Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Berkhamsted [Barchamsted]


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Hailes Abbey

[Hales; Hayles]

near Winchcombe, Gloucestershire

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Cistercian abbey founded 1246; possessed a phial of, ostensibly, the blood of Christ

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NGR: TG 230 070

A city and county of itself, locally in the hundred of Humbleyard, county of Norfolk, of which it is the capital. 108 miles north-east by north from London. The city comprises 33 parishes, and the liberty of the city a further four. Of these 37, three are rectories, 12 are discharged rectories, three are vicarages, one is a discharged vicarage, and 18 are perpetual curacies. St Andrew, St Helen, St James, St Paul and Lakenham are within the peculiar jurisdiction of the Dean and Chapter; the rest are in the Archdeaconry and Diocese of Norwich, of which the city is the seat.

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Further information:

Andrews church (now St Andrews Hall) is at the junction of St Andrews Street and Elm Hill.

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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OS grid ref: TF 935 367

Major pilgrimage site

362 [339]

Edward. 1. K. Henry slaine in battaile. Variance in the city of Norwich. Lawes of K. Ed.

amongst them notwithstanding Henry prince of Polonia and Silicia gathering a power as well as he coulde, dyd encounter with him, MarginaliaKyng Henry slaine, and his army vanquished.but in fine hys whole armye was vanquished, and the kyng hymselfe slayne. Notwithstanding whiche ouerthrowe of Christians it pleased God to strike such a feare into the heartes of the sayd Tartarianes that they durst not approche anye further or nearer into Germany, but retired for that tyme into theyr Countrye agayne: MarginaliaNine sackes full of Christians eares being slainwho recounting theyr victory by taking each man but one eare of euery of the Christians that were slayne founde the slaughter so great as that they filled ix. great sackes full of eares. Neuertheles, after this viz the yeare 1260. the same Tartarianes hauing the Moskouites to theyr guides returned agayne into Polonia and Craconia. Where in the space of three monethes they ouerranne the land with fire and sword ouer to the coastes of Silesia. And had not the princes of Germany put to theyr helping hand in this lamentable case, they had vtterly wasted the whole lande of Polonia and the Coastes thereaboutes.

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This yeare also in the month of Aprill, Richard Kyng of Almayne dyed at the Castell of Barchamsted, MarginaliaRichard king of Almaine dyeth. and was buryed at the Abbey of Hayles, whiche he built out of the ground. MarginaliaA great variāce betweene the Monkes and citizens of Norwich.The same yeare also at Norwich, there fel a great controuersie, betweene the monks and the citizens, about certayn tallagies and liberties. At last, after much altecration and wrangling wordes, the furious rage of the Cittizens so much increased and preuayled, and so litle was the feare of God before theyr eyes, that altogether they set vpon the Abbey and Priory, and burned both the church and Byshops Pallace. Whē this thing was heard abroad, the people were very sory to heare of so bold & naughty an enterprise, & much discommended þe same. At the last, K. Hēry calling for certayne of hys Lords, and Barons, sent thē to the city of Norwich, that they might punish and see execution done of the chiefest malefactors: MarginaliaExecution done at Norwich by the commaundement of kyng Henry the 3. in so much that some of them were condemned and burnt, some of them hanged and some were drawne by the heeles with horses throughout the streetes of the Citty, and after in muche misery ended theyr wretched liues. MarginaliaAdam Prior of Cant. refuseth to be Archb. of Cant.The same yeare, Adam the prior of Canterbury, and Bishop elect: in the presence of pope Gregory the 10. refused to be archbishop, although he was elect. Wherfore, the pope gaue the same archbishopricke, to Frier Robert Kilwardby MarginaliaRob. Kilwerby Archb. of Cant. the Prouost of the preaching Friers: a man of good life and great learning. He was cōsecrated at Caunterbury, the fourth day of March by sixe bishops of the same Prouince. The same yeare also at Michelmas, the Lord Edmund, the sonne of king Richard of Almaine, maryed the sister of Gilbert Erle of Gloucester, MarginaliaThe death of K. Henry the 3.Also in this yeare of our Lord, 1273. the 16. day before the Calendes of December vpon S. Edmundes day the archbishop and confessour: died King Henry, in the 56. yeare of his raigne, and was buryed at Westminster: leauing after him two sonnes and two daughters, to wit Edward the Prince, and Edmund Earle of Lancaster and Leicester, Beatrice, and Margaret. Whiche Margaret was maryed to the king of Scottes. This king Henry in his life tyme beganne the building of the Church & steeple at Westminster, but did not throughly finish the same before his death.

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King Edward the first. 
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First seven years of Edward I's reign

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaK. Edward 1.IN the time of the death of K. Henry, Edward his eldest sonne was absent in Vasconia, as a little before you heard: yet notwithstanding, by Robert Kilwarby Archb. of Caunt. and other bishops & nobles, he was ordeined heire and successour after hys father: who, after he had heard of hys fathers death, retourned home to his Countrey, and was crowned the yeare of our Lord 1274. Who then layd downe his crowne, saying: he woulde no more put it on, before he had gathered together all the landes pertayning to the same. This Edward as he had alwayes before bene a louing and naturall Childe to his Father, whom he had deliuered out of prison and captiuity: & afterward hearing both together of þe death of his sonne, & of his father, wept and lamented much more for his father, then for his sonne, saying to the French king (which asked the cause thereof) MarginaliaPietie to Parēts rewarded of God. Ex Chron. Tho. Walsinghami.that the losse of his child was but light, for Children might after increase and be multiplied, but the losse of his parent was greater, which could not be recouered: Robert Auesbury. So almighty God for the same his pietie to his father shewed, rewarded him agayn with great successe, felicitie, and long raigne. MarginaliaA miracle of God in preseruing king Edward.In so much, þt he beyng yong as he was playing at Chesse with a certayne souldior of his, sodainly hauing no occasion geuen: rose vp and went his way, who was not so soon voyded the place, but incontinent fel down a mighty stone from the vawt aboue directly vpon þe placewhere he sate, able to haue quashed him in peeces, if he had taried neuer so little more. In the preseruation of whome as I see, the present hand and mighty prouidence of the liuing God: MarginaliaFalse worship reprehended. God geueth the benefite & a dumme stocke hath the in the kinges order agayne, I note a fault or error worthy of reprehension: For that he receiuing such a liuely benefite at the hand of the liuing Lord, going therefore on pilgrimage to Walsingham, gaue thanks not only to our Lady, but rather to a rotten blocke. Ibidem. Of the gentle nature of this couragious prince, sufficient proofe is geuen by this one example: that what time he being in hys desport of hauking, chaunced sharpely to rebuke the negligence of one of his gentlemen, for what fault I cannot tell about his hauke: the gentleman being on the other side of the riuer, hearing his manassing wordes was glad (as he sayd) that the riuer was betweene them. With this answer the couragious bloud of this Prince being moued, vppon present heat, he leaped straight into the floud, both a swift streame and of a dangerous deepnesse, and no lesse hard in getting out. Notwithstanding either forgetting his owne life, or neglecting the daunger present, but hauing a good horse, ventreth his own death, to haue the death of his mā. At length with much difficultie recouering the bank, with his sword drawn pursueth his prouoker. Who hauing not so good an horse, and seeing himselfe in daunger of taking, reineth hys horse: and returning backe bare head vnto the Prince, submitteth his necke vndre hys hande to strike. MarginaliaExample of princely clemency to be learned of kinges and princes.The prince, whose feruent stomack the water of the whole riuer could not quench, a little submission of his man did so extinct that the quarrel fell, his anger ceased, and his sword put vp, without any stroke geuen. And so both returned to theyr game, good friendes agayne. Auesb Nich. Triuet. MarginaliaEx Chron. Nic. Triuet. & Tho. Walsinghami.

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In the first beginning of his raigne, this Kyng had much adoe in Wales, where he had diuers conflictes wyth the Welshmen: MarginaliaWales subdued.whom at last he subdued & cut down theyr woodes, suppressed rebellions, & vanquishing theyr kings, Lewline and his brother, ordeined his eldest sonne Edward, borne in the same Countrey to be Prince of Wales. MarginaliaThe Kings sonne first prince of Wales. This Lewline Captayne of þe Welshmen here mentioned, rebelling agaynst king Edward: asked counsayle by way of coniuration, what euent should come vpon his attempt To whom it was tolde, that he should goe forward boldly for doubtlesse, he should ryde thorough Chepeside at London, with a crowne on his head. Whiche so came to passe. For he being slayne, hys head was caried through Chepe, with a Crowne of siluer to London bridge: MarginaliaVayne prophesies not to be sought to.whereby men may learne not to seeke nor stick to these vayne prophesies: Which though they fall true, yet are but the traynes of the deuill to deceyue men.

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About this time was a great earthquake, and suche a rotte, that consumed a great multitude of sheep, in the land through the occasion as they say, of one scabbed shepe that came out of Spayne. The king returning from Wales to England, ordred certayne new lawes for the wealth of the realme. Among many other this was one: MarginaliaPunishment for Bakers & Milners.that authoritie was geuen to all Maiors Bailiffes, & other officers to see execution and punishement of all Bakers making bread vnder the sise, with pillory. Of Milners stealing corn with the tumbrel. &c. MarginaliaThe statute for Mortmaine first enacted.And within two yeares after the statute of Mortmayne was first enacted, which is to meane that no man should geue vnto the Churche any landes or rentes, without a speciall licence of the king.

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About which tyme also, being the 7. yeare of his raigne MarginaliaAnno. 1279. 297. Iewes for mony clipping were put to execution. In whiche same yeare began first the foundation of the blacke Friers by Ludgate. MarginaliaBlacke Fryers by Ludgate builded. And the towne of Bosten was greatly wasted the same yeare with fyre. MarginaliaBosten blemished with fire. The halfpeny and farthinges began first to be coyned the selfe tyme, which was the 8. yeare of hys raygne. The great conduit in Chepe began the fourth yeare after to be made. anno. 1248. MarginaliaThe great Conduit in Cheape. And the yeare next following the newe worke of the Churche of Westminster (begon, as is afore premonished in the thyrd yeare of Henry 3.) was finished, MarginaliaWestminster Church finished.whiche was 66. yeares in edifiyng the Iewes were vtterly banished this Realme of England the same tyme, MarginaliaThe Iewes banished the Realme. for whiche the commons gaue to the kyng a fifteene. anno. 1291.

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After that the country of Wales, was brought in a full order and quiet, by the hewing downe of the woodes, and casting down the old holdes, and building of new, whiche all was brought to perfect end, about the 24. yeare of thys kings reigne: then ensued an other broile as great or greater with Scotland: 

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War with Scotland

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

to the great disquiet of the king and the realme of England, many yeares after. This trouble first began by the death of Alexander king of Scots, who dyed without issue left aliue behinde him. MarginaliaA place in Fabian corrected.Although Fabiane in þe 7. booke of hys Chronicle affirmeth: that he left 3. daughters, the eldest maryed to sir Iohn Bailol: the secōd to Robert Bruce, the thyrd to one Hastinges. But this in Fabian, is to be corrected as which neyther standeth with it selfe, &

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