Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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BristolCroydon
 
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Bristol
Bristoll, Brystoll, Bristow, Bristowe
NGR: ST 590 730

A city and county of itself, between the counties of Gloucester and Somerset. 34 miles south-west by south from Gloucester, 12 miles north-west from Bath. Bristol is the seat of a diocese, established in 1542. The city comprises the parishes of All Saints, St. Augustine, Christ Church, St. Owen, St. John Baptist, St. Leonard, St. Mary le Port, St. Mary Redcliffe, St. Michael, St. Nicholas, St. Peter, St. Werburgh, St. Stephen and St. Thomas. Also the Temple parish, and parts of St. James, St. Paul, St. Philip and St. Jacob. All are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the bishop. Christ Church, St. John Baptist, St. Mary le Port, St. Michael, St. Peter, St. Stephen and St. Werburgh are discharged rectories. St. Leonard, St. Mary Redcliffe, St. Nicholas, The Temple, St. Philip and St. Jacob are discharged vicarages. St. James and St. Thomas are perpetual curacies, the latter annexed to the vicarage of Bedminster, Archdeaconry of Bath, Diocese of Bath and Wells.

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English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Croydon
Croydon
NGR: TQ 335 645

A market town and parish in the first division of the hundred of Wallington, county of Surrey. 9.5 miles south from London. The living is a discharged vicarage in the peculiar jurisdiction and patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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356 [333]

K. Henry. 3. Cyuill dissention betweene the K. and his Barons.

tooke them to theyr heeles: Whom Edward pursued with his band killing the hinmost of them by the space of two or three miles. For hee hated them because they had rebelled agaynst his father, and disgraced his mother whē she was caryed by barge vpon the Temse, frō the tower to Windsore, as is aboue touched, pag. 000.

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Whilest that Prince Edward was thus in the chase of the Lōdoners, who had the vawward of the Barons battell: In the meane tyme the mayne battayle of the Barons set vpon the kinges mayne battayle, of the which the kyng of Almaine þe brother of king Henry had the leading: MarginaliaRichard king of Almaine with his sonne taken prisoners.which being soone discomforted, and he with hys sonne Henry & Robert de Brus, Iohn Couen with diuers other Captaynes taken prisoners: the reareward wherein the Kyng himselfe fought, MarginaliaThe kings main battaile at Lewes discomforted, and the king fayne to take the Abbey.being immediately so hardly beset, & seyng his knightes and souldiours on euery side about him beaten down and slayne, and diuers of hys souldiours to forsake the field and shift for themselues: thought good to take agayne the town, and so retired into the Abbay frō whence he came, shutting and rampering vp the gates, & caused the same to be strongly warded with souldiours. To be briefe, the Barons thus getting the field after long fight, and many men on either side slayne: entred also the town of Lewes, pursuing in chase such souldiours as thether fled for succour.

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MarginaliaPrince Edward returning from the first chase, findeth altogether lost.In the meane tyme, Prince Edward returning from the chase of the Lōdiners, as ye heard, who desired to geue the first onset: and first espying the chariot of þe Earle Simon (which he caused purposely to be made for him) & the horses in the same, without eyther waggener or any other to gouerne the same: fell immediately vpon the chariote, & brake it al in peeces, & slew two Burgeses that were within the same. But when he came nearer to the place where the bloudy battel had bene fought, & saw the great discomforture and ouerthrow which in his absence wt great mortalitie and slaughter had happened: hys hart was muche dismayd, and hys countenaunce altered. Yet notwithstanding comforting & couraging his knightes & souldiors, of whom he had a valiant company, in battell aray marched toward the towne. Agaynst whome, came the Barons agayne with all theyr power. And this was begon betwixt them a fresh field and new battaile, MarginaliaThe prince fighteth a new battell. & many men slayne on either side. But at length, the Earle de Warenia, with the kinges two brethren, forsooke the field and fled: after whō went more then seuen hundred chosen souldiours, whiche were of their house and family: who the same day came to Penensie, and there took shipping ouer the sea. Also Hugh Bigot with diuers other fled, and left the valiaunt Prince fighting in the field: which thing he also perceauing, tooke the towne. MarginaliaPrince Edward also put to the worst, and faine to take the town And when he found not the King his father at the Castle, he went frō thence to the Abbey where he was. In the meane season the town was deuided in parts: some fighting: some spoyling, some getting of booties, neyther could scarcely one of them know, & discerne an other whether he were his friend or enemy. But when wtin a whyle the Barōs had assembled some company, they gaue an assault vpon the Castel, thinking to haue rescued Iohn Gifford and others whom the kings souldiours had takē prisoners and put therein. MarginaliaThe Castle of Lewes besieged But the souldiours wtin defended manfully the same, add in throwing out balles of wyld fire, as for the defence thereof they had, they also fired part of the towne. Then the Barons retired and left the Castell, and purposed to haue set vpon the Abbey where the King and prince Edward hys sonne was, which also was set on fire by the assault geuen to the Castell. But yet it was shortly recouered & quenched. Then Edward the kinges son perceiuing the bold enterprise of the Barons, prepared with couragious knightes and souldiours as were yet remayning & within the Abbey, to haue issued out, & to haue geuē a new charge vpon thē, But that perceiuing the Barons, sent vnto the king Messengers to intreat a truce for that day, & on the morow to talk and cōclude of a further peace betweene them. This battaile was fought vpō the 19. day of May, being the yeare of our Lord. 1264.

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MarginaliaA peace intreated betweene the king & Barones.The next day, whiche was Thursday, there were sent on eyther side two preaching Friers betweene the king & the Barons, with certaine articles, & demaunds of peace: so that with certeine others, these conditions were agreed on: that on the morow beyng Friday, þe prince should geue himselfe in hostage for the king hys father and other of his partes. And Henry the Kinges sonne of Almayne also shoulde geue himselfe the like for hys father. MarginaliaThe two princes giuen in hostage. That those thinges which should be concluded vppon for the benefite and commoditie of the Realme, and peaceable quietnes thereof might be performed: and that all such prisoners as were taken on either side, shoulde be freely raunsomed and sent home.

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The next day which was Saterday, the king discharged al his souldiours, and other that were with him in the Abbey, licensing them to depart whether they listed. And furthermore, by the aduise of his sonne and the Barons: he gaue commandement to those which he had appoynted to the keeping of Tunbridge, that they shold make no attēpt to the preiudice or hurt of the Barons, but in hope of the peace which was now at the poynt to be concluded, they should also depart euery man to theyr houses and habitations. MarginaliaThe kyngs souldiours in Tūbridge after they had spoyled the Londiners at Crowdown kept themselues in garison at Bristow.But they geuing no credite thereunto, went wt theyr furniture to Bristow, where they kept themselues in garrison, vntill the escaping of Edward the kinges sonne out of prison. But first before that, when they heard at Tunbridge that the king was vanquished in battaile, & that the Lōdiners in the forward were put to flight by Prince Edward (by a messenger that escaped from the same) and that also the same Londiners were at Crowdown: they set vpon them in the euening tide, and taking from them much spoyle: slew also many of them.

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But when Roger Mortimers part began to decrease, & Simon the Earles part on the other side to increase: he bare himselfe more stoughter, for that both the king and all that was his, did depend vpon the good will and fauour of the Earle: MarginaliaEarle Simon after this victory beareth himself so stout, that he imprisoneth the hostages of the kings.and led with him the kinges sonne to such holds & Castles as he thought to be most strōgest. As though all were in hys handes to doe as hym liked, and kept the hostages more straightly thē he was wont to do. In so much that when it was blown abroad that the kings sonne was kept as a prisoner, diuers counsailed him that were hys frendes, that he should desire to disport himselfe at the barriers, that þe people might haue a sight of him, but he being narrowly garded as hee knewe, and fearing some tumult to arise, thought good to refuse their counsell and so did.

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In this troublesome yeare, whiche was 1264. as the Londiners with the nobles were thus occupyed in warre and dissention: the malignaunt Iewes thinking to take vauntage of that tyme, wt priuy treason conspired agaynst the whole Citty and state of the Nobles. Who being taken with the maner, were almost all slayne that dwelt in the city of London.

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MarginaliaThe death of Pope Vrbane. Pope Clement 4.In this yeare after the death of Pope Vrbane, succeeded the sayd yeare of our Lord. an. 1264. Pope Clement the 4. Whiche Clement, as affirmeth Nich Triuet, was first a maryed man & had wife and children, MarginaliaPope Clement first a maried man, & had wife and children and was the sollicitor and counsailor to the Frenche king. Then after þe death of his wife was bishop intituled Podiēsis. After that archbishop of Narbone. And at last made Cardinall. Who being sent of P. Vrbane in Legacie, for reformation of peace in his absence was elected Pope by the Cardinals. About this time florished MarginaliaThomas Aquine Bonauenture readers at Paris Ann. 1265.Thomas of Aquine, reader at Paris among the Dominike Friers, and Bonauenture among the Francis Friers. Ex Nich. Triuet.

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As this passed on, the sonnes of Simon the Earle, to wit, Henry, Simon, Guido, and Hēry being puft vp, and with the pride of this successe eleuated, did that whiche nothing contented the Earle of Gloucester. 

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Battle of Evesham

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaDissention betweene Earle Simon and the Erle of Glocester.In so muche that he chalenged Henry the eldest sonne of the Earle Simon Mountfort, at the barriers, to be tryed at Northampton. But that chalenge was taken vp, least some further inconuenience might haue risen therof. But the Earle of Gloucester being moued therewith in hys minde, sent vnto hys father the Earle that he should deliuer him such prisoners being Noble men, as he tooke at the battayle of Lewes. Amongst whom, the king of Almaine was named first. But he by countermaund answered him and said: that it might content and satisfie him, for that he had saued and preserued to him his landes, that day the battayle was fought at Lewes. And that furthermore he would not send him such prisoners as he demaunded: But that he himselfe kepte more nobler then they in the Castell of Douer: among whom was Iohn Basset, whiche vndermined and brast downe the walles of Northampton, at that conflict as is sayd before and specified.

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The Earle of Gloucester being herewith displeased, as soone as he heard this aunswere: sent incontinently to the Lord Roger Mortimer, which always tooke the kynges part, MarginaliaThe Earle of Glocester and Roger Mortimer conspire together against Earle Symon.desiring that they two might take together touching the benefite and commoditie of the king. Who, doubting some deceite, desired sureties and pledges for hys safe return, & he would come and talk with him, and so had. Whē they met, and had a while talked familiarly: the Earle of Glocester shewed him all that he was purposed to do: and that further he lamented, he had so much and greatly offended the king: And that he woulde with all his power and habilitie make amends for that offence in the restitution of the king agayne to his kingly dignitie, as much as he possible might. Therfore they sēt secretly to Robert, þe brother

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