Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Latium, Italy

Coordinates: 41° 45' 0" N, 13° 9' 0" E

371 [348]

K. Ed. 1. The letters of the French Bishops to the Pope. The P. besieged and taken.

one voice: that for those things they were ready, not only to spēd their goods, but offered the same goods, riches, & also their persons to death, and not to flee any kinde of torment. And sayd further with one voice, that if our foresaid Lord the king woulde (as God forbid) suffer, or els willingly passe ouer those, they thēselues would in no case suffer it.

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Then when answere was asked of vs afterward, although we desired longer respite of deliberatiō of the king himself our Lord, and of the greatest of the forsayd Barons, and that for this intent: that in the meane while the Popes letters might haue comen to our Lord the king, we answered that we would not offend against the libertie of the realme, or by some meanes to innouate thinges contrary to the kings honour in this behalfe.

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We went about also to informe him with many godly words, with earnest persuasions, and with many kindes of helpe, and by sundry wayes, to bring him to keepe the speciall bande of vnitie, which is knowen to haue continued to these present dayes, betwixt the holy Romish church, and his predecessours. But when we were denied any longer delay, and it was plainely and openly tolde to all men, that if any man were of a contrary minde, from thenceforth he should be manifestly counted for an enemie of the king & the realme. We considering warely, & seeing plainely, that except our lord the king, and the Barons aforesaide were content with our aunswere, beside other dangers & great offences (wherof there could neither be number nor end) and that the deuoution both of the Romish and French church, and also the whole obedience of the laitie and all the people from thence foorth should be taken away without recouerie, not without great feare & doubt we thought good to aunswer thus.

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That we would helpe our Lorde the king with due counsaile and conuenient helpe for the preseruing of his person, and of his earthly honour, and the liberty and lawes of the sayd realme, like as we were (certaine of vs) by the duetie of allegiaunce bound to him, which hold of him Dukedomes, Earledomes, Baronies, fees, and other noble partes of the saide Realme, by the fourme of the othe, as all other doe: yet wee made humble sute to the same our Lord the king, that seeing we were bound to obey the Popes holinesse and your holy feete, he would suffer vs to go according to the tenour of your foresaid calling.

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Then on the Kings and Barons behalfe followeth aunswere, that in no case they would suffer vs to go out of the Realme: and that by no meanes they woulde beare to be handled so daungerously, yea rather to be altogether wasted.

Then we considering so great an anger, & trouble so ieopardous, & so great that none could be greater, both of the King, the Barons & other lay people of the realme: & now knowing plainely, that the olde enemie of peace, which goeth about from the beginning of his fall, with sowing of Darnel, to breake the vnitie of the Church, by troubling of peace: would breake charitie, and infect the sweetnesse of good workes, with the poyson of bitter enuie, and would ouerthrow mankinde vtterly, and woulde trouble with wickednesse the band of louely vnitie, & singular frendship, which hitherto haue had a happie encrease betwixt the Romish Church and our Lorde the King, and his predecessours, and the realme: to the praise of the highest God, the encrease of Christian faith, and the setting foorth the honour of the Church, of the king and the realme. But nowe (alas) a dore was open to the lamentable breaking and pitifull separating of great offences to rise on euery side, dangers are attempted against Churches and Churchmen, to spoyle their goods and richesse, with ieoperdie of life, seeing that the laitie nowe doe abhorre and vtterly flee the obedience of clearkes, vtterly banishing them from their counsails and doings, and haue taken courage to condemne the Ecclesiasticall censure and processe. All which ieoperdies with other sundry and diuers daungers (which neither toung is able to tell, nor wryting can declare) wee seeing at hande: thought good in this poynt of greatest necessity to run with weping voyce, & lamentable sighes to the circumspect wisdome of your holinesse. Beseeching your fatherly mildenes, and humbly praying you: that some wholesome remedy may be prouided in the premisses. By which, the sounde profitable agreement and mutuall loue, which hath continued so long time betwixt the church, the king, and the realme, myght be maintained in that olde sweete concord: the state of the Frenche church might continued in godly and quiet peace: that ye woulde vouchsafe to foresee how to withstand the daungers and offences aforesaid: that we and our states may be prouided for, by the foresaid commaundement of your calling, by the studie of your Apostolicall wisdome, and fatherly loue. The almighty preserue your holinesse to his holy church a long time.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1304. Pope Boniface besieged.These things thus discoursed and done, then followed the yeare of our Lord 1304. In the which yeare about the natiuity of our lady, came a garison of harnessed soldiours wel appointed, sent partly by þe French king, partly by the Cardinals of Columpna, whom the Pope before had deposed, vnto the gates of Anragū, where the Pope did hide himself, because he was borne in the towne. The captainsof which armie was one Shaira, brother to the foresayde Cardinalles: And an other William de Longareto, high steward to þe French king. Who inuading the popes towne, and finding the gates open, gaue assault to the popes frontire: where the Pope with his nephew a Marques, and 3. other Cardinals were immured. The townes men seeing all their intent & strength to be bent against the Pope: caused the common bel to be rong, & so assembling themselues in a cōmon counsaile, ordeined Adulphus one of the chiefest rulers of the towne for their captaine, who (vnknowing to them) was a great aduersary to the Pope. This Adulphus bringing wt him Reginaldus de Supine a great lord in Campania, & the 2. sonnes of Iohn Chitan a noble mā, whose father the pope had then in prison: at length ioyned him wt the French company against the Pope, and so beset his palace on euery side. And first, setting vpō the palacies of the 3. Cardinals which were then chiefe about the pope, rifled & spoiled all their goods. The Cardinals by a backedoore hardly auoided their handes: but the Popes palace, through munition & strength of the Marques was something better defended. At length, the Pope perceiuing him selfe not able to make his partie good, desired truce wyth Schaira & his company, which was to him graūted, from one til nine. During which time of truce, the Pope priuily sendeth to the townesmen of Aruagium, desiring them to saue his life: which if they would doe, he promised so to enrich them, that they should all haue cause neuer to forget or repent their benefite bestowed. MarginaliaPope Boniface brought to a straight.To this they made answer againe, excusing themselues, þt it lay not in their hability to do him any good, for that þe whole power of the towne was with the captaine. Then the Pope all destitute & desolate, sendeth vnto Schaira, beseeching him to draw out in articles, wherin he had wronged him, and he wold make hym amends to the vttermost. Shaira to this maketh a playne answer, signifying to him againe: that he should in no wise escape wt his life, except vppon these 3. conditions. MarginaliaThree conditions put to the Pope. First to restore againe the 2. Cardinals of Columpna his brethren whom he had before depriued, with al other of their stocke and kinred: secondly, that after their restitution, he should renounce his papacie, thirdly, his body to remaine in hys power & custody. These articles seemed to þe pope so hard, that in no case he woulde agree vnto them: wherefore the time of truce expired, the captaines & soldiors in all forceable meanes bending themselues against the bishop, first fired the gates of the pallace, wherby the army hauing a full entrance, fel to rifle & spoile the house. MarginaliaHere may all kinges by the French kyng learne how to handle the pope The Marques vpon hope to haue his life, & the life of his children, yealdeth him to the hands of Schaira & the other captaine: which when the Pope heard, he wept and made great lamentation. After this through windowes and doores, at length wt much a doe they brast into the pope, whome they intreated wyth words & threats accordingly. MarginaliaBoniface chuseth rather to die then to giue ouer his popedome.Vpō this he was put to his choise, whether hee woulde presently leaue his life, or geue ouer his Papacie. But that he denied stifly to doe, to die for it: saying to them in his vulgar tōgue. Eccle col, eccle cape. That is, lo here my necke, lo here my head: protesting, that he would neuer while he liued renounce hys Popedome. Then Schaira went about, and was redy to slay him, but by certaine that were about him he was staide: whereby it hapned that the pope receiued no harme, although diuers of his ministers and seruants were slaine. The souldiors which ranged in the meane time through all the corners of the Popes house, did lade themselues with such treasure of golde, siluer, plate, and ornaments: that the wordes of my autor (whom I follow) do thus expresse it. MarginaliaEx R. Auesb. The excessiue treasures of the Popes house noted.Quòd omnes reges mundi non possent tantum de thesauro reddere infra vnum annum, quantum fuit de papali palatio asportatum, & de palatijs trium Cardinalium, & Marchionis. That is, that all the kings of the earth together were not able to disburse so much out of their treasury in a whole yeare: as then was taken & caried out of the popes pallace, and of the pallace of the three Cardinals, and the Marques. Thus Boniface bereued of all his goodes, remained in their custodie 3. daies. MarginaliaA pretie handling of the popeDuryng the which space, they had set him on a wilde and vnbroken colte, his face turned to the horse taile, causing the horse to runne and course, while the Pope was almost breathlesse. Moreouer, they kept him so wythout meate, that hee was thereby neare famished to death. MarginaliaThe Pope deliuered out of prison.After the 3. day: the Aruagians and people of the town mustering themselues together (to the number of x. M.) secretely brast into the house where the Pope was kept, and so slaying the kepers, deliuered the Pope by strong hand. Who then being brought into the middle of the towne, gaue thankes with weeping teares to the people for his life saued: promising moreouer, that for so much as hee was out of all hys goodes, hauyng neither bread nor drink to put in his mouth, gods blessing and his, to al them, that now would relieue him wyth any

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