Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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nr Canterbury], Kent

OS grid ref: TR 065 535

265 [251]

The voyage of K. Rich. Contention in the Popes Church. The othe of the 2. kings.

dour to be their bishop. an 1238. betwene Robert Grosted Byshop of Lyncolne, and Canons of the same house, for which both he and they were driuen to trauaile to Rome, an. 1244. betwene Gilbert byshop of Rochester delegate to archbishop Baldwine, and Robert the Popes Legate for sitting on the right hand of the Legate in his councell at Westminster, an. 1190. betwene the Abbot of Bardeney and the sayd Grosted, about the visitation of their Abbay. an. 1243. Item betwene the Couent of Canterb. & the sayd Robert byshop of Lyncolne. an. 1243. betwene Hugo B. of Durham, and Hubert Byshop of Sarum: and Geffrey Archbishop of Yorke, an. 1189. betwene William Byshop of Ely the kings Chancellor, & the Canons of Yorke, for not receauing him with procession. an. 1190. betweene the Abbot of Westminster, and hys Couent of Black monks, whom king Henry the 3. had much adoe to still and agree. an. 1249. Item, betweene the foresayd bishop of Lincolne, & the Abbot of Westminster. Likewise betweene Nicolas bysh. of Durhā, and Iohn Abbot of S. Albones. an. 1246. Also betweene Hubert archbishop of Canterbury and the monks there for the house of Lābeth. an. 1146. And what a styrre was betwene the preaching Fryers, and the gray Friers mentioned In. Math. Paris. for superioritie. an. 1243. Also betweene the sayd gray Friars, and the Prelates and Doctors of Paris about ix. conclusions, and condemned of the Prelates to be erroneous.

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Conclusions of the Friers condemned for erroneous by the Prelates of Paris.

Ex Mat. Paris. fol. 167.

1. Concerning the deuine essence, that it can not be seene of the aungels or men glorified.

2. Concerning the essence of the holy Ghost.

3. Touching the proceeding of þe holy ghost, as he is loue.

4. Whether men glorified shalbe in cœlo Empyreo, or in cœlo Christallino.

5. That the euill Aungell at his first creation was euill and neuer good.

6. That there haue bene many verities from the beginning, which were not God.

7. That an angel in one instant may be in diuers places.

8. That the euill angell neuer had wherby he might stād. no more had Adam in his state of innocencie.

9. That he whiche hath meliora naturalia, þt is to say more perfect strength of nature working in him, shal haue more full measure of necessitie to obtayn grace and glory. To the which article the Prelates aunswering, did excommunicate the same as erroneous, affirming, that grace and glory shall be geuen according to that God hath elected and predestinate. &c. Ex Math. Paris. fol. 167.

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MarginaliaContention betweene Friers about the conception of our Ladie.In like maner betweene þe sayd Dominicke Fryers, & the gray Fryers, what a braule and tumulte was about þe Conceptiō of our Lady, whether she was without original sinne conceaued or not, in the raigne of K. Henry vii. & Kyng Henry viii. an. 1509. Ad moreouer to these the 24. haynous schismes & not so few, which happened betwene Pope and Pope in the Churche and Sea of Rome. MarginaliaContinnall variaunce in the Popes church.But what doe I stand to recite the deuisions and dissentions the popes Church, which is as much almost to recken the sandes of the sea? For what Church, Chapter, or Couent was in all that Religion, which either had not some variaunce with themselues, or with others? Vpon which continuall strife and variaunce among them, the readers hereof may iudge of them & their religion as pleaseth thē: In the meane time, my iudgement is this: that where such dissention dwelleth, there dwelleth not the spirit of Christ.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1190.These thinges thus discoursed touching the tragicall dissention betweene Baldwyne archbishop and monks of Canterbury. Now to proceed (by the Lords assistance) in conuocatiō of our story: 

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Richard I and Third Crusade

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaKing Richard taketh his iourney toward the land of Hierusalem.After king Richard had thus, as is declared, set the monkes and the Archbishop in some agreement, & had composed such thinges as were to be redressed within the realme, he aduaunceth forward his iorny, & came to Turon, to meete with Phillip the Frenche king: & so after that went to Vizeliace, where the French K. and he ioyning together for þe more continuance of their iourney, assured them selues by solemne othe, MarginaliaThe oth of fidelitie betweene Philip second French king, and king Richard the first, going to the holy lād.swearing fidelitie one to the other: the forme of whose othe was this: That eyther of them should defend and mayntayne the honour of the other, and beare true fidelitie vnto hym, of lyfe, members, and worldly honour, and that neyther of them shoulde fayle one the other in their affayres: but the Frenche king shoulde ayde the king of England in defending hys land and dominions, as hee would hymselfe defend hys owne Citie of Paris if it were besieged: and that Richard King of England likewise shoulde ayde the French king in defending his land and dominions, no otherwise then he woulde defend his owne Citty of Roan, if it were besieged. &c. But how slenderly thys othe dyd holde betweene these 2. kinges, and by whose chiefe occasion first it fell asunder, the sequele of the story (the Lord willing) shall declare hereafter. MarginaliaDiscipline and orders set by king Richard for malefactors.

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Furthermore touching the lawes and ordinances appointed by the king Richard for his nauy, the forme therof was this.

1. That who so killed any person on shypbord, should be tyed with hym that was slayne and throwne into the sea.

2. And if he killed him on þe land, should in like maner be tyed with the party slayne, & be buryed wt him in the earth.

3. He that shalbe cōuicted by lawful witnes to draw out his knife or weapon, to the intent to strike any man, or þt hath strickē any to the drawing of bloud, shal lose his hād.

4. Also, he that striketh any person with his hand, wtout effusion of bloud, shall be plunged three times in the sea.

5. Itē, who so speaketh any opprobrious or contumelius words, in reuiling or cursing one an other, for so oftētimes as he hath so reuiled, shall pay so many vnces of siluer.

6. Item, a theefe, or felon that hath stolne, being lawfully conuerted, shall haue his head shorne and boyling pitche poured vpon his head, & fethers or downe strawed vpon the same, wherby he may be knowne, & so the first landing place they shall come to, there to be cast vp. &c.

These thinges thus set in a readines, kyng Richard sending his nauy by the Spanish seas, and by the straytes of Iubaltarie betweene Spayne and Africa, to meet hym at Marsilia, he himselfe went (as is sayd) to Vizeliace, to the French King. MarginaliaThe French king & king Rich. come to Lyons.Which two kinges from thence went to Lyons, where the bridge ouer the floud Rhodanus, for presse of people brake, and many both men & womē were drowned. By reason whereof the two. kinges for the combraunce of their traynes, were constrayned to deceiuer thē selues for tyme of their iourny, appoynting both to meete together in Sicilia; and so Phillip the French king tooke his way to Genua, & king Richarde to Marsilia, MarginaliaK. Richard commeth to Marsilia. where he remayned 8. dayes, appoynting there his nauy to meet him. Frō thence crossing ouer to Genua, where þe Frenche king was, passed forward by the coast of Italy, and entered into Tyber not farre from Rome, where meeting wt Octomanus Cardinall and Byshop of Hostia, MarginaliaK. Richard complaineth of the filthie Symony of the Popes Court.he did cōplayne greatly of the filthy Symonye of the pope and the Popes Court, for receauing vii. hundred Markes for cōsecrating the Bishop Cenomanensis: Also a thousand and fiue hundreth Markes of william Byshop of Ely for hys office Legatiue. And likewise an infinite summe of money of the Byshop of Burdeaux, for acquiting hym when hee should be deposed for a certayne cryme layd to hys charge by hys Clergye. &c.

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Marginaliak. Richard departeth from Marsilia.The vii. day of August, in the yeare aforesayd, R. Richard departed out of Marsilia, after he had there wayted viij. dayes for hys nauy, which came not, & so hyeryng xx. Gallyes, and x. great Barkes, to ship ouer hys mē, sayled by the Coast of Italy, and came to Naples, & so partly by horse and wagon, partly by the sea passing to Falernum, came to Calabria, where after that he had heard, his ships were arriued at Messana in Sicilia, MarginaliaThe kyngs ships ariue at Messana.he made þe more speed and so the xxiii. of September sent to Messana, MarginaliaThe comming of king Richard to Messana. with suche a noyse of trumpets and shalmes, with suche a route and shewe, that it was to the great wonderment and terrour both of the French men, and all other that did heare and behold the sight.

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To the sayd towne of Messana the French kyng was come before the xvi. of the same month of September, and had taken vp the Pallace of Tancredus K. of Sicilia, for hys lodging. MarginaliaThe French king lodged in Messana. To whom K. Richard after hys arriual eftsoones resorted, and when the two kings had communed together, immediately the same day the Frenche R. tooke shypping and entring the seas, thinking to sayle towarde the land of Hierusalē. MarginaliaThe French king driuen backe againe by the wynd to Messana.But after he was out of the hauen, the wynd rising contrary agaynst hym returned him back agayne to Messana. Then K. Richard (whose lodgyng was prepared in the suburbes without the City) after he had resorted agayne, & talked with the French K. and also had sent to Tancredus K. of Sicilia for deliueraunce of Ioane his sister MarginaliaK. Richard obtaineth his sister Ioan queene sometime of Scicilia to be sent vnto him. (who had bene sometymes Queene of Sicilia) and had obtayned her to be sent vnto hym, the last day of September passed ouer the floude of Del far, and there getting a strong hold called De la Bagmare, or Le Bamre, and placing therein his sister with a sufficient garison, he returned agayne to Messana. The second of October K. Richard wanne an other cereayne strong holde called Manasterium Griffonum, MarginaliaK. Kichard getteth the monastery of Griffones situated in the midst of the Riuer of Del far, betweene Messana and Calabria, frō whence the Monkes beyng expulsed, he reposed there all hys story and prouisiō of victuals which came from England or other places.

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MarginaliaDiscord betweene the Citizens of Messana, & the English armie.The Citizens of Messana seeing that the K. of England had won the Castle and Island in De la Bagmare, and also the Monastery of the Griffones, & doubting lest the king would extēd his power farther to inuade their ci-

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