Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Caernarfon [Carnaruan]
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Caernarfon [Carnaruan]

Gwynedd, Wales

OS grid ref: SH 485 625

389 [366]

K. Edw. 1. The death of K. Edward the first. K. Edward 2. entereth his gouernment.

was not temporall but spirituall: so did Peter kill them not iudicially, that is, as a temporall iudge, but spiritually, that is, by the power of the spirite, which spirite wrought by him, not as by a iudge, but as a minister. And although this acte of Peter was extraordinarie for a singular example: yet notwithstanding let any prelate with the like power of spirit, so do, & none wil blame him.

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MarginaliaPag. 363. col. 1. D.Pag 363 col. 1. D. And so likewise the condemnation of Paule against the Corinthian, was onely spirituall and not temporall.

MarginaliaE.Pag. 363. 1. E. must be referred to the order. &c. Aunswere. Christ woulde these causes to be referred to the hearing of the Churche, for spirituall admonition, but not for temporall iurisdiction of the prelates.

Pag 363. col. 1. F. All things that the true Church doth truely binde are bound. I graunt: but first let the Pope proue his Church to be the true Church, and himselfe to be the vniuersal head therof, and then let him claime the keies.

MarginaliaPag. 363. col. 1.Ibid. The two swords do as much signifie the two regiments: as doe the two fishes wherewith Christ did feede four thousande persones.

Ibid. Christ bad Peter put vp his sword and not to cast it away. Ergo, the Church may haue the temporall sworde. Answere. God geue you good morowe, I haue brought you a capon.

Pag. 364. col. 1. I. Know ye not the Saintes. &c. Aunswere. S. Paule heere willing the Corinthians to pleade their matters not before the heathen, but before the Saints: meaneth the faithfull of the congregation, not onely prelates.

MarginaliaPag. 364. col. 1.K. In them was not the like reason. &c. Aunswere. I graunt, for Christ and true Christians is one thing: Antechrist and hys Church is an other thing.

Ibid. As ye say, the Apostles had no laisure to take lands and possessions, for preaching: but nowe, for Lordly loytering you haue laisure inough.

MarginaliaPag. 364. col. 1.Pag. 364. col. 1. M. They are most fittest to beare temporal rule, which followe neerest to God. Prelates of the cleargie followe nearest to God. Ergo, Prelates of the Clergie are more meetest to beare temporall rule.

Resp. If God heere be taken for that God, which is called the belly. I graunt they seeme to followe nearer. But if it be taken for the true God, not I, but their owne fruites, life, and doctrine, and Esay also would denie their minor, and say, that this people draweth neare to me with their lips, but their heart is farre from me.

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MarginaliaPag. 364. col. 1.Pag. 364. col. 1. You are a chosen generation, a royall Priesthode. &c. Aunswere. This place of Peter was written not onely to persones Ecclesiasticall, but to the whole congregation of the Saintes disparsed, as the wordes following may declare. Qui eratis quondam non populus. &c.

And thus much concerning French matters, which because they be Ecclesiasticall, and beare wyth them some vtilitie to the diligēt reader (such as list to search, note and obserue the actes of men, and course of religion) I thought therfore here to place and adioyne next after, the other contention before proceding betwene Philip the French king and Pope Boniface. Albeit as touching the perfect keeping of yeres and time, I am not ignorant that thys foresaid Parliament thus summoned and commenced against the French prelates falling in the yeare of our Lorde. 1329. was to be referred rather to þe raigne of king Edward the ij. Of whom now remaineth (by the grace of Christ) in order of historie to prosecute, declaring first the instructions and informations of his father geuen to him in the time of his departing. 

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Death of Edward I 

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

The yeare of our Lorde 1307. MarginaliaAnno. 1307. and the last yeare of the king, the foresayde king Edwarde in his iourney marching towarde Scotland: MarginaliaThe sicknes and death of K the North fel sicke of the flixe, which increased so feruētly vpon hym, that he dispaired of life. Wherfore, calling before him his Earles and Barons, caused them to be sworne, þt they should crowne his sonne Edward in such conuenient time after his death as they might, & kepe the land to his vse, til he were crowned. MarginaliaGodly lessōs and precepts geuen to the yong prince.That done, he called before him his sonne Edwarde, informing and lessoning him wyth wholesome preceptes, & charged him also with diuers poynts vpon his blessing: first that he should be courteous, gentle, vpright in iudgement, faire spoken to all men, constant in deede and word, familiar with the good: and especially to the miserable to be merciful. After this, he gaue him also in charge, not to be to hastie in taking his crowne, before he had reuenged his fathers iniuries stoutly against the Scots: but that he shuld remaine in those parties to take wt him hys fathers bones, MarginaliaThe kyng cōmaundeth his bones to be caryed in the field against the Scottes. being well boiled from the flesh, and so inclosed in some fit vessel, shoulde carie them with him til he conquered all the Scots: saying, that so long as he had his fathers bones wt him, none should ouercome him. Moreouer, he willed and required him, to loue his brother Thomas, and Edmund: also to cherish & tender his mother Margaret the Quene. Ouer & besides, he straitly charged him vpon his blessing (as he would auoide his curse) that he should in no case calto him againe, or sende for Peter Gaueston: MarginaliaThe fatherly care of kyng Edward in excluding wicked cōpany frō his sonne. whych Peter Gaueston the king before had banished the realme, for his naughty and wicked familiarity with hys sonne Edward, and for his seducing of him with sinister counsaile. For the which cause, he banished both Peter Gaueston vtterly out of the realme, and also put the sayd Edwarde hys sonne in prison. And therefore so straitly charged hys sonne, in no wise to sende for this Gaueston, or to haue him in any case about him. MarginaliaA rashe vow of kyng Edward. The kyngs heart to be caried to the holy land.And finally, because he had cōceiued in himselfe a vow to haue returned hys owne person to the holy land (which for his manifold warres wyth the Scots, he could not performe) therefore he had prepared 32000. poundes of siluer, for the sending of certaine souldiours with hys hart vnto the holy lād. Which thing he required of hys sonne to see accomplished. So that the foresayde money, vnder hys curse & malediction, be not employed to other vses. But these iniunctions and preceptes, the disobedient sonne did nothing obserue or keepe after þe decease of his father. Who forsaking and leauing of the warre with the Scots, wyth all speede hasted him to his coronation. Also, contrary to the minde of his nobles, & against the precept of hys father he sent for the foresayde Peter Gaueston, & prodigally bestowed vpon him al that treasure which his father had bequested to the holy land. He was moreouer a proud despiser of his peeres & nobles. And therefore raigned infortunately, as by the sequele of the story heere folowing, by the grace of Christ shalbe declared. Thus king Edwarde first of that name, leauing behinde him 3. sonnes, Thomas and Edmund by his third wife, and Edward by his first wife, whome he had sufficiently thus with precepts instructed, departed this mortall life. An. 1307. after hee had raigned neare 35. yeres. Of whom this Epitaph was wrytten.

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MarginaliaThe Epitaph of kyng Edward.
Dum viguit rex, & valuit tua magna potestas:

Fraus latuit, pax magna fuit, regnauit honestas.

Latin/Greek Translations  *  Close
Epitaph on Edward II
Foxe text Latin

Dum viguit rex ...reganvit honestas.


John Wade, University of Sheffield

While the king was active and your power was very strong,
Deceit lay hidden, there was great peace, and honesty reigned.

In þe time and raigne of thys king, many other things happened, which here I omit to speake of: as the long discorde and strife betweene the Prior of Cant. and the Prior of Douer, which continued aboue 4. yeres together: with much wrangling & vnquietnes betweene them. Likewyse an other lyke cōtention growing betwene Iohn Romain Archb. of York, and the Archb. of Cant. vpon the occasion, that when Iohn Archb. of York after his consecration returned from the Pope, and comming to Douer, contrary to the inhibition of Cant. passed through þe middle of Kent, with his crosse borne vp: although the story reporteth, that he had the kings consent therunto. An. 1286.

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Item, betwene Thomas Bishop of Hereford, & Iohn Pecham Archb. of Cant. fell an other wrangling matter, in the time of thys king. Which Byshop of Hereforde appealing from the Archb. to the Pope, went vp to Rome, and in his iourney died. Who with lesse cost might haue taryed at home. 1282.

King Edward the second. 
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Piers Gaveston

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

MarginaliaKing Edward the second.EDwarde the second of that name, and sonne of Edward the first, borne as is aforesaid at Carnaruan in Wales, after the departure of his father, entred the gouernment of the lande. An. 1307. But was crowned not before the yeare next folowing. An. 1308. MarginaliaAnno. 1308. by reason of the absence of Rob. Winchelsey, who was banished by king Edward the first. Wherupon the king thys present yere wryteth to the pope for the restitution of the sayd Archb. for that by an auncient law of the realme, the coronation of the king coulde not otherwise proceede without the Archb. of Cant. Which Edward as he was personable in body and outwarde shape, so in conditions and euill disposition much deformed. As vnstedfast of woorde, and light to disclose secretes of great counsaile: Also refusing the companie of hys Lords & men of honoure: hee much haunted among villaines and vile personnages: Geuen moreouer, to ouermuche drinking, and such vices as thereuppon be woont to ensue. And as of his owne nature he was to the sayd vices disposed, so was hee much worse by the counsaile and familiarity of certaine euill disposed persones, MarginaliaKing Edward led by wicked counsaile. as first of Peter or Pierse Gaueston before touched. Then after hym of the two Spensers and other, whose wanton counsaile hee followyng, gaue hymselfe to the appetite and pleasure of his body: nothing ordering hys common weale by sadnesse, discretion and iustice: which thyng caused first great variance betweene hym and his nobles, so that shortly hee became to them odible, and in ende was depriued of his kingdome. In the first yeare, hee tooke to wife Isabel daughter of Phillippe

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