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Głogów (Glogau: German) [Glogouia]

Silesia, Germany

Coordinates: 51° 40' 0" N, 16° 5' 0" E

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Grandson (Grandsee: German) [Granson]


Coordinates: 46° 49' 0" N, 6° 39' 0" E

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Murten (Morat) [Moratum; Murta]

Fribourg, Switzerland

Coordinates: 46° 55' 0" N, 7° 7' 0" E

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Lorraine, France

Coordinates: 48° 41' 25" N, 6° 11' 0" E

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Neuss (Novaesium) [Nussia] North Rhine-Westphalia


Coordinates: 51° 12' 1" N, 6° 41' 38" E

747 [723]

K. Edward. 4. Mathias K. of Hungary. Pogiebracius. Trouble in Hun. Bo. and Austria.

and bloudshed followed in Christen realmes, as well betweene thys Mathias, and Pogiebracius, wyth hys two sonnes Victorinus and Henricus, as also betweene Casimirus, Vladislaus, and Mathias warring about Vratislauia, till at length the matter was taken vp by the Princes of Germanie.

MarginaliaThe Popes excommunication not obeyed of diuers in Bohemia.Albeit, for al the execrable excōmunication of the Pope against Pogiebracius, a great part of Boheme would not be remooued from the obedience of their King, whome the Pope had cursed, and desposed: Marginalia

Mathias adioyned Morauia & part of Slesia vnto Hungarie.

Anno. 1474.

yet Mathias toke from him Morauia, and a great portion of Slesia, and adioyned it to his kingdome of Hungarie. An. 1474.

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MarginaliaThe religiō of the Bohemians, defended by God against the 4. greatest princes in Europe.¶ Where this by the way is to be noted, that the Religion in Bohemia, planted by I. Hus, could not be extinct or suppressed withall the power of foure mightie Princes, Venceslaus, Sigismundus, Albertus, and Ladislaus, notwithstanding they wyth the Popes, did therein what they possibly coulde: but still the Lorde maintained the same, as ye see by thys Pogiebracius king of Boheme, whome the Pope coulde not vtterly remooue out of the kingdome of Bohemia.

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MarginaliaMathias a great louer of learning and of learned men.This forementioned Mathias, beside his other memorable actes of chiualry, is no lesse also commended for hys singulare knowledge and loue of learning and of learned men, whom he with great stipends, procured into Pannonia: where by the meanes of good letters, and furniture of learned mē, he reduced in short space the barbarous rudenesse of that countrey, into a flourishing common wealth. Moreouer, MarginaliaThe noble library of Mathias king of Hungary.such a Library he did there erect, and replenish with all kinde of authors, sciences, and hystories, which he caused to be translated out of Greeke into Latine, as the like is not thought to be foūd, next to Italy, in all Europe beside. Out of which Librarye we haue receaued diuers framents of wryters, as of Polybius, and Diodorus Siculus which were not extant before. MarginaliaEx 5. lib, Penc.Ex Peucer.

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MarginaliaCommendation of George Pogiebracius.The constante fortitude also of Georgius Pogiebracius king of Boheme, is not vnworthy of commendation: of whom also Pope Pius himselfe, in Descriptione Europæ, doth honestly report (as a Pope may speake of a protestāt) in these words wryting: MarginaliaEx pij pont. Decriptione Europæ.Magnus vir alioqui, & rebus bellicis clarus &c. Who although Pope Innocent did execrate wt hys children, yet hee lett not of the profession of the veritie & knowledge which he had receyued. MarginaliaGods fauor to the sōnes of Pogiebracius.Moreouer, the Lord so prospered hys sonnes, Victorinus, and Henricus, that they subdued their ennemies, and kept their estate: In so much, that when Fredericke the Emperor at Vienna was in custody enclosed by the Citizens. Victorinus did restore and deliuer him out of their hands: Wherefore the Emperour afterward aduaunced them to be Dukes. Also God gaue them sometimes prosperous victory against Mathias, as at the City of Glogouia. &c.

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MarginaliaThe death of Pogiebracius.After the decease of Georgius Pogiebracius, King of Boheme, Friderike the Emperor assigned that kingdom, not to Mathias, vppon whome the Pope had bestowed it before, but vppon Vladislaus sonne of Casimirus, king of Polonye, and of Elizabeth, daughter of the Emperor Albert, and sister to Ladislaus. For the which, Mathias being discontented, and for that the Emperor had denied him his daughter Kunegunda, went about to exclude Vladislaus out of Boheme, and also proclaimed warre agaynst Fridericke. But before he accomplished his purposed preparation, death preuented him, who wythout issue departed. Anno 1490.

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MarginaliaVladislaus Casimirus sonne, made king of Hungary.After the death of Mathias, departing wythout issue, Vladislaus sonne of Casimirus, king of Polonie, and of Elizabeth daughter to Albert Emperour, and sister to K. Ladislaus maried his wife Beatrix, whom Mathias left a widow, and with her was elected king of Hungary, with this condition made betwene him and Friderike the Emperour, that if he died without lawfull issue, then the kingdomes of Hungary and of Boheme, shoulde retourne to Maximilian, sonne to Fridericus. MarginaliaVladislaus forsaketh his first wife.But Vladislaus not long after, did repudiate his wife Beatrix, and depriuing her of her kingdome, caused the said Beatrix to swear and to consent to the marying of an other woman, whych was the daughter of the French king, named Anne, procuryng from Pope Alexander, MarginaliaDispensatiō from Pope Alexander to forsake his first wife, and to marry an other.a dispensation for the same, as is before signified. By this Anne, Vladislaus had Lewys, & Anne, which Anne afterwarde was maried to Ferdinandus.

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MarginaliaLudouicus Vladislaus sonne, king of Hungary & Boheme.Lewys succeeding after hys father, had both the sayde kingdomes of Boheme and Hungarie. An. 1492. and maried Mary sister to Charles the 5. Emperour. Anne, as is sayd, was coupled to Ferdinandus. &c.

Of Charles Duke of Burgoine, somewhat was before touched, who had maryed king Edwardes sister: and what troubles by him were stirred vp in Fraunce, partlywas before notified. Thys Charles after hee had besieged the Citie Nussia, or Nouasium, the space of a whole yere, went about to alienate the territorie of Colen, from the Empire to hys owne dominion: MarginaliaWarre betwene Charles Duke of Burgoyne & Fredericke the Emperour.wherefore warre began to be mooued betweene him and Fredericke the Emperor. At length through communication had, peace was concluded, and a marriage appoynted betweene Mary the only daughter of Charles, and Maximilian the Emperours sonne. Anno. 1475. MarginaliaAnno. 1475. Then from Nouasium, Charls leadeth hys armie towarde Heluetia, against Renatus or Reinhardus Duke of Lotharing: then against the Heluetians. Where hee being thrise ouercome, first at Granson, then at Moratum or Murta, in the hier parte of Heluetia, at last at the towne of Nanse, was ouerthrowne and slain. Anno 1477. Marginalia

Charles Duke of Burgoyne slaine in warre.

Anno. 1477.

The procurer of which warres: was chiefly Lewys the 11. the French king, to the entent hee might compasse the dominion of Burgundie vnder hys subiection: whych afterwarde by open wrong and priuie fraude, he brought about, defrauding Mary the daughter of Charles, of her rightfull inheritance: MarginaliaMary daughter of Charles of Burgoyne maried to Maximiliā.For the whych cause the Burgundians were the more willing to ioyne her in marriage wyth Maximilian, sonne of Friderike the Emperour: by reason whereof the title of Burgundie, was firste ioyned to the house of Austria.

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And thus haue you the miserable vexations and contentions among our Christian Princes heere in Europe described, vnder the raigne of thys Fredericke the thyrde Emperour, so that almost no angle nor portion of al Christendome (whether we consider the state of the Churche, or ciuill gouernement) was free from discorde, tumults, and dissentions. MarginaliaWarre & dissention among Christen princes. Thys cankerde worme of ambition so myghtely creepeth, and euery where preuaileth in these latter endes of the worlde, that it suffereth neither rest in common weales, nor peace in the Churche, nor any sparckle of charitie almost to remaine in the life of men. And what maruaile then, if the Lorde seeing vs so farre to degenerate, not onely from hys preceptes and counsailes, but almoste from the sense and bounde of nature, that brother wyth brother, vncle wyth nephewe, bloude wyth bloude cannot agree in striuing, killing, and fighting for worldly dominions, do send therfore these cruell Turkes vpon vs so to scourge and deuoure vs? MarginaliaThe discord of Christians scourged by the Turkes. Of whose bloudy tiranny & daily spilling of Christian bloude, heereafter (by the grace of Christ) we will discourse more at large, when wee come to the peculiar consideration of the Turkishe storyes. In the meane time, thys shalbe for vs to note and obserue, not so much the scourge howe greeuous it is: but rather to beholde the causes which bing the whippe vpon vs, whych is our owne miserable ambition and wretched warres among our selues.

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MarginaliaDiscord and dissention in the Church noted.And yet if this Christian peace and loue, left and commended so heartely vnto vs by the mouth of the sonne of God being nowe banished out of Christian realmes and ciuile gouernaunce, myght at least finde some refuge in the Church, or take Sanctuarie among menne professing nothyng but Religion, lesse cause we had to mourne. Nowe so it is, that as we see little peace and amitie amonge ciuil Potentates: so lesse we finde in the spiritual sorte of them, which chiefly take vpon them the administration of Christes Churche. So that it may well be doubted, whether the scourge of the Turke, or the ciuill sworde of Prynces haue slaine moe in the fieldes, or the Popes keyes haue burnt moe in Townes and Cities. And all be it such as be professed to the Churche, do not fight wyth sword and targate for dominions and reuenewes, as warlike Princes doe: MarginaliaAmbition & auarice of the church of Romeyet thys ambition, pride, and auarice, appeareth in them nothyng inferiour to other worldly potestates: especially if wee beholde and aduise the doings and insatiable desires of the court of Rome. Great argument and proofe hereof neither is hard to be found, nor farre to be soughte. What realme almost through all christendom hath not only seene with their eyes, but haue felt in their pursses the ambitiō intollerable, and auarice insatiable of that deuouring church, and also haue complained vpon the greuance thereof, but neuer coulde be redressed? What exactions and extortions haue bene here in England out of bishopricks, monasteries, benefices, deanries, Archdeaconries, and all other offices of the Churche, to fill the Popes coffers. and when they had all done, yet euery yeare brought almoste some new inuention from Rome, to fetch in our English money: and if all the floudes in Englande (yea in all Europe) did runne into the sea of Rome, yet were that Ocean neuer able to be satisfied.

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In Fraunce lykewise, what floudes of money were swalowed vp in this sea of Rome, it was openly complai-

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