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Acre (Akko; Ptolomais) [Achon; Accon; Akers]


Coordinates: 32° 55' 40" N, 35° 4' 54" E

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Coordinates: 31° 11' 5" N, 29° 55' 9" E

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Ashkelon (Ascalon) [Sclauonia]

Negev, Israel

Coordinates: 31° 40' 0" N, 34° 34' 0" E

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Beirut [Berithus]


Capital of Lebanon

Coordinates: 33° 53' 13" N, 35° 30' 47" E

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Cairo [Kayra; Cairus]


Coordinates: 30° 3' 0" N, 31° 22' 0" E

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Damietta (Damiata; Dumyat; Dimyat) [Damieta]


Coordinates: 31° 25' 0" N, 31° 49' 0" E

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Iconium (Konya)

central Turkey

Coordinates: 37° 52' 0" N, 32° 29' 0" E

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Coordinates: 29° 50' 40.8" N, 31° 15' 3.3" E

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Sidon [Sydon]


Coordinates: 33° 33' 38" N, 35° 23' 53" E

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Tripoli [Tripolis]


Coordinates: 34° 26' 0" N, 35° 51' 0" E

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Tyre (Sûr)

[Tyrus; Tire]


Coordinates: 33° 16' 8" N, 35° 12' 59" E

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Vienna (Wien)


Cathedral city

Coordinates: 48° 12' 0" N, 16° 21' 0" E

796 [772]

K. Hen. 7. A Table of the Turkes with their bloudie crueltie.
of Hierusalem and Master of the Templa-88
res, prisonners: for whose raunsome, the
Turke had Ascalon yelded vp to him of theyeres
Christians. That done, he subdued Hieru-
salem. whych had bene in the handes of the
Christians before, the space of.
An. 1189. 
Commentary  *  Close

The events described in this entry took place in 1189-92..

Friderike Emp. Philip French
king, Rich. king of Englande made their
viage into Asia, where Friderike washing
in a riuer at Cilicia, died. In this voiage at
the siege of Accon, Saladinus wanne the
fielde of our men, of whome 2000. were
slaine in the chase. Accon at length was got
of the Christians. King Richarde got Cy-
prus. The two kings fell at strife. Phillip
retired home without any good doing, king
Richarde laide siege to Hierusalem, but in
vaine, and so returning homewarde, was
taken neare to Vienna in Austria, after hee
had taken truce before wyth the Soldane,
vppon such condition as pleased hym. And
thys good speede had the Popes, sending
out against the Turkes.
An. 1215. There was an other Councell
holden at Rome by pope Innocēt 3. where
was enacted a newe article of our faith for
transubstantiation MarginaliaTransubstantiation.
of bread and wine, to be
turned into the body and bloud of our saui-
our. In this Councell also great excitation
was made by the Pope, & great preparati-
on was through al Christendom, to set for-
ward for recouery of the holy lād. A migh
ty army was collected of Dukes, Lordes,
knights, bishops & Prelates, that if Gods
blessing had gone wyth them, they myght
haue gone throughout all Asia and India.
Anno 1219. The Christians after 18. mo-
nethes siege, gotte a certaine towne in E-
gypte, called Damiata or Elipolis, wyth
much a do, but not much to þe purpose. For
afterward as the christian army of þe popes
sending, went aboute to besiege the Citie
Cairus or Babylon, the Sultane throughe
his subtile traine so intrapped and inclosed
them wythin the daunger of Nylus, that
they were constrained to render agayne
the Citie Damiata, with theyr prysonners,
and all the furniture thereof as they found
it, into the Souldanes hande, and glad so
wyth their liues to passe forwarde to Ty-
rus. An. 1221.
In the meane time the Egyptian Turke
caused the Citie of Hierusalem to be rased,
that it should serue to no vse to the Christi-
ans. What great thing els was done in that
viage, it doth not greatly appere in stories.
All be it Fridericus the 2. Emperour was
not vnfrutefully there occupied, and muche
more myght haue done, MarginaliaVide supra pag. 312.had it not bene for
the violence and persecution of the Bishop
of Rome against him 
Commentary  *  Close

Note that Foxe here, as elsewhere, blames the failure of the Crusades on the Papacy.

: whereby he was en-
forced to take truce wyth the Sultan for 10.
yeres, and so returned. After which things
done, not many yeares after, at lengthe the
last citie of all belonging to the Christians,
which was Ptolomais or Akers, was al-
so taken from them by the Sultane, so that
now the christians had not one foote left
in all Asia.
An. 1203. MarginaliaTartarians.Thus the Christians being dri-
uen out of Asia by the Sultans & Turkes,
yet the sayd Turkes and Sultanes did
not long enioy their victorie: For eftsoones the
Lord stirred vp against them the Tartari-
Commentary  *  Close

I.e., the Mongols. This passage describes the Mongol invasions of the Near East in 1258-1260.

, who breaking into Asia by the portes
of Caspius MarginaliaPortæ Caspiæ. subdued diuers partes of Asia,
namely, about Comana, Colchis, Iberia,
Albama. &c. These Tartarians as they had
got many captiues in their warres: so for
gaine vsed to shippe them ouer customably
to Alexandria in Egypt to be solde: whych
seruauntes and captiues Melechsala the
great Sultane was gladde to buy, to serue100
him in his warres. Which captiues & ser-
uaunts after they had continued a certaineyeres
space in Egypte, and through their valiant
seruice grew in fauour and estimation with
the sayd Melechsala, and began more to in-
crease in number and strength: at lengthe
they slue him, and tooke to themselues the
name and kingdome of the Sultane. 
Commentary  *  Close

This is a garbled account of the overthrow of the Ayyubid dynasty in 1250 and the establishment of the Mamluk caliphs in Egypt.

MarginaliaSaladinus stocke in Aegipt ceaseth.And
thus ceased the stocke of Saracon & Sala-
dinus afore mentioned, which continued in
Egypt, about the space as is sayd of
An.1240. After the death of Melechsala,
the army of these foresaide rascals and cap-
tiues, set vp to themselues a king of theyr
owne cōpany, whome they called Turque-
menius. MarginaliaMamaluchi in Aegipt.Who to fill vp the nomber of theyr
company that it should not diminish, deui-
sed this order, to get or to buy christē mens
children, taken yong frō their parents, and
þe mothers lap: whom they vsed so to bryng
vp to make them to denye Christ, and to be
circumcised, and instructed in Mahumetes
law, & afterward to be trained in the feates
of warre, and these were called Malalu-
chi. Among whome this was their order,
that none might be aduaunced to be king,
but out of their own number, or els chosen
by them: neither that any shoulde be made
knights or horsemen, but only the children
of christians which should deny Christ be-
fore, called Mamaluchi. Also it was among
them prouided, that to thys dignity neither
Saracens nor Iewes, should be admitted.
Item, that the succession therof shoulde not
descend to the children and ofspring of these
Mamaluchi. Also, that the succession of the
crowne should not descend to the childrē of
the foresayd Sultanes, but shoulde goe by
voyce and election. The Tartarians wyth
Turquemenius their king, aboute thys
time obtained Turquia, that is, Asia mi-
nor, from the Turkes, and wythin 2. yeres
after, preuailing againste the Turkes, ex-
pelled them from theyr kingdome, and so
continued these Mamaluchi reigning ouer
Egypt, & a greater part of Asia, till the time
of Tomumbeius theyr last Kyng, whych
was destroyed and hanged at the gates of
Memphis, by Zelymus the Turke, father
to this Solymannus, as in hys historye is
Commentary  *  Close

See 1570, p. 885, 1576, p. 722 and 1583, p. 747.

pag. 747. MarginaliaVide supra pag. 747. These Mamaluchi con-
tinued the space of
An. 1245. These Tartarians rāging tho-
rough the countreis of the Georgians, and
all Armenia, came as far as Iconiū, which
was then the imperiall city of the Turkes.
An. 1289. 
Commentary  *  Close

These cities were captured in 1291.

The Soldane of Egypt & Ba-
bilon got from the christiās Tripolis, Ty-
rus, Sydon, and Berithus in Syria.
An. 1291. Lastly, Ptolomais, which also is
called Akers, was surprised by þe sayd Sol-
dan, rased and cast downe to the ground, &
all the Christians therein (whych were not
many left) were slaine. And this was the
last citye which the Christians had in Asia.
So that nowe the Christians haue not one80
foot (as is sayd before) left in al Asia. Thus
the Egyptian Soldanes, and the Tartari-yeres
ans reigned and ranged ouer the most part
of Asia aboue the Turkes, till the raigne of
Ottomannus the great Turke, aboute the
space of

¶ And thus haue ye the whole discourse of the Turkish story, with theyr names, countryes, townes, dominions al so with theyr times, continuance, interruptions and alterations, in order described and in yeares distincted: Which otherwise in most authors and writers be so confused, that it is hard to know distinctly, what difference is betwene the Saracens, Turkes, Tartarians, þe Sultans or Soldans, Mamuluches, or Ianizarites: what is theyr Cali-

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