secret signes. And thirdly, a certayne knight of Fyndesey, named Phillip de Easterby: sayling with him ouer into Fraunce, declared vnto the king in Normandy seuen articles, which he should amend. Which thing if he wold do, he should raigne seuē yeares most honorably, and should take the holy crosse from his enemies: or els he, in þe fourth yeare should dye in great ignominye. MarginaliaSeuē things to be amended.The 3. first thinges were these, which he at his coronation sware to obserue (that is) to defend the Church, to mayntayne good lawes, and to condemne no man to death without iudgement. The fourth was, for the restoring of inheritaūce wrongfully takē. The fift was in doing iustice without reward. The sixt was of ministers & officers wages and stipēdes. The seuenth was of expelling the Iewes, leauing them some money to depart withal. But the king not amēding his life, there rose vp agaynst him 3. strong enemies, that is to say his three sonnes with the Frenchking. MarginaliaThe kinges victory was falsely imputed to the cause of his pilgrimage.But after that the king (forsooth) had gone a pilgrimage to the Martyrs tombe, barfoote: William the king of Scots, the Earles of Chester and Lecester, were taken at Alnewick.

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MarginaliaThe death K. Henry the 2.In the. 35. yeare of his raigne, being in the Castle of Chiuen in Normandy, he dyed: at whose death those that were presēt, were so greedy of the spoyle, that they left the body of the king naked, and not so much could be foūd as a cloth to couer it: till that a Page comming in, and seing the king so ignominiously to lye, threw his cloke vpō his nether partes, wherin (sayth the author) was verified the surname, which from his youth he bare, being called Hēry court Mantill.

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¶ King Richard. 
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First year of Richard I's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaAnno. 1189.IN this yeare of the Lord aboue recited, which was 1189. King Richard the eldest sonne of Henry 2. succeeding his Father, entred his crowne: MarginaliaK. Richard crowned. at which time Pope Clement sate at Rome, succeeding after Gregory which dyed a litle before with sorrow for the losse of the holy crosse.

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During
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