Thematic Divisions in Book 4
1. Lanfranc2. Gregory VII3. William the Conqueror4. William Rufus5. Henry I6. Stephen and Henry II7. Frederick Barbarossa8. Thomas Becket9. Becket's letters10. Becket's martyrdom and miracles11. Events of 1172-7812. Waldensians13. Other incidents of Henry II's reign14. First year of Richard I's reign15. Strife at Canterbury16. Richard I and Third Crusade17. William Longchamp18. King John19. Henry III's early reign20. Innocent III and mendicant orders21. Papal oppression of the English Church22. Albigensian Crusade23. Hubert de Burgh24. Gregory IX25. Schism between Greek and Latin Church26. Papal exactions from England27. Louis IX on Crusade28. Frederick II29. Opponents of Papacy30. Robert Grosseteste31. Aphorisms of Robert Grosseteste32. Persecution of Jews33. Papal oppression and Alexander IV34. Conflicts in universities and mendicant orders35. Henry III and the barons36. Battle of Lewes37. Battle of Evesham38. End of baronial war39. Ecclesiastical matters and Edward prince of Wales goes on crusade40. Foreign events in Henry III's reign41. First seven years of Edward I's reign42. War with Scotland43. Philip IV and Boniface VIII44. Events of 1305-745. Cassiodorous's letter46. Pierre de Cugniere47. Death of Edward I48. Piers Gaveston49. The Despensers and the death of Edward II50. John XXIII and Clement VI51. Rebellion in Bury St. Edmunds52. Edward III and Scotland53. Edward III and Philip VI54. Edward III and Archbishop Stratford55. Events of 1341-556. Outbreak of the Hundred Years War57. English ecclesiastical affairs 1330-6458. Anti-papal writers59. Quarrel among mendicants and universities60. Table of the Archbishops of Canterbury
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415 [391]

K. Edward. 3. Joan de Poliaco. Writers against the P. Rochtaylada with an other Frier martyrs.


De Papa Taceo, cuius protectio talem,

Conduxit, cuius tu vilipendis opem.

Totius Ecclesiæ fuerit quam nuncius iste,

Pertulit abstracto gramine damna viæ. &c.

And thus they aggerating and exaggerating the fault to the vttermost, flye vpon the poore asse & deuour him. By the which Apologie, the tyrannicall and fraudulent practises of these spirituall Romanistes are liuely described.

MarginaliaGerhardus Ridder, a writer against mōkes and Friers.Not long after these aboue rehearsed, about the yeare of our lord 1350. Gerhardus Ridder, wrote also against the Monkes and Friers a booke intituled, Lacrima Ecclesiæ: wherein he disputeth agaynst the foresaid religious orders namely against the begging Friers: prouing that kinde of life to be farre frō Christian perfection, for that it is against charitie to liue vppon other, when a man may liue by his own labours. And affirmeth them to be hipocrites, filthy liuers, and such as for mans fauour, and for lucre sake, doe mixt with true diuinite: fables Apocriphas, and dreames of vanitie. Also, that they vnder pretence of long prayer, deuour widdowes houses: and with their confessions, sermons, and burials doe trouble the Church of Christ manifold wayes. And therfore perswaded the prelates to bridle and keepe short þe inordinate licence and abuses of these Monasticall persons. &c.

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MarginaliaMichael Cesenas, Petrus de Corbaria, condemned of the Pope.Yet I haue made no mentiō of Michael Cesenas, prouincial of the gray friers, ner Petrus de Corbaria, of whō writeth Antoninus, in quarta parte summæ & sayth they were condemned in the extrauagant of Pope Iohn, with one Ioānes de Poliaco. MarginaliaIoannes de Poliaco. Their opiniōs saith Antoninus were these: That Peter the Apostle was no more the head of the Church, then the other Apostles: And that Christ left no Vicare behinde him or head in hys Church: And that the Pope hath no such authoritie to correct and punishe, to institute or depose the Emperour. Item, that all Priestes of what degree so euer, are of equall authoritie, power, and iurisdiction by the institution of Christ: but by the institution of the Emperour, the Pope to bee superiour, which by the same Emperour also may be reuoked agayne. Item that neyther the pope nor yet the Church may punish any man, punitione coactiua. MarginaliaThe opiniōs of Michael against the Pope. That is, by externe coaction: vnlesse they receiue licence of the Emperour. This foresayd Michaell, generall of the gray Friers, wrote against the tiranny, pride, and primacie of the pope, accusing him to be Antichrist: and the Churche of Rome, to be the whore of Babilon dronke with the bloud of Saintes. He sayd there were two Churches, one of the wicked florishing, wherein raigned the pope: the other of the godly afflicted. Itē, that the veritie was almost vtterly extinct: MarginaliaMichael Cesenas depryued and cōdemned of the Pope.And for this cause he was depriued of his dignitie & condemned of the Pope. Notwithstāding, he stode constant in his assertions. This Michaell was about the yeare of our Lord 1322. And left behinde him many fautours & followers of his doctrine, of whom a great part were slayne by the Pope: Some were condemned, as William Ockam, some were burned as MarginaliaMartyres, Ioannes de Castilione, Franciscus de Arcatara, burned.Ioannes de Castilione, and Franciscus de Arcatara. In extrauag. Ioan 23.

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With him also was condemned in the sayd Extrauagāt Ioannes de Poliaco, aboue touched, whose assertions, were these: That the pope coulde not geue licence to heare confessions to whom he would, but that euery pastour in hys owne Church ought to suffice. Item, that pastours and bishops had theyr authoritie, immediately from Christ & his Apostles, and not from the pope, Itē, that the constitution of pope Benedict. 11. wherein he graunteth larger priuelegies to the Friers aboue other pastours, was no declaration of the law, but a subuersion. And for this he was by þe sayd Friers oppressed, about the yeare of our Lord. 1322.

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MarginaliaArchbyshoppes of Cant. the one succeeding the other.After Symon Mepham Archbishop of Caunterbury before mentioned, who liued not lōg: succeded Ioh. Stretford. After whom came Iohn Offord, who liued but x. monethes. In whose rowme succeeded Thomas, & remained but one yeare, an. 1350. And after him Simon Iselyp was made archbishop of Canterbury, by Pope Clemēt the vi. who sat xvii. yeares, and builded Caunterbury Colledge in Oxford. Which Symon Islyp succeeded the Byshop of Ely named Symon Langham, who within two yeares was made Cardinall. In whose stede Pope Vrbane the 5. ordeined William Wittlesey bishop of Worceter to be archbishop of Caunterbury. an. 1366. MarginaliaNew Colledge in Oxforde founded an. 1366.In which yeare, William Bishop of Winchester elected and founded the newe colledge in Oxford.

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MarginaliaPope Innocent. 6.Agayne in the order of the popes, next vnto Pope Clement the 6. before mentioned, about the same time. an. 1353, succeeded pope Innocent the 6. MarginaliaTwo Franciscanes burned at Auinion.In the first yeare of which Pope two Friers Minors or Franciscans were burned atAuinion. Pro opinionibus (as mine author sayth) erroneis, prout. D. Papæ & eius Cardinalibus videbatur. i. For certaine opinions, as seemed to the pope and his Cardinals, erroneous. Ex Chron. Wals. Of the which two Friers, I finde in the Chronicles De actis Rom. pontificum, and in the history of Præmonstratensis, that the one was MarginaliaIoan. Rochtaylada Martyr.Ioannes Rochetaylada. Or rather as I finde in Catal. testium cited out of the Chronicle of Henricus de Herfordia, MarginaliaEx Chron. Henrici de Herfordia. his name to be Hayabalus. Who being (as he recordeth) a Fryor Minorite, began first in the time of Pope Clement the 6. an. 1345. to preach and affirme openly that he was by Gods reuelatiō charged and commaunded to preach: that the Churche of Rome was the whore of Babilon, and the Pope with hys Cardinals to be very Antichrist. And that pope Benedict & the other before him his predecessours were dāned, with other suche like wordes, tending much agaynst the Popes tirannical maiesty. And that the foresaid Hayabalus being brought before the Popes face, constauntly did stand in the same, saying: MarginaliaThe church of Rome declared to be the whore of Babilon by Gods reuelatiō.that he was commaunded by Gods reuelatiō so to say, and also þt he woulde preach the same, if he might. MarginaliaKochtaylada with an other Frier, Martyrs. To whom it was then obiected that he had some heretical books, and so was committed to prison in Auiniō. In the time of his accusation it happened, that a certain priest cōming before the Pope, cast the Popes Bull downe before his feete, saying, Lo here, take your Bull vnto you, for it doth me no good at al. I haue laboured now these 3. yeares withall, and yet notwithstanding for all this your Bull I cannot be restored to my right. MarginaliaA priest for casting the popes bull before the popes feete scourged, cast in prison, and after burned at Auinion.The Pope hearing this, commaunded the poore Priest to be scourged, and after to be layd in prison with the foresayd Fryer. What became of them afterward, the foresayd wryter Henricus de Herfordia maketh no mention. But I may probably coniecture this Priest, and this Friar Rochetayladus, or rather Hayabalus were the two, whome mine author Thom. Walsingham, writeth to be burned at this time MarginaliaAnno. 1354. in Auinion, about the first beginning of this Pope Innocentius the 6. Of thys Roichtaylada, I thought good here to inferre the testimony and mention of Iohn Froysayd, written of him in hys first volmn, chap. 211. in these wordes.

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There was (sayth Froysard MarginaliaEx Ioan. Frosiardo volu. 1. cap. 211.) a Frier Minor full of great Clergy in the Citty of Auinion, called Frier Iohn of Rochetaylada, the which Frier pope Innocent 6. held in prison in the Castell of Baignour for shewing of many meruails after to come, prīcipally he shewed many things to fall vnto the Prelates of the Church for the great superfluitie and pryde, that was then vsed among them. And also he speake many thinges to fall of the realm of Fraunce and of the great Lordes of Christendome, for the oppressions þt they did to the poore cōmon people. This Fryer sayd he would proue all his sayinges by the authoritie of the Apocalips, & by other bookes of holy Saints and prophets the which were opened to him by þe grace of the holy ghost: he shewed many things hard to beleue, & many things fell after as he sayd. He said thē not as a prophet but he shewed them by authoritie of ancient Scriptures and by the grace of the holy Ghost, who gaue him vnderstanding to declare the ancient prophetes, & to shew to all Christen people the yeares and times whē such things should fall, he made diuers books founded on great sciences and Clergy, wherof one was made the yeare of our Lord. 1346. wherin was written suche meruailes that it were hard to beleue them howbeit many thinges, according thereto fell after. And when he was demaunded of the warres of Fraunce he said that al that had bene sene, was not like that should be seen after. For he sayd that the warres in Fraunce shoulde not be ended till the Realme were vtterly wasted & exiled in euery part. The which saying was well sene after, for þe noble realme of Fraunce was sore wasted and exiled: & specially in the terme that the sayd Fryer had set. The which was in the yeares of our Lord. 1356. 57. 58. & 59. He sayd in those yeares the Princes and Gentlemen of the Realme should not for feare shew themselues agaynst the people of low estate, assembled of all countries without head or captayne, and they shoulde doe as they list in the Realme of Fraunce, the which fell after as ye haue heard, how the cōpanions assembled them together, and by reason of theyr robbery and pillage waxed rich & became great captains.

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About the same time happened in Fraunce a certayne contention betwene the French Prelates, and þe Fryers of Paris, testified and recorded by Godfridus de Fontanis, MarginaliaEx scripto Godfri. de Fontanis. the briefe effect of which story is this. 

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Quarrel among mendicants and universities

The Foxe Project was not able to complete the commentary on this section of text by the date by which this online edition was compiled (23 September 2008). This commentary will become available in due course from the 'Late Additions and Corrections' page of the edition.

The Prelates of France conuenting and assembling together in the Citty of Paris after a long deliberation among themselues: MarginaliaA contention in France betwene the Prelates and the Friers there.caused by the Bedels to be called together all the Studentes, maisters & Bachelers of euery facultie, with the chiefe heads also of al the Religious houses and Friers in the vniuersitie of Paris. Who being al there congregated together in the bishop

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