Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Paris
 
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Paris

Coordinates: 48° 52' 0" N, 2° 19' 59" E

Capital of France; cathedral city; university town

361 [338]

K. Henry. 3. Trouble, and variance of Prince Edward in Fraunce. Other occurrentes.

well as euer you were. And according to the promise hee made the prince, it came to passe, to the no litle comfort and admiration of all his subiectes. When the great Souldan heard of, and that the Prince was yet aliue, he woulde scarsly beleue the same: MarginaliaThe Prince restored to health, and the Soldian forsweareth himselfe.and sending vnto hym three of hys nobles and princes, excused himselfe by them, calling hys gods to witnes, that the same was done neither by hym, nor his consent. Whiche Princes and messengers standing a loofe of from the kings sonne, worshipping hym, fell flat vpon the ground. You sayth the prince doe reuerence me, but yet you loue me not. But they vnderstoode hym not, because he spake in Englishe vnto them, speaking by an interpreter. Neuertheles, he honourably intreated thē, and sent them away in peace.

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MarginaliaThe Prince returneth out of Turky toward England a-againe.Thus when Prince Edward had bene 18. monethes in Acra, he tooke shipping about the assumption of our lady, as wee call it, returning homeward, & after 7. weekes he arriued in Sicilia at Trapes: and from thence trauelling through Palestina and Metmes, and so through the middes of Apulia, till he came to Rome, where he was of the Pope honourably entertayned. From thence he came into Fraunce, whose fame and noble prowes was there much bruted among the common people: and enuied of þe nobillitie, especially of the Earle de Chafōs: who sent vnto hym and required him, that he might breake a staffe wt him at the Tilte in his countrey: Whiche thing to doe, for that the prince would not diminishe his honour and fame (although he might haue well alledged a sufficient cause and excuse by meanes of hys trauell) yet he would not, but willingly consented therunto. MarginaliaA day of sporte in Fraunce appointed, which turned to good earnest.Wherupon it was proclaymed, that Prince Edward by suche a day, with those that were with him, had challenged all commers at the Tilt & Barriers. Whereupon great assemblies were made in the country all about: and diuers as well horsemen as footemen had coniured amongst themselues, and conspired agaynst the Englishmen, selling their horses and armour a fore hand, & drinking one to an other in bon voiage of the spoile of them whom they would take as theyr prisoners. Prince Edward in the meane tyme, sent into England for diuers Earles and Barons whiche came vnto hym. Whē the day appoynted was come, the Prince had wt him more then 1000. horsemen, whiche were knightes, besides hys footemen. But yet there was as many mo on the other side both in horsemen and footemen. When the parties should meete: The French footmen whiche had before conspired: began both to spoyle, rifle, and kill. MarginaliaA conspiracy of the French men against the Englishmen The Englishmen resisted & defended thēselues both with bowes & slings: many of thē they slue & draue them to the gates of their Citty, the other they chased ouer a riuer, where manye of them were drowned. In the meane season, the Earle with fiftie of his knights which followed him, came forth and ioined together so many for so many, and a lōg time together they tryed it with theyr swordes, laying one at an other. At the last, the Earle perceauing himselfe not able to match with him at the armes end: enclosed with him, and taking him about the necke held him with his armes very straite. What meane you my Lord, sayth the prince, thinke you to haue my horse? Yea marry quoth þe Earle, I meane to haue both thee and thy horse. Hereat Prince Edwarde being ascorned, lifted vp himself, and gaue him such a blow þt therwithall he forsaking his horse, hong stil about the Princes necke, till that he shooke him off to the ground. Herewith the Prince, beyng somewhat in a heate, lefte the prease to take some ayre, thereby to refreshe himselfe. But when he sawe the iniury of the Frenchmen towardes hys men, and how they had slayne many of them, MarginaliaExercise of battaile vsed in stede of Barriors and Torney.he then said vnto them that they vsed rather the exercise of battayle then of Torny Spare you not therefore, sayth he, from henceforth none of them all, but geue them agayn as good as they bring. Thē they assayed to kill eche other freely on eyther part, and let theyr swordes walke. And when by this tyme the English footmen were agayne returned, and saw the conflicte of horsemen and many other Englishmen ouerthrowne: they put themselues amiddes the prease, some pāching the horses, some cutting a sonder the girthes of þe Frenchmens saddels, ouerthrewe the ryders and gaue them holibread. Then when the foresayd Earle was horsed agayn by some of his men & amongst the throng, Prince Edward also rushed in amongst the thickest & coped agayn wt him: to whō he often spake and cryed, that he shoulde yelde hymselfe as vanquished: but that he would not doe. Notwithstanding when his strength began to fayle hym, he was fayn to yeld himselfe vnto a simple knight, according as Prince Edward him bad: and all the rest of hys horsemen & Knights fled and saued themselues: MarginaliaThe victorie of the prince and English men against the Earle of Chalons & Frenchmen.Howbeit, many of them in that place were slaine, and our men returned hauing the victorye. But when after this they thought themselues to bequiet and at rest: they were killed by two & by three at once as they went in the streetes of the Cittizens. Which thing, when the prince heard, he sent for the Maior and Burgeses, commaunding them to see the same redressed, and that immediately: for otherwise, of hys knighthoode, he assured them, that vpon the morow he would fire the city, and make it leuell with the grounde. Whereupon they went theyr wayes, and set watchmen in diuers places of þe same to keepe the peace, by whiche meanes the Prince and hys mē were in safety and quiet. Thus in this pastime of Torneing and Barriers, much bloud was spilte, whereupon the name of the place was chaunged: so that it is not called Torniamentum de Chalons, but paruum bellum de Chalons.

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From thence the prince came to Paris, and was of the french king honorably entertained: & after certain dayes, went from thence into Vascouia, MarginaliaPrince Edward was in Vasconia at the time of his fathers death.where he taryed till that he heard of the death of the king his father.

MarginaliaAnno. 1272. Pope Clement the 4. dyeth.In the yeare of our 1272. died pope Clement the 4. After whom succeeded Pope Gregory the 10. MarginaliaPope Gregory the 10. who in the next yeare following, whiche was the yeare of our Lord. 1273. called a general Councell at Lyons, about the controuersie betweene the Greeke Church and the Latine Churche, and for the vacancy of the sea Apostolicall. &c.

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¶ Certaine Notes of other occurrents chaunced in forreine Countryes abroad within the compasse of yeares and raygne of the foresayd King Henry the thyrd. 
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Foreign events in Henry III's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

HAuing thus accomplished the life and history of King Henry the third, with such accidents as happened wtin this realm, I thought good to adioine vnto the same some other foreine matters not vnworthy the note, incident in other Countries during the tyme of the sayd king: Namely from the yeare of our Lord. 1217. vnto this yeare 1272. which I thought the rather not to be omitted, for that euen from and about the beginning of this kings raigne sprang vpp the very Welspringes of all mischiefe and sectes of Monkish religions and other swarmes of Popish orders which with their grosse and horrible superstition haue encombred the Church of Christ euer since.

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First to omitte the repeticion of Pope Innocent the third the great Graundsire of that fowle monster Transustantiation and auriculer Confession, with the fryers Dominick, and Franciscane Fryers: Thomas Aquinas, Iacobus de Voragine, Vincentius: with Pope Honorius the third coyner of the Cannon Lawe and the Cardinall Hostiensis, as also Bonauenture, Albertus magnus with Pope Vrbane the 4. first founder of the feast of Corpus Christi and procuror of the adoration of the body of Christ in the Sacrament, besides Durandus and many moe: followeth further to be noted, MarginaliaEx Annalibus Silesiæ. The Tartarians make great spoile in Christendome.that the Tartarianes aboute the yeare 1240. issuing out of Moscouia into the partes of Polonia made great waste in Christendome so muche the rather because the Princes about Polonia beyng at variaunce amongest themselues, vsed none other remedie for theyr defence, but heapes of Masses, Inuocation of the dead and worshipping of Images, whiche in deede dyd nothing relieue them but rather encrease theyr trouble.

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MarginaliaThe Scythians army lyke locustes.The next yeare following the whole nation of the Scithians (mustering like Locustes) inuaded the partes of Europe with two mightye armyes: whereof the one entring vppon Polonia made great hauocke and caryed away many Christians from thence Captiues, the other ouerrunning Hungaria made no lesse spoyle there. Adde hereunto an other freshe armye of Tartarianes to the number of 5000000. who at the very same tyme, ioyninge themselues together entered into Muscouia and Cracouia, and made most horrible slaughter sparing neyther sexe, nor age: noble nor vnnoble within the Land. From thence passing to Vratislauia, made great spoyle there also, and thinkyng there to winne the Castle, were by the miraculous workyng of the Lorde at the instaunce and prayers of good people discomfited beyonde all expectation of man by thundringe and lightning falling vpon them from heauen in most terrible wise.

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The same yeare immediately after Easter an other armye of Tartarians were gathered agaynst Lignicium drawing neere to Germnany: By the bruyte whereof the Germaynes being put in great feare were altogether dismayed: but yet not able to helpe themselues by reason they lacked a good guyde and gouernour amongest them. All which came to passe specially by the mischieuous practize of the Romayne Popes raysing variaunce and discorde

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amongest
Gg.i.
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