Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Frankfurt am Main
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Frankfurt am Main

[Francford; Franckforde; Frankford]

Hesse, Germany

Coordinates: 50° 6' 37" N, 8° 40' 56" E

406 [382]

Edward. 3. The letter of the Archb. to the K. Letters betwene the Emp. and K. Edvvard.

aboue their agree) doe geue your grace to vnderstande that their enterprises and yours doe please and content your subiectes and commons: yet your grace shall knowe for certaine, and prooue it your owne selfe to be farre otherwise, then that they beare you in hand. And that vnlesse God do remedy the same if you prosecute your purpose begon in this order: you will leese the hearts of all your subiects, as also your good and rightfull enterprise, and shal see such discord about the same: that you shall not be able to performe that you haue begon, but rather enforce your ennemies to seeke your destruction, to loose your noble and renowmed fame, and in the ende your kingdom it selfe, which God forbid. Wherefore soueraigne Lorde and King, I beseeche you: that for the safegard of your honour and Realme, and enterprise begon, that you will take vnto you the most discrete and wisest men, wythin your Realme, and woorke by their aduise and counsell, as before thys time you haue bene accustomed: without the aide and counsell of whome you can neither maintaine your enterprise, nor gouerne your realme. And for that, some such as are about your grace falsly deuise against vs, treason and such like troubles ( MarginaliaExcommunication in his owne priuate cause abused.and therefore are of vs excommunicate, and as persons excommunicate doe so esteme of them) as your spirituall pastour, we also desire you so to esteeme and thinke of them, which also, make like report of other that haue bene with your grace beyonde the seas, that they haue naughtely & falsely serued you, wherby you haue lost the towne of Tourney, & much honor els, which you might haue wonne & gotten there. May it please your grace to call before you, the Prelates and Pieres of your Realme in some conuenient place, where wee and other moe, may safely come and resorte, and there also to make search and enquirie, in whose hands after the beginning of your warres, the money and what thing els so euer, which was graunted vnto you in aide of the same your warres, vntill thys present day, doeth remaine and is not laide out againe, as also by whose default you were so enforced to leaue the sayde siege of Tourney: and those which shalbe founde in any poynt faultie and guiltie therin against you as a good Iusticer, your grace wil cause to be punished according to the lawe: and in so much as appertaineth vnto vs therein, we aske iudgement of our Peeres (the state alwayes of holy Church, of vs, & of our order reserued inuiolate) according as we haue wrytten vnto you heerein. And for Gods sake Syr, beleeue not either of vs or any other your true subiectes els, more then that you shall vnderstand the veritie of: for if men should be punished without making answere to that, which is obiected against them, there should be then no difference in iudgement betwixt the good doer and the bad.

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And Syr, may it please you well to consider, of the great enterprise you haue in hande, the great good will which you haue neede of for this cause, and of your great ennemies the Scots, and the great ieoperdie of your realme besides. For, if your Prelates, your nobles, & al the wisemen of your realme, were of one minde and will (without any discorde or diuision amongst them) to dispose and set in order those things, which are needeful in so great affaires and businesse: they shoulde haue all inough to beate their heads about, for the maintenance of your great enterprise begon, the honour of you, and sauegarde of your Realme. And Syr, may it please your grace, not to be displeased that so rudely and grosely we declare vnto you the veritie: for why, the great loue & affection which we beare vnto you, & alwayes haue done the same: the preseruation of your honour and sauegard of your realme, as also for that we are (although vnworthy) the primat of the whole realme of England: which thing appertaining vnto vs by our office, & being your spirituall father, doth incite vs the rather both to say and cōmaund that, which may turne to the benefite of your soule, and profite of your realme and kingly estate. Thus the holy spirite saue you both body and soule, and giue your grace both to heare and beleeue good counsaile, and further giue you victorie ouer all your enemies. Written at Cant. the 1. day of Ianuary. By your graces chaplen the Archbishop of the same.

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And thus stode the case betweene the king & the Archbishop of Caunterbury, MarginaliaThe returne of the kings army from Tourneywho comming thus (as is said) in secret wise into Englande, from the siege of Tourney, hys army in the meane while, by ships was conueyed to little Britaine. Of whome a great number, through vnseasonable and inconuenient meats and drinks, was there consumed. To whom also no lesse danger happened by the seas comming out of Britain into England, by tempest, thunder and lightening stirred vp, as is thought by the Necromancers of the French king.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1341.About whych season, approchyng to the yeare of oure Lorde 1341. 

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Events of  1341-5

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

were sent from the Pope two other Cardinals to entreat wyth Kyng Edwarde for thre yeres truce to be concluded more wyth the Frenche Kyng, MarginaliaTruce taken for three yeares betweene K. Edward and the French king. beside the former truce taken before for one yere, and all by the popes meanes. For heere is to be vnderstanded, that as it was not for the Popes purpose to haue the Kyng of England to raigne ouer so many coūtreis, so his priuy supportation lacked not by all meanes possible, both by Archbyshops & Cardinals, and also by the Emperor to maintain the stateof the French king, and to stablish him in his possession. Ex Tho. Walsing. ex chron. Albanens.

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In the said histories where these things be mentioned it is also noted, that the same yeare such plentye there was here in the realme of victuals, that a quarter of wheat was solde for ij. s. a fat oxe for a noble, and as some say a sheepe for iiij. d. And thus farre endureth the hystorie of Ranulphus Cestrensis called Polychronicon.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1342.The next yere following, which was 1342. Ludouicus Bauarus the Emperor, who before had shewed great curtesie to king Edward as in his first viage ouer, in so much that he made him his Vicar or Vicegerent general, and offered hym also aide against the French king: Now (eyther turned by inconstancie, or seduced by the pope) wryteth to him contrary letters, wherein hee reuoketh agayne the Vicegerentship graunted to hym, and seeketh all meanes in the fauour of the French king, against king Edwarde: as by his letters heere vnder written may better appeare.

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The letter of the Emperour vnto the king of England.

LVdouicus by the grace of God Emperor of the Romaines alwaies Augustus, &c. To Edward king of England his beloued brother, greeting and vnfained loue. Although great and vrgent busines of our owne do oppresse vs, & about the same our waighty affaires are daily incombred, yet with the discord & variaunce betwene your kingly dignity and the renowmed Phillip the king of Fraunce our cosine, for your sake wee are not a little troubled. And the rather the great charges which may heereafter growe both to you and to your kingdome, thereby considered bothe of men and money vnlesse the same be taken vp: doth more earnestly prouoke vs to geue our selfe to the carefull studie of your affaires Wherefore wee geue you to vnderstande that the foresayde Philip (at our request) hath geuen vnto vs by his letters, authoritie and power to intreat and conclude a peace betwene you, touching the variance begon: which peace (al the state diligently cōsidered both of your selfe, your kingdome and subiects) wee take and beleeue to be right expedient for you: moouing therewithall your charity, and earnestly desiring you that to this also you will geue your consent: wherby we may bring you both to concord and vnitie, and establish betweene you a firme peace to endure, whereunto with willing minde we would apply our selfe and bestow our painfull labour in prosecuting of the same. And heerein if you will condescend and agree vnto our counsaile, as we trust you wil. It may please you by your letters to geue vnto vs the like autoritie as is aboue sayd, to entreat peace or ordering of a truce for one yeare or two at least to continue. Neither let it moue you that betwene vs and the sayde Phillip of Fraunce a truce is taken. For seeing that you without our consent tooke truce with hym: wee by the aduice of our Princes which know the bonds, dedes, and couenants betwixt vs, who also thought no lesse but that sauing your honour we might do the same, haue also made a league with the said Phillip king of Fraunce, and for certaine causes doe reuoke and call backe the Liefetenantship which we assigned vnto you by our letters: Neuerthelesse geuing you for a certaine to vnderstande, that in our saide treaties and peace concluded, wee haue so brotherly considered you, that if you wil agree & condescend vnto our counsel: your cause (by our meane and help) shalbe brought to good passe and effect. About which things farther to conferre with your brotherhode herein, we haue sent a deuout & religious man Eliarhardus, reader and brother of the Heremites of S. Augustine, and Chaplaine of our Courte: whome about the premisses we desire with speedy expedition to be sent to vs again. Dated at Franckforde the 14 day of Iune in the 24. yeare of our raigne, and 14. of our Empire.

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The answere of the King of England, to the Emperour.

TO the high and mighty Prince Lorde Ludouicke, by the grace of God Emperor of the Romanes, alwaies Augustus, Edward by the same grace king of Fraunce, and England, and Lord of Ireland: salutation and prosperous successe.

We haue reuerently receiued your highnes letters, amongst other thinges containing, that the noble Phillip de Valois (to the intent a peace and concorde betweene vs and him might be concluded) hath geuen vnto you by his letters ful power and authoritie thereunto at your highnesse request: And that if the same might content vs to doe in like sort, your highnesse woulde trauaile to bring the concorde to passe: And that it would not moue vs any whit at all, that your highnesse and the sayde Phillip are in league together: For in so much as wee without your assent and consent (you say) tooke truce with the sayd Phillip, you haue also done the like with him (which thing you might well do sauing your honoure, by the counsaile of all your Nobles and Princes) and for certaine causes reuoke againe the Lieftenauntship which

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