Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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St John's Town of Dalry
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St John's Town of Dalry

Kirkcudbright, Scotland

OS grid ref: NX 625 815

365 [342]

K. Edw. 1. Scotland subdued. Trouble betweene the french K. and P. Boniface.

communaltie of the foresayd Realme of England. Dated at Lincolne in the yeare of our Sauiour 1031 & anno Edwardi primi. 28.

MarginaliaAnno. 1303. The P. setteth king against king.The yeare following, which was from Christ, an. 1303. the sayd Pope Boniface the eight of that name, taking displeasure with Phillip the Frenche king: 

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Philip IV and Boniface VIII

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

did excite king Edward of Englād, to warre against him, promising him great ayd thereunto. But he (as mine author sayth) little trusting þe Popes false vnstable affection toward him well proued before, put him of wt delayes. Ex Rob. Auesb. MarginaliaEx R. Auesb. Wherupon, the French king fearing the power of king Edward whom the Pope had set agaynst hys friendship: restored vnto him agayn Vascone, which he wrongfully had in his hands deteined. Concerning this variaunce here mentioned betweene the Pope and the French kyng, how it begā first, and to what end it fell out: the sequell hereof (Christ willing) shall declare, after that first I haue finished the discourse begon betweene England and Scotland.

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MarginaliaAn other Scottish rebellion supprest.In the yeare 1303. the foresayd Williā Waleys, which had done so many displeasures, to the king before (continuing still in his rebellion) gathered great multitudes of the Scottes to wtstand the king: til at length, the yeare following he was taken, and sent vp to Londō, and there executed for the same. After which thinges done, the king thē held his Parliament at Westminster, whether came out of Scotland the Bishop of S. Andrewes, Robert Bruse aboue mentioned, Earle of Dunbarre, Earle of Arles, and Syr Iohn comming, with diuers other: The which volūtarily were sworne to be true to the king of England, and to keep the land of Scotland to his vse agaynst al persons. But shortly after the sayd Robert Bruse, who as is sayd maried the second daughter of Earle Dauid, forgetting his othe before made vnto the king: within a yeare or two after this, by the counsell of the Abbot of Stone, and Bishop of S. Andrewes: MarginaliaThe P. dispenseth with due & true obedience of subiects toward their prince.sent vp vnto Pope Clement the 5. for a dispensation of his othe made: insinuating to him, that King Edward vexed and greued the realme of Scotland wrōgfully. Wherupon the pope wrote vnto the king, to leaue of such doinges. MarginaliaThe Popes inhibition neglected in England.Notwithstanding whiche inhibition of the Pope, the king prosecuting hys owne right, after he had þe vnderstāding of þe doings of the Scots, & of the mischiefe of Robert Bruys (who had slayne wt hys owne handes Syr Iohn Comyng, for not consenting with him and other Lordes at hys Parliament) areared his power & strength of men preparing himselfe toward Scotlād: MarginaliaAn other rebellion of the Scots repressed.where he ioyning with the said Syr Robert and all the power of Scotland in a playne, neare vnto S. Iohns towne, put him to flight and so chased the Scots, that of them were slayne to the number of 7. thousand. In the which victory, such Byshops and Abbots as were taken, he sent thē to the Pope: the temporall Lordes and other Scots he sent vnto London. &c. MarginaliaThe Scots againe subdued. Syr Robert Bruys after this discomfiture, when he had thus lost both the field and chiefe frendes, seing him selfe, not able to make hys party good, fled into Norway, where he kept hys abode during the time while king Edward liued. Whē this noble Edward had thus subdued the Scots, he yelded thankes to God for hys victory, & so setting þe land in a quiet, and an order, he returned vnto London, which was the 35. yeare and last of his raigne. &c.

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MarginaliaA greeuous variance betwene Philip the frēch king & pope Boniface.Now returning to that which I promised before touching the variaunce and greuous dissention betwene Philip the French king, and Pope Boniface the eight of that name. After the byshopricke of Rome had bene long voyd through the dissentiō of the Cardinals, for the space of two yeares and 3. monthes: at length, Pope Celestinus was chosen, successor to pope Nicholas the fourth. MarginaliaPope Nicolas. 4. Popedome vacant two yeares. Which Celestinus in hys first consistory, began to reforme the Clergy of Rome, thinking to make it an example to al other churches. Wherefore, he procured to hymselfe such a hatred among hys Clergy men, that this Boniface, then called Benedictus, speaking through a reede by his chamber wall nightly admonished him, as it had bene a voyce from heauen, that he should geue ouer his Papacie, as beyng a burden bigger then he could wyld. Ex Masseo.

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This pope Celestine MarginaliaPope Celestinus 5. after he had set vi. monethes, by the trechery & falshhoode of this Boniface, was induced to geue vp & resigne his Bishoprick, partly for the voyce spoken of before, partly for feare: MarginaliaCraftie iugling among Popes and Cardinals. Ex Massæo.being told of certaine craftely subornated in his chāber, that if he did not resigne, he shold lose his life. Who thē after his resignation goyng to liue in some solitary desert (being a simple man) was vilely taken and thrust in perpetuall prison by Pope Boniface: craftely pretending that he did it not for any hatred vnto Celestine, but that sedetious persōs might not haue him as their hed to rayse vp some stirre in the Church. And so was brought to his death. MarginaliaThe eight Nero.Wherfore, this Boniface was worthely calledthe eight Nero: of whom it was rightly sayd, hee came in like a Foxe, he reigned like a Lyon, and dyed like a dogge.

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This Pope Boniface MarginaliaP. Boniface. 8. succeeding, or rather inuadyng after Celestinus, behaued himselfe so imperiously, MarginaliaThe mischiefe of Pope Boniface described.that he put down princes, excommunicated kings, such as did not take theyr confirmation at his hand. Diuers of his Cardinals he draue away for feare, some of them as schismaticks he deposed and spoyled them of all theyr substaunce. Philip the French king he excommunicated, for not suffering hys money to goe out of the Realme, and therefore cursed both his and him, to the fourth generation. Albertus the Emperour not once nor twise, but thrise sought at his handes to be cōfirmed, and yet was reiected, neyther could obtain vnlesse he would promise to driue the Frenche king out of his realme. MarginaliaGuelphes and Gibelines 2. factions in Rome.The factious discorde in Italy betweene the Guelphes, and Gibillines, which the part of a good bishop had bene to extinct: so little he helped to quench the smoke, that he of all other was chiefest firebrande to encrease the flame. In so much that vpon Ashwednesday, when Porchetus an Archbishop came and kneeled down before hym to receaue hys ashes: Pope Boniface looking vpon him, & perceauing that he was one of þe Gibbellines part, cast his handfull of ashes in hys eyes, saying: Memento homo quòd Gibellinus es &c. That is: remember man that a Gibeline thou art, and to ashes thou shalt go. MarginaliaIubilei first begonne in Rome.This Pope moreouer ordained first the Iubilei in Rome: in þe solemnising wherof, the first day he shewed hymselfe in his pontificalibus, & gaue free remission of sinnes to as many as came to Rome out of all the parts of the world. The second day (beyng arrayed with Imperiall ensignes) MarginaliaThe P. claimeth and practiseth power of both swordes.he commaunded a naked sword to be caryed before him and sayd with a loud voyce: Ecce potestatem vtriusq; gladij. That is, Loe here the power and authoritie of both the swordes. &c.

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From the which very yeare (as most stories do record) the Turkes doe beginne the first count of their Turkishe Emperours, whereof the first was Ottomannus, as you shal heare discoursed hereafter by Gods grace in the history of the Turkes.

MarginaliaPope Boniface 8. Author of the booke of decretals.By this sayd Pope Boniface, diuers constitutions extrauaganes of his predecessours were collected together, with many of his owne newly added thereto, and so made the booke called Sextus decretalium. &c. By whom also first sprang vp pardons and indulgences from Rome. MarginaliaRomish pardōs first begunne by P. Boniface. 8.

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These thinges thus premised of Boniface the Pope, now will I come to the occasion of the strife betweene him, and the French king: Concerning whiche matter, first I finde in the history of Nicholas Triuet, that in the yeare of our Lord. 1301. the Byshop of Oppanuham beyng accused for a conspiracie agaynst the French king, was brought vp to hys Court, & so committed to prison. MarginaliaEx hist. Nic. Triuet. The pope hearing this, sendeth word to the kyng by hys Legate to set him at liberty. The French king not daring to the contrary, looseth the Bishop: But whē he had done, he dischargeth both the byshop and the Legate commaunding them to voyde hys realme. Whereupon, Pope Boniface reuoketh all the graces and priuiledges graunted eyther by him or his predecessors before to the kingdome of Fraunce: MarginaliaPhilip the French king excommunicated.also, not long after thundring out the sentence of hys curse agaynst hym. Moreouer, citeth all the prelates, all diuines, and lawyers both ciuile and canon, to appeare personally before him at Rome, at a certain day, which was the first of Nouember. Agaynst this citation, the king againe prouideth and commaundeth by straite proclamation, that no maner of persō should export out of the Realme of France eyther gold, or siluer, or any other maner of ware or marchandise, vppon forfeting all their goodes, and theyr bodyes at the kinges pleasure: prouiding with all, the wayes and passages diligently to be kept that none might passe vnsearched. Ouer and besides, the sayd French kyng defeited the Pope in geuing and bestowing prebendes, and benefices, and other ecclesiasticall liuings, contrary to the Popes profite. For þe which cause, the pope writeth to the foresayd king in forme and effect as followeth.

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¶ Boniface Byshop and seruaunt to Gods seruauntes, to hys beloued sonne Phillip by the grace of God, king of Fraunce, greeting and Apostolicall blessing.

MarginaliaEx lib. Stephano Aufrerij.BOniface the seruaunt of Gods seruauntes &c. feare God, and obserue his commaundementes. We will thee to vnderstand, that thou art subiect to vs both in spirituall thinges, and temporall. And that no gift of benefices or prebendes belongeth to thee: and if thou haue the keeping of any beyng vacaunt, that thou reserue the profites of them to the successors. But if thou haue geuen any, we iudge the gift to be voyde: and call backe how farre so euer thou hast gone forward. And whosoeuer beleueth otherwise, we iudge them heretickes.

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