Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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376 [353]

K. Edward. 1. A parliament sommoned in Fraunce. Articles against the Clergie.

subtle practises of this man, by the which wordes the Lord speaketh: O thou Pastor which hast scattered my people, and hast cast them out of their habitations, behold I will come and visite vpon thee, and vpon thæ malice of thy studies: neither shall there be any of thy seed which shall sit vpon the seat of Dauid, neither whiche shall haue power any more in Iuda. So that thy neast shall become barren, and vtterly subuerted like Sodome and Gomer.

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And if he being terrified by these wordes do not leaue of frō this which he beginneth, and doth not make restitution of those thinges which he hath receiued, then let all and singular persons sing for him being indurat, to him that seeth all things, the Psalme 108. Deus laudem. &c. For truely as fauour, grace and beneuolence, remitteth and neglecteth many thinges: so agayne the gentle benignitie of man being too much oppressed and grieued, seeking to be deliuered and freed from the same, striueth and searcheth to haue the trueth knowne, and casteth off that yoake by all meanes possible that geueth him. &c. Hæc Cassiodorus.

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¶ What effect this letter wrought in them, to whom it was directed, is not in story expressed. This by the sequell may be coniectured, that no reason or perswasion coulde preuayle, but that the Pope retained here still his exactions, whatsoeuer was sayd or written to the contrary notwithstanding.

MarginaliaA parliament in Fraunce assembled, wherein is discussed, the iurisdiction ecclesiastical, how farre it extendeth.And thus much being written hetherto of these actes and doings here in England, now to slipp a little into the matters happening the same time in Fraunce, vnder the raign of the foresayd king Philip aboue mentioned: 

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Pierre de Cugniere

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

forsomuch as about this time, an. 1329. MarginaliaAnno. 1329. was commensed a parliament, by the sayd king of Fraunce, agaynst the Pope, touching the iurisdiction both tēporall pertaining to princes, and ecclesiasticall belonging to the church: I thought it not vnprofitable for the reader, to heare & learne the full discourse and tractation hereof, according as we haue caused it to be excerpt faythfully out of the true copye and recordes of Peter Bertrand Bishop of Eduenen, and chiefe doer & prolocutor in the sayd parliament vpon the Popes side, agaynst the king and state temporall.

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For so much as the high Prelate of Rome, otherwise called Antichrist, being thē in his chief ruffe, extolling him selfe aboue all princes and potestates of the world, as in other countryes, so also in Fraūce extended his vsurped iurisdictiō aboue the princely authority of the king, claiming to himselfe full gouernement of both the states, as well secular as also ecclesiasticall The king therfore not suffering the excessiue proceedinges of Pope Clement the 5. aboue specified, directeth his letters mandatory to the Prelates and Barons of the realme of Fraūce, to conuēt & assemble themselues together at Paris, about the beginning of December, the yeare aboue prefixed. The tenor of which letters of the king directed to the Prelates, followeth in this forme and maner.

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¶ The Sommons of a Parliament by Philip the French king.

MarginaliaThe letter of Philip king of Fraunce, to the byshops & prelates.PHilip by the grace of God king of Fraunce, to our welbeloued Bishop of Eduens, greeting and salutation. Reuerend Father in God, right trusty and welbeloued, we greete you well. The more sight and knowledge you haue in diuinitye and the holye Scriptures of God, with the practise and experience of other good qualityes and vertues: you know the better a great deale, how that the Clergy and layty of this our Realme (as members of one body) ought to cleaue and sticke together: and how by theyr helping hand, vnity and peace should bee maynetayned of all, and the contrary eschued and auoyded, euery state contēting it selfe, & not incroching one vpon another. And because we are aduertised, how that our Barons and officers (as well in time past as of late) haue diuersly in diuers poyntes iniuried you, as semblably you and yours in many causes haue wrongfullye damaged them: by occasion wherof, the knot of vnitie and concord which ought to haue florished among you, is quite loosed and vndone. To the end therefore by Gods grace some good reformation and redresse may be had herein: We most studious of vnity and concord requere you, and by these our letters commaūd you, to appeare personally before vs at Paris the 15. day of Decēber next ensuing the date hereof: and there before vs to make relation of such wrong as ye haue receiued at the laities hāds. And wee likewise straightly charge and commaund you our Barons, Bailiffes and officers not to fayle, but to make your personall appearaunces before vs, the day and place aboue written, & there to exhibite before vs a bill, of such complayntes wherewith you burden our Prelats and Clergy with their officials: that we with our counsell consulting thereupon, with due regard may see redresse therin: wherby perpetuall loue and charity may euer here-after raigne and remayne among them for euer: Geuen at Paris the first day of September. an. 1329.

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MarginaliaThe Parliament conuented.At the day in the letters aboue specified, the Prelates and Clergy assembled themselues before the King at hys palace in Paris, that is to witte, The L. Bituricen, the L. of Auxitan, the L. Turonen, the L. Rothom, and the L. Senon, all Archbishops: The L. Beluacen, the L. Cathalan, the L. Laudun, the L. of Paris, the L. Nouionon, the L. Carnoten, the L. Constan, the L. Andegauen, the L. Pictauen, the L. Melden, the L. of Cameracen, the L. of S. Feri, the L. Brioce, the L. of Cabilion, & the L. of Eduen, all Byshops. Where after due reuerence done vnto the Kinges grace, there sitting in his owne person, wyth his Barons and counsell about him: MarginaliaLord Peter speakes in the Parliament.a certayne noble and wise person Lord Peter de Cugnerijs, (being one of the kinges counsell) rose vp and openly in the Parliament house spake in the kinges behalfe on this wise, taking for hys Theame. MarginaliaThe theame of his oration.Reddite quæ sunt Cæsaris, Cæsari, & quæ sunt Dei, Deo: which is to say: geue and render vnto Cesar, whiche is his, and vnto God which is Gods: which he very artificially prosecuted and applyed, deuiding it into 2. partes. Marginalia

The oration deuided in two partes.

Obedience to the kyng.

First that obedience and reuerence is due vnto the king, Secondly that there ought to be a difference betweene the iurisdiction of the clergy and laity, so that spirituall matters should be defined and ordered by the Prelats and spirituall men: and temporall causes ruled and determined by the king, his Barons, and temporall men. MarginaliaDifference betweene the iurisdiction of the state temporall and ecclesiasticall. Which all he proued by many reasōs both of fact and law, as more fully appeareth beneath in the answere of the Byshop of Eduen: finally he concluded, that the Clergy ought onely to deale and haue to doe with spirituall matters: in defence whereof, the kings highnes would stand their good Lord and maintayner. His Oration being ended, he repeated certayn wordes in the French toung which imported that the kinges will and pleasure was in some poyntes to renew the temporall state and iurisdiction: & therewith exhibited a certaine bill in French, whereof also he gaue a copy to the Prelates, contayning certaine pointes and articles vnder writtē, the contentes wherof he affirmed not to apperteine to the order & iurisdiction of the spirituality, but onely to the temporalty: complayning that the Clergy had wrōgfully proceeded in þe same. But notwithstanding the premisses, & for all this his complaint, he sayd that þe Prelates should haue time to consult and deliberate thereupō with the king. The copy of which articles, with answere ensuing vpon the same, and the grieuaunces of the kingdome of Fraunce, wrought by the clergy, and exhibited to the king, hereafter foloweth.

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MarginaliaArticles in the Parliament propounded, contayning the iust complaints of the laitie against the clergie.1. First the cognition of causes reall, whether they touch possession or their propriety or not, by commō law apperteineth to þe iurisdicion temporall. But the Prelates wyth their officials to þe end to infringe the tēporall iurisdiction, take vpon them the determination of such causes reall, MarginaliaCauses real. especially concerning possession and all other interdictes.

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2. Item, when a temporall man is sued by any Clerke or spirituall man, for the possession of his land, obtayning an adiornament of the secular power, in the cause of nouite or otherwise: The prelates officials stopping hereby the tēporall iurisdiction, at the instaunce of the Clerke calleth by proces before them, both the secular iudge and the party: inhibiting them to proceed any farther in the cause, vnder payne of excommunication and forfeiture of a certayne summe.

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3. Item, although the secular iudge haue the cognition of all lay mens matters (except in spirituall causes) yet wil þe Bishops Officials at the instaunce of any partye, call such before them. MarginaliaPrelates intermedle in temporall mens matters. And if the tēporall mē do except against their iurisdiction, alleadging the incompitency of the iudge, or els if they require the cause to be remitted to them (vnder whom they are) as the right iudges, yet doth the Officials refuse this to do, yea and by excommunication compell the parties to proceed before them.

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4. Item, the Byshoppes Officials at the instaunce of the clerks, alledging that they are iniuried in matters of inheritance by a lay man, call by proces the laity. And if it be alledged that those causes stand vpō reality, being so indeed, & for that consideration the cause to be remitted to the tēporall law: This notwithstanding the Officials prohibit them vnder payne of excommunication or some great forfeit, not to proceed but before them.

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5. Item, the Bishops Officials take vpon them to heare the plea of such contractes as either be conceiued in writings or made by word of mouth in the temporall law, sēding out their monition of excommunication against thē that stand bound concerning the same contractes.

6. Item, the Byshoppes and Prelates decree prouinciall

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