Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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259 [236]

K. Richard. 1. Great contention betweene Baldwine Archb. and the Monkes of Canterbury.

At last, through the authority of the Archb. and of the Chaunter, the Queare began to surcease and geue silence. MarginaliaThe Archb. beginneth euensong againe being halfe done before.Then þe newe elect not contented with that had bene song before, with certayne of the Quire beganne the Euensong new agayne. MarginaliaThe Treasurer putteth out the candels at euensong.The Treasurer vpō the same cause by vertue of his office, the candles to be put out. Wherby þe euensong hauing no power further to proceede, was stopped forthwith. For like as without the light and beames of the sun there is nothing but darcknes in all the world: euen so you must vnderstand, MarginaliaThe Popes Church can do nothing without candle light.the Popes church can see to do nothing without candle light, albeit the sun do shine neuer so cleare and bright. This being so, the archb. thus disapointed on euery side of his purpose, made a greeuous plaint, declaring to the clergy and to the people, what the Deane, and Treasurer had done, MarginaliaThe Deane and Church of York suspended by the Archb. from diuine seruice.and so vpon the same suspended both them and the church from all diuine seruice, till they should make to him due satisfaction for their trespasse.

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The next day which was the day of Epiphany, when all the people of the City were assembled in the Cathedrall church (as theyr maner was, namely in such feasts) deuoutly to heare diuine seruice (as they call it) of the church, there was also present the Archb. and the Chaunter with the residue of the Clergy, loking when the Deane and Treasurer would come and submit themselues, making satisfaction for theyr crime. MarginaliaThe stoutnes of the Deane and Treasurer in not submitting them selues to Archb.But they still cōtinuing in their stoutnes, refused so to do, exclaiming & vttering contemptuous wordes agaynst the Archb. & his partakers. Which when the people heard, they in a great rage would haue fallē vpon them, MarginaliaThe people incensed against the Deane of Yorke and his Canons. but the Archb. would not suffer that. The Deane thē & his fellowes perceiuing þe stirr of the people for feare like prety men were fayne to flye, some to the tombe of S. William of Yorke, some ran to the Deanes house, & there shrowded themselues: whom the Archb. then accursed. And so for that day the people returned home without any seruice. MarginaliaEx Chron. anonimo cui initium: Anno gratia.Ex veteri Chronico manu scripto, cui initium: Anno gratiæ Milles. &c.

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MarginaliaK. Richard prepareth toward his iourney.After this King Richard preparing to set all thinges in an order before his going, committed the whole gouernement of the realme principally to William Bishoppe of Ely his Chauncellor, & to Hugh B. of Durhā, MarginaliaWilliam Bishop of Ely the kings Chauncellor, & Hugh Bysh. of Durham made chiefe ouerseers of the Realme in the kinges absence. whom he ordayned to be the chiefe Iustice of all England in his absence, the one to haue the custody of the tower, with the ouersight of all other parts of the land on this side of Humber: the other (which was þe B. of Durham) to haue charge vpon all other his dominions beyond Humber: Sending moreouer to Pope Clement in the behalfe of the foresayd William B. of Ely, to be made the Popes Legate through all England and Scotland, MarginaliaWilliam Byshop of Ely made the popes Legate in England and Scotland. which also was obtayned. Thus the B. being aduaunced in high authority, to furnish the king toward his setting forth, prouideth out of euery city in England ij. Palfreys, and ij. sumpters, & out of euery Abbey, one palfrey, and one sumpter.

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These thinges and other thus set in a stay, the king according to his former appointment, about the time of Easter, sailed to Fraunce, where the French king and he conferring together, because they could not make redy at that time of Easter, concluded to take a longer day, proroging their voyage till after midsommer. In which meane time þe king occupying himselfe in redressing & stablishing such things as further were to be ordred, there determined, that Gaufridus & Iohn his brethrē shuld not enter into England in 3. yeres after his departure: Neuertheles he released that band afterward to his brother Iohn. MarginaliaCaptaines and Constables of the kinges nauie appointed.Thēn he appoynted the Captaynes & Constables ouer his nauy, & set lawes to be obserued in his iourney vpon the seas. But especially his care was to make vnity and concord betwene parties that were at variaunce, and to set them together at one. MarginaliaThe long contention between Baldwyn Arch. of Cant. and the Monks of Christes Church.At which time the long contētion began also to be appeased which so many yeres had continued betwene Baldwinus Archb. of Cant. and his monkes of Christs church. 

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Strife at Canterbury

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

The discourse whereof, although it be somewhat tedious to be set forth at large being enough to make a whole tragedy, yet to þe intent þe age now present may see what great conflictes and disquietnes, vpō what litle trifles hath bene stirred vp, what litle peace & vnity hath bene not onely in this church, but commōly in all other churches, vnder the popes catholicke regiment: I thought it labour not ill bestowed, somewhat to intermeddle in opening to þe eyes of the Reader, the consideration of this matter. MarginaliaArchbyshops of Canterbury commonly were wont to worke the kinges of England much sorrow.Wherein first is to be vnderstood that the Archbishops of Cant. cōmonly being set vp by the pope, especially since þe time of þe conquest, haue put the Kinges of this land to much sorrow & trouble: as appeared by William Rufus & Lanfrāck, and also Anselme. By Henry 1. and Anselme, King Stephen & Theobald, Henry 2. & Becket. &c MarginaliaKings of England euer carefull about the chusing of the Archbishop and wherefore. Ex chron. Geruas.For which þe Kinges of this land haue vsed the more care & circumspectiō, to haue such Archbishops placed in that sea, as either should standwith them, or at least should not be agaynst them.

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Now to the purpose of our matter entended. First after Lanfrancus who was Archb. xx. yeares, the sea standing vacant v. yeares, succeded Anselmus, & sat 17. yeares. After whom the sea stāding vacant 4. yeres, succeded Radulphus, and continued 9. yeares. Then followed Williā, who sat 12. yeares, Marginalia* Or xv. as some recken. and dyed, an. 1137. After whom came Theobaldus in the time of king Stephen. This Theobaldus being no great fauourer of the monkish generatiō, fell out with Ieremias Prior of the house of Cant. for certaine causes betweene them: for which the Archb. taking stomack against the Prior, would lay the sentence of interdiction against him. MarginaliaIeremy the Prior of Cāter. appealeth to Pope Innocent.The Prior, seing that, to saue himself, made his appeale to Pope Innocent. the Archb. prouoked the more by that, deposed him from the Priorship, and placed one Walter in his room. MarginaliaIeremie the Prior deposed by the Archb. Ieremias notwithstāding making his complaint and appeal to Rome, obteined letters from the Pope to Henry B. of Wint. being the popes Legate: by the vertue wherof, he against the hart of þe Arch bishop was restored, and Walter displaced. MarginaliaIeremie restored to his place againe by the Pope. Neuertheles, the sayd Ieremy not willing there to continue wt displeasure of the Archb, shortly after to his owne accord, renoūced his Priority, and Walter againe was receiued in hys stead. Not long after this followed the generall councel of Rhemes, an. 1140. MarginaliaConsilium Remensean. 1140. To þe which councell Theobald cōtrary to the commaūdement of the king, would needs resort, to shew his obedience to the pope, wherfore at his returning home again the king tooke such displeasure with him, that within a while after the Archbishop was driuen to voyde the realme, and flie into Fraūce: where he by censure of interdiction suspended diuers churches, and religious houses which refused to come to the councell, and also hearing how the king had seized vpon all his goods, he interdicted likewise all the kings lands, whatsoeuer belonged to the crown, so that the king in conclusion was fain to cōpound with him and fall to agreemēt, which was about the yere. 1148. Ex Geruasio.

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MarginaliaA friuolous strife betwene Theobald Arch. and Siluester Abbot of S. Austēs about the place, in what church the Abbot shoulde take his cōsecration.After this in the yeare of our Lord 1151. after the death of Hugh Abbot of S. Austens in Cant. Siluester was elected by the Couent to be their Abbot, in the raigne of K. Stephen. Which Siluester when he came to Theobald þe Archb. to make his profession of subiction vnto him, and to receiue of him consecration: the Archb. was contented, so that the Abbot would come to christes church in Cant. and there make his profession. But to this Siluester in no case would graūt to take his consecration there, but els in any other church wheresoeuer the Archbishop would, he was contented. Wherunto when the Archbish. in no wise would agre, MarginaliaSiluester goeth vp to Rome.Siluester making a great bag of mony, went to Rome, where he obtained of þe pope for mony, (for what can not money do at Rome?) letters that the Archbishos should consecrate the Abbot in his own church of S. Austen, and also not exact of him any profession of canonicall subiection. Whereupon the Archb. was compelled against his will, to come to the Abbots Churche, and there at the popes commaundement to consecrate him simply, & without any fnrther profession to be required.

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MarginaliaThe Monkes of Christes church striue against the Monkes of S. Austen in Cant. for the honour of their house.Then Walter Prior of Christes Churche in Cant. seing that, and perceiuing how preiudiciall and derogatory the example therof would be to þe honor & maiesty of theyr church, through counsell of his brethren, went thither, and notwithstanding the dores were straitly watched & kept, yet by meanes he at last gate in. And as he saw the Archb. attired in his Pontificalibus, ready to minister consecration to the Abbot, he stepped straighte to the Archb. & eftsoones appealeth him vp to Rome, MarginaliaWalter Prior of Christes Church appealeth from the Archb. vp to Rome. for the great iniury wrought against the church of Cant. forbidding him in the name of him to whom he appeled, not to proceed any further. And so this holy consecration was for the presēt time stayd. For the which Siluester with a new purse of mony was faine to trauell & trot againe to Rome. MarginaliaSiluester trudgeth againe to Rome. Where he complayning of the Archb. and accusing him of contempt to the Pope in not executing the commaundement sent down, obteineth again new letters with more effectuall charge to the foresayd Archb. that he without any profession, simply should geue to Siluester his consecration in his own church: omni occasione & appellatione remota, all maner of stay or let, or appellation to the contrary notwithstanding, and so in conclusion MarginaliaSiluester cōsecrated Abbot in his own church whether the archb. wold or not.the Abbot contrary to whatsoeuer theArchb. & al the Monks of Cant. would do, was in his own church made Abbot, and had the victory for that time. Notwithstanding the Archb. left not the matter so, but within fiue yeres after obtained of pope Adrian, that Siluester should make profession of his obedience to the Archb. and so did. Ex Geruas.

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In few yeres after this, dyed king Stephen. an. 1154. and after him Theobald the Archb. an. 1159. after he had

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