Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Names and Places on this Page
Bury St EdmundsWinchelsea [Winchelsey]
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Bury St Edmunds

[St Edmundsbury; Berry; Bery]

West Suffolk

OS grid ref: TL 855 645

Contains a ruined abbey, the shrine of St Edmund

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Winchelsea [Winchelsey]

east Sussex

OS grid ref: TQ 905 175

372 [349]

K. Ed. 1. Pecham B. of Cant. The Popes bull. Variance betweene the K. and his Barons.

thing, either to eate or drinke. MarginaliaWhat pouertie and affliction can do in plucking downe the pride of man.And heere now to see what pouertie and affliction can worke in a man. The Pope before, in all his pompe & most ruffling wealth was neuer so proud, but nowe was as humble & lowly: that euery poore simple man (as mine author testifieth) might haue a bolde and free accesse to his person. To make the story shorte, the Pope in that great distresse of famine was not so greedy of their vitails, as they were gredy of his blessing. Wherupon, the women & people of the towne came so thicke, some wt bread, some with wine, some with water, some wt meat, some with one thing, some with an other: that the Popes chamber was too litle to receiue the offring, in so much that when there lacked cups to receiue the wine, they poured it downe on þe chamber flore, not regarding the losse of wine, to win the popes holy blessing. Thus Pope Boniface being refreshed by the towne of Aruagum, tooke his iourney from thence accompanied wt a great multitude of harnessed soldiors to Rome: where he shortly vpon the same, partly for feare which he was in, partly for famine, partly for sorrow of so inestimable treasure lost, died. After whom succeded Benedictus the 11. MarginaliaBope Benedictus. 11. of whome these verses are written. A re nomen habe, benedic, benefac, benedicte. Aut rem peruerte maledic, malefac, maledicte. &c. 

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Verses about Benedict XI
Foxe text Latin

A re nomen habens ... Maledicte.


J. Barrie Hall

Having your name from your actions, speak well, do well, Benedict. Or, turning the actions round, speak ill, do ill, Maledict.

And thus haue yee the whole storie of Pope Boniface the 8. authour of the Decretalles. Which story I thought the more diligently to set forth, that all the Latine Church might see, what an author he was, whose lawes and decretals so deuoutly they follow.

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Now after the long debating of this matter betweene the French king and pope Boniface, let vs proceede in our English story. 

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Events of 1305-7

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

About this time, in the dayes of king Edward, the Church of Rome began daily more and more to rise vp and swell so high in pride and worldly dominion: that no king almost in hys owne countrey coulde doe any thing, but as pleased the Pope: who both had and ruled al, in all countreis, but chiefly here in England: as partly by his intollerable tallage and pillage before signified may appeare, partly by hys iniunctions and commandements sent downe, also by his donations and reseruations of benefices and church liuings: also in deposing and disposing suche as him listed, in place and office to beare rule. MarginaliaThe kinges election in his owne realme frustrated.In so much, that when the king and the church of Cant. in theyr election had chosen one Robert Burnell bishop of Bathe, to be Archbishop of Canterburie: Pope Boniface of hys own singular presumptuous authority, ruling the matter after his pleasure, frustrated their election, and thrust in an other named Iohn Pecham. MarginaliaIohn Peckham Archb. of Cant. For amōg all other, this hath alwayes bene one practise of the court of Rome: euer to haue the Archbyshop of their owne setting, or suche one as they might be sure of on their side, MarginaliaA point of practise in the court of Rome. to weigh against the K. and other, whatsoeuer nede should happen. To this Iohn Peckham, Pope Boniface directed downe a solemne Bul from Rome, as also vnto all other quarters of the vniuersal church. In the which Bul was conteined & decreed, directly against the rule of Scripture and Christian obedience: MarginaliaEcclesiasticall persons exempted by the pope, for not paying tribute to the kyng.that no church, nor ecclesiastical person should henceforth yelde to his king or temporall Magistrate, either any geuing or lending, or promising of tribute or subsidie, or portion whatsoeuer, of the goodes and possessions to hym belonging: but shuld be clearely exempted and discharged from all such subiection of tallage or subuention to be exacted of them in the behoofe of the Prince and hys affaires. Which decree manifestly rebelleth against the commanded ordinaunce of God, and the Apostolical canon of S. Peter and all other examples of holy Scripture. MarginaliaThe Pope proceedeth against the manifest word, in setting the Clergie free from the kinges tributes. For as there is no woorde in the Scripture that excludeth spirituall men more then temporall men from obedience and subiectiō of princes: so if it chaunce the Prince in hys exacting to be too rigorous or cruell in oppression: that is no cause for the clergy to be exempted: but to beare the cōmon burden of obedience, and to pray to God to turne and moue the Princes minde, and so (with prayer & patience, not with pride and disobedience) to helpe & amend that which is amisse. Concerning the Bull of Boniface, if any there be that either do not credite the same, so to containe, or would for his minde see and read the same, the wordes therof here folow.

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The copie of the Popes Bull, wherein the Cleargie is exempted from geuing tribute to Kings and Princes.

MarginaliaEx Chron. Rob. Gisburnensis.BOnifacius, &c. Ad sempiternam rei memoriam. Clericis, laicos infestos oppidò tradidit antiquitas. Quod & presentium experimenta temporum manifestè declarāt, dum suis finibus non contenti nituntur in vetitum & ad illicita sua frena relaxant, nec prudentèr attendunt quomodo sit eis in clericos ecclesiasticsáue personas, & bona interdicta potestas. Quinimo ecclesiarum prælatis, ecclesijs ecclesiasticisq; personis regularibus & secularibus imponuntur onera grauia, ipsos talliant, & eis collectas imponūt,& ab ipsius suorumq̀; prouentuum, vel bonorum dimidiam, decimam, seu vicesimam, vel quamuis aliam portionem, quo tam exigunt & extorquent eosque moliuntur multiphariè subijcere seruituti, suæq; subdedere ditioni. Et quod dolenter referimus, nonnulli ecclesiarum prælati, ecclesiasticæque personæ trepidantes, vbi trepidandum non est, transitoriam pacem quærentes: plus timentes maiestatem temporalem offendere, quam æternam, talium abusibus non tam temerariè, quàm improuide acquiescunt sedis apostolicæ authoritate non obtenta. Nos igitur talibus actibus obuiare volentes, de fratrum nostrorum consilio * Marginalia* Apostolica autoritas frustra obtenditur, vbi Apostolica scriptura contemnitur Apostolica authoritate statuimus: quòd quicunque prælati, ecclesiasticæue personæ, vel seculares quorumcunque ordinum conditionis, seu status, collectas vel tallias, dimidiam, decimā, vicesimam, seu centesimam suorum & ecclesiarum suarum prouentuum vel bonorum laicis soluerint, vel promiserint, vel se soluturos excesserint, aut quamuis aliam quantitatem, porcionem, aut quicquam ipsorum prouentuum vel bonorum æstimationem vel valorem ipsorum subuentionis, subsidij, vel doni nomine, seu quouis alio timore, vel modo, vel quæsito colore absque autoritate sedis eiusdem: Nec non imperatores, reges, seu principes, duces, seu comites, vel barones, potestates, capitaneas, officiales vel rectores nomine censeantur, ciuitatum, castrorum, seu quorumque locorum constitutorum bilibet, & * Marginalia* Quiuis, pro quisquis, barbarismus Apostolicus. quis alius cuiuscunque præeminētiæ, cōditionis & status, qui talia imposuerint & exegerint, vel receperint, aut apud ædes sacras deposita ecclesiarū vel ecclesiasticarum personarum vbilibet * Marginalia* Flores Attici ex ipso helicone desumpti. arestauerint saysierint seu occupare præsumpserint, vel arestari, saysiri, aut occupari mandauerint, aut * Marginalia* xxx, rhetorica. occupata, saysita, seu arestata receperint: nec nō omnes qui scienter in prædictis dederint consilium, auxilium, vel fauorem, publicè vel occultè, eo ipso sentētiam excommunicationis * Marginalia* Tauri cornu. Ware the bulles horne. incurrunt. Vniuersitates quoque quæ in his culpabiles fuerint ecclesiastico supponimus interdicto: prælatis, & personis ecclesiasticis supradictis in virtute obedientiæ & sub pœna depositionis districtè mandantes, vt talibus absque licentia expressa dictæ sedis nullatenus acquiescant. A supradictis autem excommunicationis & interdicti sententijs nullus absolui valeat, præterquam in mortis articulo absque sedis Apostolicæ autoritate & licentia speciali. &c.

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MarginaliaThe Clergy denyeth to geue tribute to the king.This Bull being directed (as is sayde) from Rome to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and likewise thorough the whole vniuersall Church, vnder the Popes authority: It chaunced not long after, the king helde hys Parliament at S. Edmunds burie, where was graunted to him of all cities and boroughs an eight, and of the commons a twelf of their goodes. Only the Clergie by vertue of this Bull, stoode stoute: denying to pay any thing to the king. Thys answer not wel pleasing the king, he willeth them to deliberate better with themselues vppon the matter: and after long aduisement so to geue him answer therof against the next Parliament, which should be holden the next Hillary terme at London.

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In conclusion, the Parliament came: the Clergy persisteth still in deniall of their subsidie, alleging the popes bul for their warrant and discharge. MarginaliaThe Clergy secluded frō the kinges protection.Wherupon the king likewise secludeth them from vnder hys protection & safegard of his lawes. MarginaliaThe Archb. of Cant. for his stubbernes had his goods confiscate to the kyng.And as cōcerning the Archb. of Cant. aboue mentioned, because he was found more stubburne then the rest, and was the inciter to the other: hee seased vppon all his goodes, & caused an inuentorie of the same to be enrolled in the exchequer. Notwithstanding, diuers of the other bishops relented soone after to the king, and cōtributed the fift of their goodes vnto him, and were receiued agayne to fauour.

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MarginaliaThe variance betweene K. Edward and his Barons & commons.In the life of this kings father, it was declared before how the sayd king Henry the third, father to this king, after diuers warres and commotions had with his barons, had graūted certaine liberties and freedomes written and conteined in Magna charta, and in Charta de foresta. Concerning which matter, much busines happened in this kings daies also in the realme, betweene the king & his Barons and commons. The occasion was thys. A packe of wooll which before paide but a marke to the king, was nowe by thys king raised vp to xl. s. After this the King hauing a iourney to make vnto Flanders, sent to hys Barons and diuers other, to geue their attendaunce and seruice in the same, which they refused and denyed to doe. Notwithstanding (the king persisting in his purpose) with such a power as he had, prepareth toward his iourny. To whom being in his way at Winchelsey, MarginaliaPetitions of the Barons and commōs to the king.the foresaide Erles and Barons and commōs sent certen petitions conteined in wryting vnder the name of the Archbishops, Bishops, abbots and Priors, Erles and Barons, wyth the commonaltie of þe realme. In which wryting first lamenting and complaining of their afflicted state and misery, after humble maner they desired their Lord the king to redresse and amend certain greuances amōg them. And first declared in the name

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