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Flanders, Belgium

Coordinates: 51° 13' 0" N, 4° 24' 0" E

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Bremen [Breme; Bremo]


Imperial free city 1186; cathedral city

Coordinates: 53° 4' 33" N, 8° 48' 27" E

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Buxtehude [Bucstade]

Stade, Hamburg, Germany

Coordinates: 53° 28' 37" N, 9° 42' 4" E

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Dietmarschen [Dietmar; Diethmar]

District in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany; fen area on the North Sea

899 [875]

K. Henry. 8. Persecution in Germany. Henr Sutphen martyr. A councell of priestes.

the Creede, in testimonie of their faith. A certaine Doctour beholding their iolitie & mirth, said vnto Henry, þt he shuld take heede so foolishly to glorifie himselfe. To whome he answered, God forbid that I shoulde glory in any thyng, but onely in the crosse of my Lord Iesus Christ. Another coūselled him to haue God before his eies: vnto whom he answered, I trust that I cary him truly in my hart. One of them seeing that fire was kindled at hise feete, said: MarginaliaBeholde how constantly and ioyfully, these Martirs take their death.Me thinkes ye do straw roses vnder my feet. Finally, þe smoke and the flame mounting vp to their face, choked them.

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Henry being demaunded amongst other things, whether Luther had seduced him or no: yea (said he) euen as Christ seduced his Apostles. He said also, MarginaliaAgainst all reason that the Clergie should be exempted from the ciuill Magistrate.that it was contrary to Gods law, that þe Clergy should be exempted frō the power & iurisdictiō of the magistrate ordeined of God, for such as were ordeined in office by the bishops, haue no power but onely to preach the worde of God, and to feede their flocke therewithall. After their death, their monasterie was dissolued at Antwarpe. The President wherof, by the Papistes called Iacobus Lutherianus, MarginaliaIacobus Lutherianus. after diuers and many troubles & afflictions, was forced to recant at Bruxels, but afterward his mind being renued by þe holy ghost, embracing that againe which before he had renounced, he fled vnto Luther. Ex 6. tomo M. Lutheri. fol. 397.

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Henry Sutphen Monke put to death in Diethmar.

THe next yeare after the burning of those two Christian martyrs at Bruxels aboue mentioned, with like tyrannie also was martired & burned without all order of iudgment or iust condemnation, about the Citie of Diethmar, in þe borders of Germany, MarginaliaHenry Sutphen Henry of Sutphen monke, an. 1524. of whom mention is partly touched in the Commentaries of Ioh. Sledan. Lib. 4. MarginaliaEx Comment. Sled. Lib. 4. but his historie is more amply described of Luther, of Paulus Eberus in his Calēdar, of Ludou. Rabus Crispinus, and other. This Sutphen had bene before with M. Luther, and afterward cōming to Antwarpe, was frō thence excluded for the Gospell, and so came to Breme, not to þe intent there to preach, but for that he was minded to go to Wittenberge, beeing driuen from Antwarpe, as is abouesaide. Who beeing at Breme, was there required by certaine godly Citizens of Breme, to make one or two briefe exhortations vpon the Gospel. Wherunto, through the earnest loue and zeale that was in him, he was easily allured & perswaded. MarginaliaHenry Sutphen preacheth at Breme.He made his first Sermon vnto the people, the sonday before Saint Martins daye. When the people heard him preache the word of God so sincerely, they desired him againe the second tyme, and were so in loue with his doctrine, that the whole parish required him to tary amōgst them to preach the Gospell: which thing, for feare of daunger, for a time he refused. MarginaliaMonkes and Priestes conspire against Henrye.When the religious rout had vnderstanding hereof, specially the Canons, Monkes, and priests, they went about with al endeuour, to oppresse him, & thrust both him out of the citie, and also the Gospel of Christ (for that was their chiefe seeking:) whereupon they went vnto the Senate, desiring that such an heretique might be banished the towne, which in his doctrine preached against þe catholike Church. Vpon the complaint of the Canons, the Senate sent for the wardens, and head men of the parish where Henry had preached, who being come together, the Senat declared vnto them the cōplaint of the Canons, and al the other religious men. MarginaliaThe Citizēs of Breme, excuse their preacher.Wherunto the citizens of Breme taking their preachers part, answered, that they knew none other, but that they had hired a learned and honest man, to preach vnto thē, which should teach them sincerely & truly the word of God. Notwithstanding, if the Chapterhouse or any other man could bring testimoniall or witnes, that the Preacher had taught any thing, which either sauored of heresie, or were repugnant to the word of God, they were ready (they said) with the Chapterhouse to persecute him: for God forbid that they shoulde mainteine an heretique. But if contrarywise the Canons of the Chapterhouse, and the other Religious men will not declare and shew that the preacher whome they had hyred, had taught any errour or heresie, but were set only of malice, by violence to driue him away, they might not (said they) by any meanes suffer the same. Whereupon they desired the Senate with all humble obedience, that they woulde not require it of them, but graunt them equitie and iustice, sayeng, that they were minded to assist their preacher always, and to pleade his cause.

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This answere the Senate commanded to be declared to the Chapterhouse. MarginaliaThe Mōkes and priestes cōplaine agayne of the preacher to the Archbishop of Breme.When as the religious sort vnderstoode that they coulde preuaile little or nothyng wyth theyr words, bursting out in a furie, they began to threaten, andthere withall went straight vnto the Archbyshop, to certifie him how þe Citizens of Breme were become heretikes, & would no lōger obey their religious sort, with many other lyke thynges in their complaynt, so that it was to be feared, least the whole Citie shortly should be seduced.

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When the Byshop heard tell of these thyngs, straightwayes he sent ij. which were of his counsell, vnto Breme, requiryng that Hēry should be sent vnto him without delay: MarginaliaThe preacher cited to appeare before the Archbishop. Whē they were demaūded why they would haue him sent, they aunswered, MarginaliaFalse accusatiō.because he preached agaynst the holy Church. Being agayne demaūded, in what pointes or articles, they had nothyng to say. One of these counsellers was the Byshops Suffragan, a naughty pernitious hypocrite, which sought all meanes possible to cary away the sayd Henry captiue. MarginaliaThe Senate denieth to send the preacher to the Bishop.Finally they receiued this aunswere of the Senators, that for somuch as the preacher being hyred by the Church wardens, had not hetherto bene cōuict for an hereticke, & that no mā had declared any erroneous or heretical article that he had taught, they sayd, they could by no meanes obteine of the Citizēs that he should be caryed away: MarginaliaThe Senate of Breme require a disputatiō of the Archbishop.Wherefore they earnestly desired the Byshop that he would speedely send his learned mē vnto Breme, to dispute with him, & if he were cōuinced, they promised, without any delay that he should be iustly punished, and sent away: if not, they would in no wise let him departe. Whereunto the Suffragan aunswered with a great protestation, requiryng that he might bee deliuered into his handes, for the quietnesse of the whole countrey, takyng God to his witnesse, that in this behalfe, he sought for nothyng els, but onely the commoditie of his countrey. But for all this, they could preuayle nothyng, for the Senate continued still in their former mynde. MarginaliaThe Suffragane would not confirme their children for anger.Wherupō the Suffragan beyng moued with anger, departed from Breme, and would not confirme their children.

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When he came vnto the Byshop he declared the aunswere of the Senate, and what he had heard and learned of the Priestes and Monkes there. MarginaliaWhē the prelats cannot preuayle by power, they fall to practise.Afterward whē dayly newes came, that the preacher did still more & more preach & teach more heynous matter agaynst the religious rout, they attempted an other way, suborning great men to admonish the Citizens of Breme into what ieopardie their common wealth might fall by meanes of their Preacher, preachyng contrary to the decree of the Pope and Emperour. Besides that, they sayd, that he was the prisoner of the Lady Margaret, for which cause they had gotten Letters of the Lady Margaret, requiring to haue her prisoner sent vnto her agayne.

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All these craftes and subtilties did nothyng at all preuayle, for the Senate of Breme aunswered all thynges without blame. When as the Byshop saw this his enterprise also frustrate, MarginaliaAn other practise of the Archbishop.he attempted an other way, whereby he had certaine hope, that both he, & also the word of God with him should be wholy oppressed. Whereupō they decreed a Prouinciall counsaile, not to be holden at Breme, as it was accustomed, but at Bucstade, whiche place they thought most meete for their purpose.

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To this Councell were called all the Prelates & learned men of the Dioces, to determine what was to be beleeued, and whereto to trust.

MarginaliaA Councell of priestes called against Henry Sutphen.Also to the sayd Councell was Henry called, notwithstādyng that they had already decreed to proceede agaynst him, as agaynst a manifest hereticke, albeit he was not yet conuict, nor had pleaded his cause before. Wherfore the rulers of the Citie, together with the commonaltie, deteyned him at home, foreseyng and suspectyng the malice of the Councell. MarginaliaHēry gathereth the sūme of his doctrine in writing.Then the sayd Henry gathered a summe of his doctrine into a fewe Articles, and sent it with his letters, vnto the Archbyshop, excusing his innocēcie, offering him selfe to be ready, if he were conuict of any errour by the testimony of þe holy Scripture, he would be ready to recāt þe same: notwtstanding earnestly requiryng, that his errours might be cōuicted by þe holy Scriptures, by the testimony wherof he had hetherto approued his doctrine & doubted not hereafter to cōfirme the same: but this tooke no place amongest those annoynted prelates. What þe determinatiō of their iudgemēt was, it may hereupon wel be gathered, in that shortly after they set vp vpō the Church porche the Bull of Pope Leo the x. & decree of the Emperour made at Wormes. MarginaliaVide supra pag. 847. 849. Wherupon Henry contēnyng their madnes, proceeded dayly in preaching the Gospel, adding alwayes this protestatiō, þt he was ready willingly to geue account touchyng his fayth & doctrine, to euery mā that would require the same. MarginaliaThe Catholike proceding of the Popes Clergy.In the meane tyme the holy Catholickes could not be idle, but sent their chapleines vnto euery sermon, to trappe him in his wordes. MarginaliaThey that went about to take him, were taken.But God, whose foote pathes are in þe middest of þe floudes, would haue his marueilous power to be sene in thē, for he cōuerted many of

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