Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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Berwick
Barwicke
NGR: NU 00 0528

Not identified

English information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1831)

Scottish information from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (S. Lewis & Co: London, 1846)

Welsh information taken from Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Wales(Lewis & Co: London, 1840)

The reason for the use of these works of reference is that they present the jurisdictional and ecclesiastical position as it was before the major Victorian changes. The descriptions therefore approximate to those applying in the sixteenth century, after the major changes of 1535-42. Except for the physical locations, which have not changed, the reader should not therefore take these references as being accurate in the twenty-first century.

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Houdain [Haden]

Pas-de-Calais, France

Coordinates: 50° 27' 0" N, 2° 32' 0" E

 
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Poitiers [Poytiers]

France

Capital of historic region of Poitou

Coordinates: 46° 34' 55" N, 0° 20' 10" E

 
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Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars: Dutch)

Artois, Nord-Pas de Calais, France

Coordinates: 50° 44' 46" N, 2° 15' 42" E

412 [388]

K. Edward. 3. The French K. taken prisoner. A precept to the Byshops. P. Benedict. 12.

ly by force of sword, partly receiued, submitting themselues to his protection.

MarginaliaThe third viage of K. Edward into Fraunce.Not long after this in þe same yere, word being brought to king Edward that Iohn the Frēch king was ready to meet him at S. Omers there to geue him battayle, gathered his power & set ouer to Calis with his 2. sonnes, Leonell Earle of Wilton: and Iohn of Gaunt, Earle of Richmond: & with Henry Duke of Lancaster. &c. who beyng come to S. Omers, MarginaliaThe French K. refuseth to ioyne in battell with kyng Edward.the French king with a mighty army of his francklings hearing of his cōming, the nerer he approched to them the further they retyred backe: wasting & destroying behind them, to the intēt that the english army in pursuing thē should finde no victuals. By reasō wherof, king Edward folowing him by þe space of 9. or 10 dayes vnto Hadē (whē neither he could finde his enemy to fight, nor victuals or forage for his army) he returned vnto Calis: Where warre agayne being offered in the name of the king vpon vnstable conditions, and yet the same not performed, king Edward seeing the shrinking of his enemy, frō Calis crossed the seas into England: where he recouered agayne the towne of Barwieke, which the Scots before by subtle traine had gotten. At which time was graūted vnto the king in Parliament MarginaliaFiftie shillings for euery sack of wooll caryed out of England.50. s. for euery sacke or packe of woll that should be caried ouer, for the space of 6. yeares together. By the which graunt, the king might despend euery day by estimation aboue 100. marks sterling. And for as much as euery yere 100000. sacks of woll were thought to be exported out of the Realme: the sum thereof for 6. yeres space was esteemed to mount to 1500000. poūd sterling. MarginaliaThe custome of wooll for sixe yeres 1500000. poundes sterling to king Edward.

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MarginaliaAnno. 1356.The same yeare, when king Edward had recouered Barwick, and subdued Scotland: Prince Edward being in Gascony, made toward the Frēch king. Who notwithstanding by the way all bridges were cast downe, & great resistaunce made: yet the victorious Prince making way with his sword, after much slaughter of the Frenchmen, & many prisoners taken: at length ioyning with the French king at Poytiers, scarse with 2000. gaue the ouerthrow to the French king with 7000. men of armes and moe. In which conflict the French king himselfe, and Philip hys sonne with L. Iames of Bourbon, the Archb. of Senon, 11. Earles. 22. Lordes were taken. MarginaliaThe French K. taken prisoner by prince Edward.Of other warriors and men of armes 2000. Some affirme in this conflict were slayne 2. Dukes, of Lordes and noble men 24. of men of armes 2002. of other souldiours aboue 8000. The commō report is, that mo Frenchmē were there taken prisoners, then was the number of them which took them. This noble victory gotten by the grace of God brought no litle admiration to all men.

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It were too long, and litle pertayning to the purpose of this history to comprehend in order all the doinges of this king, with the circumstances of his victoryes, of the bringing in of the french king into England, of his abode there, of the raunsome leuied on him and of Dauid the Scottish king, of which, the one was rated at 3. millions of Scutes, MarginaliaEuery Scute valuing 6. shillings 8. pence. þe other at 100000. marks to be payd in 10 yeres how the staple was after translated to Calis, with suche like, I referre them that would see more, to the Chronicle of Tho. Walsing. of S. Albans, of Iohn Froysard, Adā Merimouth, who discourse all this at large.

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Thus hauing discoursed at large al such marshal affairs and warlicke exploytes incident in the reigne of this king betwixt him and the realmes of Fraunce and Scotland: Now to returne agayne to our matters ecclesiasticall, 

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English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-64

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

followeth in order to recapitulate and notifye the troubles & contentions growing betwene the same king & the Pope and other ecclesiasticall persons in matters touching the church in order of yeares remayning in the Tower taken out of the recordes as followeth. As where first in the 4. yeare of his reigne the king wrote to the Archbi. of Canterbury to this effect. That whereas King Edward the 1. his graund father did geue to a Clerke of his owne, being his Chaplain the dignity of Treasurer of York, the Archbishopricke of Yorke being then vacant and in the kinges handes, in the quiet possession whereof the sayde Clerke continued vntill the Pope misliking therewith woulde haue displaced him, and promoted to the same dignitye a Cardinal of Rome to the manifest preiudice of the crown of England. The King therefore straightly chargeth the Archbishop of Yorke not to suffer any matter to passe that may be preiudice to the donation of his graundfather, but that his owne Clerke should enioy the sayd dignity accordingly, vpon payne of his highnes displeasure.

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The like precepts were also directed to these Bishops folowing. vide. to the Bishop of Lincolne, Bishop of Worcester, Bishop of Sax, Monser Marmion, Archdeacon of Richmond, Archdeacō of Lincolne, the Prior of Lewē,the Prior of Lenton, to maister Rich of Bintworth, to M Iherico de Concoreto the Popes Nuncio, to M. Guido of Calma. And withall wrote his letters to the Pope touching the same matter consisting in three partes. First in the declaration and defence of his right and title to the donatiō and gift of all maner of temporalties, of offices, prebendes, benefices and dignities ecclesiasticall holden of his in capite as in the right of his crown of England. Secondly in expostulating with the Pope for intruding him selfe into the auncient right of the crowne of England intermedling with such collations contrary to right & reason and the example of all his predecessours which were Popes before. Thirdly intreating him that he would hēce forth absteyne and desist from molesting the Realme wyth such nouelties and straunge vsurpations, and so much the more for that in the publique Parliament late holden at westminster it was generally agreed vpon by the vniuersall assent of all the estates of the Realme that the Kyng should stand to the defence of all such rightes and iurisdictions as to his crowne appertayned.

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After this in the 9. yeare of the Reigne of this Kyng Pope Benedict the 12. sendeth down letters touching his new creation with certayne other matters and requestes to the King whereunto the King aunswering agayne declareth how glad he is of that his preferment adding more ouer þt his purpose was to haue sēt vnto him certain Ambassadors for congratulatiō of the same: But being otherwise occupyed by reason of warres could not attend hys holynesse requestes: notwithstanding he minded to call a Parliament about the feast of Ascention next, whereupon the assēbly of his clergy and other estates, he would take order for the same and so direct his Ambassadours to his holynesse accordingly.

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The next yeare after which was the 10. yeare of his reigne the King writeth an other letter to the Pope that forasmuch as his clergy had graūted him one yeres tenth for the supportation of his warres, and for that the Pope also had the same time to take vp the payment of 6. yeares tenth graunted him by the Clergy a litle before, therefore the Pope woulde vouchsafe at his request to forbeare the exaction of that money for one yeare, till that his tenth for the necessities of his warres were dispatched.

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The same yere he wrote also to the Pope to this effect. That whereas the Prior and Chapter of Norwiche did nominate a Clerke to be Bishop of Norwich and sēt him to Rome for his inuestiture without the Kinges knowledge, therefore the Pope woulde withdraw his consent & not intermedle in the matter appertaining to the Kings peculiar iurisdiction and prerogatiue.

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After this in the 16. yeare of this King it happened that the Pope sent ouer certayne Legates to heare and determine matters appertayning to the right of patronages of Benefices: which the King perceiuing to tend to the no small derogation of his right and the liberties of hys subiectes writeth vnto the sayd Legates admonishing and requiring them not to proceede therein nor attempt any thing vnaduisedlye otherwise then might stand with the lawfull ordinaunces & customes of the lawes of his realm and liberty of his subiectes.

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Writing moreouer the same yeare to other Legats being sent ouer by the Pope to treate of peace betweene the King and the French King with request that they would first make their repayre to the french King who had so oftentimes broken with him, and proue what conformitye the french king would offer: which if he found reasonable, they should soone accord with him: otherwise exhorted thē not to enter into the land nor to proceede any further in that behalfe.

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The yeare following which was the 17. of his reigne ensueth an other letter to the Pope agaynst his prouisiōs, and reseruations of benefices, worthy here to be placed & specified, but that the summe thereof is before set downe to be found in the page. 386.

The yeare following an other letter likewise was sēt by the King to the Pope vpon occation takē of the church of Norwich: requiring him to surcease his reseruations and prouisions of the Bishoprick within the Realme, and to leaue the elections thereof free to the Chapters of suche Cathedrall Churches according to the auncient grauntes and ordinaunces of his noble progenitors.

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Proceeding now to the 19. yeare of this kinges reigne there came to the presence of the king certayne Legats frō Rome complayning of certayne statutes past in hys parliament tending to the preiudice of the Church of Rome & the Popes primacy viz. that if Abbots, Priors, or any other ecclesiasticall patrons of benefices shoulde not present to the sayd benefices within a certayne time, the lapse of the

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