Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Bury St EdmundsMerton Priory (Abbey)
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Bury St Edmunds

[St Edmundsbury; Berry; Bery]

West Suffolk

OS grid ref: TL 855 645

Contains a ruined abbey, the shrine of St Edmund

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Merton Priory (Abbey)

Merton, Surrey

OS grid ref: TQ 265 699

299 [276]

K. Henry. 3. The trouble of Hubert Earle of Kent.

founde: but the principall of this number (as is aforesaid) was supposed to be MarginaliaHubert de Burgo.Hubertus Lord chief iustice: who both with the kings letters & his own, fortified the doers therof, that no man durst interrupt them. Moreouer in þe same society of them, which were noted in these doings, was the same Robert Twing, MarginaliaRobert Twing, spoyled of his benefice by the Romaines. aboue mentioned, a comely young man and a talle souldiour: who of his own voluntary accorde, with 5. other seruitures, whome hee tooke wyth him abroad to worke that feat, came to the king: openly protesting himselfe to be the author of that deede doing, and said, he did it for hatred of the pope and the Romaines: because that by the sentence of the bishop of Rome, and fraudulent circumuention of the Italians, he was bereeued of the patronage of his benefice, hauing no more to geue but that one. Wherefore to be reuenged of that iniurie, he enterprised that which was done: preferring rather vniustly to be excommunicate for a season, then to be spoiled of his benefice for euer. Then the King, and other executours of the Popes commandement gaue him counsaile, that seeing he had so incurred the danger of the Popes sentence, shoulde offer himselfe to the pope to be absolued of him againe, and there to make his declaration vnto him, that he iustly and canonically was possessed in that church. The king moreouer with him sent his letters testimoniall vnto the pope, witnessing with the saide souldiour, and instantly desiring the Pope in his behalf, that he might with fauor be heard. At the request wherof, Pope Gregory afterward, both released him of the sentence, and restored him to his patronage: wryting to the Archb. of York, that he might againe inioy the right of his benefice in as ample maner, as he did before it was taken from him.

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MarginaliaThe Byshops go about to bring Hubert out of the kings fauor.Hubert de Burgo Lorde chiefe Iustice, 

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Hubert de Burgh

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

being one of them which helde against the Romish Priestes, as is afore signified: was therfore not a litle noted of þe bishops, who to requite him with like despite againe (after their accustomed maner of practise) went about by subtile working, to shake him out of the kings fauour. And first commeth Peter Bishop of Winchester, to the king greuously complaining of certaine about the King, but especially of the foresaide Hubert the kings iustice: in so much, that he caused him to be remoued from his office, notwythstāding he had the kings seale and wryting for the perpetuity of the same, & procured Steuen Segraue to be placed in his function. And after a few daies, the king more and more incensed against hym, MarginaliaObiections laid against Hubert, by the kyng.called him to a counte of all the treasure which he was countable for by his excheker office: also of all suche debts by him due frō the time of his father, vnto hys time. Also of all the Lordships, whych were in the possession of William Earle of Pēbroke, chief iustice before him. Item, of the liberties which he did holde at that time, in forestes, warrens, shires, and other places, how they were kept, or howe they were made away. Of Prices likewise: Also of losses committed through hys negligence: And of wastes made contrary to the kings profite: of his liberties, howe he did vse them. Item, of iniuries and damages wrought against the clearkes of Rome, and other Italians, and the Popes Legates: for the redresse whereof, he woulde neuer adioyne his coūsail, according as appertained to his office, being then chief iustice of England. Also of scutagies, gifts, presents, scapes of prisonners. Item, of maritagies which king Iohn cōmitted to his keeping at the day of his death, and which were also in his time committed vnto him. To these Hubert answered, þt he had king Iohns owne hand to shewe for his discharge: who so approoued his fidelitie, that he neuer called him to any, but clerely discharged him from all such counts. MarginaliaNote, that with Wint. the kyngs charter is no lōger in force then whilest he liueth.Wherunto answered againe the Bishop of Winchester, saying: the Charter of king Iohn hath no force after the death of him, but that ye may now be called to a reckoning of this king for the same.

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Ouer and besides these, other greater obiections were laid to his charge by the King: MarginaliaOther crimes obiected to Hubert by the for sending and wryting to the duke of Austria, that he might marry hys daughter, to the preiudice of the King and of the Realme, dissuading that she myght not be geuen to him. Item, for counsailing the king not to enter into Normandie wt his armie which he had prepared for the recouerie of lands there belonging to his right, wherby great treasure was there consumed in vaine. Item, for corrupting the daughter of the King of Scottes, whome king Iohn his father committed to his custody, for him to mary. Item, for stealing frō him a pretious stone, which had a vertue to make him victorious in warre, & for sending the same to Leoline Prince of Wales. And that by his letters sent to the sayde Leoline William Brues a noble man was caused there traitrously to be hāged. &c. These wyth other crimes (whether true or false) were suggested to the king against the sayd Hubert by his aduersaries. Wherunto he was required to answere by or-der of law. Hubert then seing himselfe in such a strait, refused to answer presently, but required respite thereunto, for that the matters were weighty which the king obiected to him, which was graunted to hym till the 14. day of September: but in the meane time, Hubert being in fear of the king, fled from London to the priory of Merton. And thus Hubert, who before for the loue of the king, and defence of the realme (sayth mine author) had got the hatred of all the nobles of England, now being out of the kings fauor was destitute of comforte on euery side: saue onely that Lucas Archbishop of Dubline, wyth instant prayers and teares, laboured to the king for him. MarginaliaPrinces fauours not to be trusted toBy this example & many like is to be sene, howe vnstable and variable a thing the fauor of mortall & mutable princes is: To teach all such as haue to doe about princes, howe to repose and plant their trust not in man, but in their Lord God: by him to finde help in Christ the true Prince of all Princes, which neuer faileth. By like example was Clito serued of king Alexander, Ioab of king Dauid, Bellisarius of Iustiniane, Harpagus of Astiages, Cromwell of king Henry, wt innumerable moe, which in histories are to be found.

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When the day was come, that this Hubert should answer, keeping among the monks of Merton, he durst not appeare.

Then was it signified to him from the King, that hee should come vp and appeare in the court, there to answer to his charge. MarginaliaThe kinges displeasure against Hubert.Wherunto he answered agane, that he misdouted the kings anger, & therfore he did flie to the church as the vttermost refuge to all such as suffer wrong. From whence he would not stirre, till he heard the kings wrath to be mitigated towards him. With this, the king mooued & sore displeased, directed his letters in all hast, to the maior of London, MarginaliaThe kinges message to the Maior of London.commanding him at the sight therof to muster and take vp all the citizens that could beare harneis in the Citie, and to bring him by force of armes the foresaid Hubert either quicke or dead, out of Merton. Wherupon, the Maior immediately causing the great bell to be ronge: assembled together the people of Lōdon, and opening before them the kings letters, commaunded them to prepare and arme themselues in al readines to the executing of the kings will and message.

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The Citizens hearing this, were therewith right glad and ready, MarginaliaOld grudge borne in minde.for they were all in great hatred wyth Hubert: because of the execution of Constantine their citizen aboue mentioned, pag. 269. MarginaliaSome wiser then some.Notwithstanding, certaine of þe citizens, namely Andrew Bukerel, Iohn Trauers & other mo, men of more graue & sage discretiō (wisely ponderyng with themselues, what inconuenience might rise heereof) went in haste to the Byshop of Wintchester, lying then in Southwarke: and waking him out of hys sleepe, desired him of his counsaile in that so sodeine and daungerous distresse: MarginaliaGood aduisement of discreet Citizens.Declaring to him, what perill might thereby ensue as well to the church of Merton, as also to the citie, by the fury of the vnordinate & fierce multitude, which wil hardly be brideled from robbing and spoiling, neither wil spare sheding of bloud. &c. MarginaliaCruel counsaile geuen of Peter B. of Wint.Vnto whō againe the bloudy byshop gaue this bloudy counsaile (sayth Pariensis.) Daungerous it is (quod he) both heere and there, but yet see þt you obey and execute the precept of the king, I counsaile you plainely. At the which counsail of the bishop they being amased, went with an euill will about the businesse enioyned. But the people inflamed wt hatred, gladly coueted to be reuenged and to shed the bloud of the sayd Hubert.

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MarginaliaThe causes of displesure betweene Hubert and the bishop of Wint.¶ The cause why Peter Byshop of Wint. was so cruelly set against the Iustice, was partly for the damages hee had done to the Romane Priestes, as is before touched: Partly also for the olde grudge, because the king comming to his lawful age before (through the counsail of this Hubert) losed himselfe frō the gouernement of the sayd B. who had him then in custodie. And thus rose vp the grudge and displeasure of this bishop him.

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On the next morowe, the Londiners issuing out of the citie to the number of xx. M. set foorth toward the Abbey of Merton, where MarginaliaHubert prostrate vpon the grounde commēdeth himselfe to God.Hubert was lying prostrate before the altar, commending himselfe to God.

In the meane season, while the Citizens were in their iourney, raging against the poore erle of Kent: it was suggested to the king by Radulfe B. of Chichester, and Lorde Chauncelour, MarginaliaSage counsaile of an Erle giuē to the kyng. that it was daungerous to excite vp the vulgare and vnruly multitude, for feare of sedition: lest peraduenture, the rude and heady people being stirred vp, will not so soone be brought downe againe, when the K. would haue them. Moreouer, what shalbe sayd (quod he) among the French men and other nations, which of great things loue to make them greater, & of euill things to make them worse then they are: but thus iestingly & mockingly: See what a kind bird is the yong king of England, whych see-

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